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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION

OF THE

Polyglott Bible.

THE form in which this Volume nowed exceedingly desirable that a NEW Bi

1 appears, is altogether different from any ble, of convenient size for the Pocket, oriTaing which has before been given to the Pub- ginil in its plan, purpose, and cxecution, bc, but its originality will be found pre-emi- should be published ; in which a MORE APDently to consist in a laborious and entirely PROPRIATE and ACCURATE selection, adap* Selection and Arrangement of Reje- tation, and Arrangement of References might trices, in which it has been endeavoured he introduced; both for the Assistance of aithfully to exhibit the Scripture as its Private Readers, and to facilitate the ready own Expositor.

examination and quotation of passages, The greatness of the advantages that which the Preacher, or the Biblical Stu| must accrue to a sincere and diligent rea-dent, may have an immediate occasion to der of the Sacred Pages, from having con- cite, or to consult. stantly before him a reference to similar Convenience and utility were, however, and illustrative passages, carefully investi- to be equally consulted in all the parts of kated, and suitably applied, must be obvi- the undertaking. If the size of the hook ous to every one; and has been well under- were too large, or the page too crowded, stood by many pious and able men, to so as to be made wearisoine to the eye, its whose diligent and useful labours the convenience would be lessened ; and if, in Public is unspeakably indebted.

the liinils which these considerations imReferences, however, have hitherto posed, great care were not employed in been printed, almost exclusively, in the examining and applying the References, its margins of Bibles of a large size; and utility would in a great degree, be destroythe benefit resulting froin them has, in ed. On mature deliberation, therefore, it consequence, been very inuch restrict- appeared best to adopt the plan here pre-;---the only small Bible with Refe- sented to the notice of the Public; in rences, in the English language, being which the Marginal Readings and Refethat published by Mr. Canne. The defects rences are all contained in a MIDDLE CO. of which are many for though he was a LUMN, between two of text, and the numdiligent student of the Scriptures, and his ber introduced is sufficient, except in a few work was at that time eminently service- pages only, completely to fill that column. able, yet, as he was not in possession The Chronology is always placed at the of those helps, for the accomplishment of top of this middle column, where it dethe task which he had undertaken, that notes the Date of the writing or transacare now afforded by many valuable tion contained in the text, at the begineditions and comments, which have been ning of the page. printed in different languages since The Marginal Readings contained in the las tilde; and being, therefore, under the folio and quarto Bibles are all introduced ; Decessity of relying chiefly on his own the idioms of the original languages which industry; it is not surprising that he should are preserved in many of them, and also have been less successful than he would the various senses of particular words or otherwise have been. His references are phrases, being in most instances instrucoften only remotely applicable: he seems tive, and in all worthy to be known. But frequently to have been guided more by it has not been thought necessary, in givsimilarity of expression than by illustra- ing these readings, to insert such words as tion: the errors in the letter-press are are repeated in the text, and which would 1:umerous: many of the Marginal Readings therefore have fruitlessly occupied a porrre omitted: the Chronology is altogether tion of the space allotted to references. left out and all the References in this, as The Various Readings are referred to by in the larger Bibles, are placed in the mar- small figures placed immediately before the giu of the text; by which they are render- words for which they are to be substituted; ei liable to be cut in binding, or worn and the References by Italic letters, which away by use, or bound so into the back of are generally placed after the first or second the book as not to be easily read.

word of a verse, or clause of a verse, On all these accounts, it has long appear-when they are intended to illustrate the

Bi 65.847

HARVARD COLLZIE LIORARY

BEQUEST OF..., n! bo WILLIAM MCMICHAEL WOODWORTH T

FEB. 19, 1915.

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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION

OF THE

Polyglott Bible.

THE form in which this Volume nowed exceedingly desirable that a NEW Bi

I appears, is altogether different from any ble, of convenient size for the Pocket, oriTuing, which has before been given to the Pub- ginil in its plan, purpose, and execution, tic, but its originalily will be found pre-emi- should he published ; in which a MORE APDentiv to consist in a laborious and entircly PROPRIATE and ACCURATE selection, adapU Selection and Arrangement of Rele- tation, and Arrangement of References might

ces, in which it has been endeavoured he introduced; both for the Assistance of raithfully to exhibit the Scripture as its Private Readers, and to facilitate the ready owa Expositor.

examination and quotation of passages, The greatness of the advantages that which the Preacher, or the Biblical St1must accrue to a sincere and diligent rea- dent, may have an immediate occasion to | der of the Sacred Pages, from having con- cite, or to consult. stantly before him a reference to similar Convenience and utility were, however, and illustrative passages, carefully investi- to be equally consulted in all the parts of gated, and suitably applied, must be obvi- the undertaking. If the size of the hook ous to every one; and has been well under- were too large, or the page too crowded, stood by many pious and able men, to so as to be niade wearisome to the eye, its whose diligent and useful labours the convenience would be lessened; and if, in Public is unspeakably indebted.

the limits which these considerations imReferences, however, have hitherto posed, great care were not employed in been printed, almost exclusively, in the examining and applying the References, its margins of Bibles of a large size; and utility would in a great degree, be destroythe benefit resulting from them has, in ed. On mature deliberation, therefore, it consequence, been very inuch restrict- appeared best to adopt the plan here preled :---the only small Bible with Refe- sented to the notice of the Public; in rences, in the English language, being which the Marginal Readings and Refethat published by Mr. Canne. The defects rences are all contained in a MIDDLE CO. of which are many; for though he was a LUMN, between two of text; and the numCiligent student of the Scriptures, and his ber introduced is sufficient, except in a few work was at that time eminently service- pages only, completely to fill that column. at)le, yet, as he was not in possession The Chronology is always placed at the of those helps, for the accomplishment of top of this middle column, where it dethe task which he had undertaken, that notes the Date of the writing or transacare now afforded by many valuable tion contained in the text, at the beginEditions and comments, which have been ning of the page. printed in different languages since The Marginal Readings contained in the liis time, and being, therefore, under the folio and quarto Bibles are all introduced ; necessity of relying chiefly on his own the idioms of the original languages which Industry, it is not surprising that he should are preserved in many of them, and also have been less successful than he would the various senses of particular words or otherwise have been. His references are phrases, being in most instances instrucOiten only remotely applicable: he seems tive, and in all worthy to be known. But frequently to have been guided more by it has not been thought necessary, in givsimilarity of expression than by illustra-ing these readings, to insert such words as lion: the errors in the letter-press are are repeated in the text, and which would numerous: many of the Marginal Readings therefore have fruitlessly occupied a porare omitted: the Chronology is altogether tion of the space allotted to references. left out: and all the References in this, as The Various Readings are referred to by in the larger Bibles, are placed in the mar- small figures placed immediately before the 11 of the text; by which they are render- words for which they are to be substituted; ed liable to be cut in binding, or worn and the References by Italic letters, which away by use, or bound so into the back of are generally placed after the first or second the book as not to be easily read.

word of a verse, or clause of a verse, On all these accounts, it has long appear when they are intended to illustrate the PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION Gospel, have been studiously regarded, so the circumstances recorded by St. Luke, as to render it evident, that whatever va- in his book of the Acts. Prophecies are riations inay have been made in the form connected with their accomplishments, as is and administration of external worship, far as those accomplishments are included true religion, under the former dispensa- in the Scripture History. Promises and tious, was always essentially the saine as threatenings are connected with their retrue religion under the present; that "he spective fulfillment; precept with examis not a Jew which is one outwardly; nei- ple, and with supplication, and the prayers ther is that circumcision which is out of believers with the answers they have ward in the flesh: but he is a Jew which received. All these relations have been is one inwardly, and circumcision is that carefully regarded in this compilation. ; of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the VIII. Further, the Scriptures are not : letter: whose praise is not of men, but merely intended to lead men to godliness: of God. For in every nation, he that they are intended also to exemplify it. feareth God, and worketh righteousness, Repentance, Faith, Hope, Charity, and Deis accepted of him." Rom. 11. 28. 29. Acts Votion, are here exhibited in the most perX. 35. In this, the revelation made before fect models, and it has therefore entered the institution of the Levitical priesthood, into the design of this Wuik to show the that maile during its continuance, and thict corresponding emotions and conduct of the which has been made since its termia- Samts, both of the Old Testament and the tion, all agree. The Mosaic ritual was New, when under the intiuence of those the shadow of good things to come; so dispositions, contemplations, and einowere the priesthood and kiugdom of Mel- tions, which are most peculiarly characchisedec: and the body is Christ, who is teristic of true piety; and also to connect essentially the saine, both in his person the devotional parts of Scripture with and in his government, yesterday, to-day, the occurrences which gave rise to them, and for ever. Heb. xiii. 8.

as far as they can be ascertained. Thus Vi. But the instruction diffused through is Religion known by its fruits : not as a the Scriptures, respecting the gracious thing merely of times and circumand indispensable operations of the Holy stances : but a living principle in the Ghost the Sanctuier, has not been forgot- mind, which times and circumstances ten: and the references on this article will call into action, and contribute to display. show, that, as to his sacred intluence on LX. The aphoristic and poetical parts of the minds of the Inspired Penmen, we are the Sacred Writings are also connected, so indebted for all the truths they have as to illustrate and enforce each other; , taught us; so to his intluence on the that the Reader may be constantly im. minds of those who receive and regard pressed with those momentous truths, them, must such persons be indebted for and that sublime language with which all they have learned, or can learn, of they abound, and which arford perpetual them. His work completes the great de- food for the best exercises of the unsign of the whole ; and his assistance and derstanding, and the timest emotions of blessing are distinctly promised to all who the heart ; at once furnishing materials sincerely ask them.

for the most rational entertainment, and VII. As the Scriptures harinonize in the most solid instruction. In this restheir primary and general objects, so do pect, the Scriptures will be found to rethey with regard to the particular subjects semble the garden of Eden, in which the comprehended in their plan. Historical Lord GOD has made to grow every treo accounts are veritied by other coincident that is pleasant to the sight, and good for ones, or by accounts of the persons or spiritual food. But no Cherubim or places to which they refer. The prophe- flaming sword are here to prohibit ac. cies of one Prophet, concerning events cess to the Tree of Lite. The children of which were to take place, relating either the second Adam may freely, and without to kingdoms, families, individuals, or the fear or interruption, now put forth their world at large, are consistent with those hands to its soul-reviving fruit, and take, pronounced by other Prophets. The ac- and eat, and live for ever. counts of the Jewish polity under its vari- X. The agreement of the Sacred Writers ous vicissitudes, are confirmed by the writ- with each other will be found not only to ings of the Propiets who lived during or exist in the subjects on which they treat, after those vicissitudes; while the former but to extend to their own individual chatend reciprocally to establish the authen-racters. It will appear that they were all ticity of the latter. The histories of the animated by the same Spirit; that they Four Evangelists have a regular connec- were all holy men, speaking as they were tion and parallelism, especially those of moved by the Holy Ghost, calling men Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The recital of to holiness, as the indispensable requisite the transactions of the Apostles, after the to the enjoyment of everlasting happiness, ascension of our Lord, strongly authenti- --- men, nevertheless, ot like pissions with cates the Apostolic Epistles; and Archdea- ourselves, conscious of their own natural con Paley has well shown the confirmation infirmity and sinfulness, and of the mercy which the Epistles of St. Paul derive from of God through Christ Jesus, as their only

OF THE POLYGLOTT BIBLE." the Fall, and to put them in possession of PHETS WITNESS. Acts x. 43. The things the blessings of Redemption; to lead them which were written in the law of Moses, from sin to holiness; to conduct them and in all the Prophets, and in the Psalnis, through a state of conflict and trial on concern HIM; (Luke xxiv. 27, 44:) and earth, to a state of rest and felicity in hea- would come to nothing if he were separat

en; and so to assist and direct them in all ed from them. He is the bright and mornpossible conditions in life, that they may ing star; the true light that must lighten pot fail of these great ends, except by their every man who comes to see the glory of own wilful rejection of the counsel of God Divine Revelation. Rev. xxii. 16. John i. igamst themselves. The salvation of his 9. It has therefore been a chief design of

soul should therefore be the grand this Work to connect and to exhibit the cern of every reader of the Scripture. I testimony which all the Sacred Penmen

the immortality of the soul is brought bear to the adorable Immanuel ; to the i t, and placed in unquestionable evi- proper and unequivocal Divinity of his na

• Here, its defection from original ture, the necessity of his mediation, the y clearly demonstrated; the means reality and design of his incarnation, his 1. storation are set forth, and its fu- spotless and exemplary life, his unparallely pro stiny is declared. It is an awful re-ed sufferings, his vicarious death,the verity

Jility which they incur who wilfully of hus resurrection and ascension into hea

ect this holy book, and devote all their ven, the sufficiency of his righteousness, Tue, and the powers of their minds, to the prevalence of his intercession, the

errestrial, and subordinate objects. They spirituality of his kingdom, his sovereignty slight the pearl of greatest price, which is in the Church, his constant care and love no where else to be found ; and seem as if of his people, and the certainty of his sethey were determined to frustrate, as far cond coming to raise the dead and judge as respects themselves, all that Divine wis- the world in righteousness ;---grand and dom and goodness have done to rescue the sublime truths, in which every individual immortal pund of man from spiritual igno- of the human race is deeply and eternally rance, error, vanity, vice, and ium. Those, interested. however, who are seeking to enjoy the IV. The chief purpose of Christ's mission

blessings which the Gospel reveals will as being that such as believe on him might In they are able, search the Scriptures; and be saved from sin, which is the trans

such persons will receive great help from gression of the Divine law, and from the having references at hand to assist their punishment due toit; it has been thought inquiries. "It were to be wished," says important frequently to connect those Bishop Horsely, “that no Bibles were texts which speak of transgressions, with printed without References. Particular those in which the law concerning them diligence should be used in comparing the is to be found, and in which punishment parallel texts of the Old and New Testa- is threatened; and sometimes with those ments ... It is incredible," he adds, to in which the atonement is set forth, and Dy one who has not made the experiment.) pardon is proclaimed; or in which sanctiwhat a proficiency mav be maile in that fication is promised, or entorced ; and knowledge which maketh wise unto salva- these again with such as relate to the fution). by studving the Scriptures in this ture happiness and glory which is promismanner.WITHOUT ANY OTHER COMMENTA.edto the faithful, or punishment and noiseRY, OR EXPOSITION, THAN WHAT THE DIF- ry denounced against the impenitent. A TERENT PARTS OF THE SACRED VOLUMS\small body of divinity is sometimes comMUTUALLY FURNISH FOR EACH OTHER. Let prised in a few texts connected together the most illiterate Christian study them in in this way. Thus, from those words in this manner, and let him never cease to! Ezek. xxiii. 49. Ye shall bear the sins of I pray for the illumination of that Spirit by your idols, the Reader is referred first to * which these books were dictated : and the Numb. xiv. 31, as a parallel passage, I whole compass of abstruse philosophy, showing God visiting sin upon the iransrecondite history, shall furnish no argu gressors themselves; then to Nurub. xvii. nient with which the perverse will of man 23. to show the typical visitation of it shall be able to shake this learned Chris- upon the Levitical priestliood; then to tian's faith."* So great and perfect is the Isaiah lili. 11. to show the prophetic decoincidence of every part of the Word of claration of its being laid on Christ; and, God in the grand and merciful design of lastly, 10 1 Pet. 11. 21. to show the actual the whole!

fullment of that prophecy, and the end 111. This is more apparent, and the har- to be answered by it: for there we are mony and perfection of the Holy Scrip- told, that He that judocih righteously, "his tures are rendered more peculiarly evident own sell, bare our sins in his quon body on and distinct, by the constant reference of the tree, that we, being dead to sin, should all its writers to our Lord and Savicur Je live to righteousness." sus Christ. TO HIM GIVE ALL THE PRO- V. The concurrence of the Old and

New Testament with each other, and the

relation of the types before and under the Horsely's Nine Sermons, p. 224-238. 'Mosaic law, to their completion under the

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