A Pure Theory of Democracy
Rowman & Littlefield, 2009 - 190 páginas
"This is not a democracy," Antonio Garcia-Trevijano denounces in the first pages of this book. To confront the great lie that Europe does have democratic regimes, a lie rooted in people's confounding of the liberties they enjoy with the political freedom that they lack, the author builds a realistic theory of democracy to end the false idea that corruption, state crime, and public immorality are democracy's (undesirable) products and not the natural and inevitable fruits of oligarchic regimes. Thanks to a superb review of the events that mark the history of democracy, the author reveals the obstacles that, from the 17th century English revolution, the United States' War of Independence, and the French Revolution, opposed political freedom, deviating old Europe's democratic possibilities toward the current parties' state. There exist important theories of the state and of constitution, but none that can be called a theory of democracy. Antonio Garcia-Trevijano's original theory, a modern synthesis of Rousseau's pure democracy and Montesquieu's political freedom, responds to European need for a theory of democracy as a real alternative to the corrupted parties' regime that was engendered by Western pragmatism during the Cold War.
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absolute Assembly Assembly’s authority citizens civil liberties concept conﬂict constituting power constitutional monarchy corruption cultural decision deﬁned deﬁnition democ democracy’s democratic dictatorship difﬁcult direct democracy discourse domination egalitarian elected electoral equality European executive power expression ﬁeld ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst form of government freedom of action freedom’s guarantee French Revolution Garcia-Trevijano idea identiﬁed ideology individuals inﬂuence institutional intellectual judicial juridical King’s lack laocratic legislative power liberal mocracy modern Montesquieu moral natural rights obedience obey oligarchy oligopoly Parliament parliamentary system participation particracy parties passion people’s political democracy political freedom political power political representation popular principle public opinion pure theory racy ratic reason reﬂection regime representative representative democracy Republic Republic’s republican responsibility Revolution’s revolutionary Rousseau rule rulers scientiﬁc separation of powers social democracy society’s sovereign sovereignty Spanish speciﬁc State’s theory of democracy thought tion tional Toqueville truth utopia