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CREDENTIAls: —

New Hampshire, dated June 27,.. 126 Delaware, Feb. 3,................. 130

Massachusetts, April 6, .......... 126 Maryland, March 26,.
Connecticut, May 2d, Thursday, . 127 | Virginia, May 2,.......
New York, Feb. 28,............. 127 | North Carolina, April 3,...........

New Jersey, Nov. 23, ........... 128 | South Carolina, April 10,.......... 136

1787

Pennsylvania, March 28, ........ 129 Georgia, April 17, ................ 137

May 14. JOURNAL OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION:—
28-9.

List of Members,........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Rules,........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141, 143
Mr. Edmund RANDolph's Fifteen PRopositions, .................. 141
Mr. CHARLEs Pinckney's DRAFT or A FEDERAL Constitution, .... 145

30. Mr. Randolph's Propositions considered in Committee,...............
31. Right of Suffrage further considered; Legislative Rights,.........
June 1. Executive Powers; Duties, ................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2. Term of Service, Choice, Salary, limited Period, Ineligibility, Impeach-
ment, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
4. Negative or Veto,......................................... . . . . . . . 158
5. National Judiciary; New States, ...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 160
6. Inferior Tribunals; Negative on State Laws, .................. ... ... 163
7. Elections by Districts,............................................ 165
8. Representative Classes,...?............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
9, 11. Executive Suffrage, ..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Suffrage; Ratio; Vote,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 168
Republican Constitution; Amendments, ....
12. Term of Service; Salary,............ - - - -
13. Jurisdiction of the Supreme Tribunal, ....
Money Bills, ..................... - - - - - -
-- 14, 15. Mr. PATTERson's ELEven Propositions,
- 16, 18. Mr. P.'s Propositions considered; Revisal of Confederation, ......... ... 177
Col. HAMilton's PLAN of GoverNMENT, in Eleven Propositions,..... . 179
19. Mr. Patterson's Propositions postponed, ............................ 180
Mr. RANdolph's NiNETEEN Resolutions submitted, as altered, amend-
ed, and agreed to, ..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 181
20. Legislative, Judiciary, and Executive,............................. . 183
21. Legislature; two Branches,.......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 184
22. Congressional Compensation; Age, ..................... . . . . . . . . . . . 185
23. Congressional Compensation, ................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 186
25. Second Branch chosen by the Legislatures; Service; Age, 30 Years, . 187
26. Biennial Term ; Pay; Eligibility, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Office holding ; Ineligibility; Originating Acts, ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
27. Right of Suffrage in the First Branch, according to the Confederation, . 191
28. Right of Suffrage in First or Second Branch, ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
29. Right of Suffrage; equal Vote in the Senate, ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
30. New Hampshire Delegates requested to attend; equal Vote,.......... 192
July 2. Equal Vote in the Second Branch; Suffrage, ......... - - - - - - - - - ..... 193
5. Report on Ratio of Representation; Money Bills to originate in the
poor. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..... 193
Mote. Census and Quotas in 1785, ................................ 194
6. Reference and Votes, ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 195
Money Bills not to be altered in the Second Branch; Appropriations;
First Branch, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
7. Use of the Philadelphia Library offered to the Convention; Equal Vote, 196
9. Apportionment of Representatives, (56.) ................. . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Census for the Population and Wealth, ............................. 197
10. Apportionment for, (65.)................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 197
Propositions to alter the Number of Representatives in New Hampshire,
North and South Carolina, and Georgia, .......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 198
11. Census; the “Three fifths of the Inhabitants of other Descriptions,” &c. 199
12. Taxation according to Representation and the “Three fifths; ” Census, 201
13. Assessment on #...". - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 203
Division of States hereafter, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
14.

16.

Representatives hereafter not to exceed the Number of the original
†. States; Second Branch; Proposal to have thirty-six Mem 204

bers, ... - - -
Sixty-five Representatives proposed; Money Bills,................... 205

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Fntered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundre I
and thirty-six,
By Jon ATHAN Elliot,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Columbia.

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The following volumes furnish a collection of the Debates and Proceedings which took place in the different states, on the adoption of the Federal Constitution, as submitted by the General Convention, on the 17th of September, 1787. In the compilation, care has been taken to search into contemporary publications, in order to make the work as perfect as possible. Still, however, the Editor is sensible, from the daily experience of the newspaper reports of the present time, that the sentiments they contain may, in some instances, have been inaccurately taken down, and, in others, probably, too faintly sketched, fully to gratify the inquisitive politician; but they nevertheless disclose the opinions of many of the most distinguished revolutionary patriots and statesmen, in relation to the powers intended to be granted to the Congress of the United States under the Constitution, and certainly may form an excellent guide in expounding many doubtful points in that instrument. In forming a History of the Constitution, the materials they furnish must be also considered of the greatest importance. The lights, too, which they throw on the character and the men of those extraordinary times, will always give them a sufficient interest, in the eyes of an intelligent community, to confer a peculiar value on their publication, rescued from the ephemeral prints of that day, and now, for the first time, presented in a uniform and durable form.

In another point of view, these Debates must be acceptable, at the present moment. In the recent Congresses, a

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