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But some die on board as well as on shore. 40. Are those servants hirelings? Yes, Almost all must be sick more or less in be- They need not live with a person if they do coming seasoned.
not choose. But if they go away before the 25. Would it be better for the whole co time for which they hire is expired, they re. lored population, if now freed, to go to Libeceive no wages. ria? No, not without arrangements for receiv. 41. Do they treat the natives worse than ing them.
the whites treat the free blacks in Kentucky? 26. Would it be better for themselves, the A good many of them do. colony, and the natives, that 20,000 in their 1 42. Is there one law to protect colonists present unprepared state, should go? I cannot and another to protect natives? No; they ensay--but doubt whether it would.
joy the same laws. 27. Would it be better that 5,000 or 10,000 43. Do the natives consider themselves should? If their masters would give them worse off by the Americans having settled? suitable preparation, it would be well for all No; they think they are much better off. to go, provided they would go willingly. There are no wars among them where the
28. If they had such preparation as the Americans protect them. There are, howSociety is now making necessary for each ever, cases where individuals impose upon emigrant--that is, if each had a small house them. of his own provided and ready built on a 44. Had there been any capital punishpiece of ground which he could cultivate, ment in the colony? No. (the title to which house and ground to be 45. Are the natives permitted to vote: No; given when he had prepared another similar they are not citizens. The re-captured Afhouse for a future emigrant)—would 10,000 ricans are, and they vote. a year be too many to send? No. If they had 46. Can you vote in Liberia when you resuch preparation and went willingly, their turn? Yes. number would make no difference.
47. Do they let white men vote? No. 29. Do not the colonists look down upon. 48. Do they let white men hold land or poor emancipated slaves sent from here, as houses? No. degraded and a disgrace to the colony? I 49. Have the natives an equal chance of have heard such talk among the quality of justice? No. the colony.
150. Have the free blacks an equal chance 30. Do they look down upon them as much here? No. as the white people of New York look down 51. Would a respectable colonist marry a upon the free blacks among then? I reckon native? No; they have no objection to marry. not; and I suppose I am fit to give an opi- ing a re-captured African, for they are connion, as I was in New York about as long as sidered as civilized.. Samuel Jones was in Africa.
| 52. Are the natives in the settlements 31. Do you think that the colonists would treated as servants? They hire and are so be willing that great numbers, as they now treated. Some of them live in houses by are, should be sentimmediately! Many would themselves, and not with the colonists. receive them gladly-a majority would re-l 53. Is any effort made by the colonists to ceive them.
elevate the natives? Some of the colonists 32. Do the colonists generally deal fairly try to do it; but there is not as much effort with the natives? Many of them do not. as there should be.
33. Do the preachers? Some of them do, 54. Are there any schools which the naand some of them do not.
tives may attend? There are two at New34. Is not the religious influence of the Georgia, and all the Sabbath schools. preachers and church members much done 55. Do the natives attend church? Very away by their unfair dealing with the natives? seldom. The colonists themselves speak of this, and 56. Do the natives fear the colonists, and the preachers in the pulpit; as a thing that do the colonists wish them to do so? Some hurts their usefulness among the natives. of them do.
35. 'Are they there as they are here--some 57. Do any of the colonists say the natives good and some bad? Very much the same. should be slaves? I heard of one man only
36. Is temperance gaining ground there? who said so. Yes; some of them begin to think that they 58. Have the colonists, those who are able can do without either selling or drinking.– to afford it, a native or two to work for them? Thirty-three joined a Temperance Society at Yes. Caldwell on one night; and some of these 59. Are the rich colonists proud and luxuwere strongly opposed to it when I first went rious? They generally are. to Liberia.
160. Do the natives lounge about much? 37. Are there many children at school:~ No, they are generally very industrious. The most of them are. The re-captured 61. Are the preachers traders? They geAfricans have schools among them.
nerally are. 38. Are any of the re-captured Africans 62. Do they trade in rum, tobacco, firechristians ? A great many; two of them arms, and beads? Yes. are preachers.
1 63. Is rum a chief article in trade? There 39. How do the colonists treat the natives has been a good deal of trade in it. that are servants among them? Some tolera- 64. What use do the natives make of fire. bly well, and some roughly; they whip them arms? Chiefly to shoot game. They do not sometimes.
I use them to shoot other patives. When the Africans go out to kidnap, they shout and 4 months before I came away, than had been hurrah round the village and frighten the in six whole years before. inhabitants and catch them when they run. 80. How many emigrants escape the fever? I do not know that those who purchase guns I saw three or four who had never been down from the colony use them for this. Thuse a day. who deal with slave-traders receive guns in 81. Would the same number of slaves set exchange for slaves.
free here be as well as they are there? No. 65. Can rum be procured at any of the 82. Why do you think so? They are not stores? Yes.
looked down upon, nor trampled upon there 66. What is its price? From $1,25 to $1,50 as they are in this country. They can do cts. per gallon.
as they please. 67. How many went out in the Ajak last 83. Do the mass of the free colored people fall? About 150 or 160.
here live as comfortably as the mass of the 68. How many died? Twenty nine died colonists? No. on the voyage of whooping cough, cholera, 81. What would be necessary to enable a and bowel complaint-they were almost all man to live comfortably if he went from here children. The voyage was very long. About to Liberia? A suitable set of utensils, furni. 45 died in seasoning
ture, clothes for two or three years, enough 69. Were any of the physicians employed of food to last till he could raise a crop. All by the colony, there, when the passengers of these would cost about $150. the Ajax were sick? No. Drs. Hall and 85. Does it require as much labor to raise Todson were both away.
enough to support him there, as it does here? 70. While you were there the Jupiter, the No. He can support his family better, with Argus, and the Ann arrived. How many half the labor. died out of the passengers? The Jupiter 86. Why can he do this? Because, what brought 50, and two of them died. The Ann he raises there grows far more abundantly brought forty, and none died.
and with less labor. 71. Are the natives healthy? They are as 87. Were the most of those who went out healthy as any people. They look far better in the last expeditions emancipated slaves?than the blacks here.
Yes. 72. How long does the seasoning last. 88. Do they permit men to leave their From 3 to 24 months.
wives there, or wives to leave their husbands? 73. Does the sickness when it seizes them, No, they put such persons in jail. make them discontented? It often does. 89. Are efforts made to persuade the free
74. Can they ever attend to their business colored people in Kentucky not to emigrate? while sick with this disease? Many can. Chil- Yes—more than to persuade them to do so. dren have it not as bad as grown persons. The enemies of colonization are more active
75. Are they generally healthy after they than its friends. have had this disease? Remarkably so. 90. Were efforts made to prevent you giving
76. Have any of the colonists been con- testimony in favor of the colony? Yes. I nected with the slave trade? Such a thing was told in New York that if I liked Liberia, has been said—but no proof has been given. I had best keep it to my myself—that it was
77. What is the punishment for a person not popular, and I had best say nothing about engaging in this trade? He is hung.
it. In Philadelphia, too, I was called upon 78. Are the colonists generally disposed by a person to take my testimony; but he to cheat the natives? They make the best wished to make me answer according to his bargain they can generally—so men do else- notions and not according to what I knew.where. Some of the natives are so keen as He wanted to ask and answer the questions often to cheat them.
both himself. 79. Have the colonists a disposition to
W. M. TUNSTALL, Chairman. traffick and not to agriculture? Much more ROBERT McKeown, Secretary. attention was given to trade than to farming.
[Western Luminary. More attention was given to agriculture in
CONCLUSION OF THE TENTH VOLUME. In order that the volumes of this work may hereafter commence with the year, the Tenth Volume terminates with the present number. A copious Índex to the whole ten volumes of the Repository has been prepared for the press, with much care and labor, and will soon be published. The Editor considers it proper to state, that absence from his office during a large portion of the past and present years, has rendered it impossible for him to give much attention to the Repository. It is hardly necessary for him to say with what success the duties that have usually devolved on him, have been dis.charged, since the best evidence on this subject is found in the original articles of the work, particularly in the Review of MR. BIRNEY's letter, in the last number. In these articles (from the pen of another member of the present Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society), the So-' ciety has been ably vindicated from the aspersions which men, regardless alike of honor, of justice, and truth, have cast upon it. We refer not to MR. BIRNEY, who has doubtless permitted his imagination to dim the light of his reason, and from abstract speculations concerning human rights, to deduce the practical duties of life. We refer to men who, under the white flag of Peace, and the starry banner of Freedom, consider themselves privileged to vend wholesale slander and falsehood, and claim therefor the crown of martyrdom.
The readers of the African Repository are aware, from the publication of the last Annual Report, and two additional reports which appeared in the March and August numbers of this work, that the Society has been for some time laboring under pecuniary embarrassments, owing principally to its having sent out too large a number of emigrants to the Colony for the two or three years past. At the last annual meeting of the Society, it had an outstanding debt of $45,645.
To meet this difficulty, the Board of Managers passed an order, authorizing a loan of $50,000, to bear an interest of six per cent. to be paid off in twelve years, providing a Sinking Fund of $6000 a year from their receipts for the regular payment of the annual instalments and interest. Upwards of $20,000 of this Stock has been taken by our creditors and friends; the former receiving it in part or in full for their claims; the latter advancing its amount in money. More than one-half of our outstanding debt has been discharged during the present year, and the balance is owing to persons who will either take stock for it, or wait our convenience for payment. It is true, the stock is still considered as a debt, but it will be paid off so gradually, as scarcely to be felt by the Society.
To effect this great object, and to supply the necessary wants of the Colony, the Society had to refrain from sending out any additional emigrants during the present year, except fourteen liberated by Mrs. Ann Page, of Frederick county, Virginia, who were sent out in the same vessel which carried out the colored people of the late Dr. Aylet Hawes, of that State, dispatched by our Auxiliary, the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania, who are settling a new place at Bassa Cove, a territory mentioned in our last Annual Report as having been lately added to Liberia.
In the mean time, it is expected that our Agent, Mr. Pinney, will have made such regulations and improvements in the Colony, as will greatly conduce to its future prosperity, and such as will enable the inhabitants, by well-applied industry, to raise sufficient sustenance in the Colony to supply, not only all the wants of the present settlers, but also sufficient to feed such as may hereafter be sent there, independently of the Parent Society.
The principles of the Colonization Society are not to be shaken. They are gathering strength from opposition, and will outlive all the fury of the storm which has been excited against them. Made prevalent, they must preserve the integrity of our Union, exalt our national character, and open the way to the freedom, the elevation and happiness of the whole African race,
CONTRIBUTIONS To the American Colonization Society in the month of November, 1834.
Gerrit Smith's First Plan of Subscription. Mathew Carey, Philadelphia, . . . .
$100 John T. Norton, Albany, . .
100 Collections from Churches. Bethany church, Allegany co. Pa. by Rev. William Jefferey, Bangor, Lancaster co. Pa. in the Episcopal church,
• - 9 Bellevieu, do Presbyterian church, by Rev. J. Byers, :
Chester District, S. C. by Warren Flenniken,'. .
Presbyterian church, by Rev. John M.Master,
Auxiliary Societies. Clarksville, Ohio, by Samuel V. Watkins, . . Connecticut Auxiliary Society, by Seth Terry, Treasurer,
650 Kenyon College, Ohio, Auxiliary, .
100 Virginia Auxiliary, by B. Brand, Treasurer, .
150 Zanesville aud Putnam Auxiliary, by H. Safford, Secretary,
143 56 Troy Auxiliary Society, .'
8 50 Donations. Albany, from J. H, Prentice,
E. P. Prentice, - .
Mr. Webb, -
Mrs. Rebecca Kinsman,
ham, and Thomas Kinsman, $1 each, New York, from James Boorman, - ,
200 do dopayable on the departure of the next vessel with emigrants to Liberia,
300 George Douglass,
200 Samuel A. Foot,'
100 Goodhue & Co.
100 James Lenox,
100 H. F. Varick,
50 William B. Astor,
25 John C. Halsey,
en 25 Henry Young, menge Richard Irvin, D. Lord, i
SUB 10 ua a Lady,
e olie 10 do duas
- s six Gentlemen, $10 each,
10 three do $5 each, oil Leander Mead, d a so a Gentleman,
Moses Allen, for a collection at the Dutch church, Fishkill, slik
Stephen Warren, .
John Hunter, D. Walker, W. Webb, J.L.V. Schoonhoven, A.
Africun Repository. John Nisbet,