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that the men of Gilead said unto him, Art The Ephraimites quarrel with Jephthah, are smitten by the thou an Ephraimite? If he said, Nay; Gileadites, and slain in very great numbers at the passage of Jordan, 1—6. Jephthab dies, 7. Ibzan, who had thirty sons
6 Then said they unto him, i Say now and thirty daughters, judges Israel, 8-10: and after him Elon + Shibboleth; and he said Sibboleth: for
he could not frame to pronounce it right. ND the men of Ephraim gathered Then they took him, and slew him at the
themselves together, and went north-passages of Jordan: and there fell at ward, and said unto Jephthah, Where that time of the Ephraimites forty and two fore passedst thou over to fight against thousand. the children of Ammon, and didst not call 7 And Jephthah judged Israel
B.C us to go with thee? we will burn thine six years. Then died Jephthah the house upon thee with fire.
Gileadite, and was buried in one of the 2 And Jephthah said unto them, clcities of Gilead. and my people were at great strife with 8 | And after him Ibzan of Beththe children of Ammon; and when I called lehem judged Israel. you, ye delivered me not out of their 9 And he had m thirty sons and thirty hands.
daughters, whom he sent abroad, and 3 And when I saw that ye delivered me took in thirty daughters from abroad not, I d put my life in my hands, and for his sons: and he judged Israel seven passed over against the children of Am-years. mon, and the LORD delivered them into 10 Then died Ibzan, and was [B.C. my hand: e wherefore then are ye come buried at Beth-lehem.
11.30 up unto me this day to fight against me? 11 | And after him Elon a Zebulonite
4 Then Jephthah gathered together judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten all the men of Gilead, and fought with years. Ephraim, and the men of Gilead smote 12 And Elon the Zebulonite died, and Ephraim, because they said, Ye Gilead was buried in Aijalon, in the country of ites are 5 fugitives of Ephraim, among the Zebulun. Ephraimites, and among the Manassites. 13 | And after him, Abdon the son of
5 And the Gileadites took the pas- Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel. sages of Jordan before the Ephraimites: 14 And he had forty sons and thirty and it was so, that when those Ephraimites nephews, that rode on threescore and which were escaped said, Let me go over, ten ass-colts: and he judged Israel rb.c.
i Matt. 26:73. Mark 14:70.
5:2. Matt. 21
* Heb. were called.
Rev. 12:11. a 8:1. 2 Sam. 19:41-43. Ps. 11:27. 2 Chr. 13:12.
109:4. Ec. 4:4. John 10:32. 11:10. Num. 32:39,40. Deut. b 14:15. 15:6. Prov. 7:3,4. 3:12--17. Jam. 3:16. 4:1,2.
g 1 Sam. 25:10. Neh. 4:4. Ps. c 11:12,&c.
78:9. Prov. 12:13. 15:1. d 9:17. 1 Sam. 19:5. 28:21. Job h 3:28. 7:24. Josh. 2:7. 22:11.
13:14 Ps. 119:109. Rom. 16:4.
Ps. 69:2,15. Is. 27:12. Heb. D Josh. 19:42. 1 Chr. 6-69. &:13
o 5:10. 10:4.
making vows, that we may not involve ourselves ing as that of Gideon had been. (Marg. Ref.or others in distress, perplexity, or temptation: Note, 8:1-3.) The Ephraimites had, it seems, but nothing can oblige us to that which is in itselfbeen sent to, and would not come to help their unlawful. With this single exception, we cannot brethren, and their anger was therefore extremedo too much to express our gratitude for merciesly unreasonable: but instead of being satisfied received, or part with too much for the glory of with Jephthah's arguments, they proceeded to God.-Though we cannot approve of the con- | assault him: and they likewise irritated the Gileduct of Jephthah, we may well admire and imi adites by abusive language; as if they had been tate his resolution and self-denial, and still more the refuse cf the descendants of Joseph, who had those of his daughter.--Let us not then forget the fled from justice and settled beyond Jordan! love of the Father in giving his Son, or of the (Note, Josh. 22:214-29.)--The Gileadites, how. Son in giving himself, a real and acceptable ever, took a most severe revenge on them: for sacrifice for the sins of rebellious man. Bought getting possession of the fords of Jordan, they with such a price, let us present our bodies and slev great numbers of them; having artfully desouls as a living sacrifice unto God; and look vised to distinguish them by their provincial forward with heartfelt satisfaction to that coun- pronunciation of the Hebrew word Shibboleth, try, where ignorance, error, sin, and sorrow shall which generally signifies a river, or stream of be known no more; where the believer's victory | waters: (6. marg. reading and ref. on it:), though will be complete, bis triumphs upalloyed and un- sometimes also used for an ear of corn. (Job 24: sullied, and his hallelujah's uninterrupted and 24.)—How far Jephthah concurred in this cruel eternal.
revenge cannot be determined; but it was entire
ly unjustifiable, and exceedingly weakened the NOTES.
common cause of Israel. (Notes, 2 Chr. 13:46 CHAP. XII. V. 1-7. Jephthah was a Manas- | 22. Prov. 17:14. Matt. 12:25,26.) Indeed it is site, and the Ephraimites had the same pretence wonderful, that the political importance of Ephraof quarrelling with him, as their ancestors had iim was not ruined by this massacre. (Notes, for chiding with Gideon: (Note, 11:1,2.) but their Gen. 49:22—26. Deut. 33:17.) After this transresentment vented itself in a more outrageous action Israel quietly submitted to Jephthah as and abusive manner. We find nothing to blame their judge; but he lived only a short time, and in Jephthah's answer; but it was not so conciliat-ll probably had little comfort in his advancement. 728]
15 And Abdon the son of Hillel the whose name was Manoah: and his wife p Pirathonite died, and was buried in was e barren, and bare not. Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, 9 in the 3 And d the Angel of the LORD apmount :)f the Amalekites.
peared unto the woman, and said unto her,
Behold now, thou art barren, and bearest CHAP, XIII.
not: e but thou shalt conceive, and bear srael offends God, and is reduced to serve the Philistines forty
An Angel appears to Manoah's wife, and promises il a son. her a son, who should be a perpetual Nazarite, 2-5. She 4 Now therefore beware, I pray thee, informs her husband; who prays that the Angel may again ap
The Angel appears, and by his and ' drink not wine nor strong drink, conduct, especially by ascending in the flame of Manoah's sacrifice, discovers who be is, 9-20. Manoah is greatly
and & eat not any unclean thing: alarmed, as having seen God; but is encouraged by his wife,
5 For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear Samson is born, and is moved by the Spirit of God, 24, 25
a son; and no razor shall come on his
pear to instruct them, 6-8.
again in the sight of the LORD; and unto God from the womb; and he shall the Lord delivered them a into the hand begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of of the Philistines forty years.
the Philistines. 2 And there was a certain man of " Zorah, of the family of the Danites,
p 2 Sam. 23:30.
2:11. 3:7. 4:1. 6:1. 10:6.
c Gen. 16:1. 25:21. 1 Sam. 1:2 31.
f 14. Num. 6:3. Luke 1:15. d 2:1. 6:11,12. Gen. 16:7-13. g Ler. 11:27,47. Acts 10:14. Luke 1:11,28.
h Num. 6:5. 1 Sam. 1:11. e Gen. 17:16. 18:10. 1 Sam. 1: li i Sam. 7:13. 2 Sam. 8:1. 20. 2 Kings 4:16. Luke 1:13, Chr. 18:1.
V. 9-16. “The mount of the Amalekites,” || which set the world as it were in flames from age (!5) seems to have derived its name from some to age; and which by horrid carnage gratify that victory, gained over Amalek in that place by the first great murderer, the devil!--Alas! that so Ephraimites. (Marg. Ref:)-Many learned men many Shibboleths should be invented to divide suppose, that these last four judges ruled over the the church also; to be the watchwords of angry eastern and northern parts of the country; and disputants, and the pretext for professed disciples that Samson and Eli were contemporary with of Christ abusing and persecuting each other! them, judging the southern and western parts. May the Lord incline all his people “to follow af
ter the things which make for peace, and things PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. whereby one may edify another.”—Many reWhile pride prevails, there must be discord nowned and envied persons die of broken hearts, and contention: (Note, Prov. 13:10.) and when on account of personal and domestic afflictions: insolence escapes chastisement, it often grows so that their inward anguish might soften their more abusive. "But the haughty and quarrelsome bitterest enemies into compassion, if they knew will at length meet with those, who are as ready || the whole.—The Lord is to be acknowledged in to revenge their affronts, as others have been to giving all our comforts, as well as submitted to endure them.--Nothing is more foolish than scur- when he withholds or withdraws them: but in. rility: without any advantage it rouses the most creasing families bring increasing cares and duimplacable resentment, and prepares the way for ties, which cannot be neglected without guilt and bloodshed. Thus “the tongue, that unruly evil, I painful consequences.-In fine, the happiest life sets on fire the whole course of nature, and is set of individuals, and the happiest state of society, on fire of hell." (Note, Jam. 3:3—6.) But they, is that which affords the fewest remarkable events. who are most ready to boast, menace, and revile, To live in credit and quiet, to be peacefully usegenerally prove cowardly in real danger: and ful in our circle, to possess a clear conscience, to might have their own reproaches retorted upon enjoy communion with God our Savior while we them, but that Christians must not "render rail- || live, and to die at peace with God and man, form ing for railing."--In the origin or the event of the substance of all that a wise man can desire dissension, all parties are commonly to blame: as to this world. even good men cannot always bear with proper calmness the ingratitude and ill-treatment of
NOTES. those whom they have served; nor have all equally Chap. XIII. V. 1. These forty years are sup. the talent of turning away wrath by a soft an- || posed to have begun when Jair judged Israel; swer: and in a just cause we are apt to be hur- about the same time as the oppression of Gilead ried on by our passions to unwarrantable lengths; by the Ammonites. (Note, 10:3—5.) These had for the beginning of strife is like the letting forth been subdued, but the Philistines still harassed of water, therefore” let us "leave off contention the Israelites, till Samson was arrived at maturity before it be meddled with.”—The splendor of || and began their deliverance. (Note, 10:6–9.) men's exploits, and the excellence of their char- V. 2–5. (Marg. Ref.) The Nazarite's vow acters, often increase the number and rage of was voluntary, and for a limited time; and by the their enemies: por need any man be surprised, if touch of a dead body it was broken, and the specithose who ought to thank, commend, and reward fied time must be begun over again. (Notes, Num. him, and to congratulate him on his success in 6:2—21.) But Samson was devoted by the Lord's dangerous attempts to promr ie the public welfare, express appointment, to be a Nazarite all the days should abuse and hate him, and threaten his de- of his life; and it seems probable that this kind of struction. No one is prepared to do good in such separation was not so strict, as the voluntary vow. a world as this, who has not learned to expect and (Notes, 1 Sam. 1:9–11. Luke 1:11—17.). The accept evil, as his recompense from man: and to infant in the womb, and at the breast, subsists on persevere in hope of a better recompense from a the same nourishment with the mother; and theregracious God.—But no contentions are so bitter, fore the mother of Samson was required to observe as those which arise between brethren, or be the same rules as the Nazarite during that period. tween rivals for honor and precedency. What She would be led to expect something extraordineed have we then to watch and pray against nary, from a child whose birth was attended by envy, pride, ambition, and those evil tempers, || such observances: but it was a great trial to the 92
6 1 Then the woman came, and told || cometh of the vine, neither let her drink
thee until we shall have made ready a kid
iunto the LORD: for Manoah knew not
that he was an Angel of the LORD.
may do thee
18 And the Angel of the LORD said
10 And the woman made haste, and ran, unto the Lord: and the Angels did won-
11 And Manoah arose, and went atier fame went up toward heaven from off the
12 And Manoah said, Now let thy faces to the ground.
13 And the Angel of the Lord said Then Manoah • knew that he was an
22 And Manoah said unto his wife,
Matt. 28:20. | 2 2 Kings 2:11. Ps. 47:5. Hede
k Deut. 33:1. Josh. 14:6. 1o Job 34:32. Prov. 3:5,6. Acts
John 1:41,42. 4:28,29.
ner of the child? Gen. 18:19.
what shall be his work?
r Deut. 12:32.
John 2:5. 15:14. 2 Thes. 3:4.
Heb. before thee.
Or, wonderful. Is. 9:6.
4:38. 5:26. Is. 6:5.
faith and patience of all concerned to be informed, in his absence; but only prayed that the same
V. 10. As the word other is not in the original,
senger of God was, seems to have doubted wheth-
er he should prepa e him a banquet, or a sacrifice.
been equally the case had he been the greatest
V.18–22. The word (*850) rendered secret,
23 But e his wife said unto him, If the 24 | And the woman bare a son, and LORD were pleased to kill us,' he would called his name " Samson; and 'the child not have received a burnt-offering and a grew, and the Lord blessed him. meat-offering at our hands; neither would 25' And the Spirit of the Lord began 8 he have shewed us all these things; nor to move him at times in * the camp of would, as at this time, have told us such Dan, 'between Zorah and Eshtaot. things as these.
e Ec. 4:9, 10. 1 Cor. 12:21. f Gen. 4:4,5. Ps. 86:17.
Prov. 3:32. John
Ps. 25:14. 14:20-23.
h Heb. 11:32.
1 Sam. 3:19. Luke 1:80. 2:52. k 3:10. 6:34. 11:29. 1 Sam. 11:6.
Matt. 4:1. John 3:34. * Heb. Mahanehdan. 18:12.
18:11. Josh. 15:33.
given to the Messiah by the prophet. (Is. 9:6.) - tended to, which may conduce to its welfare o In consequence of this intimation Manoah, though || body and soul: especially prayer should be offered no priest, offered a burnt-offering upon a rock, ilin its behalf. For an immortal creature is brought where perhaps some rude altar was hastily pre- | into existence, which will be happy or miserable pared; and he was accepted in so doing. Probably for ever; and, being conceived in sin, it cannot fire from the rock consumed the sacrifice.-Hebe holy or happy, without the regenerating grace "offered it to JEHOVAH, and he did wondrously,” || of God, and an interest in the great Redeemer.(there is no word for the Angel in the original of We need also divine direction in respect of the v. 19,) according to the meaning of his name education of our children, lest any of the rules of Wonderful; for in the presence of Manoah and Scripture should be forgotten, mistaken, or neghis wife, he ascended towards heaven with the lected; that, being trained up in the nurture
and flame of fire from off the altar, and by that Mano- | admonition of the Lord," there may be a wellah knew him to be the Angel-JEHOVAH, and he grounded hope of their becoming useful to the was afraid, lest death should be the consequence church and to the world.—Happy is it, when marof having "seen God.”_From these circum- ried persons possess unreserved confidence in stances the reader will easily collect, whom Ma- each other, and can converse freely together connoah supposed the Angel to have been. (Notes, cerning their spiritual experiences and duties, Gen. 16:10,11,13,14. 32:30. 48:16. Ex. 3:2. 33:20 that they may have the benefit of each other's -23. Josh. 5:13—15. Hos. 12:3—6. John 1:18.) || counsel and prayers. The one may suggest hints
V. 23. Manoah's wife being, at that time, the and encouragements, which did not occur to the stronger in faith, encouraged her husband, by the other; and those, who at some times, or in some consideration, that the acceptance of their sacri- respects, are the weakest, may at others prove the fice, united with the promise of a son who should strongest and the wisest.-When we desire to "begin to deliver Israel," assured them of the know the will of God that we may do it, we should Lord's favor. Had he intended to slay them, he pray for instruction with the most unshaken aswould neither, at such a time, have done these surance of its being granted: ( Note, James 1:5—8.) wondrous works, nor given them a promise, but perhaps he may see good to teach us by means which must in that case fail of being accomplished. of our inferiors. V. 25. In the camp. of Dan.] The tribe of Dan
V. 8–25. lay next to the land of the Philistines; (Note, True spiritual knowledge, grace, and consolaJosh. 19:40—48.) but it is uncertain, whether at tion always excite desires, and dictate prayers, that time any army of Danites were encamped to for further communications and displays of God's preserve the country from depredation, or whether glory to our souls. Those, whom he honors as the words should be read Mahanehdan, as in the instruments of good to us, we should honor likemargin; being the name of a place afterwards wise; yet not in any way derogatory to the glory mentioned, but which was so called from events of the Lord himself. "Hospitality without grudgprior to the days of Samson. (Notes, 17:1. 18:1, ing" to those who love his name, and a readiness 11,12.) Here, however, he discovered at times to devote our substance to his glory, are always such extraordinary courage, strength, and activ- ornamental to the profession of godliness.-In our ity, as evidently proceeded from the Spirit of the best meant actions we are prone to forget or to Lord.
mistake the truths and precepts of the sacred Or
acles, and need reminding of them.—A vain curiPRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. osity often supplants our proper attention to pracV. 1-7.
tical subjects, especially those which relate to our We ought to make haste to keep God's com- present duty: but we should be as willing to be mandments, but to wait patiently for the perform-l ignorant of what the Lord is pleased to conceal, ance of his promises: and we should be thankful as to receive whatever he is pleased to teach us. that he has a remnant of servants in all ages. („Note, Deut. 29:29.)-The name of our Lord is These indeed often have trials, which are un- Wonderful and Secret, because it is incomprehenknown to their fellow-creatures, unpitied by them, sible;, (Notes, Matt. 11:25—27.) but by bis wonor incapable of relief from them; but they have derful works he makes himself known, as far as no sorrows which the Lord does not pity, and none our instruction and encouragement require it, and which he will not remove in the best time and further knowledge would only fill us with selfmanner: and he has various methods of shewing conceit. (Note, 1 Cor. 8:1--3.) His chief display them the kind notice which he takes of them, till of himself' is in the person of Jesus Christ, his cohe sees good to relieve them.-Retirement is al- equal Son; who, having offered on earth one sacways friendly to communion with God, and his rifice for our sins, and being risen from the dead, people are never less alone, than when alone as | and ascended into heaven, presents with acceptfar as men are concerned. Every promise implies ance our spiritual sacrifices, when offered through a correspondent duty; in expecting the perform- faith in his name. Happy are we, when our hearts ance of the one, we must not neglect the other; and affections ascend after the Savior: we may and those who are peculiarly honored of God, then, with pleasure and admiration, contemplate must be proportionably ready to deny themselves the wonders of redeeming love; and every disfor his sake.-If parents desire that their children |covery of his glory will awe our souls into deeper should be mortified to fleshly lusts, and devoted to reverence and humiliation. This, however, Satan God, they should be careful to be so themselves. will sometimes attempt to convert into terror and -The parental duty commences even from the discouragement, while we compare the holiness child's conception, and every thing should be at- ll and majesty of our God with our meaniness and
father and his mother, to Timnath, and Samson desires a woman of the Pailistines to wife, 1-4. Going I came to the vineyards of Timnath: and
At his marriage-feast he proposes a riddle. behold a young lion roared t against him. which the guests explain by means of his wife, 10–18. He kills thirty Philistines, gives their spoil to those who explained
6 Ando" the Spirit of the LORD came the riddle, and departs in anger, 19. His wife is given to his mightily upon him, and 'he rent him as companion, 20. ND Samson went down to Tim- he would have rent a kid, and he had nath, and saw a woman in Tim- nothing in his hand: but " he told not his
father or his mother what he had done. nath of the daughters of the Philistines.
7 And he went down, and talked with 2 And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a
the woman; and she pleased Samson
well. woman in Timnath of the daughters of
8 And after a time he returned to take the Philistines; now therefore get her for me to wise.
her, and he turned aside to sec the carcass 3 Then his father and his mother said of bees and honey in the carcass of the
of the lion; and behold there was a swarm unto him, Is there never a woman among lion. the daughters of thy brethren, or among
9 And he took thereof in his hands, all my people, that thou goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Philistines? and went on eating, and came to his faAnd Samson said unto his father, Get herther and mother, and he gave them, and for me: for she pleaseth me well.
they did eat: but he told not them, that 4 But his father and his mother knew he had taken the honey out of the carcass not that it was of the Lord, that he of the lion. sought an occasion against the Philistines:
10 T So his father went down unto the for at that time the Philistines 5 had do- l woman: and Samson TM made there a feast
, minion over Israel.
for so used the young men to do. 5 Then went Samson down, and his
11 And it came to pass, when they
saw him, that they brought o thirty com6. 16:26,36. 31:4. 2 Sam 1:20:|panions to be with him. * right in
-16. Deut. 7:2,3. 1 Sam. 14:
a Gen. 38:12,13. Josh. 15:10.
19:43. b Gen. 6:2. 34:2. 2 Sam. 11:2. Job 31:1. Ps. 119.37. i Joha 2:16. c Gen. 21:21. 24:2,3. 34:4. 38:6.
2 Kings 14.9. d Gen. 13.8. 24:27. e 15:18. Gen. 34:14. Ex. 34:12
7. 25:20. Ps. 115.3.
| Heb. in meeting him.
37,46. Zech. 4:6. 1 John 3:8.
1 Gen. 29:21. Matt. 1.2.
John 2:9. Rev. 19:9.
pollution. (Notes, Is. 6:5. 57:15,16.) But he will be rendered “it is right," and considered as an innot cast off those who are humbly determined, iftimation, that it was from God; upon which his they must perish, to perish supplicating his mercy: parents consented and went with him.-But perhaving spared them when enemies, and taught haps it is only meant, that it pleased God to leare them to value his salvation, he will answer their Samson to follow his own inclinations, intending prayers, dispel their fears, and fulfil his largest in his infinite wisdom to over-rule his misconduct promises. The gospel itself, and the means of for good to Israel; and that his parents consented grace afforded us, are hopeful tokens that the because he was fully bent upon it. (Narg. Ref. f.) Lord favors us: but if we have been taught to love - Uncircumcised, &c. (3) Marg: Ref. e. the gospel, and to fear nothing so much as coming V. 5, 6. Samson, when at a distance from his short of the salvation of Christ; if we have learn- || parents, was assaulted by a young lion, which was ed to delight in his ordinances and commandments, come to its full strength and fierceness: yet, and have received evident answers to our prayers; though unarmed, he rent it as a kid; because the we may be sure that "the Lord has not appointed Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him." But us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord he did not mention the extraordinary exploit to Jesus Christ."-When children possess health, || his parents, either restrained by modests, or being with the use of their limbs, senses, and under-|| afraid of exciting the jealousy of the Philistines. standings, parents have abundant cause for grat- || This was an earnest of his subsequent victories, itude: but most of all, when they give early indi- | not by human might or power, but by the Spirit cations, that the Holy Spirit is working upon their of the Lord. (Note, Zech. 4:47. Thus David tender minds, and preparing them for the service slew a lion and a bear, before he killed Goliath of God. This let us in the first place desire, seek, |and subdued the enemies of Israel: (Note, 1 Sam. and pray for; and may this blessing be widely be- || 17:34–37.) and Jesus Christ, ere he entered upon stowed upon the rising generation.
his public 'ministry, and on the cross before his
ascension, overcame "the devil, that roaring lion,
which walketh about seeking whom he may deNOTES. CHAP. XIV. V. 1-4. Many think, that Sam- V. 8, 9. A swarm of bees had settled in the son was induced to contract this marriage by spe- || carcass of the lion, and collected honey there, cial direction from the Lord: such marriages not which was a most unlikely place for that purpose; being immoral in themselves, but forbidden to the being, as might have been supposed, both inconIsraelites, to keep them separate from idolaters. | venient, and offensive to that delicate insect, (Note, Hos. 1:2,3.) In this manner he was direct- || which draws honey from the most odoriferous ed to seek occasion against the Philistines: yet he flowers and plants. This Samson found, when he shewed his respect to his parents, by seeking their turned aside to see the carcass, and perhaps again concurrence; who opposed his marriage as long to thank God for his deliverance.--As every reas "they knew not that it was of the Lord.” For mains of a dead carcass of an unclean animal was the words translated, “she pleaseth me well,” mayll polluting, it has been thought that Samson did not 732]