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where he expected to meet a friend tion has ever been regarded as the whom he had known for several seed of the church-and why do years, and whom he was anxious to they not go South of the Potomac meet again, he was informed, to his sow the same seed—and watch for great grief and consternation, that he its fruits? It is not by extraneous was dead and buried—for that the fu- effort that emancipation can ever be neral obsequies of the American Colo- effected. We well know how the nization Society were attended yes- subject of slavery stands under the terday. But when I behold this nu: Constitution, and that it requires the merous audience, it seems as if there concurrence of two-thirds of the had been a resurrection--for it is a States to alter or amend it. collection of the most beautiful corp- If the whole North, therefore, ses I ever saw. They remind me of were to unite to a man, in an attwo lines of the poet:
tempt to alter the provisions of the On the cold cheek of death smiles and ro- Constitution on this subject, they ses are blending,
could not effect it. Mr. B. dwelt at And beauty immortal awakes from the some length on the recklessness of
those who were ready to jeopardize Nor can I forget an anecdote that the Union, and that, too, for the acI heard in my boyhood, that may complishment of an object that was well apply to the premature inter- utterly impracticable. ment by the reverend pastor of the It took Granville Sharp and WilSpring street church yesterday. An berforce, and their philanthropic asold lady took it into her head that I sociates, forty years to accomplish, her husband was about to die, and in the West Indies, what an Aboliproceeded to the undertakers to pro- tion print in this city has denominatcure the necessary apparatus for the ed the Triumph of Gradualism.'burial-accordingly, says the coup-. What hopes then are here, on their let:
own principles, where no power can Forth went the good lady to buy him a be exerted?
coffin, And when she came back, she found him | Mr. Bethune then proceeded to a-laughing
speak of his own satisfaction in After some further observations, preaching formerly among the slaves facetious and otherwise, Mr. B. pro- of the South, and of the great and ceeded to remark upon the attitude glorious efforts now making among assumed by the Abolitionists hostile men of the highest character in the to the Colonization Society. We remote South, to instruct the slaves would not depart, he said, from the in all the doctrines and duties of present system until they could show Christianity. He named the Rev. a better. They offer no plan by C. C. Jones of Georgia, as having unwhich to break the fetters of the der his pastoral care more than six slave. They talk much, and do noth-] thousand slaves. In all its relations, ing. They declaim loudly against he deemed the Colonization Society the enormity of slavery_but too far worthy of the vigorous support of all off for their voice to be heard. Their¡ the friends of the colored race. declamation is all in the non-slave- The Rev. Mr. Plummer touched holding States. But is this the way upon the causes which operated to to produce a salutary effect in the create jealousies and dissentions beSouth?
tween the South and the North. If you wish to convert England, They did not know each other, or would you preach to them in Scot-these jealousies and dissensions could land? When Paul sought to con- not exist. These causes were diververt the Romans, he did not remain sity of interests, geographical disin Judea, but he went to Rome- tinctions, the fact that bad specimens and why should not our Abolition of northern character were exhibited ists follow the example? Persecu. I at the South, and bad specimens of
[May, southern character at the North. He pared the way for the gospel to have free insisted we were brethren, and should course among the people.
He stated also, that when he was about feel as brethren. On the subject of to land near Cape Palmas, as many as three slavery, the South could not permit hundred children ran along the bank, and others than themselves to interfere. through the groves, as the vessel passed;
or and gave them a hearty welcome. He found The good people of the South were and gave the
their parents exceedingly anxious to have anxiously and prayerfully engaged them taught; and in different villages he in improving the condition and rais- could with difficulty get away without giving the character of the people of ing the people, what they called “a book," colour. But they must look to the some writing, “to show that he had promised
to send them a teacher.” Mr. W. contrastgeneral safety and peace. Even a ed the circumstances of the children before civil war would be better than a ser-him with those of the children whom he had vile one. He rejoiced in the firm lately seen in Africa; and endeavored therebelief that the influence of the Colo
by to excite in them gratitude to God, and a
Colo- | love for foreign missions. nization Society allayed sectional jea- The interesting report of this youthful lousies and cemented the Union. Society, we expect to publish at another . (TO BE CONTINUED.)
time.---Philadelphian. INTERESTING MISSIONARY MEETING.
THE NIGER EXPEDITION. On the evening of the 28th of April, the Accounts of this expedition, up to the 5th Youth's Missionary Society of the Eleventh of January, have been received. At that Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, held | date, Lander was on board the Curlew ship their first anniversary meeting. Seldom of war, on his way to Cape Coast Castle for have we witnessed a public meeting of the the purpose of procuring a particular spekind which more deeply interested all pres-cies of goods for the markets in the interior, ent.
of which he had not previously taken a suffiThe children and youth present cannot cient supply. If successful in this object, have been fewer than three hundred; who it was his intention to return to the mouth occupied chiefly the central part of the of the Nun: thence to re-ascend the Niger church edifice. The singing was princi- for the third time, and endeavor to penetrate pally confined to them; and this part of as far up the river as Boussa. Previous to worship they performed with spirit, harmo- his last return to the coast, Lander and Lt. ny, and solemnity. After the reading of the Allen had fortunately reached Rabbah, or report, the audience was addressed by the Rabba, (a large Ralatah town,) in the iron Editor; Rev.John L. Grant, the pastor of the steam boat; and, for the space of thirteen or church, and the Rev. J. Leighton Wilson, fourteen days, had maintained a friendly inlately returned from an exploring mission tercourse, and carried on an advantageous to Africa.
trade, with its inhabitants. The depth of Mr. Wilson stated the remarkable fact the water at that place was between two and that he found in the Northern part of Libe- three fathoms, and as far as could be seen ria some natives who had invented very late- beyond it, the Niger was free from rocks ly, written syllabic characters, in which he and other obstructions, and assumed a maproved they could write and read their own jestic and very encouraging appearance.language, with very little instruction from This important town is inhabited by Felathe inventors of the signs employed. In tahs and negroes, and realizes the expectathis invention, as among the Cherokees, tions that have been formed of it, as regards: Providence has, in a wonderful manner, pres lits extent, its wealth, and its population..
Gerrit Smith's first plan of subscription."
• . A friend in Virginia, ..
- • . William Crane, Richmond,
Collections from Churches.
for African Repository, from do, .
INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COLONIAL AGENT. When the Rev. John B. Pinney was appointed temporary Agent for the Colony at Liberia, the Board of Managers expected to make, very soon afterwards, a permanent appointment, and therefore particularly called Mr. PINNEY's attention to a few immediate subjects only. They hoped also to receive much aid in preparing suitable instructions, from the report which Mr. Pinney would make, after arriving at the Colony, of the state of things there. In this hope, they have not been disappointed. After receiving Mr. PINNEY's letter, which was published in our April number, the Board elected that gentleman permanent Agent for the Colony; and by their order, the subjoined communications, which accompanied the transmittal of his commission, is now published.
OFFICE OF THE AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, ?
Washington, May 15, 1834. 3 Rev. John B. Pinney,
Colonial Agent, &c. Rev. and Dear Sir:--In the absence of the Secretary, who has been for some weeks in the State of New York on business of the Society, I acknowledge the receipt of your letter to him under date of March 7. At the first meeting of the Board of Managers, after the arrival of this letter, it was submitted to them, and was received with lively satisfaction. I am instructed to communicate to you the following copies of three Resolutions adopted by the Board on the occasion referred to:
“i. Resolved, That the Rev. John B. PINNEY be appointed the Agent of the American Colony at Liberia.
“2. Resolved, That a representation be made by this Board to the Board of Managers of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, stating to them that this Board have not suc.ceeded in obtaining a suitable Agent for their Colony at Liberia, and that this Board earnestly request the permission of the Managers of said Missionary Society, that the Rev. John B. PINNEY be authorized to accept the appointment of Colonial Agent of the American Colonization Society.
“3. Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to wait upon the Secretary of the Navy, and submit to his perusal the entire despatches this day received from the Colony of Liberia, and that the Committee respectfully request the Secretary that he appoint as the Government Agent, the Rev. JOHN B. PINNEY, the present Agent of the Society, for the time which he has acted, or may act, as Agent for this Society.”
The proper means for effecting the purposes of the second and third of the foregoing resolutions, were promptly adopted. From the Managers of
the Western Foreign Missionary Society, no definitive answer has as yet been received; but it is hoped that one favourable to our wishes will arrive before this despatch shall have been closed. Herewith is transmitted a letter. [marked A] from the Secretary of the Navy, appointing you the Agent of the Government at Liberia; but, for reasons stated in that communication, reducing your compensation from the United States to the sum of five hundred dollars. Those reasons being temporary in their nature, it is not improbable that a state of things may again exist, inducing the Government to restore the former salary paid by it: and therefore, and on account of the present pressure on the Colonization treasury, the Board have not made any specific arrangement to indemnify you for this unexpected diminution of the emoluments enjoyed by your predecessors. They will, however, be prepared at any time to do this, to whatever extent your interests may require, and their own ability may permit. Your compensation, meanwhile, from the Society, in addition to that from the United States, will be, as heretofore, eight hundred dollars a year, and your household expenses, from the period of your appointment as temporary Agent, until the first day of the present month; and from and after the last mentioned date, fourteen hundred dollars a year.
In the hope that you may determine to accept the offer of the Board, I herewith forward your Commission (marked B] as Agent of the American Colonization Society, resident in Liberia. In the expected contingency of a favourable response from the Board of Managers of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, the gratification of the wish of the Colonization Board will depend on your own consent. This, we trust, will not be with held.-
The administration of Colonial affairs is proposed to be confided to you, under a deep conviction felt by our Board, that such a proceeding is better calculated than any other within their election, to advance the welfare of the Colory, and those high interests, religious and social, which are closely,
though collaterally, connected with the scheme of which they are the or. · gan. It is not doubted that you justly estimate the weighty considerations inviting you to the path of usefulness now indicated.
The general duties of Colonial Agent may be inferred from the "Constitution for the Government of the African Colony at Liberia," and "the Plan of Civil Government for the Colony of Liberia" contained in page 21-26 of the Seventeenth Annual Report of the Society, in the appendix to that Report, which is herewith transmitted to you. The fourth resolution of the Board, adopted on the 30th of January, 1834, and there pub. lished, bas been since, in order to avoid the possibility of misconstruction, amended so as to read thus:
54. Resolved, That froin and after the first day of August next, the Colonial Agent, Physician, Assistant Physician, Colonial Secretary, and Storekeeper, only, shall derive support from the Society; that such support shall consist exclusively of the salaries here. inafter mentioned; and such officers as the Colonial Council may deem necessary, shall be paid out of the funds raised in the Colony; and that from and after the first day of May next, the following salaries be allowed the said officers respectively, in full compensation for their services—that is to say, "For ihe Agerit, in addition to the amount allowed by the Governinent of the United
- - $1400 · For the Physician, . .
- . - - - - . - - 1600 For the Colonial Secretary, · · · · · · · · · For the Storekeeper,
. , , • • • - 400." The powers yested in the Colonial Agent are necessarily large, and · though they may be occasionally abridged, as the Colony approximates to a capacity for self-government, will probably remain considerable during the continuance of its present relations to the Society. The confidence felt by the Board in your firmness and discretion, makes unnecessary any special suggestions to you, in this communication, as to the manner of es, ercising those powers.
The encouragement of agriculture at Liberia has been regarded by every Board of Managers, since the foundation of the Society, as a most important instrument in accomplishing the great objects of the Institution.The lamentable neglect of it heretofore, and the failure of the efforts made by the Board to render it popular among the Colonists, have been the source of painful reflection among the best friends of our cause. This state of things is probably ascribable in a great degree to the causes which you assigu for it; and to the general cause of a reluctance among emigrants to undergo physical toil in a country where they had indulged the irrational hope of being exempt from this the ordinary lot of man. Concurring in your sentiments on this essential subject, and cordially approving of your measures in relation to it, the Board will always be eager to afford any suitable facilities for the promotion of agriculture at the Colony. They are especially solicitous that you should encourage by all means in your power, the cultivation of coffee.
Your suggestion, that emigrants should bereafter be supported by the Society for twelve, instead of six months as heretofore, has received the deliberate consideration of the Managers. While they perceive much force in your reasons for this change, they are nevertheless not prepared at this time to adopt the suggestion. Though circumstances may often render six months too short a period for the gratuitous subsistence of emigrants, it is believed to be in other cases longer than is necessary; and that in these, habits of indolence are contracted, pernicious to the emigrant, and by the force of example to the Colony at large. The proposed extension would, moreover, double one of the most fruitful sources of expenditure at the Colony: a consideration at all times important, and especially so at our present period of financial exigency. The support of the Colonists for six months, is a circumstance of their condition far more favorable than any to be found in the history of other emigrants. Many settlers on the Western frontier of the United States have repaired to their new abode with no means of subsistence except a few acres of wild land, and their implements of husbandry: and have soon become prosperous. The difference, indeed, between their circumstances and previous habits, and those of the emigrants to Liberia, calls for a provision in the latter case, which in the former might be dispensed with. But due weight is supposed to be given, in the exista ing arrangement, to this consideration.
I am instructed to say that the Board deem it inexpedient at present to extend the time during which emigrants are supported by the Society, beyond the term of six months; but that you are authorized, in cases which, in your judgment, justify a deviation from the general rule, to extend the term according to the special circumstances of each case. Your suggestion will, however, continue to be a subject of deliberation with the Board.
In connexion with this topic, I am instructed to urge on you the impor. tance of assigning his land to each emigrant promptly on his arrival; and to refer you to the number of the African Repository for March, 1834, p. 26, for a Preamble and Resolutions adopted by the Board on the 20th of February last. The special Report adopted by the Board on the same day, will apprise you, at p. 13–15 of that number, of their views in regard to education, morals and religion, at the Colony. Any specific regulations on these momentous subjects which it may hereafter be deemed advisable to adopt, will be communicated to you; and any suggestions concerning thein which observation and reflection may induce you to offer to the Managers, will be acceptable. They are fully impressed with the necessity that it High-school, on liberal principles, should be established at Liberia. Their unpreparedness to act at present on the subject, results partly from pećiiniary inability and partly from the causes intimated in the special Report.