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Domesday Book and Beyond: Three Essays in the Early History of England
Frederic William Maitland
Visualização completa - 1907
Abbot acres alodium ancient arable belong bishop book-land bordarii bordiers borough burgesses Burghal Hidage burh called Cambridgeshire carucates charter Chilcombe common Conquest cotarii D. B. ii danegeld demesne Devon district document Domesday Book Dorset doubt Earl Edward English entries Essex Feudal England five hides folk-land geld gift give grant half held Herefordshire hida Hidage Hist hold houses Ibid jurisdiction justice Kemble Kent king king's land land-books liberi homines lord lord's manerium manor manses Meitzen Norfolk Norman number of hides oxen pasture perches perhaps Pipe Rolls plough reckoned Regis rent royal sake and soke Schmid seems seignorial serfs sheriff shillings shire slaves soca soke sokemen speak Suffolk sulungs Sussex teamlands teams tell tenants tenement tenet tenuit tenure term terra thegns Tribal Hidage village villani villeins vills virgate wergild whole Wiltshire words Yorkshire
Página 22 - ... how much meadow; how much pasture; how many mills; how many fisheries...
Página 7 - Too often we allow ourselves to suppose that, could we but get -back to the beginning, we should find that all was intelligible and should then be able to watch the process •whereby simple ideas were smothered under subtleties and technicalities. But it is not so. Simplicity is the outcome of technical subtlety ; it is the goal not the starting point. As we go backwards the familiar outlines become blurred ; the ideas become fluid, and instead of the simple we find the indefinite.
Página 354 - In particular there lies a besetting danger for us in the barbarian's use of a language which is too good for his thought. Mistakes then are easy, and when committed they will be fatal and fundamental mistakes. If, for example, we introduce the persona ficta too soon, we shall be doing worse than if we armed Hengest and Horsa with machine guns or pictured the Venerable Bede correcting proofs for the press; we shall have built upon a crumbling foundation.
Página 221 - ... the baronial castle. When therefore we speak, as we shall have to speak, of forces which make for the subjection of the peasantry to seignorial justice and which substitute the manor with its villeins for the free village, we shall — so at least it seems to us— be speaking not of abnormal forces, not of retrogression, not of disease, but in the main of normal and healthy growth. Far from us indeed is the cheerful optimism which refuses to see that the process of civilization is often a cruel...
Página 335 - And whence, we must ask, comes that system of intermixed The strip. ' strip-holding ' that we find in our English fields? Who laid and the out those fields ? The obvious answer is that they were laid out by men who would sacrifice economy and efficiency at the shrine of equality.
Página 11 - Frensham and some other villages. If we mistake not, all that Domesday Book has to say of the whole of this territory is that the Bishop of Winchester holds Farnham, that it has been rated at 60 hides, that it has been worth the large sum of £65 a year and that there are so many tenants upon it3.
Página 518 - A century hence the student's materials will not be in the shape in which he finds them now. In the first place, the substance of Domesday Book will have been rearranged. Those villages and hundreds which the Norman clerks tore into shreds will have been reconstituted and pictured in maps...
Página 13 - On the other hand, we may easily find a country in which there are few villages of this character. The houses which lie within the boundary of the parish are scattered about in small clusters; here two or three, there three or four.
Página 220 - But against the hypothesis that this was the general case the English language and the names of our English villages are the unanswered protest. It seems incredible that the bulk of the population should have been of Celtic blood and yet that the Celtic language should not merely have disappeared, but have stamped few traces of itself upon the speech of the conquerors.