Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

PREFACE.

This work has been prepared with great care, for the purpose of supplying a want long felt by the reading public, and especially by Heads of Families. Every important event in the history of the United States, from the Aboriginal period to the present time, is presented in a concise, but perspicuous and comprehensive manner, without giving those minute and often tedious details, which are valuable to the student, but irksome to the common reader. The History of our Republic is herein popularized, and adapted to the use of those who may not find leisure to peruse more extensive works upon the subject. The materials have been drawn from the earlier, most elaborate, and most reliable historians and chroniclers of our continent. The work is constructed upon a new plan, which, it is believed, will be found to be the most acceptable yet offered to the public, for obtaining, with facility, and fixing in the memory, a knowledge of the great events of our truly wonderful history. And having visited a greater portion of the localities made memorable by important occurrences in our country, the writer claims, in that particular, an advantage over his predecessors in this special field, for he has been able to correct errors and give truthful impressions of things and events. An endeavor has also been made to show the cause of every important event, and thus, by developing the philosophy of our history, to make it more attractive and instructive than a bald record of facts. And wherever the text appeared to need further elucidation, additional facts have been given in foot-notes.

The arrangement of the work is new. It is in six Periods, each commencing where the history naturally divides into distinct epochs. The first Period exhibits a general view of the Aboriginal race who occupied the continent when the Europeans came. The second is a record of all the Discoveries and preparations for settlement, made by individuals and governments. The third delineates the progress of all the Settlements until colonial governments were formed. The fourth tells the story of these Colonies from their infancy to maturity, and illustrates the continual development of Democratic ideas and Republican tendencies which finally resulted in a political against

roma Hist

ortant

confederation. The fifth has a full account of the important events of the War for Independence, and the sixth gives a concise history of the Republic, from its formation to the present time. The Supplement is composed of the most important State Papers connected with that formation, such as the Stamp Act, and papers put forth by the Stamp Act Congress ; the papers presented to the consideration of the world by the First and Second Continental Congresses ; the Declaration of Independence; the Articles of Confederation; and the Federal Constitution, with the admirable Farewell Address of Washington. These documents, thus grouped and preserved, will be found valuable as embodying the principles of our government. The original draft, with the amendments, of the Declaration of Independence, is given; and, in foot-notes, every charge made against the king of Great Britain, in that manifesto, is proven from History. The Federal Constitution is also accompanied by important commentaries.

The system of concordance interwoven with the notes throughout the entire work, is of great importance to the reader. When a fact is named which bears a relation to another fact elsewhere recorded in the volume, a reference is made to the page where such fact is mentioned. A knowledge of this relationship of separate events is often essential to a clear view of the subject, and without this concordance, a great deal of time would be spent in searching for that relationship. With the concordance the matter may be found in a moment. Favorable examples of the utility of this new feature may be found on page 289. If strict attention shall be given to these references, the whole subject will be presented to the mind of the reader in a comprehensive aspect of unity not to be obtained by any other method.

The engravings are introduced not for the sole purpose of embellishing the volume, but to enhance its utility as an instructor. Every picture is intended to illustrate a fact, not merely to beautify the page. Great care has been taken to secure accuracy in all the delineations of men and things, so that they may not convey false instruction. Geographical maps have been omitted, because they must necessarily be too small to be of essential service. History may be read for the purpose of obtaining general information on the subject, without maps, but it should never be studied without the aid of an accurate Atlas.

The author has endeavored to make this work essentially a FAMILY HISTORY, attractive and instructive; and the Publishers have generously co-worked with him in producing a volume that may justly claim to be excellent in every particular. With these few observations concerning the general plan and merits of the work, it is presented to the public, with an entire willingness to have its reputation rest upon its own merits.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

186

190

[ocr errors]

200

201

207

214

PAGE

PAGE 1. ILLUMINATED FRONTISPIECE.....

67. PENN'S HOUSE....

162 2. Sioux INDIANS..............

69. PLAN OF CHARLESTON IN 1680..

166 8. PORTRAIT OF RED JACKET....

9. EARLY NEW ENGLAND HOUSE.....

176 4. A WIGWAM .....

70. DUTCHMAN, 1660............

176 5. WAMPUM .......

71. PLAN OF FORT DU QUESNE......... 6. INDIAN HIEROGLYPHICS...

72. PORTRAIT OF BRADDOCK.... 7. INDIAN WEAPONS.......

BURIAL OF BRADDOCK..... 8. CALUMETS...

74. PLAN OF FORT EDWARD.... 9. INDIAN BURIAL-PLACE.....

75. PORTRAIT OF SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON..... 190 10. INDIAN TOTUM...

76. PLAN OF FORT WILLIAM HENRY..... 11. PROFILE OF BLACK HAWK...

77. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ABERCROMBIE... 12. Uscas's MONUMENT...

78. PLANS OF FORTS AT OSWEGO.............. 13. PORTRAIT OF SAMUEL KIRKLAND.....

79. BLOCK HOUSE......

192 14. SOUTHERN INDIANS.............

80. MAP OF LAKE GEORGE AND VICINITY..

194 15. COLUMBUS BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF SALAMANCA

81. PORTRAIT OF LORD AMHERST...

196 16. PORTRAIT OF AMERIGO VESPUCCI....

82. PLAN OF TICONDEROGA........

.. 196 17. NORTIMAN...

83. RUINS OF TICONDEROGA.

197 13. NOBYAN SHIP...

84. PORTRAIT OF LORD HOWE...

197 19. OLD TOWER AT NEWPORT.

85. PLAN OF Crown POINT..... 20. PORTRAIT OF COLUMBUS....

86. PLAN OF FORT NIAGARA..

200 21. PORTRAIT OF ISABELLA.......

87. GENERAL WOLFE................ 22. THE FLEET OF COLUMBUS......

88. MILITARY OPERATIONS AT QUEBEO..... 202 23. BAXXER OF THE EXPEDITION...

89. MONUMENT TO WOFLE AND MONTCALM..... 202 24. BALBOA............

O, PATRICK HENRY BEFORE THE VIRGINIA ASSEM25. PORTRAIT Or De Soto.....

BLY ....................................

207 26. PORTRAIT OF SEBASTIAN CABOT

91. PORTRAIT OF JAMES OTIS..... 27. PORTRAIT OF VERAGAZZI...

92. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN WEST....

210 28. CARTIER'S SHIP....

93. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RITTENHOUSE.

211 29. ARMS OF FRANCE....

94. PORTRAIT OF PATRICK HENRY... 80. FRENCH NOBLEMAX, 1540 ....

95. A STAMP........

215 31. RALEIGH'S EXPEDITION AT ROANOKE.

96. PORTRAIT OF CADWALLADER COLDEN..

216 32. PORTRAIT OF SIR WALTER RALEIGH,

97. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PITT......

217 83. RALEIGI's SHIPS...,..

98. PORTRAIT OF JOHN DICKENSON....

219 84. ENGLISH GENTLEMAN, 1580.....

99. PORTRAIT OF SAMUEL ADAMS .....

321 35. PORTRAIT OF HENRY HUDSON.

100. PORTRAIT OF LORD NORTH......

224 36. THE HALF-Moox.....

101. FANEUIL HALL....

225 37. BUILDING JAMESTOWN.....

102. SNAKE DEVICE......... 88. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN JOIN SMITH.

108. PORTRAIT OF CHARLES THOMSON..

227 89. PORTRAIT OF POCAHONTAS .....

104. CARPENTER'S HALL............... 40. SEAL OF NEW NETHERLAND.....

105. JOHN HANCOCK....

230 41. A PCBITAN...................

106. Plan OF BUNKER HILL BATTLE.... 42. THE MAYFLOWER....

| 107. BUNKER HILL MONUMENT...

235 43. GOVERNOR CARVER'S CHAIR.......... 79 108. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPI WARREN.....

287 44. PORTRAIT OF CECIL, LORD BALTIMORE

109. PORTRAIT OF PHILIP SCHUYLER. 45. HOOKER's EMIGRATION TO CONNECTICUT...

110. PLAN OF THE WALLS OF QUEBEC...

242 46. FIRST MEETING-HOUSE IN CONNECTICUT. 86 111. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MONTGOMERY..

242 47. PORTRAIT OF ROGER WILLIAMS... 90 112. CULPEPPER FLAG.....

243 48. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PENN............ 95 113. UNION FLAG....................

245 49. THE ASSEMBLY HOUSE, PENNSYLVANIA ....

114. BILL OF CREDIT OR CONTINENTAL MONEY..... 50. OGLETHORPE ON THE SITE OF SAVANNA....... 101 115. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LEE.......

248 51. EMBARKATION OF THE PILGRIMS............... 104 1 116. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MOULTRIE....

249 52. PORTRAIT OF JAMES EDWARD OG LETHORPE..... 104 117. STATE HOUSE, PHILADELPHIA......... 53. CURCH TOWER AT JAMESTOWN.. .... 112 118. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN RUSI......

251 54. FIRST COLONY SEAL, MASSACHUSETTS......

119. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PUTNAM..

253 55. PORTRAIT OF JOHN WINTHROP...

117 120. PLAN OF THE BATTLE ON LONG ISLAND. 56. FIRST MONEY COINED IN THE UNITED STATES.. 122 121. PLAN OF FORT WASHINGTON......

256 57. PORTRAIT OF KING PHILIP......

124 122. RETREAT OF THE AMERICANS FROM LONG ISLAND 257 58. PALLISADED BUILDING.. 127 123. THE JERSEY PRISON-SHIP....

259 59. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIX CHURCH..

129 124. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT TRENTON...... 263 60. PORTRAIT OF COTTON MATHER.... 133 125. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT MORRIS......

264 61. WILLIAMS'S HOUSE, DEERFIELD.....

126. PORTRAIT OF SILAS DEANE.........

266 62. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF LOUISBURG...

127. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN...

267 63. PORTRAIT OF PETER STUYVESANT......

128. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT PRINCETON....... 269 64. CITY OF NEW YORK IN 1664.. 144 | 129. PORTRAIT OF LA FAYETTE.....

273 65. STUYVESANT SURRENDERING Fort AMSTERDAM

180. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT THE BRANDYWINE... 278 TO THE ENGLISH.............

145
131. CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE ....

274 66. THE CHARTER OAK...........

.... 156 182. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT GERMANTOWN....

226

228

235

289

245

250

117

254

137 142

[ocr errors]

... 276

277

....

278

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

PAGE

PAGE

183. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ST. CLAIR

208. PORTRAIT OF MARTIA WASHINGTON..... 887

134. PORTRAIT OF KOSCIUSZKO.......

209. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.......

389

185, PORTRAIT OF JOSEPH BRANT.....

278 210. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE BAINBRIDGE.. 891

136. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BURGOYNE...

278 211. UNITED STATES FRIGATE..........

391

187. A TREATY..

212. PORTRAIT OF LIEUTENANT DECATUR...

392

188, BURGOYNE SURRENDERING HIS SWORD

213. MOHAMMEDAN SOLDIER...

392
GATES ....

214. BURNING OF THE PHILADELPHIA AT TRIPOLI.. 893
189. PLAN OF OPERATIONS AT BEMIS'S HEIGHTS....

215, PORTRAIT OF RUFUS KING.

140. PORTRAIT OF FRANCIS HOPKINSON,

216. PORTRAIT OF AARON BURR......

896

141. PLAN OF ENCAMPMENT AT VALLEY FORGE.... 285 217. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT FULTON...

898

142. PORTRAIT OF SIR HENRY CLINTON....

218. FULTON'S FIRST STEAMBOAT......

399

143. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT MONMOUTH....

219. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PINKNEY.

144. PORTRAIT OF COUNT D'ESTAING....

220. A FELUCCA GUN-BOAT......

401

145. PORTRAIT OF BARON STEUBEN....

221. PORTRAIT OF JOHN RANDOLPI ....

403

146. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LINCOLN.

222. PORTRAIT OF JAMES MADISON.....

405

147. PLAN OF STONY POINT...

223. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL DEARBORN.....

410

148. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL WAYNE......

224. PORTRAIT OF STEPHEN VAN RENNSSELAER.

413

149. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL BOONE.......

225. SLOOP-OF-WAB.......

150. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARKE........ 226. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR SHELBY.

417

151. CLARKE'S EXPEDITION ACROSS THE " DROWNED 227. PLAN OF FORT MEIGS........

418

LANDS."...........................
228. PLAN OF FORT SANDUSKY....

419

152. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SULLIVAN..

304 229. MAJOR CROGHAN.....

420

153. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF SAVANNAH...

305 230. PERRY ON LAKE ERIE.....

421

154. PORTRAIT OF Count PULASKI.

805 231. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PERRY.

423

155. PORTRAIT OF JOHN PAUL JONES...

307 232. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PIKE....

156. A GUN-BOAT AT BOSTON.....

807 233. FORT NIAGARA IN 1813....

157. PORTRAIT OF ADMIRAL HOPKINS....

234. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN LAWRENCE...

429

158. CIPHER ALPHABET............

809 235. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PORTER..

431

159. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR RUTLEDGE.

236. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BROWN.......

160. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE WHIPPLE..... 310 237. MAP OF TIE NIAGARA FRONTIER....

161. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF CHARLESTON ..

311 238. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE MACRONOUGH.. 435

162. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RAMSAY......

812 239. PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS...

163. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GATES..

814 240. PORTRAIT OF W.C. C. CLAIBORNE..

164. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SUMTER.....

241. JACKSON AT NEW ORLEANS....

165. PLAN OF BATTLE AT SANDERS'S CREEK

315 242. PORTRAIT OF JAMES MONROE....

166. PORTRAIT OF BARON DE KALB...

316 243. CAPTURE OF PENSACOLA...

167. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL TARLETON...... 316 244. PORTRAIT OF EDWARD LIVINGSTON...

168. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MARION ....

245. PORTRAIT OF JOIN QUINCY ADAMS...

169. PORTRAIT OF LORD CORNWALLIS.....

246. PORTRAIT OF DEWITT CLINTON....

170, MARION'S ENCAMPMENT ON THE PEDEE..

321

247. PORTRAIT OF John C. CALHOUN.

171. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR TRUMBULL..

323 249. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL JACKSON

172. PORTRAIT OF BENEDICT ARNOLD..

249. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT Y. HAYNE.

463

178. THE CAPTORS' MEDAL...
327 250. PORTRAIT OF OSCEOLA..........

466

174. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GREENE..

251. MAP OF THE SEAT OF THE SEMINOLE W

467

175. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MORGAN..

252. PORTRAIT OF MARTIN VAN BUREN.

176. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL WASHINGTON..

253. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM H. HARRISON.

474

177. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL HENRY LEE.......

254. PORTRAIT OF JOIN TYLER.......

178. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT GUILFORD

255. PORTRAIT OF JAMES K. Polk.....

179. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT HOBKIRK'S HILL.

256. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SCOTT.

180. PORTRAIT OF REBECCA MOTTE.......

335 257. MAP OF THE REGION OF TAYLOR'S OPERATIONS 486

181. PLAN OF FORT NINETY-Six..

258. PORTRAIT OF JOHN C. FREMONT.....

182. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PICKENS...

259. PLAN OF INTRENCHMENTS AT VERA Cruz...

183. PORTRAIT OF COUNT DE ROCHAMBEAU....

260. MAP OF THE ROUTE OF SCOTT'S ARMY IN MEXICO 490

184. PORTRAIT OF COUNT DE GRASSE...

261. BOMBARDMENT OF VERA Cruz.....

491

185. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN....

262. OPERATIONS NEAR MEXICO.......

493

186. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN THOMPSON (COUNT 263. GENERAL SCOTT ENTERING THE CITY OF MEXICO 495

RUMFORD)................

264. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL TAYLOR.

498

187. PORTRAIT OF JAMES JACKSON..

265. PORTRAIT OF HENRY CLAY.........

500

188. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE CLINTON....

266, PORTRAIT OF MILLARD FILLMORE..

189. PORTRAIT OF JOHN MARSHALL

267. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL WEBSTER....

190. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MIFFLIN....

269. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPH SMITI.....

191. ORDER OF THE CINCINNATI..........

269. MORMON EMIGRATION ........

192. PORTRAIT OF BISHOP CARROLL..

270. PORTRAIT OF PROFESSOR MORSE

507

193. FRANKLIN BEFORE THE CONSTITUTIONAL Cox-

271. PORTRAIT OF DR. KANE......

VENTION .....................

272. PORTRAIT OF FRANKLIN PIERCE...

514

194. PORTRAIT OF OLIVER ELLSWORTH ......

273. PORTRAIT OF SANTA ANNA......

515

195. PORTRAIT OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON.

361 274. AN OCEAN STEAMSHIP....

516

196. PORTRAIT OF RUFUS PUTXAM......

275. CRYSTAL PALACE IN NEW YORK..

517

197. INAUGURATION OF WASHINGTON.

276. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN INGRAITAM.

518

198. PORTRAIT OF GOUVERNEUR MORRIS...

277. PORTRAIT OF JAMES BUCHANAN..

199. PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON...

865 278. FOUNDING NEW STATES.....

537

200. PORTRAIT OP ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON

279. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.

201. PORTRAIT OF TENCH COXE.........

369 | 250. PORTRAIT OF JOHN ADAMS.

202. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL KNox.

370 291. PORTRAIT OF DR. FRANKLIN....

203. WAYNE'S DEFEAT OF THE INDIANS.

375

292. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON

204. PORTRAIT OF JOHN JAY......

379 283. PORTRAIT OF ROGER SITERMAN......

589

205. PORTRAIT OF FISHER AMES.....

. 350 284. PORTRAIT OF CHARLES CARROLL,

601

206. PORTRAIT OF. JOHN ADAMS.....

383 285. PORTRAIT OF JUDGE STORY...

207. PORTRAIT OF C. C. PixCKNEY....

884

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[graphic]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

HISTORY

THE UNITED STATES.

[graphic]

EVERY cultivated nation had its heroic RED JACKET.

age—a period when its first physical and

moral conquests were achieved, and when rude society, with all its impurities, was fused and refined in the crucible of progress. When civilization first set up its standard as a permanent ensign, in the western hemisphere, northward of the Bahamas and the great Gulf, and

« ZurückWeiter »