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LINES ON THE MERMAID TAVERN
495. A mermaid was a favorite device for the
sign-board of an old English tavern. The “ Mermaid Tavern ” to which Keats refers was the gathering place of the most famous Elizabethan wits and dramatists.
sped. Byron, and his English Bards and
Scotch Reviewers. 484. 264. The Pilgrim of Eternity. Byron.
Shelley is thinking of Childe Harold's
Actæon, in punishment for having seen Diana in the bath, was turned into a stag and torn by his own dogs.
307. What softer voice. Leigh Hunt. 486. 325. Live thou! The author of an excep
tionally brutal attack on Keats in the
compare Lycidas, 11. 165-185. 486. 399. Chatterton. Cf. note to Words
worth's Resolution and Independence,
A Latin poet, forced by
twenty-six. 487. 439. Slope of green access. The Protest
496. The twenty-first of January is St. Agnes's
Day; the evening of the twentieth is “ the Eve of St. Agnes.” The superstition around which the poem centers is made
sufficiently clear in the course of the story. 498. 115. The holy loom, etc. On St. Agnes's
day, during the celebration of the mass, two lambs might be offered to the church (cf. l. 71). The nuns afterwards spun and
wove the wool. 499. 171. Since Merlin paid his Demon, etc.
Merlin, the famous wizard and prophet
frame shaped like a tambour, or drum. 500. 241. Clasped like a missal, etc. Clasped
probably modifies soul; in the two following lines her soul is likened to a rose that is shut. The line means, then, that her soul was clasped as tightly in sleep as a prayer-book would be by a Christian in a land of Pagans.
SLEEP AND POETRY 490. This poem appeared in Keats's 1817
volume. It is a somewhat formless collection of Keats's own ideas concerning poetry and its joys; the selection here reprinted shows Keats protesting against the formalism of the 18th century, and particularly against those critics who traced their ancestry back to Boileau.
ODE TO A NIGHTINGALE 492. 4. Lethe. One of the four rivers of Hades;
HYPERION 602. Keats planned to write an epic dealing ON FIRST LOOKING INTO CHAPMAN'S HOMER 607. George Chapman (15597-1634) published
whoever drank of its waters became ob-
16. Hippocrene. The fountain of the
with the overthrow of Saturn by Jupiter.
of a third had been written,
all eternity to a revolving wheel.
is incomplete. Hyperion is still god of the 606. 246. Tellus. Goddess of the earth.
307. Cælus. God of the heavens.
ODE ON A GRECIAN URN
493. 7. Tempe, Arcady. Here used simply to
indicate places of beauty and carefree life. Tempe was a valley in Thessaly.
his translation of Homer in 1598 and
Historical accuracy would compel the substitution of Balboa for Cortez.
508. Usually known as Keats's “last sonnet,"
written while he was en route to Italy.
YE MARINERS OF ENGLAND
15. Blake. Oliver Cromwell's most successful admiral. He died at sea in 1657. Nelson. The victor of Trafalgar.
MOORE THE HARP THAT ONCE THROUGH TARA'S HALLS 509. Tara was formerly an Irish capital city.
OH, BREATHE NOT HIS NAME The famous Irish rebel was executed in 1803 because of treasonable correspondence with Napoleon, and armed rebellion against the crown.
614. 240. He ate strange flesh. See Antony
and Cleopatra, I. iv. 67. 616. 316. A hypochondriac lad. True of Lamb
The name given to
Watchet weeds.” Blue uniform. 616. 378. Ultima Supplicia. Last punish
his own natural impulses. 617. 487. Helot ... Spartans. Spartan par
ents were accustomed to teach their
559. Rabidus furor. Rabid rage. 618. 585. Literary life. Coleridge's Biographia
WOLFE THE BURIAL OF SIR JOHN MOORE Sir John Moore, an English general in charge of an army in the Peninsular War, was shot at Corunna, Spain, in January, 1809. At his own request he was buried within the ramparts of the town.
as a surname.
CHRIST'S HOSPITAL 612. The essay purports to be written by a
student of Christ's Hospital who feels
44. Caro equina. Horseflesh. 613. 54. Griskin. Lean loin of pork.
62. The Tishbite. Elijah.
Mary, Devonshire. 614. 187. Upon the leads. On the lead-covered
618. 636. Regni novitas. The newness of the
and C. V. Leg. for Shakespeare. 619. 695. Nireus formosus. Handsome Nireus;
Homer called Nireus the handsomest of
University students who received free board; formerly they performed certain menial duties in return for the financial assistance.
famous Lady Mary Wortley Montagu,
him to sleep.
290. Jem White. A schoolfellow of
other in baking. 626. 388. Golden lads, etc. From Cymbeline,
621. 221. John L. Lamb's brother John, who
died shortly before this essay was written.
DISSERTATION UPON ROAST PIG
THE PRAISE OF CHIMNEY SWEEPERS 5. Nigritude. Blackness. 9. Professional notes. Their call of
Sweep! Sweep!” 19. Sport their cloth. Wear a garb of black, like a clergyman.
28. Fauces Averni. The jaws of hell. 622. 53. Kibed. Chilblained.
56. Tester. Sixpence.
vegetable market of London. 623. 165. Westward. I. e., homeward from
work, for Lamb lived in the Temple,
The Chinese manuscript, and the volume ascribed to Confucius, are inventions of Lamb, who, however, obtained the suggestion for the essay from his friend Thomas Manning, who had travelled in
China. 627. 188. Locke. John Locke (1632-1704), au
thor of the Essay concerning Human Un-
628. 312. Villatic. Of the village; the quota
tion is from Samson Agonistes.
THE SUPERANNUATED MAN
my condition overwhelmed me.
It was like passing from life into eternity. Every year to be as long as three, i. e., to have three times as much real time-time that is my own, in it! I wandered about thinking I was happy, but feeling I was not. But that tumultuousness is passing off, and I begin to understand the nature of the gift. Holidays, even the annual month, were always uneasy joys; their conscious fugitiveness; the craving after making the most of them. Now, when all is holiday, there are no holidays. I can sit at home, in rain or shine, without a restless impulse for walkings. I am daily steadying, and shall soon find it as natural to me to be my own master, as it has been irksome to have had a master. “I eat, drink, and sleep sound as ever. I lay no anxious schemes for going hither and thither, but take things as they occur. Yesterday I excursioned twenty miles; to-day I write a few letters. Pleasuring was for fugitive playdays; mine are fugitive only in the sense that life is fugitive. Freedom and life coexistent!”
One of the most autobiographically exact
or visited, me. 630. 162. Boldero ... Lacy. Fictitious
names under which Lamb conceals the directors of the East India Company.
164. Esto perpetua. Be thou eternal. 631. 241. A Tragedy by Sir Robert Howard.
The Vestal Virgin, or the Roman Ladies;
volumes. 632. 310. Carthusian. The Carthusian order
of monks was founded by St. Bruno
533. 24. The Fancy. Sportsmen, especially
polmos, l. 209 ff. 634. 104. One of the mails. One of the mail
* The driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth
furiously." 636. 268. Follows so the ever-running sun.
“ Follows so the ever-running year, With profitable labor." Henry V, IV. i.
293. 636. 348. The vein of Gilpin. See Cowper's
John Gil pin's Ride.
III. i. 31. 411. Oaken towel. Staff or club. 415. A firebrand like Bardolph's. Bardolph is one of the characters in Henry IV whom Falstaff is forever twitting about his red nose; e. g.: “O thou art a perpetual triumph, an everlasting bonfirelight. Thou hast' saved me a thousand marks in links and torches, walking in the night betwixt tavern and tavern." (III. ü.)
637. 437. Hogarth. See note on The Praise of
Chimney Sweepers, p. 523, I. 181.
William Cobbett (1766-
“Alas, Leviathan is not so tamed." 638. 551. The Game Chicken. The nom de
guerre of Henry Pearce, a well-known
fourteen pounds. 640. 826. Sir Fopling Flutter. A fashionable
fop in Etherege's comedy, The Man of
Mode, or Sir Fopling Flutter. 641. 889. Procul este profani. Æneid, VI.
258. Stay far off, unholy ones.
IV. ii. 32.
649. 112. Cum grano salis. With a grain of
See note on Tke Fight, 1. 443. 660. 247. A well of native English undefiled.
Adapted from Spenser's "Dan Chaucer,
creeps on the ground.
315. That strut and fret, etc. Macbeth,
"And on his crest
Sat Horror plumed." 395. Cowper's description. The Task, V. 173.f.
ON GOING A JOURNEY 642. 30. May plume her feathers, etc. Comus,
a cover. 643. 97. Sterne. The Rev. Laurence Sterne
(1713-1768), author of A Sentimental
Journey and Tristram Shandy. 644. 170. All-Foxden. Near Nether-Stowey,
Somersetshire, where Hazlitt visited his
note on l. 889. 646. 312. Gribelin's engravings. Simon Gri
belin (1661-1733), an engraver of some
on l. 906. 646. 381. Where is he now? In 1822, when
this essay was first published, Coleridge's creative power was in eclipse, and his whole constitution broken by ill health
and the use of laudanum. 647. 472. Stonehenge. A prehistoric monu
ment in the shape of a roughly circular group of huge monoliths, on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire.
DE QUINCEY CONFESSIONS OF AN OPIUM-EATER The text here used is the briefer and better known version which appeared in the London Magazine in 1821, and was reprinted in the first edition of 1822; an expanded version was published in Selec
tions Grave and Gay, 1856. 662. 108. Archididascalus. Head master. 653. 180, I came to leave The Man
chester Grammar School.
Manchester Cathedral. 654. 293. Lustrum. Period of five years.
315. νυχθήμερον. . A day of twenty-
ence, l. 77. 666. 414. Anastasius. A novel, published
1819, the hero of which was an opium-
hence the title. 667. 582. The Scriptures speak of. Revela
lion, xx: 12. 568. 646. A certain day in August. The Civil
War may be said to have begun when