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civilized and religious Society of free coloured people on the barbarous shores of Africa.
The Society has occasionally employed special Agents for the purpose of spreading information on this subject in different parts of the Union, and of collecting funds; but though in some instances this course has been successful, in others, a great portion of the money collected has been expended in compensating the Agents and in paying their travelling expenses.
It is apprehended that many of the Auxiliary Societies have become inactive. When first organized, some of them, it is believed, proposed to raise a certain amount within a limited time, and after this was effected, the exertions of the Society ceased. It is earnestly hoped, that in all such cases, the Societies will be revived, and that each member will agree to make a moderate annual payment; as, unless the Parent Society receives a regular support from its Auxiliaries, it cannot effect the great objects of its Institution.
The Board of Managers have already stated that the Rev. John B. PinNEY has been appointed temporary Agent of the Colony; and from the active, persevering industry which he has exhibited in the short time he has been in the country, and especially from the exertions which he is making to promote the agricultural interests of the Colony, which must prove the means of greatly increasing its prosperity and happiness, they hope the Board of Directors of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, in whose service he went to the Colony, may consent that he may continue to occupy that important station.
FROM LIBERIA. Letter from the Rev. MATTHEW LAIRD, addressed to the Stated Clerk of the Presbytery
of Northumberland, dated MONROVIA, Feb. 25, 1834. Friends and Brethren, greatly beloved:
The idea of conversing with you all once more, though it be through the instrumentality of the pen, and from this distant land, fills me with a thousand tender recollections. The endeared family altars, around which many of us have oftentimes bowed—the social meetings in which we oftentimes plead for each other, and a dying world—the sacred sanctuary, where under faithful truth, our hearts mutually bled for the impenitent, sympathized with the convicted, and rejoiced with those anticipating the joys of heaven
-and more than all, that solemn hour when your trembling and unworthy servant was set apart to the responsible duties of the minister, and missionary of the cross-all these scenes rush again into my memory, and fill me with emotions of mingled sorrow and joy-joy that the recollection of all the past hours spent among you, does not rend me with bitterest selfcondemnation-sorrow from the strong probability, that a recurrence of -similar seasons shall never again be our mutual happiness.
But be that as it may, the will of the Lord shall be done, and what more should we desire? It were needless almost to state, that our departure from you was attended with deep conflict. Had no firmer cords bound us to you than those created by the strongly marked affection manifested the few last weeks of our stay among you, our long farewell must have been like the cutting off of a right hand; but the numerous additional considerations which united us to you and our native land, we need not mention.But after leaving you, the kindness of those hitherto strangers supplied the place of dear relatives and beloved acquaintances, to a degree we had not anticipated.
Our voyage across the deep, commencing on' the 6th of November, was to us unexpectedly pleasant. Very trifling sea sickness, which was so distressing to many of our company, fell to our lot. During a period of eight weeks, (one or two more than are generally required to reach Africa, scarce any thing except goodness and mercy from the Lord was experienced. Captain Knapp and his crew treated us with the greatest respect and kindness, and though not pious, the Captain cheerfully granted us the privilege of morning and evening worship on deck, one evening each week for social prayer, and the opportunity of the public worship twice on the Sabbath. These things, together with the kind Providence which threw into company with us a family so interesting and agreeable as were our Methodist brethren and sisters, could not but make us feel and sing like David, “The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want.” During these seasons, nothing was more natural or pleasing than for our imaginations to carry us in all the bonds of Christian affection into your social meetings, there to experience more strongly than ever, that
“Blest is the tie that binds
Our hearts in Christian love." Free from storm or tempest, we were borne on safely until the last day of December; when the sight of land once more relieved our eyes from the monotonous scenery of the wide spread ocean. As the distant cape of Monrovia hove in sight, the idea of renewed and increasing responsibilities, added to the trials and dangers we must soon encounter, cast. a. momentary gloom over the mind, but our nearer approach to the most beau-tiful seenery of spring, dispersed the clouds, cheered our hearts, and made us anxious to land and wear out our lives in efforts to bring the withered and sun-blighted morality of this land to harmonize with its natural loveliness.
We need scarcely inform you, that the citizens of Monrovia received and treated us with the greatest kindness, and until we could get a house rented and fitted so as to be comfortable, provided us with every accommo-dation our circumstances required. In the mean time, to a degree even surprising to ourselves, our former prejudices concerning eating, drinking, and living with colored people, all seemed to vanish..
Our first interview with the natives was a considerable time before we: landed. Several of their canoes came to us to find out who we were; and to bring us the news respecting the colony. The sight of these children of nature uumodified in appearance by any thing save a handkerchief around the loins, shocked our feelings considerably, especially those of our female friends; but it is astonishing how soon all became reconciled, and were cheerfully disposed to labor among them where duty might call.
In consequence of indispensable business for some time after our arrival, and sickness since, we have not been able to visit any of the prospective mission stations, therefore our personal knowledge of the natives is. mostly limited to those who trade among us, and labor for us. The country surrounding the colony belongs to the Deys, but it is supposed there are quite as many natives here, especially boys, from the neighbouring country, Bassa, as there are of the Deys. Both of these people frequently call upon us with rice, coffee, vegetables, and fruits, which they wish to trade for cloth, handkerchiefs, penknives, beads, &c. Though they seem very ignorant, they know enough about self-interest, whenever a good opportunity offers, to take the advantage of the "new men,” (the name they give us.) The natives of whom we gained the most knowledge, however, belong to a tribe called the Kroomen. Their country lies about. 180 miles south-east of this, but they are found in small groups of huts, alle along this coast above us, north-west, as far as Sierra Leone. Their principal
object seems to be to gain ready access to ships, as they are a laborious, active people, and are consequently the only persons employed in lading or unlading vessels. Hence also they are very expert watermen; and quite shrewd in trading. They are also employed by the colonists here to do all kinds of work, done by horses and wagons in America. They transport every kind of material, even the stone used for building, on their heads." In such cases, however, they have a small cushion of straw, grass, or cloth.They are very straight and well proportioned, with feet and hands as delicate as any white men; and their features are in many cases far more delicate than those of colored people in America. Judging from several boys we have had in our service, as well as the experience of teachers in this place, they will learn as fast as any people. Their prejudices, however, for their own peculiar habits and practices are almost invincible. · If we attempt to convince them of wrong (for example) in drinking rum, from our not drinking, they will reply, “That be Merican man fash," — "me no be Merican man.” This they carry so far that they will almost rather want than eat the victuals we cook. "That be whiteman's fash,” is still the reply. · Those grown up have with few exceptions, some crude knowledge about God. Whether they owe it to intercourse with foreigners we cannot say; but the younger boys seem to have scarcely an idea about God, or the immortal soul. Their only god and saviour is generally carried around the neck by the name of “Greegrees.” These in shape and mechanism are of great variety. I will endeavour to describe the only one I have carefully examined.
The main part was the skin of a "Bush cat," about 18 inches in length, nearly the colour of a red fox, and nicely folded up in a roll. To the neck of this skin was suspended first a very small cloth bag filled with something, the virtue of which is "to raise the wind." Second, a wooden pipe sito calm the wind," about five inches in length, hollow, about an ineh in diameter at the large end, and running to a point at the other. Third, a smaller horn pipe "to keep the canoe from sinking'' precisely the same in shape. Fourth, a small cord tied round the root of the tail, by biting off which the sharks were to be kept off.” And fifth the skin itself was to preserve the wearer from being caught by the white man.
Such, my dear friends, are the gods of the degraded pagans to whom you have sent us, and which they in their "blindness” reverence to such a degree, that they scarcely ever are seen without them around their necks, or are willing to part with them for any money. Whilst we, by the grace of God, are enabled to rejoice that we have come to this people, can it be that you will ever sorrow that you have sent us? Surely not? The idea of 3,000,000, of our fellow sinners, going down to the grave annually with no Saviour but the "Greegree,” must cause your past efforts, though in one sense praise-worthy, to sink into insignificancy and induce you to make continued and greater efforts, to send and sustain the knowledge of the true Saviour in this heatheu land.
The expense of this mission for the first few years at least will most probably be much greater than was anticipated.
We are happy to date this letter after having all recovered from our first attack of the fever. Mr. Temple was first taken about the fourteenth day after landing; myself on the eighteenth. Mr. Cloud on the twenty-first, and Mrs. Laird not until the fourth of February. My fever was preceded by a protracted chill, not harder than is often experienced in the ague of America, nor was the fever inore severe for several days. It is worse every other day and generally grows higher until the 9th or 10th, when if good attendance and good medical aid have been enjoyed, it gradually sub, sides. We have every reason to be grateful to the Lord for the instrumental aid with which he provided us at this trying period. Our Physician, Dr. Todsen, proved himself most assiduous in attention, and skilful in treating the fever during our illness. Had this not been the case, we fear the consequences would have been very serious, at least with some of the other brethren, who were much more severely attacked than myself. Mrs. L. was most mercifully spared to minister to our wants until I was able to be up, and her attack was neither so severe nor so long continued as that of the rest of the family. From our own brief experience, we are inclined to think that with the treatment we have had, very little danger need be apprehended by one having a good constitution and equal temperament. But destitute of good accommodations and medical aid, not one in five, humanly speaking, can survive. Up to this date, the 25th February, the last emigration of fifty-four persons, have all survived the fever except two. One of these an old lady of about seventy years, who would take no medi. cine; the other a little girl of delicate health. Concerning the death of our dear friend, Mrs. Wright, we will not stop here to remark, further than to express the opinion, that there is nothing in her case to deter other female friends of firmer constitution to attempt the ennobling work of enlightening Africa, whilst there is much in the cases of the other females of both mission families to strengthen the idea "that females endure this climate best.”
Since this is not to be the resting place of any of us (a subject of great regret among the citizens,) we hope that some beloved brother from our native land will soon volunteer to come and raise up Missionaries on the very ground where the cry for their assistance is so loud and heart-rending. The morals of this place are quite as good as that of any other mixed community. The heat of this climate has been to us far less intolerable than we anticipated. Although the sun's rays are so penetrating that we dare not go out between the hours of nine and four without an umbrella, yet when in the house or shade we are generally comfortable in consequence of the fine sea breeze. The thermometer in our house has ranged between 75 deg. and 80 deg. since we came. We might proceed, dear friends, to give you a brief history of the natural productions of this land, which, through the kindness of providence, minister to our comfort, such as rice cassada, plantain, sweet potatoes, and fruits; such as oranges, limes, pine apples, soursaps, guavers, all of which we generally relish well. Also, we would gladly remark something concerning the small thod beautiful horued cattle in the colony, the sheep without wool, the goats, swine, &c., but those for the present must be dismissed, as this letter has already swelled far beyond its intended limits.
And now, beloved brethren and sisters, with what shall we close? By saying we are unhappy? No! Though we are east off from many of your advantages and comforts, and expect always to be whilst pilgrims here, and are subject to many ills froin which you are exempted, still we are far from being able to say with the Apostle, “We have suffered the loss of all things for Christ.”. O, no! we are surrounded by many of the tender mercies of the Lord, and feel, we trust, more than ever disposed to say, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him.” Moreover, we have not entirely suffered the loss of yourselves. We cannot dress ourselves without discovering many of the pledges of your affectionate regard; we cannot recline upon our pillows without finding ourselves comforted with the fruits of your kind labors. Nor do we ever bow around the family altar or enjoy the privileges of the sacred sanctuary, without feeling revived by the cheering hope,
that you, our beloved friends, are striving together with us in your prayers to God for us. And now, whilst in all the compassion of Christian sympathy, we would once more beseech those who neither pray for us nor themselves, “to be reconciled to God," we also entreat you, our Christian friends, to let your conversation be as becometh the Gospel of Christ, that whether we come and see you, or else be absent, we may hear of your affairs, how that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind, striving together for the faith of the Gospel. Then we shall be sure you will not cease to compassionate the poor heathen, who have no Gospel, nor will you fail to hold up the hands of your unworthy representatives as they labour to dispel the spiritual midnight that broods over this vast continent. Our united and sincere regard to you all, in Christian love till death. Again we say, farewell, farewell.
From the Philadelphian, May 1st. Extracts of a letter addressed to the President of the Ladies' Association Auxiliary to the
American Colonization Society, by Rev. J. B. Pinney, Colonial Agent, March 7th, 1834.
Madam:-Suffer the momentary interview which I had the honour to enjoy at a meeting of your Ladies' Association, during my late visit to America, to be an apology for this letter, though it be little more than one of complaint.
* May God repay you an hundred fold for your deeds of love towards these poor children. In their name, I would thank you a thousand times, and all the ladies who are associated with you in this good work.
It will rejoice your heart to hear, that all the schools supported by you, are well conducted and prosperous. Mrs. Carsan's school, at Caldwell, I have been greatly delighted with. The children make rapid progress, and the inhabitants are becoming jealous lest the girls should all outstrip the boys, and become the best scholars. Mr. Eden, at New Georgia, is making some progress; much impeded, however, for want of a suitable room for conducting his school.
I regret to add; that we are about to lose the services of Mrs. Thomson, whose school is very large and flourishing, indeed too large.*
Mr. T has gone to Palmas and will doubtless soon send for Mrs. T- Do search Philadelphia, and send us two or three well qualified teachers; we cannot proceed in the instruction of the elder and more advanced scholars without them.
* The first girls' school, located at Monrovia. The present condition of the school is thus described by the teacher herself: "The number continues quite large, entirely too large for one teacher. Justice is not done to either class. I attempted to teach sewing, but was obliged to give that up. Although the school is so crowded, the people do not think but that all their children can come.”
NEW GEORGIA, LIBERIA.
[From the Philadelphian, May 8.] A few days since, Mr. John Hanson, merchant of this city, favoured us with a letter to himself, from Rev. James Eden, dated at New Georgia, in Liberia, in which he represents himself as pastor of a Presbyterian Church near that place.
His congregation, he says, is small, and for want of some better place regularly convenes in a place "where not only the public tribunal is held, but where the natives and strayed goats take up their lodging at nights; so that it is impossible to keep it clean." He solicits Mr. Hanson, therefore, as having been frequently present in their religious assemblies, and having been an eye witness of their necessities, to procure for them aid if practicable in America. Particularly he solicits some cups and plates to be employed in celebrating the Lord's supper. He does not expect, be