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Juliet's Chamber'; JULIEt on the Bed.

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Enter Nurse.

NURSE. Mistress !—what, mistress !-Juliet!

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Why, lamb !-why, lady!--fye, you slug-a-bed ! Why, love, I say !-madam! sweet-heart-why,

Why, lover' why, ladunt her, she: -Juliet! What bride_madam?'s

What, not a word ?-you take your pennyworths

. now; Sleep for a week; for the next night, I warrant, The county Paris hath set up his rest,

is set up his rest,] This expression, which is frequently employed by the old dramatick writers, is taken from the manner of firing the harquebuss. This was so heavy a gun, that the soldiers were obliged to carry a supporter called a rest, which they fixed in the ground before they levelled to take aim. Decker uses it in his comedy of Old Fortunatus, 1600: “ --set your heart at rest, for I have set up my rest, that unless you can run swifter than a hart, home you go not.” The same expression occurs in Beaumont and Fletcher's Elder Brother:

My rest is up,

“ Nor will I go less ", Again, in The Roaring Girl, 1611:

“ Like a musket on a rest.See Montfaucon's Monarchie Françoise, Tom. V. plate 48.

STEEVENS. The origin of this phrase has certainly been rightly explained, but the good Nurse was here thinking of other matters. T.C.

The above expression may probably be sometimes used in the sense already explained; it is, however, oftener employed with a reference to the game at primero, in which it was one of the terms then in use. In the second instance above quoted it is cer· tainly so. To avoid loading the page with examples, I shall refer

That you shall rest but little. God forgive me,
(Marry, and amen!) how sound is she asleep!
Ì needs must wake her:-Madam, madam, madam!
Ay, let the county take you in your bed ;6
He'll fright you up, i'faith. -Will it not be ?
What, drest! and in your clothes! and down again!
I must needs wake you : Lady! lady! lady!
Alas! alas !-Help! help! my lady's dead!
0, well-a-day, that ever I was born!
Some aqua-vitæ, ho!-my lord ! my lady!

Enter Lady CAPULET.

LA. CAP. What noise is here?

O lamentable day!
LA. CAP. What is the matter ?

Look, look! O heavy day!

to Dodsley's Collection of Old Plays, Vol. X. p. 364, edit. 1780, where several are brought together. REED.

To set up one's rest, is, in fact, a gambling expression, and · means that the gamester has determined what stake he should play for.

In the passage quoted by Steevens from Fletcher's Elder Brother, when Eustace says:

66 My rest is up, and I will go no less." he means to say, my stake is laid, and I will not play for a smaller.

The same phrase very frequently occurs in the plays of Beaumont and Fletcher. It is also used by Lord Clarendon, in his History, as well as in the old comedy of Supposes, published in the year 1587. M. Mason.

- why lady/fye, you slug-a-bed!

Ay, let the county take you in your bed;] So, in The Tragicall Hystory of Romeus and Juliet:

« First softly did she call, then louder did she cry,
6 Lady, you sleep too long, the earl will raise you by and


LA. CAP. O me, 0 me!-my child, my only life, Revive, look up, or I will die with thee! Help, help!-call help.

Enter CAPULET. CAP. For shame, bring Juliet forth; her lord is

come. NURSE. She's dead, deceas'd, she's dead; alack

the day! LA. CAP. Alack the day! she’s dead, she’s dead,

she's dead.
CAP. Ha! let me see her:-Out, alas! she's cold;
Her blood is settled, and her joints are stiff;
Life and these lips have long been separated :
Death lies on her, like an untimely frost
Upon the sweetest flower of all the field.
Accursed time!' unfortunate old man!

NURSE. O lamentable day! '

Owoful time!
CAP. Death, that hath ta'en her hence to make

me wail, Ties up my tongue, and will not let me speak.S

Accursed time! &c.] This line is taken from the first quarto, 1597. MALONE. 18 Death, that hath taen her hence to make me wail,

Ties up my tongue, and will not let me speak.] Our author has here followed the poem closely, without recollecting that he had made Capulet, in this scene, clamorous in his grief. In The Tragicall Hystory of Romeus and Juliet, Juliet's mother makes a long speech, but the old man utters not a word:

“ But more than all the rest the father's heart was so
“ Smit with the heavy news, and so shut up with sudden

6. That he ne had the power his daughter to beweep,
Ne yet to speak, but long is forc'd his tears and plaints

to keep.” MALONE.

Enter Friar LAURENCE and Paris, with Musicians.

Fri. Come, is the bride ready to go to church?

CAP. Ready to go, but never to return:
O son, the night before thy wedding day
Hath death lain with thy bride ::-See, there she

Flower as she was, deflowered by him.'
Death is my son-in-law,' death is my heir;
My daughter he hath wedded! I will die,
And leave him all; life leaving, all is death's.

90 son, the night before thy wedding day

Hath death lain with thy bride :] Euripides has sported with this thought in the same manner. Iphig. in Aul. ver. 460:

« Τήνδ' αυ τάλαιναν παρθενον (τί παρθενον;
“ 'Adns viv, ws Žovne, vul peu o el táza.)”.

Sir W. RAWLINSON. Hath death lain with thy bride :) Perhaps this line is coarsely ridiculed in Decker's Satiromastix: 66 Dead: she's death's bride; he hath her maidenhead.”

STEEVENS, Decker seems rather to have intended to ridicule a former line in this play:

I'll to my wedding bed, “ And Death, not Romeo, take my maidenhead." The word see in the line before us, is drawn from the first quarto. MALONE.

Flower as she was, deflowered by him.] This jingle was common to other writers; and among the rest, to Greene, in his Greene in Conceipt, 1598: "- a garden-house having round about it many howers, and within it much deflowering."

COLLINS. 2 Death is my son-in-law, &c.] The remaining part of this speech,“ death is my heir,” &c. was omitted by Mr. Pope in his edition; and some of the subsequent editors, following his example, took the same unwarrantable licence. The lines were very properly restored by Mr. Steevens. MALONE,

3- life leaving, all is death's.] The old copies read-life living. The emendation was made by Mr. Steevens. MALONE.

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PAR. Have I thought long to see this morning's

face, And doth it give me such a sight as this? LA. CAP. Accurs'd, unhappy, wretched, hateful

day! Most miserable hour, that e'er time saw In lasting labour of his pilgrimage! But one, poor one, one poor and loving child, But one thing to rejoice and solace in, And cruel death hath catch'd it from my sight.

NURSE. O woe! O woful, woful, woful day !5 Most lamentable day! most woful day, That ever, ever, I did yet behold! O day! O day! O day! O hateful day! Never was seen so black a day as this : O woful day, 0 woful day!

PĄR. Beguil'd, divorced, wronged, spited, slain! Most détestable death, by thee beguild, By cruel cruel thee quite overthrown ! O love! O life! -not life, but love in death!

morning's face.] The quarto, 1597, continues the speech of Paris thus ::

“ And doth it now present such prodigies ?
Accurst, unhappy, miserable man,
“ Forlorn, forsaken, destitute I am;
“ Born to the world to be a slave in it:
“ Distrest, remediless, unfortunate.
“ O heavens! Oh nature! wherefore did you make me

To live so vile, so wretched as I shall ?" STEEVENS. so woe! O woful, &c.] This speech of exclamations is not in the edition above-cited. [that of 1597) Several other parts unnecessary or tautology, are not to be found in the said edi. tion; which occasions the variation in this from the common books. Pope. In the text the enlarged copy of 1599 is here followed.


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