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Consul at the Havanna -should be selected. Such a person, it is supposed, is greatly needed here, lioth for his administration of justice, economy, and direction of aifairs. With him, some suitable practical person ought also to be sent, to superintend the clearing of the land, and to oversee the planters for a certain period, so as to ensure attention to a proper cultivation of the soil. The services of the late lamented Dr. RANDAL continue to draw forth from every settler the most grateful acknowledgments. It appears that his directive energies gave a new existence to the place, and no one could be more deplored.
The charitable societies of our country might do great good by educating some young men of color in the practice of physic and surgery for the dinerent settlements on the coastthey are greatly needed. It is reported a number of vessels for Cuba, are now on this coast, near the Equator, employed in the odious traffic of the slave trade; a steamboat is highly necessary here, as a guarda costa, and to examine into this matter. Such a vessel would clear the rivers and the whole sea. But it is vain to expect this effect, in the employment of vessels with sails only. In these light wind latitudes, vessels are frequently becalmed for days; at other times they may go from one to two knots an hour, rarely more, and it is considered a good run to make forty miles a day. On the passage here, it took this fleet ship, under sky-sails, ten days to accomplish two hundred and forty miles. In a climate like this, the very incorrect charts, as well as the sailing directory of the coast, render its navigation somewhat harassing to all. We have, however, enjoyed excellent health, not a case of fever of any description occurring. Our opportunities thus far to make all oui observations, have been particularly fortunate, not missing a single instance, even for the variation of the compass; and having laid out our track on the chart, from Gibralter down, if copied, it may serve as a useful guide to others.
On our way hither from Madeira, we passed through the Canaries, visiting the Islands of Palma and Teneriffe, and near the region of the Cape de Verds, and shall leave here to-day for the United States, touching on our way for water at Martinique. And in passing the neighborhood of the Cape de Verd Islands on the several tracks of vessels, whether for the coast of Africa or across the Equator, should any pirates be hovering about those quarters, I trust we shall give a good account of them. Very respectfully, Sir, &c., &c.
P. F. VOORHEES. Hon. LEVI WOODBURY,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington.
Our readers will be gratified, we doubt not, by the opportunity now given to them, of ascertaining the names of the original subscribers who organized the American Colonization Society, in the year 1817. Subjoined, are the Constitution which they adopted, and a list of their names, copied from the original subscription list, on file in the office of the Society, and published by order of the Board of Managers.
Many of the individuals who commenced this great work of enlightened philanthropy, have since finished their mortal career. Others of them still survive, to see, every day, experience confuting the objections with which their noble experiment had been assailed, and adding new testimony in favour of their practical wisdom in attempting it. When we recollect.the circumstances under which this experiment was made; the doubts and difficulties which rested on its infancy; its feeble beginnings and subsequent disasters; and then contemplate its actual results, and the present stage of its progress, it is not easy to limit the measure of gratitude due to the founders of the Society, or the hopes of its present friends and supporters.
The original Constitution and subscribers are as follows:
Art. I. This Society shall be called “The American Society for colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States."
Art. II. The object to which its attention is to be exclusively directed, is to promote and execute a plan for colonizing (with their consent) the free people of colour, residing in our country, in Africa, or such other place as Congress shall deein most expedient: And the Society shall act, to eiiect this object, in co-operation with the General Government, and such of the States as may adopt regulations upon the subject.
Art. III. Every citizen of the United States who shall subscribe to these articles, and
be an annual contributor of one dollar to the funds of the Society, shall be a member: or paying a sum of not less than thirty dollars, at one subscription, shall be a member for
ART. IV. The officers of this Society shall be, a President, thirteen Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, a Treasurer, a Recorder, and a Board of Managers, composed of the abovenamed officers, and twelve other members of the Society. They shall be annually elected by the members of the Society, at their annual meeting, on New Year's day, (except when that happens to be the Sabbath, and then the next day,) and continue to discharge their respective duties till others are appointed. .
Art. V. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all meetings of the Society, and of the Board of Managers, and to call meetings of the Society, and of the Board, when he thinks necessary, or when required by any three members of ihe Board.
ART. VI. The Vice-Presidents, according to seniority, shall discharge these duties in the absence of the President.
ART. VII. The Secretary shall take minutes of the proceedings, prepare and publish notices, and discharge such other duties as the Board, or the President, or, in his absence, the Vice-President, according to seniority, (when the Board is not sitting,) shall direct. And the Recorder shall record the proceedings and the names of the members, and discharge such other duties as may be required of him.
ART. VIII. The Treasurer shall receive and take charge of the funds of the Society, under such security as may be prescribed by the Board of Managers; keep the ac'ts. and exhibit an account of receipts and expenditures at every annual meeting, and discharge such other duties as may be required of him.
ART. IX. The Board of Managers shall meet on the first Monday in January, the first Monday in April, the first Monday in July, and the first Monday in October, every year, and at such other times as the President may direct. They shall conduct the business of the Society, and take such measures for effecting its object as they shall think proper, or which shall be directed at the meetings of the Society, and make an annual report of their proceedings. They shall also fill up all vacancies occurring during the year, and make such by-laws for their government as they may deem necessary, provided the same are not repugnant to this constitution.
Art. X. Every Society which shall be formed in the United States, to aid in the object of this Association, and which shall co-operate with its funds for the purposes thereof, agreeably to the rules and regulations of this Society, shall be considered auxiliary thereto; and its officers shall be entitled to attend and vote at all meetings of the Society, and of the Board of Managers.
John M'Donough, one of the most wealthy and influential citizens of New Orleans, has presented a memorial to the legislature of Louisiana, praying for leave to educate his slaves. He states that he is the owner of from forty to fifty black children, male and female, of various ages, the offspring of old and faithful servants, who have mostly been born under his roof. These slaves are valuable, being mostly mechanics, and would sell for $ 150,000. The design of the owner, however, is, to give freedom to all, and colonize them in Liberia. For this purpose, and that they may be qualified for the proposed new sphere of action, he desires permission to educate them. It will make the hearts of our immediate abolitionists to sink to see such fruit growing from the labours of the Colonization Society. We however can rejoice, and do rejoice, to see the work going thus nobly on. Mr. M’Donough is beginning in the right way. First prepare the slaves for freedom, prepare an asylum where they can enjoy the blessing, and then bestow it.-N. Y. Commercial.
[From the Philadelphia Friend, February 22.)
“Go and do thou likewise.”—Luke, chap. X. v. 37.
While I regret the opposition which the M'Donough proposal has met with, to the interruption of his designs in the first instance, for educating "the offspring of old and faithful servants," I can but regard that gentleman’s noble intention as an incitement well calculated to influence public opinion greatly in favor of the coloured people; and I deem it to be a duty which we owe to the impending cause of negro emancipation, to give MeDonough's example publicity. Let his principles circulate from west to east
from south to north, and they will obtain the attentive audience of thousands, to an approved theory of liberality and of justice, which, if brought to bear on general practice, like good seed sown upon fruitful soil, the increase may become abundant; and the M’Donough plan for breaking the chain of slavery, for exalting the character and improving the situation of the freedman, although obstructed for the moment, will ultimately survive the resistance of tyranny and oppression.
In the mean time, permit me through thy paper, to recommend another method of imparting the boon of instruction to the uninformed children of Africa, by furnishing the means of planting schools, not only in Liberia but through the precincts of that colony, to extend the blessing to neighbouring tribes of aborigines; multitudes of whose population are to this day slumbering in gross ignorance.
To those of my readers who have not yet bestowed on these subjects that serious consideration which they deserve, my proposition may appear to be out of reach, or impracticable; and for the encouragement of some who withhold their interest through diffidence of their own judgment, or want of confidence in the scheme, I am induced to relate the following facts, in order to represent that degree of success which has already crowned the feeble exertions of an individual of this city, who, about three years ago, ventured to solicit from a few of her friends a small subscription, to enable her to set up two free schools for the instruction of females in Liberia and to pay one year's salary to the respective teachers. These schools were thus carried into effect: the first was located at Caldwell—the second in Monrovia, where they have been ever since regularly conducted by pious coloured women of competent abilities, whose school lists have mostly exceeded one hundred pupils, and it appears from their reports, that, of necessity, mapy applicants are excluded who would gladly partake of the limited bounty.
Since the expiration of the first term in agreement with Elizabeth Cæsar and Elizabeth Johnson, and their schools—No. 1 and No. 2,-have been adopted, and their salaries paid by the “ The Ladies' Association, auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, for the promotion of Education in Liberia." Under patronage of the same association, a third school has been instituted among the recaptured Africans at New Georgia upon Stockton creek; and they are now preparing to set up a fourth to be located per. haps at Edina, a recent settlement of emigrants, upon the St. John's river; or if the contemplated Pennsylvan colony shall go into operation-Benezet, or the chief town situate upon Bassa Cove, will probably require the earliest aid of the "Ladies' Association."
Why should any friend of the African race shrink from their portion of service in this work of benevolence, or turn aside from the path of duty, alarmed at the magnitude of the undertaking?
It is true, an extensive field for cultivation lies open before us, which is unhappily in a condition comparable to that of fallow ground; while the urgencies of the occasion, silently but forcibly plead the cause of our "brethren in calamity." Let us then of our abundance cast something into common stock, which if conscientiously devoted to the necessities of our fellow beings, and skilfully applied with special direction to the primary object in view, we may safely commit the freewill offering to the one all-sufficient Power, who according to his good pleasure, will again condescend to bless the loaves and the fishes, for the relief of suffering humanity. S. B.
Extracts from the proceedings of the Board of 2. Resolved, That the Agent, or (in his • Managers.
absence) the Vice-Agent, together with the The following resolution was adopt
t aforesaid six counsellors, shall constitute a
council, who shall meet on the first Monday ed on the 20th of February, 1834: 1 of January and July of each year, and at
Resolved, That an effort be made to raise such other times as the Agent shall deemn ex. a loan of FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS, in pedient. The Agent, or, in his absence, the shares of not less than one hundred dollars Vice-Agent shall preside at all their meeteach; for which a Scrip shall be issued, sign- ings. They shall have power to lay taxes, ed by the President, and countersigned by impose duties, make appropriations of pubthe Treasurer, bearing six per cent. interest; lic' monies, fix the salaries of all officer to the said stock to be paid off in twelve years; be paid out of the funds to be raised in the and for the payment of the interest, and the Colony, and enact such laws as they may reimbursement of the principal thereof, a deem necessary for the general welfare, subsinking fund of six thousand dollars a year, ject, however, to the approval of the Colobe, and the same is hereby appropriated and nial Agent and the Board of Managers. pledged out of the funds which shall be re- Should any law be passed by the council and ceived by the Board in each year.
disapproved by the Agent, he shall state to On the 30th January, 1834, the the council his reasons for disapproval; and following resolutions, making certain should it then be passed unanimously by the changes in the Plan for the civil gov- Board of Managers shall pronounce their
council, it shall remain in force until the ernment of Liberia, were adopted: decision upon it.
1. Resolved, That the fourth article of the 3. Resolved, That from and after the first Plan of civil government for the Colony of day of May next, any officer or Agent of the Liberia be so amended as to read for “two," Society of Colony, who shall be supplied “six” counsellors; this amendment not to with articles of living from the public stores, take effect until the next annual election in shall be charged on the books of the Colony the Colony; and that the other articles be so twenty-five per cent. advance upon the orialtered as to correspond with this and otherginal cost and freight of such articles. amendments which may now be made. 4. Resowed, That from and after the first day of August next, the Colonial Agent, Phy-l "The same provision shall, at the discresician, Assistant Physicians, Colonial Secre- tion of the Colonial Agent, extend to adult tary and Storekeeper only, shall derive sup- female emigrants. port from the Society; and such officers as “That such Colonist have a right within the Colonial council may deem necessary, five years to purchase at the rate of one dolshall be paid out of the funds raised in the lar per acre, for ready money, a quantity of Colony; and that from and after the first day land not exceeding ten acres, to be reserved of May next, the following salaries be allow- adjacent as may be to the quantity so allowed the said officers respectively, in full com- | ed. pensation of their services—that is to say, “That these provisions be applicable to
For the Agent, in addition to the amount the said towns and the district of country allowed by the Government of the United within three miles thereof. States, . . . . $1400. “That in respect to the country beyond
For the Physician, - . . *1600. three miles from the towns:
The following preamble and reso- fifty acres of land for himself and family, lutions were adopted on the 20th of they residing thereon, with the right of pur
chasing, within five years thereafter, at the February, 1834:
rate of twenty-five cents per acre, ready For the better accommodation of emigrants
money, fifty adjacent acres. on their first arrival at Liberia, and in order
“That the said allotments and lands sold to prevent the necessity of their immediately I be laid out, as well in respect to town lots as undertaking the erection of a dwelling-place, otherwise, under the direction of the Coloniand the clearing of a piece of ground, before I al Agent, in such way as not to interfere they have had time to look about them, and
with existing rights, and so as to make the to make choice of a suitable location,
lots and farins as regular in form and compact Resolved, That the Colonial Agent be in
as may be, reserving in the gratuitous allotstructed, as early as practicable, to have a
ments to emigrants, adjacent to each allotnumber of lots of land laid off, in convenient
ment, a quantity equal to that so allotted, and eligible situations, in the vicinity of each
when requisite to satisfy the rights of preother, each containing five acres (more or einption." less, as may seem best to the Agent,) and "That beyond three miles from the said erect on each a comfortable cottage, of native towns, sales of land be made for ready mostructure, sufficient for the residence of a ney as follows: small family: that a sufficient portion of each To any one Colonist, at the rate of twenlot be cleared and planted with the most use- I ty-five cents an acre, for any quantity of land ful vegetables; provided that the expense of
at the expense of not less than one hundred or more than two laying off said lots, erecting such cottages, hundred acres. And at the same rate for and preparing a portion of the ground, and
any quantity of land, provided a settlement planting the same, shall in no case exceed fif
eed fit be made thereon by the permanent residence ty dollars for each hoinestead. And if, after of one Colonist to every hundred acres: Proa residence of twelve months, the occupant vided, however, that in these cases the apof any such lot shall desire to make it his
probation of the Colonial Agent be requipermanent residence, in order to entitle him
site; and that in authorizing them he pay to a fee simple right therein, he shall erect special regard to restraining the settlement a similar cottage, and plant in like manner, | within safe and prudent limits, reserving for a similar piece of ground in the vicinity, on the future benefit of the Colony, tracts consuch spot as may be designated by the Colo
taining mill seats, mines or other specially Dial Agent, for the accommodation of some valuable properties, or selling them at a price other stanger emigrant. But if any such em- |
m- proportionate to their value. igraxt be desirous of removing from his cot
"That the proceeds of all sales of lands tage, and of possessing a larger quantity of made, shall be for the benefit of the Colony; land, for the purpose of farming, he shall be but shall be strictly accounted for, and apaccommodated in the manner provided by l ólied by this Board the Board of Managers, in the following “Resolved, That the Colonial Agent be inReport on Public Lands, adopted by the Board structed to discourage, by all means in his
of Managers, April 22, 1830. power, the supply through the factories or “That hereafter, unless specially directed otherwise, of the natives with fire arms, powby the Board, land shall be allotted or sold to der and shot. emigrants to Liberia, in the following man-1 “Resolved, That the Colonial Agent be Der:
| empowered to make a donation to any Colo“Every adult male emigrant, shall, on his nist, or association of Colonists, not exceed. arrival, receive a building lot in one of the ing five hundred acres of land, on condition existing towns, or of such other towns as that the same be appropriated to the culture may be established by public authority, with of sugar, cotton, or coffee.” five acres of plantation land as nearly adjacent Resolved also, That the Colonial Agent be as may be; if married, two for his wife, and directed to lay out, in some convenient and one for each of his children; no single family, eligible situation for the purpose, from one however, to receive more than ten acres, and to two hundred acres of good land, as a pubpaid family to reside thereon or the town lot. lic farm, to be epelosed, sown and plantede