« AnteriorContinuar »
Gerrit Smith's First Plun of Subscription.
Collections from Churches. . . . .100
and Oxford Sunday Schools, .
and Hill congregations, by Rev. c. G. M'Lean,
the African Rerository, Vol. 9, p. 186, .
3 80 Petersburg, Va. in the Presbyterian church, by Rev. W. S. Plumer, . Prince George county, Md. "Chapel congregation, St. Paul's Parish, by the
Rev. F. D. Goodwin, . .
14 72 Skaneateles, Onondaga county, N. Y. St. James's Episcopal church, Walpole, Mass. at an evening meeting,
1 81 Warren, R. I at the Methodist meeting, by W. R. Stone,
738 V-, Fauquier county, Va. in the Epis. church, by Rev. Geo. Lemmon, Washington City, in Christ church, by Rev. Mr. Hatch, .
do do, in First Presbyterian church, by Rev. Mr. Post,
90 Rock Creek, Tenn. do,' by Rev. Thomas G. Hall, .
10 Warrenton, Va. Female Aux. Society, by Rev. G. Leinmon,
20 50 Donations. Augusta, Georgia, from Robert Campbell, .. Chenango, Pa. from W. Carnes, Esq. by Rev. R. Semple, . Hillsdale, N. Y. from Adonijah Bidwell, .' McConnellsville, Ohio, from the citizens of, Redclay Creek, Del. from an individual, - - Salem, N. J. from John Tyler,
Schenectady, from Giles É. Yates, • • • • • • Warrenton, Va. a Friend, by Rev. George Lemmon,
.. Life Member Cromwell, Pa. Rev. R. W. Dickinson, .
• • •
AUXILIARY RELATIONS. A copy of the proceedings of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, in the month of June last, was transmitted to the Parent Board at Washington, and published in our July No., page 150.
Messrs. Cresson and Naylor having arrived in Washington, as a Committee from ihe Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, to confer with the Parent Board, it assembled on the 2nd of July, in order to receive those gentlemen. The following is an Extract from the minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Managers of
the American Colonization Society, July 2, 3, 13:34. Messrs. Cresson and NAYLOR respectively exhibited their views of the relations held by the Young Men's Colonization Society to the Parent Society, and of their wishes in regard to colonizing certain liberated slaves of the late Dr. AYLETT HAwes of Virginia. After full discussion, and a general interchange of views between the several members of the Board, and of the Committee of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvapia,
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to confer with Messrs. CRESSON and NarLor on all inatters relating to their present agency at Washington; that said Committee receive the views of those gentlemen in writing in relation to the extent and field of operation proposed for the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, and particularly whether the said Society in establishing a colony at Bassa Cove, design to act as Auxiliary to this Society, or as an independent Society; and make a report to-morrow at 5 o'clock, P.M. of all the facts above referred to, with their opinion on the same.
Messrs. LOWRIE, SEATON and GURLEY were appointed the Committee.
On the following day, the 3rd of July, the Board met, and the Committee made their Report, which was read, considered and unanimously adopted.
The following is the statement of the delegates from Philadelphia, referred to by the Committee:• We were appointed by the Board of Managers of the Young Men's Colonization Socie. ty of Pennsylvania, for certain special purposes enumerated in the resolutions under which we were appointed; a copy whereof is in your possession, and which we will consider as annexed to this statement.
The first of our instructions is to obtain the authority and sanction of your Board for the transportation of the slaves recently liberated by the late Dr. Hawes of Virginia
Your Board, however, prior to its giving us such authority and sanction, is desirous of knowing how far it can legally do so if our proposed colony be entirely independent of any control or accountability to your Board and also request to be informed by us wbether we contemplats a total independency, or Es what purposes and to what extent se
consider our Society connected with, or subject to your Board: Before we pretend to answer this question, we inust distinctly state that we have no authority to enter i.to stipulations upon this subject or to define the respective authorities of the two Societies. It is a matter which has never been determined, and we may add, discussed by our Board; and that so far as concerns this question, our commission is limited to the sinple direction to obtain from your Board its sanction and authority to colonize the said slaves. Ail, therefore, that we shall say upon this head, is either our own individual opinions or what we deem to be the sentiment of the Society.
The first article of the Constitution of our Society provides that the said Society “shall be Auxiliary to the American Colonization Society;' and the address recently published by the Board we represent, declares that it is to sustain the direct relation of an Auxiliary, in such a way as not only not to diminish, but on the contrary, to increase its resour. ces.” The object of the Society, then, as we understand it, is to establish and to maintain, at its own cost and expense, a separate colony on the coast of Africa upon the prin. ciples mentioned in its Constitution, and to take as its first emigrants to said colony, all the liberated slaves of the late Dr. Hiawes of Virginia; our Board to have the local regulation of said colony, to prescribe the manner in which colonization shall be conducted, to appoint its own Agents, and be an independent colony for the purposes which we think will secure to us the powerful operation of the whole people (and perhaps the Legislature) of our great State, and promise so much benefit to the cause of Colonization gener. ally--whi:st at the same time we would seek such arrangements with your Board a3 would secure to your colony a rapidly increasing prosperity, imparting to it aid and strength and susteliance, in order that it might be able at any tine to step in to our relief . or rescue. How this is to be done, what these regulations shall be, and how far the inde. perdence of our colony shall be restricted by your Board, we do not pretend to say.This is a inutter for future regulation. One thing, however, must be taken care of, that whilst we are endeavoring to extend the cause of Colonization by planting a new colony, the old one must not be permitted to languish. That must go on increasing in strength and power. As we pro, ose to be Auxiliary we must help it. And as that is already so successiully established, it must be sustained.
In reference to our action at home, which your Board is also lesirous of being informed of, it is intended, so far as we can speak for ourselves, to appoint, support and control an Agent for our own State, and to have the management of the funds collected;--to act in conjunction with the New York Society in case a union should be soruied; both, howeve er, acting Auxiliary to your Society, in "such a way as not only not to diminish, but, on the contrary, to increase its resources."
We think that the cause of Colonization should not be limited to the successful estab. lishment of but one colony. The friends of the cause and its ultimate and triumphant success, require more of us. We should attempt more; and we feel fully convincerl that our measures may be so prosecuted, that, eren if our attempt should fall short of a permanent establishment, yet that it may and must add to the welfare, permanency and exlension of the colony alrearly established by your Board.
We look to the separate action of our colony, preserving, however, a conformity with the Constitution and general laws of Liberia, as bit temporary; and shall rejoice when we may be enabled to surrender our trust, and permit the two colonies to blend into one harmonious whole.
Washington, July 3rd, 1334. To Messis. LOWRIE, SEATON Committee of A. C. Society.
Resolutions referred to abore:· Resolred, That two persons be a coinmission to visit without delay, the city of Wash. ington, and also thie region of Virginia where the executors, heirs and slaves of the late Dr. Hawes reside, with instructions as follows--viz: . 1. To obtain the autiority and sar.ction of the Parent Board for the transportation of said slaves.
2. To secure the permission of said Board for the landing of these colonists at some suitable and safe point in the territory, for shelter and protection (in the event of our preparations to r:ceive them at Bassa Cove being found incomplete) until suitable ac• commodations can be prepared for them; it being understood that we asslime the control and expense of the expedition, and that the twenty dollar allowance, per head, for transportation, be transferred to us.
3. That said commission be instructed to repair to Virginia, and there ascertain, the terms of the will-the lunits of the law, as to relapsing into slavery; the state of the slaves, the ability and purpose of the executors as to the sum allowed in the will for their remov. al; and whatever may be necessary to scure the great object we have in view. ·
4. And that said commission be rrquested to ascertain whether the laws of Virginia will allow any delay beyond the specifed tinc arising from pecrljar pecessity; 20! ii sot,
then whether, if it should hercaster be required by our circumstances, or those of the slaves, we may not, for a season, accommodate them in the District of Columbia, or the State of Maryland, until the season and their preparations enable them to set sail.
5. That this Board will pay all expenses of the commission incurred in our service.
The report of the Committee is as follows:
The Committee appointed to consider the views submitted to the Board by Messrs. Cresson and Naylor in regard to the plan and purposes of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, submit the following Report:
The delegates from Philadelphia have placed in the bands of the Committee a statement, containing opinions varying little from those expressed verbally by them at the special meeting of the Board on yesterday.
The menibers of the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania are, the Committee have no doubt, aniinated by a generous and enterprising spirit of activity in the cause of Af. rican Colonization, and have already done much to excite new interest and sympathy in its lavour, among the citizens of Philadelphia.
The Committee cannot question the right of the Young Men's Society, or of any other Society, to adopt such principles and measures as they may deein proper for the turiherance of their object. Should any Auxiliary Society consider it expedient to dissolve its connexion with the Parent Society, and act' alto rether independently, this Board, however it inight diner in opinion from such Society in regard to inodes of operation, for the coninon cause, would rejoice in any success which might attend its benevolent e forts.
Much, it is obvious, may be done by Auxiliary Societies without instruction or au. thority from the Parent Board to increase the resources, accelerate the operations and ex. tind the influence of the cause. Nor can the Parent Boare, presume to prescribe for what prrticular object the funds collected by such Societies for the general cause, shall be expended. The Massachusetts Colonization Society has resolved to devote its funds mainly to the promotion of education in the colony. "The Albany Society has directed that a certain amount of its contributions shall be applied to tounding a new settlement to bear the name of Albany, and from which ardent spirits shail be excluded; and the State Society of Pennsylvania, that the aid it may furnish, shall go to relieve and sustain the colony, rather than to other general purposes for which pecuniary means may be required. The Parent Board r. gard the donations of their fellow citizens and Auxiliary Societies as entrusted to them, to be expended for the cause in any way the donors may direct, not inconsistent with the general principles and objects of the Sociсty.
By the will of the late Dr. llawes, more than one hundred slaves are left to be settled in Liberia un'er the direction and guardianship of this Society. Viewing the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania as Auxiliary to this, the Managers consented, soune weeks ago, at the request of that Society, to place these slaves, on certain conditions, under its care, that they might be sent oui by it, and established as a new settlement at Bassa Cove, which settlement should be maintained and regulated by the Young Men's Sociсty in consistency with the general authority of this Board and the Laws of Liberia. In consenting to transfer the slaves of Dr. Hawes to the Young Men's Society, the Managers did not understand that they were placing them in ih: power of an entirely independent Society, or agreeing that they should be sent to a colony over which this' Board would have no control.
The question submitted, as the Coromittee apprehend, by the communication of Messrs. Cresson and Naylor, is, whether this Board shall consent to yield up the whole work of African Colonization in Pennsylvania, or in Pennsylvania and New York, to a separate and independent Society, and that such Society shall found an independent colony on the present territory and in the neighborhood of settlements already established in Liberia.-True, the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania is styled Auxiliary, in its Constitution, to the Parent Board, but its purpos: as explained is, to establish an independent coloriy to be governed exclusively by its own laws; laws adopted without the sanction either of the Parent Board, or the colonial government: and for the planting and support of this colo. ny, the States of Pennsylvania and New York are to be an exclusive field of agency for the new independent society, within which the Parent Board is to have no Agents no Auxiliaries and no benefit froin the Fourth of July collections. It is indeed proposed that all surplus funds not required for the management and enlargement of the new colony, shall be paid over to the Parent Society. But every one acquainted with the expense of founding a new colony, or with the powerful motives which will invite increased expen. vitures for its extension and improvement, must regard such a proposal as significant og little more than kindness and good will to the Parent Society.
The Committee feel it their duty to express their opinions the more fully and frau.hly on this subject, because the views of the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania are made known in connection with a request that the slaves or the late Dr. Hawes should be plac. ed under their control, and vecause they deem it a subject of immense importance to the cause.
While the Committee arü fcosible of the propriely ci rizling as far as partitive
consistently with united and harmonious action, the local feelings and sectional interests of the friends of the Society, they believe, that a separate and independent course on the part of Auxiliary Societies, if generally adopted, would annihilate the Parent Institu. tion. To consent to such separate and independent action then, would, on the part of this Society, be to yield up its very existence.
The proposition for this separate and independent action comes from the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania only. The views of one Society, cannot be regarded as expressing the general sentiment of the country, or even that of Pennsylvania and New York.In both of these States the Parent Society has many able friends and Auxiliaries, and although the New York City Colonization Society has announced its purpose of foundiug a new settlement at Cape Mouut, yet the noble zeal and liberality recently evinced by its members and Managers in aiding the funds and operations of the Parent Board, at a trying crisis, afford reason to believe that it contemplates nothing calculated to diminish the strength, or disturb the harmonious operations of this Society. At the suggestion then of a single Society, the Committee. could not recommend to this Board to yield up a trust confided to them by the general will and voice of the friends of African Colonization in every quarter of the country.
The Committee are of opinion, that a separate and independent Society embracing the friends of African Colonization in the States of Pennsylvania and New York, engaged in the establishment of a new and independent colony, it sanctioned by this Board, could hardly fail of uniting to it the feelings and commanding the resources of New Eagland. Indeed the circular of the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania, indicates it as a cherished purpose to bring into the measures of that Society the opinions and contributions of all the “Atlantic free States.” In case of such a Union, it could hardly be expected, that the South and the West would continue long to sustain a Board established on the Northern and Eastern borders of their territory, but that they would seek a more central organization. A total revolution would thus be effected in the present general Society; the effect of which on the present colony could not be other than disastrous.
A marked division and difference of sentiment between the organized friends of the cause at the North and the South, would, in the judgment of the Cominittee, be alunost inevitably the consequence of such a change. This consideration alone, is entitled to very great weight in forming an opinion on the subject. As the population to be especially benefited by this Society mostly reside at the South, and to a great extent depend upon the citizens of the South, it is of extreme importance, that the people of the North should remain united with those of the South, in the plans and measures that may be devised and executed for their good.
The principal reason suggested in favour of the views of our friends from Philadelph'a, is derived froin the idea of a general want of confidence in some portions of the North, in the management of the Parent Society. To vague and indefinite charges, it is impossi. ble to give a distinct and definite reply. The Board assume no claim to infallibility; but it is due to themselves to say, that since the Annual Meeting, they have bestowed the most unremitting attention to the high trust confided to them. They have published an exposition of the affairs of the Parent Institution, of their principles, the causes of their embarrassment, and of the measures proposed for future action. They do not perceive ihat in their principles and measures, they differ essentially from the Young Men's Pendie sylvania Society. If their proceedings should fail to meet the approbation of the friends of the cause, a remedy is at hand. The whole Board can be changed at any Annual Meeting, and ( what would be impossible were the unity of the Society destroyed) all great ineasures be considered and discussed in a convention of the best and ablest friends of the cause from every section of the United States.
It is clear to the Commitles, that whether we consider unity of sentiment, or vigor and economy of action here and in Africa, the cause of African Colonization can, at pres. ent, be most advantageously conducted, under the general superintendence of a Central Board, and that while great good may result from such an adjustment of measures with the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania, and other Auxiliaries, as may give them à wide sphere of operation for their zeal and enterprise in the great common cause, yet the measures of such Societies, both here and in Africa, should be under the general control and authority of the Parent Society. The Committee recommend the adoption of the following resolutions:
Resolved, That entrusted as this Board are with the interests of the American Coloni. zation Society, they cannot give their consent to the institution of a Society professedly Auxiliary, but in reality separate and independent of the Parent Society, believing as they do, that such a principle, if adopted generally by Auxiliary Societies, would annihilate the Parent Society, and endanger the whole scheins of African Colonization.
Résolved, That the Young Men's Colonisation Society of Pennsylvania be informed, that as Auxiliary to this, the slaves of the late Dr. Hawes will be transferred to them, to be sent to Liberia, and supported there by them in a separate settlement or community, linder the superintendence of such Agent and of such local laws or regulations as may be adopted by the said Society, and approved of by this Board; but said community to be considered as a part of the colony of Liveria azul erbject to the general laws of the colony io