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Monrovia) Feb. 18, 1834.
Three years have elapsed since I first promised to you faithfully, that I would write to you of my health and situation You have doubtless heard of all my afllictions and misfortunes lhat I have met with, and I will mention none of them. My health is quite good now. I am troubled with nothing but the agues and fevers, now and then, which are common to this country. I have never regretted one moment coming to this place; although it is the astonishing mercy of God that my life is spared, when so many have fell on my right and left, and that God has made me, though unworthy to bear the name, an instrument in his hands of doing good. I have quite a flourishing school of about seventy children—about forty-five of them I teach on the infant school system. I find some of them quite apt and others who are quite dull. I have some native girls that learn very fast. All of them are spelling—three of them are writing—and one of them is quite fond of composing letters. Some of them I think, are more intelligent than the Americans. I sometimes wish that my school consisted entirely of them—but you cannot get them from the country unless you pay something for Ihem, and then their parents will olten come and take them away. I had two little girls living with me, who I took much pride in, but as soon p.s they began to learn to talk English and sew, they took them away. I also had two Vie or Cape Mount boys. They are much more given to learning than any other tribe. The youngest is very smart. He has a taste for the book, and printing the alphabet and words of three or four letters. His father has sent for him, but I am loth to part with him.
The climate is very pleasant—not so warm as we imagine in America. Thesun is very powerful in the middle of the day, but we always have a plenty of air, and sometimes it appears almost cord enough for a frost. There are but few people here from the rorth, but what are here appear to enjoy very good health. The expedition that came la4 from Cbarlestown, numbers of them died, but it was owing greatly to their imprudence, as well as the want of medical aid. The first attack was gentle, but the second, third and fourth relapses carried them oft'.
We have not had a very flourishing Sunday School since I have been here, but I have tried to keep my scholars together on the Sabbath. I have quite an interesting Bible Class, which I take much delight in. I never can regret the time that I spent in the Sabbath School in America. The knowledge I there received, I think I can now impart to others. We much want such a person as yourself, and then our Sabbath Schools would flourish. The other Schools continue, but! do not think they are making much progress, excepting the one taught by Mrs. Ca?sar, at Caldwell. There arc one or two moresettlements about to take plac* on the coast. Mr. T. my present husband has now gone to Cape Palmas to see the place. The Missionaries that lately arrived here are all sick, but not dangerous. We have lost one—the wife of Mr. Wright. Time will not allow me to say more. I hope I shall soon hear from you and the family, as I often think of the little girls. I beg an interest in your prayers; that I may continue faithful unto the end, and what I do do all to the glory of God, is the desire of Your most obedient servant,
P. S. I send you a paper containing the manner in which the exhibition of my school was conducted, just before the holidays.
[The paper referred to in the postscript is before us. It is a printed sheet containing the order of the. exercises and four appropriate hymns, which whether origiual or Selected are certainly not inferior to the effusion of the muse on a like occasion, and in a city that boasts of an elevated taste, and, great literary refinement.]
ANTI-COLONIZATIONISM IN OL.D TIMES.
At a meeting of the Connecticut Colonization Society, held at New Haven, 22nd of May, Rev. Mr. Bacon, of New Haven, said, "The Colonization Society was the star of hope to Africa, and the star of hone to the children of Africa in this country." Dr. Hewit remarked, "The colony at Liberia, as bad as it is, with all its difficulties and mismanagement, is the best to be lound upon earth. He said he hud read of a Colonization Society that undertook three thousand years ago, to colonize in the land of their fathers, three millions of slaves. The President of that Society was one Moses. And there arose'up an Anti-Colonization Society, the President of which was one Pharaoh. They would not let the people go. They.represented the dangers of the undertaking, and the cruelly of removing them from the land in which they had been born, and they themselves preferred to stay where they could sit by the flesh pots of Egypt, saying to Moses, "Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians, for it had beea better for us that we serve the Egyp* lions, t» that w« should "dio ia the wiideroess."
Disturbances In New Yorr. The public Journals of New York contain copious accounts of a series ot riots which, for several days, commencing with the Fourth of July, disturbed the peace of that city, and which were accompanied with considerable destruction of property. The causes of these outrages on civil rights, were chiefly certain offensive doctrines and proceedings of the advocates of Immediate Abolition, and the imputation to them of other opinions which have since been disavowed.
It must be a source of lasting regret to every American Patriot, that such scenes shouid have occurred in the largest city of the Republic. It is the boast of our countrymen, that they live under a Government of laws; and unless we are willing that the boast should be regarded as a vain mockery, no other ti ibunal than that of the laws should ever sit in judgment on the acts of individuals. Far less should it undertake to eomLi'C the different stages of trial, judgment and execution, in a single process of summary and diffusive vengeance, in derogation of both constitutional and natural right. In every free State, the laws must be supreme.
But though the irregular and violent mode in which public opinion in New York has manifested its disapprobation of the conduct of the Abolitionists deserves strong censure, their own exculpation is not implied in the censure. On the contrary, it cannot be denied, that relying on the guarantv of "freedom of speech and of the press" secured to them by the American Constitution, they have used the privilege, as a weapon of hostility against that instrument by endeavouring to inflame the public mind against a portion of its provisions, and by consequence against the peace and permanency of our happy Union. The distinction., .between avowed, systematic and actual resistenre to the Constitution, and the enforcement of opinious which if made
predominant must subvert it, is worth nothing in practice, and indeed is almost too shadowy for metaphysics. Let us hope that while the rebuke given by the law to the recent tumults in New York, will effectually prevent their repetition, the recollection of them will lead to an abandonment of the course of proceeding by which they were mainly provoked. We say mainly, because it seems that one of the riots occurred at a Theatre, and that it was caused by some imputed slanders of a foreign player on the American character.
We are happy to believe that the advice in the following resolutions given by the Managers of the New York City Colonization Society to the friends of the cause of Colonization, was faithfully followed:— Colonization Society of the Oily of N. York.
At a meeting of the Board of Managers, held on the 10th of July, 1834, the following Preamble and Resolutions were unanimously dopted:—
Whereas, certain tumultuous meetings have lately been held in this city without any previous knowledge on the part of this Board, at which certain resolutions, approving the objects of the New York Colonization Society, were passed. Now, therefore, to prevent any inference or consequences unfavorable to the measures of this Society,
Resolved, That this Board does highly disapprove of all such tumulmous assemblages, and earnestly recommends to every friend of the cause of Colonization, to abstain from all encouragement of the same, as well as from all participation in proceedings subversive of the rights of individuals, or in violation of the publicpeace. i
Ordered, That the above Preamble and Resolution be signed by the President and Secretary, and published in the several daily newspapers in this city.
WM. A. DUER, President.
Ira B. Tjnderhill, Secretary.
Lafayette. Extract from the minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, July Sni, 1834. The Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, having heard with the deepest regret of the decease of the venerable Lafayette, one of the Vice-Presidents Jif jthis. Society, dee Lb it their duty, publicly, to express their admiration of bis character as an illustrious benefactor of the tic c
able and the disinterested friend of our country, and the fearless advocate, at all times, of liberty.
Resolved,, That this Board will cherish in affectionate gratitude and perpetual recollection, the person and the virtues ol the great and good Lafayette.
Resolved, That among the stroDg and enduring claims of this eminent individual to the veneration of mankind, not the least is derived from his ardent and active desire to meliorate the condition and elevate the character of the African race.
Resolved, That the name of Lafayette be given to one of the earliest settlements that shall be founded in Liberia, in honour of him who evinced a heartfelt interest m the growth and prosperity of this Colony, as well as in all measures adapted to enlighten and regenerate Africa.
Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to G. W. Lafayette, with assurances that this-Board cordially sympathize with the relatives of the deceased in that overwhelming affliction with which it has pleased Almighty God to visit them in the removal of one no less attractive for his private worth, than extraordinary for his public virtues.
'The Colonizationist and Journal of Freedom," a monthly periodical published at Boston in paraphletform, and an able advocate lor the American Colonization Society, has been discontinued, to give place to a publication devoted to the cause, in a form better adapted to subserve the cause. A weekly paper is proposed.
It is proposed to issue at Boston, during the summer, a series of argumentative Tracts, expository of the true principles of the Colonization Society, and designed partly as a reply to the numerous unfounded accusations brought against the American Colonization Society and the scheme of Colonization generally.— Able pens are engaged.
The Journal of Commerce, in reference to the attack on Colonization and to the remark made at the meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society, that the audience had assembled 'to toll the death knell and attend the funeral obsequies of the Colonization Society,' says
"In the early part of this war, the Colonization Society contented itself with acting on the defensive; but its friends have at last been driven to take the fit Id, and have, during the last few days, not only made their principles understood, and vindicated them
selves before admiring crowds, but have carried the war into the camp of their opponents until the necessity for a winding sheet has well nigh passed to the other side, and Colonization is almost in danger of being compelled to peribrm the last kind office for its lately exulting foe. Public sentiment is aroused. Colonization has gained a degree ol attention which it could never before excite. Its objects are understood and appreciated, and will be supported by increasing multitudes of our citizens."
Maryland Colonization Society.
We learn from the Lutheran Observer, that a public meeting to promote the interest ot this Society, was held a few days since at Baltimore. The Rev. Dr. Bond presided, and several interesting addresses were delivered, after which a collection was taken up. What gave peculiar interest to the meeting, was the presence of two African princes, who had arrived in this country about two weeks previous. They are lads of 12 and 15 years of age, one the son of Weak Bolio, king of Grahway, the other the son of Parjleur, king of Cavally. They were brought to this country at the requestof their parents, by the Agent of the Maryland Colonization Society, with a view to be educated in this country, 2nd return to their native land, to instruct their benighted brethren in the principles of the Gospel of Christ
The territory owned by the Maryland Colonization Society, on the western coast of Africa—comprising 400 square miles—was purchased from the fathers of these young princes; and one of the terms stipulated in the treaty, was that the Society should bring these youth to this country, and give them a thorough education, and also, as soon as practicable, establish a free school in each of the three large towns of their respective dominions. Is not "Ethiopia stretching out her hands unto God :" and does not every benevolent heart thrill with delight, at such manifestations of a desire for instruction on the part of these poor degraded deeply injured heathen? What shall not this Colonization Society of Maryland accomplish for that interesting land?
Church At Monrovia, Africa.—A friend of Missions, understanding that about $200 have been contributed in the United States, towards the erection of an Episcopal Church at Monrovia, and that $400 more are needed to secure the building of the edifice; proposes to give $10 in behalf of this object provided 39 other persons will each subscribe the same sum.—Missionary Reed,
At a late meeting of the Executive Committee of the Essex Co. (N.J.) Colonization Society it was resolved that they have undiminished confidence in the American Colonization Society, and that those who celebrate the 4th of July be respectfully invited to take up a collection to aid in colonizing the free people of color, and in evangelising the great continent of Africa.
To the American Colonization Society in the month of July, 1834. Gerril Smith's First Plan, of Subscription. Thomas Bnffington, Guyandott. Va. - - - - -' $100
Jacob T. Towson, WUIiamspoi t, Md. ..... \oo
Collections from Churches.
Belvidere, N. J. congregation, by Rev. Isaac Caudee, ...
and Oxford Sunday Schools, - -
Blooiningburg, N. Y. by Rev. Henry Connelly, ....
and Hill congregations, by Rev. C. G. M'Lean, ...
Hopewell, N. Y. Reformed Dutch church, by Rev. Charles Whitehead,
Lenox, Mass. in the Congregational church, by Rev. Dr. Shepard,
Lisbon, Conn, in the First Ecclesiastical Society, ....
Milford, Conn. First Society, by Rev. B. Pinneo, -
Marietta and Belpre, Ohio, by D. Woodbridge, Tr. Washington co. Aux. Soc.
New Albany, Indiana, by Robert Downey, on the plan suggested by him in
the African Repository, Vol. 9, p. 186, ....
Rev. F. D. Goodwin, -
, Fauquier county, Va. in the Epis. church, by Rev. Geo. Leramon,
Washington City, in Christ church, by Rev. Mr. Hatch,
do do. in First Presbvterian church, by Rev. Mr. Post,
Westfield, N. Y. by Rev. D. D.Gregory, ....
Rock Creek,'Tenn. do, by Rev. Thomas G. Hall,
Augusta, Georgia, from Robert Campbell,
Mrs. Col. Reid, Lexington,
Maria Rogers, Bristol, R. I. • .
3 80 40 36
8 50 5
10 15 15 10
10 30 90 10
800 6 10 7 5 1
5 28 1
2 2 THE
Vol. X.] SEPTEMBER, 1834. [No. 7.
A copy of the proceedings of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, in the month of June last, was transmitted to the Parent Board at Washington, and published in our July No., page 150.
Messrs. Cresson arid Naylor having arrived in Washington, as u Committee from the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, to confer with the Parent Board, it assembled on the 2nd of July, in order to receive those gentlemen. The following is an
Extract from the minutes of the proceedings of the Hoard cf Managers of the American Colonization Society, July '2, 3, 1334. Messrs. Cresson and Naylor respectively exhibited their views of the relations held by the Young Men's Colonization Society to the Parent Society, and of their wishes in regard to colonizing certain liberated slaves of the late Dr. Aylett Ha Wes of Virginia. After full discussion, and a general interchange of views between the several members of the Board, and of the Committee of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, it was
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to confer with Messrs. Ckesson and NayLor on all matters relating to their present agency at Washington; that said Committee receive the views of those gentlemen in writing in relation to the extent and field of operation proposed for the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, and particularly whether the said Society in establishing a colony at Bassa Cove, design to act as Auxiliary to this Society, or as an independent Society; and make a report to-morrow at 6 o'clock, P. M. of all the facts above referred to, with their opinion on the same.
Messrs. Lowbie, Seaton and Guri.ey were appointed the Committee.
On the following day, the 3rd of July, the Board met, and the Committee made their Report, which was read, considered and unanimously adopted.
The following is the statement of the delegates from Philadelphia, referred to by the Committee:—
We were appointed by the Board of Managers of the Young Men's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, for certain special purposes enumerated in the resolutions under which we were appointed; a copy whereof is in your possession, and which we will consider as annexed to this statement.
The first of our instructions is to obtain the authority and sanction of your Board for-the transportation of the slaves recently liberated by the late Dr. Hawes of Virginia
Your Board, however, prior to its giving us such authority and sanction, is dpsirous of knowing how far it can legally do so if our proposed colony be entirely independent of any control or accountability to ^our Board? Ana also request to be informed by us whether we contemplate a total independency, or fcr what purpose* end to whatox|b»ntWB