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says, that they should be gold or silver; but he and his people will be thankful to receive just such a set as any one may please to give.
The Sabbath school, he says, in convexion with his church, is in a very flourishing condition; but greatly in want of some spelling books for the children, which are not to be found at the Colony. He wishes particularly that Mrs. Beaula Sansom, President of the Ladies' Society, Auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, may know, that the children of the recaptured Africans at New Georgia are almost without books, and that shortly there will be no supply for them, unless they are sent from America.
DEATH OF F. DEVANY, ESQ. By a late arrival we have received a file of the Liberia Herald, from which we learn, with regret, the decease of Francis Devany, Esq. on the 11th of September. He was a colored man-originally a slave, belonging to Langdon Cheves, Esq. of Charleston, South Carolina, and emigrated to Liberia at an early period of its settlement. For many years past he has been engaged in commerce, and had accumulated a handsome fortune by his industry, perseverance and enterprise, when his earthly career was ended in the thirty-sixth year of his age. His disorder was consumption, and Liberia will have occasion to regret in him, the loss of one of its most valuable citizens. He held, for some time, the office of High Sheriff of the Colony, and in the various relations of life, sustained and deserved the reputation of an honest man. When in this country, a few years ago, he bore evidence, before a committee of the Congress of the United States, to the favorable prospects afforded to emigrants by the Liberia settlement.
[New York Daily Advertiser.
LIBERIA. [From the New York Commercial Advocate, May 7.] We have recently received several letters from friends in Western Africa, some extracts from which have been published. On a re-perusal, one remark struck us as worthy of public notice. The writer, after having been six weeks at Monrovia, says—"I have not seen a person, in the least intoxicated since my arrival.” The Methodist Episcopal Missionaries have formed a “Conference" at Monrovia, called the Liberia Annual Conference, and at their first meeting fourteen members attended. After getting through with their church business, they formed a Society, called the "Conference Temperance Society;' thereby showing a determination to set a good example to the flock over which they are placed. The inhabitants have experienced great inconvenience from the scarcity of lumber, suitable for building-this, we are pleased to find, will soon be obviated by the erection of a saw mill. Perhaps as great an evil, as any, that prevails in this new African Colony, is a strong propensity to extravagance in living and dress,
[From the Philadelphian, May 8.] Mr. Brown, lately returned from Liberia, has informed us that a large number of the recaptured Africans settled at New Georgia, have intermarried with the female emigrants from the United States; and that in this way civilization is extending a little into the interior of the country. Their wives introduce something of domestic industry and comfort, while their husbands cultivate the earth, and are the market people who in a measure supply Monrovia. Through these connections the desire of being modest_ ly clothed is beginning to be extensively spread; in this way preparation is made for civilization and commerce, especially in cotton fabrics. . The Colony has hitherto done but little in the line of extending Christianity in Africa; but much for the introduction of trade and the arts of civilized life. In this way something of an opening has been made for the future introduction of the Gospel into that world of coloured people,
Extracts from the proceedings of the Board of philanthropy, and has been cherish
Managers, May 8, 1834.
ed with no other sentiments than and vouchers for the various drafts from the those of the most pure and exalted Colony during the last year have been late- | benevolence. ly received, the Committee appointed on
The grand object was to plant the subject of Mr. Breckenridge's Resolution, adopted at the last Annual Meeting,
upon the coast of Africa, a Christian and who reported in part on the 20th of Colony of colored persons who might February, be instructed to prepare a report voluntarily emigrate thither. This as early as practicable, on the other matters purpose early avowed. has never called for by said Resolution.
been departed from. And was there
any thing objectionable in this? No COLONIZATION MEETING.
man had been compelled to go there (From the New York Spectator, May 8.] and a fundamental principle of the
Pursuant to arrangement, a meet-Colony was freedom of the will. The ing of the Colonization Society of Society has already found 3,000 perthe city of New York, was held yes- sons, animated by this spirit of freeterday afternoon, at the Chatham st. dom, and who have embarked for Chapel. At the appointed hour, the Liberia. He would admit that evils spacious area and galleries were fill-, and discouragements have existed ed to overflowing. The meeting there, and that some existed still; was called to order by William L.) but whatever they were, they were Stone, who nominated, in the ab- fewer and less formidable than those sence of President Duer, Dr. James that were presented at the settle. Milnor, one of the Vice Presidents ment of Jamestown or Plymouth, by of the Society, to the chair. The our ancestors. Letters had also been nomination was confirmed, and Dr. recently received that the depression John Stearns, appointed Secretary. that had existed was passing away, After an appropriate prayer by Dr. and measures for the reform and preDe Witt, the meeting was address- vention of the evils complained of ed by the Rev. R. R. Gurley, Sec- had been promptly taken. It was retary of the American Colonization due, he said, to state of the Board of Society. The subject upon which Managers at Washington, that no the meeting was assembled, was one, body of men could be found more he said, of grave and solemn in- sincerely intent to establish a nation terest to this nation; and after what on the coast of Africa upon Christian had taken place yesterday, he felt principles. They are men willing that he would be glad to speak two to be taught by experience, and evor three hours upon it, and then ery subject presented to them in releave it unexhausted. But as others lation to the interests of the Sociewere to follow, he would endeavorty, has received deep and earnest to be brief.
consideration. Any person who would refer to Mr. G. was aware that this subthe history of this Institution, and ject was necessarily connected with will judge of it with candor, must be the slave question; and it involves the convinced that it was founded in welfare of three million blacks, and
of more than half of the Union. Hel The Rev. Mr. Jackson next rose had been astonished when he had and submitted the following resoluseen with what ruthlessness men, tion: who had never examined the sub
Resolved, That this meeting invite the ject, or been upon the spot, under- | Clergy of all denominations throughout this took to propound doctrines which State, to enforce the claims of this Society threaten the destruction of this great
root from their pulpits on the Fourth of July, or confederacy.
* some Sabbath near to it, annually, and to He had heard it yes- take up collections in their congregations terday declared, that the slaveholder in aid of the cause of African Colonization. was worse than the original kidnap- The occasion, he said, led him to per. He would admit that those recall some of the most pleasing rewho hold slaves now, on the princi- collections of by-gone days. He reple of those who kidnapped them at membered well the time the first first, are equally guilty. But the sail was unfurled for this enterprise, whole condition of the case is alter and that when Burgess and Mills ed. A vast majority of present slave- walked down to the wharf, they holders act in this matter involunta- were accompanied by a single indirily. It is a burthen cast upon them vidual—but a little one has become -an unblest inheritance that has a thousand, and a strong one a great fallen upon them. Much had been nation. The results have surpassed said upon the point that the Coloni- the expectations of the most sanzation Society had been founded on guine; and we have the most cheera cherished prejudice against the co- ling prospect that the enterprise will lored people. This, to say the least go on until that land, like our own, of it, was erroneous. It was found will become the land of the free and ed on the belief that, by changing the home of the brave.' The Soci, their location, the disadvantages unety had passed through evil report, der which they labor here might be and through good report. It had removed, Burke saw the increased been opposed by interests diametrienergy of character which had been cally antagonist, and with arguments infused into the Americans by a de- as conflicting as those interests. parture from their native land, and On the one hand, it was said, that predicted the results that followed. it was a device to rivet more securely The same change of place may ele. the shackles of the slave-on the vate the blacks, if we can transfer other, that it was an insidious prothem to a country where they may ject for the abolition of slavery. But be the builders of their own fortunes, it had preserved a happy medium and bring out the native energies of between extremes, and it had genetheir character. It had been object- rally been found that truth lies there, ed that it was impracticable to con- as well in theology as in politics.-struct permanent institutions upon If it was contended that the Society the African coast, out of such mate. was beset with difficulties, he would rials as were sent thither. But if admit it. But difficulties in a good the African character could be suffi- cause were not to be yielded to, but ciently elevated here, for participa- to be surmounted, and whilst this tion in civil government, can it not Society had a hand for relief as tenthere? But it was not the purpose der as the down of innocence, it was of the Colonization Society to set shod with brass to spurn at difficuldown the emigrants upon the Afri- ties. Although their path was not can coasts forlorn and abandoned; but strewed with flowers, every difficul. to educate them and fit them for a ty would vavish before the wand of higher destiny. Mr. G. adverted to perseverance. It was an enterprise several other positions assumed by for the benefit of two continents, and the opposers of the Colonization So-calculated to bless countless millions ciety, which he successfully expos. with the triumphant emblems of the ed and refuted.
1 plough, the cap of liberty, and the
cross. It promised emancipation to erted in bettering the condition, and the whole African race from the brightening the prospects of the thraldom of ignorance, despotism, slave, and preparing the mind of the and degradation. The consequences master for early emancipation. He already attained were most auspi- alluded particularly to the free and cious.
open discussion of the slave question In Africa, the number of slave fac- in Virginia—to the progress made in tories had been greatly diminished, Kentucky-and to the efforts and apand in our own country, within the propriations made by the Legislalast sixteen years, the rights of the ture of Maryland for the avowed purcolored people had been more cor-pose of making that a free State.rectly appreciated, and their condi- These results had been produced by tion greatly improved. It was im- the fact, that the Society had inspirpossible to deny that in producing ed hope by showing a channel thro' this result, the Colonization Society which slavery might be ultimately had a prominent agency. Why then abolished with safety, and this had seek to injure us? Is the array of diminished the fear which had shut battle to be encountered because the their eyes to conviction, and their good we have done is less than we hands from effort. The question was could have wished? Let us at least put upon the resolution, and it was go on undisturbed in our achieve- adopted. ments, at least until something more The Rev. John Breckenridge ofthan a shadow is offered in lieu of a fered the following resolution: substance. If we are to rely on some Resolved. That a true regard to the best great moral impulse to achieve the interests of the people of colour in this counliberation of the blacks, are all other try, and to the present and future good of the means in the mean time to be laid population of Africa, urges the members of
this Society to renewed and more enlarged aside? Suppose a Society were to
measures to found Christian States upon the be formed in Russia for the relief of
African coast, which shall show the value the sufferings of the Poles-should and power of Education, Liberty, and our its operations be suspended until a holy Religion. great moral impulse can be excited. He said it was a mistaken view of to effect their universal emancipa- the subject, that the friends and enetion? Let those who oppose this un- mies of Colonization were divided dertaking beware, lest haply they into the friends and enemies of slave. find at last that they have been fight- ry. It was true that the action of ing against God. Mr. J. made ma- the Society upon slavery was indipy eloquent and pertinent remarks rect; and abolition, in any other than which we have not time nor room the slave holding States, whether to insert. The resolution he offered immediate or progressive, could lewas passed.
Igally assume no other form. It was A. H. Twining, Esq. of New-Ha- a known and conceded fact, whethven, then submitted the following er right or wrong, good or bad, this resolution:
Union was formed upon the basis that Resolved. That powerful motives are pre- to the state sovereignties, and to them sented, in the progress and success of the alone, the whole subject of slave American Colonization Society, to every regulation was reserved. Congress man who would aid the establishment of
lishment of has no right to intermeddle-and Christian Colonies of free men of colour, who may choose to emigrate, on the African there is
In there is no alternative between the coast, for more vigorous and extended effort. dissolution of the Union, and the con
He enforced the propriety of the cession to the States of those powers resolution by many apposite remarks, which the Constitution left in their which our limits will not enable us hands. If we wish to effect emancito record. He dwelt at considera- | pation, and help the colored man, we ble length upon the beneficial moral must do so by individual influence, influences which the Society had ex- or through the instrumentality of the
States. The question then arises, publicly to denounce. He was satishas it not a tendency to retard the fied that the young gentleman's obprogress of the State goveriments, to servations must have been extremely make an outward pressure upon them? | limited, or he would never have venWill it not in its consequences re-act tured upon such representations.upon the slave? Slavery was devolv- He also asserted that no paper had ed upon us by Great Britain. They dared to advocate the doctrine of were left here in such numbers that emancipation in the valley of the a regard for personal safety has in- Mississippi. This he could refute in duced the respective legislatures to his own person. So long ago as 1824, enact laws prohibiting emancipation, he had edited a religious paper in except upon the condition that the the city of Lexington, in which he freed man be removed. To violate strenuously advocated emancipation, these laws is not only to incur a pe- by the practice upon which doctrine nalty, but if the black man is not re- he had made himself poor by emanmoved, he is sold again into slavery. cipating all the slaves that had fallen The question then is, is it better for to his inheritance. He had also lecthem to emigrate abroad as freemen, tured constantly on that subject, both or to remain in slavery at home? If in Lexington and Baltimore, for a by preventing their emigration abroad long period and without molestation. they are retained at home, who keeps The gentleman does not know the them there?-on whom rests the re- state of Kentucky (here the speaksponsibility? The Colonization So- er was interrupted by hisses from ciety has taken the alternative that some Abolitionists in the upper galit is better they should be free abroad lery, which caused deafening plau-the Abolitionists, that it is better dits from the respectable parts of the to keep them in slavery at home.- audience.) Let each one decide for himself on I am a Kentuckian, continued Mp. which side the guilt or preference B. My father fought against the lies. I personally know, said Mr. Indians, and I am not to be frightenB., the masters of thousands of slaves ed by hisses—for among the earliest who would gladly emancipate them lessons taught me by my mother was, if they could but their poverty pre. next to the fear of God—not to fear cludes them from sending them away, the face of man. Mr. B. continued and the laws do not allow them to the discussion for some time in the remain free at home. Fifty thousand most happy vein, and among other per annum might be emancipated, if remarks, alluded to the faet, that the the means could be found to convey first founder of African Colonization them abroad. These are facts which, was Granville Sharp, at Sierra Leright or wrong in themselves, must one. He was supported by William be taken into the account, when test- Wilberforce, who at the close of life ing the question of Colonization. In the Abolitionists had attempted to regard to the influence of Coloniza press into their service. But he too tion on the slave's interests, his free-was a strenuous advocate of Coloni. dom had been advanced by the ac-zation. tion of the Society. He regretted to The resolution was adopted. find, yesterday, a youth from Ken- The Rev. Mr. Bethune, of Utica, tucky, drawing his virgin blade to next rose and submitted the followplunge it in the honor of his native sing resolution:State. He seemed like a fugitive Resolved, That this, meeting regards the from the ruins of Troy, recounting moral influence of the scheme of African the perils he had escaped
Colonization, in promoting the voluntary - quæque ipse misserrime vidi
and peaceful abolition of slavery, as among Et quorum pars magna fui.
its chief advantages, and such as should
commend it to the vigorous and persevering The South and West he described support of all the friends of the colored race. as a Sodom, which it was his duty! After his arrival in town, he said,