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Enter Friar LAURENCE and Romeo.
Fri. Romeo, come forth; come forth, thou
Rom. What less than dooms-day is the prince's . ..doom?
FRI. A gentler judgment vanish'd from his lips, Not body's death, but body's banishment..
Rom. Ha! banishment? be merciful, say_death: For exile hath more terror in his look, Much more than death : do not say—banishment.
FRI. Hence from Verona art thou banished: Be patient, for the world is broad and wide.
Rom. There is no world without Verona walls, But purgatory, torture, hell itself. Hence-banished is banish'd from the world, And world's exíle is death :then banishmento
The quarto 1599, and the folio,
Is death mis-term’d: calling death-banishment,
FRI. O deadly sin ! O rude unthankfulness!
read then banished. The emendation was made by Sir Thomas Hanmer. The words are not in the quarto 1597. MALONE.
* This is dear mercy,] So the quarto 1599, and the folio. The earliest copy reads. This is mere mercy. MALONE.
Mere mercy, in ancient language, signifies absolute mercy. So, in Othello:
“ The mere perdition of the Turkish fleet.” Again, in King Henry VIII:
" to the mere undoing
“ Of all the kingdom." STEEVENS. 8- heaven is here,
Where Juliet lives;] From this and the foregoing speech of Romeo, Dryden has borrowed in his beautiful paraphrase of Chaucer's Palamon and Arcite:
“ Heaven is not, but where Emily abides,
STEEVENS. 9- More validity, :More honourable state, more courtship lives
In carrion flies, than Romeo:] Validity seems here to mean worth or dignity: and courtship the state of a courtier permitted to approach the highest presence. JOHNSON.
On the white wonder of dear Juliet's hand,
Validity is employed to signify worth or value, in the first scene of King Lear. STEVENS.
By courtship, the author seems rather to have meant, the state of a lover; that dalliance, in which he who courts or wooes a lady is sometimes indulged. This appears clearly from the subsequent lines :
“ they may seize
“ Flies may do this.” MALONE. 'Who, even in pure and vestal modesty,] This and the next line are not in the first copy. MALONE.
? But Romeo may not; he is banished:] This line has been very aukwardly introduced in the modern as well as ancient copies, and might better be inserted after their own kisses sin.
- STEEVENS. This line, in the original copy, immediately follows" And steal immortal blessing from her lips.” The two lines, Who, even, &c. were added in the copy of 1599, and are merely paren. thetical: the line therefore, But Romeo may not ; &c. undoubtedly ought to follow those two lines. By mistake, in the copy of 1599, it was inserted lower down, after-is not death.
MALONE. • They are free men, but I am banished.
And say'st thou yet, that exile is not death?] These two lines are not in the original copy. MALONE.
Being a divine, a ghostly confessor,
Fri. I'll give thee armour to keep off that word; Adversity's sweet milk, philosophy, To comfort thee, though thou art banished.5
ROM. Yet banished ?-Hang up philosophy!
Fri. O, then I see that madmen have no ears.
have no eyes ?
* Thou fond mad man, hear me but speak a word.] So the quarto, 1597. The quartos 1599 and 1609 read:
Then fond mad man, hear me a little speak. ! The folio:
Then fond mad man, hear me speak. Malone. . 5. Adversity's sweet milk, philosophy,
To comfort thee, though thou art banished.] So, in Romeus and Juliet, the Friar says
.“ Virtue is always thrall to troubles and annoy,
..“ But wisdom in adversity finds cause of quiet joy." See also Lyly's Euphues, 1580 : “ Thou sayest banishment is better to the freeborne. There be many meates which are sowre in the mouth and sharp in the maw; but if thou mingle them with sweet sawces, they yeeld both a pleasant taste and wholesome nourishment.--I speake this to this end; that though thy exile seeme grievous to thee, yet guiding thyselfe with the rules of philosophy, it shall be more tolerable.” MALONE. · Let me dispute with thee of thy estate.] The same phrase, and with the same meaning, occurs in The Winter's Tale :.
ROM. Thou canst not speak of what thou dost
' not feel : Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love, An hour but married, Tybalt murdered, Doting like me, and like me banished, Then might'st thou speak, then might'st thou tear
thy hair, And fall upon the ground, as I do now, Taking the measure of an unmade grave. FRI. Arise ; one knocks; good Romeo, hide thyself.
[Knocking within. Rom. Not I; unless the breath of heart-sick
groans, Mist-like, infold me from the search of eyes. :
[Knocking. Fri. Hark, how they knock !—Who's there?
Romeo, arise ; Thou wilt be taken :-Stay a while :-stand up;
[Knocking. Run to my study:-By and by :—God's will!
“ can he speak? hear?.
“ Know man from man? dispute his own estate?” i. e. is he able to talk over his own affairs, or the present state he is in? STEEVENS.
? Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love,] Thus the original copy; for which in the folio we have
Wert thou as young as Juliet my love. I only mention this to show the very high value of the early quarto editions. MALONE.
then might'st thou tear thy hair,] So, in the poem: “ These heavy tidings heard, his golden locks he tare, " And like a frantick man hath torn the garments that
he ware.“ He riseth oft, and strikes his head against the walls; ... “ He falleth down again, and loud for hasty death he
calls.?' MALONE.... VOL. XX.