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J. W. Stansbury in the chair.
Mr. S. Hopkins from the committee, reported the following resolutions, which were adopted:
Resolved, That the plan of colonizing the free colored population of our country, presents the only safe and practicable means of elevating them to a proper place among the members of the human family.
Resolved, That while we sincerely deprecate the existence of slavery in our land, we confidently apprehend that immediate and universal emancipation would prove disastrous to the liberated slave, and seriously interrupt the harmony of our federal union.
Resolved, Tiiat, although the extinction of slavery in our land is a consummation ardently to be desired by every patriot, we entirely disclaim any legal right whatever, to interfere in the subject of slavery, and desire to work only through the influence of moral suasion.
Resolved, That the political emancipation of the colored population of our country, presents one of the most interesting and important considerations for the deliberation of our enlightened people, and that the elevation of their moral and intellectual character, unfolds one of the noblest fields for j nilanthropic enterprise.
Resolved, That the ancient and deep-rooted prejudices existing throughout our country, and several radical distinctions of character, interpose invincible barriers to the political and social amalgamation of the colored with the white population.
Resolved, That the voluntary emigration of the free colored population of our country to the land of their fathers, is calculated to exert a most happy influence, in elevating them in the scale of rational beings; in checking the enormities of the flave trade, and in intvoduci:;.; civilization and christianity among the barbarous tribes of Africa.
Mr. Dixon from the committee, presented a constitution, which was adopted.
The following persons were then elected officers of the Society:
Sam'l M. Hoprins, President.
Horace Webster, Wm. E. Sill, John Greves, P. M. Dox, L. W. Hamlin, Board of Directors.
On motion of Mr. C. Butler,
Resolved, That the Board of Directors be requested to confer with the different clergymen of this village, upon the propriety of presenting the subject of colonization to their respective congregations, and taking up a collection in aid of the objects of the Society.
Resolved, That the Board of Directors be instructed to call a special meeting of the society on the evening preceding the commencement of Geneva College, and to appoint a person to deliver an address on that
Published by order of the Board of Directors. J. W. STANSBURY, Ch'n.
J. W. Tillman, Scc'y.
From the Christian Intelligencer.
VaUkill, 22d July, 183,1.
Messrs. Editors.—As we believe that the promotion of the Colonization society is the only feasible method oi benefiting the colored population of our country, and of preserving the community from the horrors consequent on the excitement of popular indignation respecting the subject of abolition —we are very happy to communicate some account of a Colonization Meeting held in this place last evening.
This was an adjourned Meeting from a former one a fortnight since. Dr. Porter was called to the chair, and Rev. Mr. Owen opened with prayer.
The following resolutions were moved and carried without a dissenting voice.
Resolved, That the apathy of the community to the interests of the Colonization Society is deeply to be deplored and portentous of evil.
Resolved, That the Colonization Society is a generous, rational, and practicable expedient to do good to the coloured population of the United States, and has redeemed its pledges as far as the period of its existence could lead us to expect.
Resolved, That any past mistakes in U12 managementof the Colonization Society constitute no reason why efficient pecuniary aid should now be withheld.
Resolved, That while this meeting entirely condemns the riotous proceedings directed against the abolitionists in N. iork, and elsewhere; yet we perceive in these acts the anticipated and legitimate results of the Abolition scheme.
Resolved, That Messrs. Dr. Haugland, and Maltby Sayre, be a committee to solicit from our citizens subscriptions in favour of the Colonization Society.
These Resolutions were supported by appropriate and energetic addresses, by Rev. Messrs. Smith, Van Liew, and Wyckoif, and Francis Sayre, Esq. , In the course of the meeting, the reply to Dr. Cox's letter contained m the June number of the Repository, was read with great acceptance. No doubt public opinion among us is greatly strengthened in favor of Colonization, by recent events. Yours,
Philo Africanus 2d.
Preaching To Slaves. We are informed that Mr. Van Rensselaer [son of Hon. S. Van Rensselaer of Albany,] has preached to the slaves at more than 21) different places in Halifax, and that he has been sustained and encouraged in these labors, by the proprietors of the largest plantations and the most respectable citizens of that county. The estimation in which his labors are held, wherever he is known, is of itself a refutation of the remark which good men sometimes countenance,—that "northern ministers will not be recdoed by the people, or cannot be useful at the Smith." This remark, in the unqualified manner in which it is sometimes uttered, implies a slander on the intelligence and character of the southern people, which we consider very unjust. It takes it for granted that the people are so fully under the dominion of local prejudices and have vo little liberality and discrimination in their estimates of character, that the fact that a man was born or educated north of ihe Potomac, is asufficient reason for them to exclude him from their Society, or at least to refuse hira admission to spheres of usefulness where his services are greatly needed. The imputation of such a prejudice to the southern people cn '.'Hiis;-';', is very unjust.— There may be some narrow minded souls of this sort us every parallel of latitude—but this is not the character of the enlightened christian community, and of intelligent citizens generally in the southern States. Let northern men possess lhe principles, spirit, and character, which IVi r. V. R. has manifested, and they will be well received by respectable citizens as soon as their character stall be known.—Richmond Tel.
[From Paulson's Daily Advertiser.]
We rejoice to notice that each arrival frotti the Colony affords new proofs of the benefits conferred on long-suffering Africa by the wise and philanthropic h.bors of the American Colonization Society. The following extract from the letter of an old and highly respectable colored colonist, to a gentleman of Philadelphia, will, we are sure, gratify the friends of the cause:
"oct new and excellent Governor (pinKey) is quite indefatigable in his labors to push forward the interests of the Colony, and strongly reminds us of the sainted Ashraun. He has determined upon and taken measures to re-establish a public farm near Caldwell, on the plan ofMr.Ashmun, where all idle persons and vagrants may be placed.
persons are going to fanning, and I am within bounds when I say that three times the quantity of ground will be put under cultivation this season, over any preceding year."
Of that admirable lady, Mrs. SanBom, whose inestimable labors in planting Schools in Africa, are bu t too little known and appreciated, he says:
"I am happy to inform J'ou, that the Schools supported by the Ladies of Philadelphia, continue to exert the most beneficial influence on our rising generation, and many will live to bless the name of Beulah Sansom. We had an exhibition of Eliza
Reth Thompson's School in the Methodist Meeting House, and I cannot express the great interest felt on the occasion. Our warehouses were shut up, so that all might attend. It was very largely attended, although each had to pay 12 1-2 cents. Mr. Eden, at New Georgia, among the re-captured Africans, is doing well."
We understand that the Ladies' Society intend very shortly establishing a Manual Labour School, under the charge of a highly respectable friend and his wife, in the new Colony of Pennsylvania, founded by the Young Men's Colonization Society, at Bassa Cove, and as their funds are inadequate for meeting the heavy expenditure of their extended benevolence, we hope they will be remembered and patronized by some of our affluent citizens.
The following Letter and Resolution were expected to appear in former numbers of the Repository, but were casually omitted:—
[From the N. Y. Spectator, June 2d.]
The following gratifying letter with its enclosure, was received on Saturday:—
New York, May 31, 183-1.
Dear Sir—In presenting this 100 dollars permit me to state the following circumstance:—About a week since, a person cMed on me, and stated that, in May, lb-.,. came to my oifice and exchanged tome money, and he thinks he received a hundred duiiars more than he was entitled to, and that he called several days after to see if-j:ir cash indicated such a mistake, but t:, .c the clerl: -!:d not ascertain certainly that this was ttu .: ise. l£e hesitated some ajout returning :t, and yet felt unwilling to retain it. I inquTid if under the circumstances he would satisfied to have the amou;.t presented to the Colonization Society, to which he replied yes. This therefore, is ch-erfully given in the hope that it may aid t.; - good cause in which your society is engaged. I am yours,
RUFUS L. NEVINS.
Colonization Society In The City Of New Yohk.
At a meeting of the Board of Managers, held July 22,
It was resolved, That a Select Committee be appointed to inquire and ascertain what free persons of color sustained injury in their persons or property during the late riots in this city, with power to collect subscriptions for their benefit, and apply the same to their . relief.
To the American Colonization Society in the month of September, 1831. Genii Smith's First Plan of Subscription.
John S. Walton, New Orleans, - - - - - 100
Collections from Churches. Accomac and Northampton counties, Va.—from three Methodist Episcopal congregations, received from James A. Masccy, - - - - $8 65
Do i'rom Mr. Massey and another friend, - - - - - 1 35
Alexandria, at the 1st Presbyterian church, by Rev. Elias Harrison, - - 15 5 do at the 2nd do .-65
do at the Baptist church, by Rev. S. Cornelius, - - - 3 25
Bath, New Hampshire, by liev. D. Sutherland, 5
Belmont county, Ohio, Crab Apple Congregation, by Rev. J. Coon, - 12 5]
Creagerstown, Maryland, by Mr. Mettane, - - - - - 2 50
Cross Creek, Jefferson county, Ohio, St. James's church, by Rev. J. Morse, 5
Danby, Tompkins county, N. Y. New Jerusalem church, by Rev. Lewis Beers, 6
•Indianapolis, Presbyterian church, by Rev. W. A. Halliday, - - 20 81
* do Methodist do by Rev. Calvin Ruter, - - 15 2
Lawrence Presbyterian church, by Rev. Henry Axtell, - - - 8 50
Lebanon, Alleghany county, Pa. Presbyterian church, by Rev. T. D. Baird, 5
Lee, Massachusetts, in Rev. Joshua N. "Danforth's church, - - - 25
Maryland, by Rev. William Matchett, .... - 30
Mount Pleasant, Westmoreland, by Rev. A. 0. Patterson, - - - 10
New Hackensack, N. Y. Reformed Dutch churcli, by Rev. C. Van Cleef, 16
Norfolk, in the Presbyterian church, - - - - - - 65 90
Petersburg, in the Methodist do, 1333, ..... 20
Richland, Pa. by Rev. John Glenn, 5
Sawickly congregation, Pa. by Rev. A. O. Patterson, - - - 7 50
Slippery Rock, Pa. congregation, (to do - - - - 5
Trenton, N. J.—in the Methodist Episcopal Church, by Rev. T. J. Thompson, 7
Windham, Ohio, by Rev. Wm. Hanford, ..... 6
Winchester, at the Episcopal Church, by Rev. James Jackson, - - 12 67
Xenia, Ohio, in the congregation of Rev. Andrew W. Poage, - - 13
, , in the Associate congregation of Rev. Andrew Herron, - 7
From Miss E. R. Winter, Alexandria, - - - - - - 2
Indiana Colonization Society, ...... 4 17
Xenia Female do, by Miss Mary Martin, Treasurer, - - - - 60
OcHn the receipts from Auxiliary Societies, published in the August No. of the Repository, for "Crawford county, Va. $30," read "Crawford county, Pennsylvania, $30."
Allen Leeper, Farmington, Tenn. per H. D. King, - - 5
C. Goodrich, - - - - - - - - - 2 50
Collections made in Ohio, last year, by the Rev. F. W. Thomas, Agent, not before ack
September 23, At a meeting in Dr. Beecher's Presbyterian church, - 15 1
October 1, After delivering a Literary Lecture, ... 14
11, At a meeting in Lebanon, $5—17th & 20th, in Dayton, $27 43, 32 43 25, Received from Rev. Franklin Putnam, of the Presbyterian
church, for a 4th July collection, - - - - 15
do from Dayton Juvenile Colonization Society, - 5
28, At a meeting at Zanesville, - - - - - 15
November 5, At do at Springfield," - - - 13 75
Donation from E. H. Camming, .... 1
From Rev. J. S. Galloway, Pres'n church, for 4th July coll'n, - 5 80
9 Sc 11, At a meeting in the Methodist church at Urbana, - - 15 16
From the members of a new Auxiliary Society, - - 7 25
From Adam Musgrove, Tr. of the old do, a balance on hand of 17
After an Address in the State-House at Columbus, - 19 In hopes of raising funds for the Society, Mr. T. announced a course of Literary Lectures, and obtained 35 names at $1
each, which he delivered, .... 35
Mr. T. received the following sums, 4th of July collections:
Rev. J. Wilson, Cincinnati, - - - - 11 50
Andrew S. Morrison, Unity church, - - 2 75
From the same at Palmyra, $2 75—from the same $8 61, 11 30 ** The same gentlemen collected at these churches last year $75, which was acknowledged in the Repository, as received in a draft from Isaac Coe, without any other specification.
Vol. X.] NOVEMBER, 1834. [No. 9.
A Letter from James G. Birney, Eso.. to the Rev. Thornton J. Mills, Corresponding Secretary of the Kentucky Colonization Society, dated Mercer County, Ky. July 15, 1834.
The readers of the African Repository have had an opportunity of perusing, in several of the numbers for the past and the present year, some letters, originally published, we believe, in the Hnntsville (Ala.) Democrat, from the pen of Mr. James G. Birney. This gentleman was recently Agent of the American Colonization Society for the south-western district, composed of the States of Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi, and the territory of Arkansas; and the object of those Ittters was to vindicate, by making more fully known, the principles and course of the Society. Though not concurring in all the views taken by the writer, we were not deterred by that consideration from copying his essays into the Repository; and he may feel assured, that the suspension of their republication after the seventh number proceeded only from the casual loss of the subsequent letters. Should he be able to supply them, it will give us pleasure to complete the series, though, perhaps, at the risk of renewed censure from intelligent friends who had objected to some passages of the republished numbers, as having a PRO-slavery tendency. It was our design, should we recover the missing numbers, to accompany the translation of them to this Journal, with an attempted defence against that imputation. Our anxiety on the subject, was soon, however, interrupted most unexpectedly by rumours that the party for whom we were meditating an apology had surrendered to his assailants, and was about to fulminate from their camp charges against the Colonization Society, similar to those which had been made against himself. The nourishes with which the organsof Immediate Abolition announced, in advance, Mr. BirNey's abjurement of the Colonization cause, were in due season followed by the appearance of the letter, of which the title is given at the head of this article. Instead, therefore, of defending the officer of the Society against his adversaries, we are placed in the sudden necessity of defending the Society against the Parthian warfare of the fugitive officer.
This task is undertaken with a strong feeling of regret, at the loss which the cause of Colonization has sustained in the desertion of an adherent conspicuous for official zeal and diligence, and enjoying a high reputation for his literary attainments, moral respectability and ardent piety. Such incidents, however, though painful, are not discouraging. The excellence of the cause will, as it has heretofore done, raise up for itself new supporters; and in the retirement of one champion from its defence, its constant friends will recognise afresh motive for perseverance and energy on their parts
As it was scarcely six months before the date of Mr. Birney's letter, when the Kentucky Auxiliary elected him one of its Vice-Presidents, without, it would seem, any whisper from him, that the honour was inappropriate, Mr. Mills, unless more than ordinarily penetrated with the truth of the wise man's saying—"there is no new thing under the sun"— must have started with surprise at the first tidings of the new functionary's new movement. This emotion was probably even more lively in the breasts of such friends of the Society, as knew that so lately as last (a!/, when Mr. B. informed the Parent Board that his intended change of residence would close his Agency for the south-western district, the information was coupled with professions of undiminished zeal for the Colonization cause, with pledges of future service, and with an intimation of his willingness to accept an Agency for Kentucky. That the Managers did not act on this suggestion, was owing, it is presumed, to the fact, that their interests in Kentucky were then in charge with another gentleman.— They received, during the winter, fresh assurance from Mr. B. of his continued attachment.
The suspicion excited by the suddenness of Mr. Birney's conversion, that it proceeded rather from some mystical afflatus, than from full reflection, is not removed by the . apparent elaboration of his manifesto. For though this paper reaches the formidable length of some J5 or 20 columns of the Liberator, much of it will be found to be, not the result of original reasoning, but the accumulation of trite commonplaces against Colonization; in collecting which, a sharp pair of scissors was quite as important as a sharp intellect. Long as the manifesto is, the reader will be dismayed to learn that it contains only "some of the reasons which have persuaded" the writer to abandon the Colonization Society. Possibly, when the reserved reasons shall be forthcoming, some indications may be seeu in them of the "unequalled force of logic," which the Secretary of an Anti-Slavery Society facetiously ascribes to the reasons which are proclaimed. On these, it is our purpose now to submit some observations.
Alter an introductory account of his early impressions concerning the Colonization Scheme, and of his exertions as Agent of the Society for the south-western district, Mr. Birney notices the formation, through his instrumentality, and that of Mr. Polk, of au Auxiliary Society at Huntsville:
"This," he adds, "was the first instance of direct action in the South, for the benefit of any part of the coloured population, of which I then had a personal knowledge. I was greatly encouraged at the favorable aspect of things on this, the first trial, for it was made in a town where, considering its size, there is unusual concentration, of intelligence, and in the very midst of a population numbering a majority of blacks. At that time, I believed there was in the project so much of a vivifying spirit, that to ensure success, it was only necessary for the people of the South once to become interested in it: that there was in it so much of the energy of life, that it required nothing more than once to be set on foot to put beyond all question its continuance and growth. As auxiliary to the impulses of benouilence, I calculated upon the selfish advantages to the South. These, I thought, coulil be so clearly and powerfully exhibited, that there would be none to gainsay or resist, and that, by the union of benevolence and selfishness, the co-operation of the whole South might be secured. I unhesitatingly declare, that the total incongruity of these two principles did not strike my mind as it has done, since I witnessed their dissociable and mil*11"