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Reared with these feelings, though fond of retirement I felt a burning desire to be use. ful to my brethren and to my country; and when the last war between this country and Great Britain broke out, I felt happy to render the humble services of my pen, my tongue, and my hands, towards rearing fortifications to defend our shores against invasion. I en: treated my brethren to help in the defence of the country, and went with them to the work; and no sacrifice has been considered too great by me, for the benefit of it or them.
These were among the feelings that led me into the ministry, and induced me to sacri. fice all my worldly prospects, and live upon the scanty pittance which a colored minister must expect to receive for his labors, and to endure the numerous severe trials peculiar to his situation.
My friends who assisted me in entering into the ministry, know that if the Church with which I am connected as Pastor, could have been established without my becoming its minister, I should have been this day enjoying the sweets of private life, and there has not been a day since I have entered upon the duties of my office, that I would not have cheerfully retired to earn my living in some humbler occupation, could I have done so consistently with my sense of duty.
By the transaction of last Friday evening, my church is now closed, and I have been compelled to leave my people. Whether I shall be permitted to return to them again, I cannot say, but whether or not, I have the satisfaction of feeling that I have laboured earnestly and sincerely for their temporal and spiritual benefit, and the promotion of the public good.
In regard to my opposition to the Colonization Society it has extended no farther than that Society has held out the idea, that a colored man, however he may strive to make himself intelligent, virtuous and useful, can never enjoy the privileges of a citizen of the United States, but must ever remain a degraded and oppressed being. I could not, and do tiot believe that the principles of the Declaration of Independence, and of the Gospel of Christ, have not power sufficient to raise him, at some future day, to that rank. I believe that such doctrines tend very much to discourage the efforts which are making for his improvement at home. But whenever any man of color, after having carefully considered the subject, has thought it best to emigrate to Africa, I have not opposed him, but have felt it my duty to aid him, in all my power, on his way, and I have the satisfaction of being able to prove that the most prominent and most useful men in the Colony have been helped there by me.
I helped John B. Russwurm to go to Liberia, and as a token of gratitude for my aid in the case, he sent me his thermometer, which I have now hanging up in my house. I helped James M. Thompson, whom all speak of as a most excellent man, and good scholar, to go there. He was a member of my church; and when he went there, I gave him letters of recommendation, and procured a number of books, to enable him to introduce the Episcopal service; and I offered lately to contribute my mite towards establishing the Episcopal Church there. I was the first person who advised James R. Daily (Russwurm's partner) to go and establish himself in Liberia as a merchant. When Washington Davis was sent to this city, by Governor Ashmun, to study medicine, as a physician for the colony, I received him in my house, and boarded him a week, without charging the Society for it, though they offered to bear the expense.
When I found that strong prejudices were forming against me, because of my disapprobation of some of the Society's measures, and that my usefulness was thereby affected, I ceased to speak on the subject, except in the private circle of my friends, or when my opinions were asked privately by others; and in my short address to the Phenix Society, last spring, I carefully avoided the subject; and the only sentiment I uttered, referring to it, was this: “Who that witnesses an assembly like this, composed of persons of all colors, can doubt that people of all colors can live in the same country, without doing each other haria?"
It was my anxiety to promote the object of the Phenix Society, which is the improve. , ment of the people of color in this city, in morals, literature, and the mechanic arts, that brought me to an acquaintance with the members of the Anti-Slavery Society. For several years, I had given considerable attention to the education of our people, and was much interested about our Public Schools.
I was anxious that some of our youth should have the opportunity of acquiring a liberal education, and felt that it was my duty to strive to rear up some well qualified colored ministers. I selected two lads of great promise, and made every possible etfort to get them a collegiate education. But the Colleges were all closed against them. Anti-Slavery men generously offered to aid us, in establishing a Manual Labor College, or High School, for ourselves, and to aid us in all the objects of the Phenix Society. I joined with them in this work heartily, and wished them all success, as I still do in their endeavors, by all means sanctioned by law, humanity and religion, to obtain freedom for my brethren, and to elevate them to the enjoyment of equal rights with the other citizens of the community; but I insisted that while they were laboring to restore us to our rights, it was exclusively our duty to labor to qualify our people for the enjoyment of those rights.
Hence when the anti-Slavery Convention was held in Philadelphia, though strongly solicited, I refused to attend, and though I was then appointed a member of the Board of
Managers, I never met with that Board but for a few moments at the close of their ses sion, and then without uttering a word. I was also appointed, at the anniversary in May, a member of the executive Committee. But when asked if I would serve, I replied that I could not attend to it, and have never attended but on one occasion, when I went for the sole purpose of advising the Board to be careful not to take any measures that would lave a tendency to encourage in our people a spirit of vanity, and I urged this advice by saying that by so doing, our people, and the cause of emancipation, woull both be injured. This opinion I have, on all proper occasions expressed, and have endeavored to enforce by example; for, in all the Anti-Slavery Meetings held in the Chapel, I have always taken my seat in the gallery, excepting that on the day of the Anniversary I felt it to speak to one of the committee in the orchestra, or stage, and did not return. My brethren have rebuked me for this course, but I have not censured them for theirs. They did as they thought best, and I did as I thought best; but I have learned that it is a most difficult matter to avoid extremnes on subjects of great public excitement, without being more censured than those who go to all lengths with either party.
Having given this simple and faithful statement of facts; I now, in conformity to the advice of my Bishop, publicly resign my station as a member of the Board of Managers of the Anti-Slavery Society, and of its executive comunittee, without, however, passing any opinion respecting the principles on which that society is founded.
I would have offered my resignation long before this, had I not thought that there might be occasions, when by having the privilege of addressing the Board, I might exercise a restraining influence upon measures calculated to advance our people faster than they were prepared to be advanced, and the public feeling would bear. But I am not disposed to blame the members of the Anti-Slavery Society for their measures. I consider them as good men, and good Christians, and true lovers of their country, and of all mankind. I thought they had not an opportunity of knowing my brethren, nor the state of public prejudice against them, as well as myself, and all I supposed that I could do was to aid them in this particular.
I hope that both they and the public generally will judge charitably of this hastily drawn communication.
. : Rector of St. Philip's Church, Centre st. New York, July 14, 1834.
[From the New York Spectator, June 11th.]
So much misrepresentation has been resorted to for the purpose of ruising the cause of African Colonization, that we deem it a duty to place before the public, from time to time, such evidences as we may obtain as to the actual condition of the colony. If, on the one hand, it is a barren and desolate waste-fatal to human life-the refuge of crime-profligate in the character and conduct of its population, and the stay and support of the slave trade, then should the evidence to support these facts be fairly dis. closed. If, on the other hand, it is a fruitful and pleasant country, salubrious in its climate, orderly and moral in the conduct of its inhabitants, efficient in repressing the slave trade, and an appropriate field for missionary effort, then that version of the case should in equal justice be made kuowo. But if (which from the best evidence we have been able to collect may be deemed probable) it is of the intermediate character, it will not, we think, lose that interest which a reference to the immense utility of the enterprise has so universally excited. The following is a copy of a letter from a very respectable colored woman in Liberia, who went out there more than three years ago, addressed to Mr. John Dillingbam, late of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, but now of this city. It presents, we think, a very just account of the condition of the colony, so far as it may be presumed to have come under her observation. It bears evidence that Liberia, like other new settle. ments, is subject to fevers that are frequently fatal, especially if the person attacked is negligent or imprudent, and that the moral condition of the colony is such as to invite, rather than repel, the fosteriog baud of Christian benevolence.
MONROVIA; Feb. 18, 1834. Honored Sir:
Three years have elapsed since I first promised to you faithfully, that I would write to you of my health and situation You have doubtless heard of all my afflictions and mistortunes that I have met with, and I will mention none of them. My health is quite good now. I am troubled with nothing but the agues and fevers, now and then, which are common to this country. I have never regretted one moment coming to this place; although it is the astonishing mercy of God that my life is spared, when so many have tell on my right and left, and that God has inade me, though unworthy to bear the naine, an instrument in his hands of doing good. I have quite a flourishing school of about seventy children--about forty-five of them I teach on the infant school system. I find some of them quite apt and others who are quite dult. I have some native girls that learn very fast. All of them are spelling--three of them are writing--and one of them is quite fond of composing letters. Some of them I think, are more inteliigent than the Americans. I sometimes wish that my school consisted entirely of thein—but you cannot get them from the country unless you pay something for them, and then their parents will often come and take them away. I had two little girls living with me, who I took inuch pride in, but as soon as they began to learn to talk English and sew, they took them away. I also had two Vie or Cape Mount boys. They are much more given to learning than any other tribe. "The youngest is very smart. He has a taste for the book, and printing the alphabet and words of three or four letters. His father has sent for him, but I am loth to part with him.
The climate is very pleasant-not so warm as we imagine in America. The sun is very powerful in the middle of the day, but we always have a plenty of air, and sometimes it appears almost cold enough for a frost. There are but few people here from the rorth, but what are here appear to enjoy very good health. The expedition that came last from Charlestown, numbers of them died, but it was owing greatly to their irnprudence, as well as the want of medical aid. The first attack was gentle, but the second, third and fourth relapses carried them off.
We have not had a very flourishing Sunday School since I have been here, but I have tried to keep my scholars together on the Sabbath. I have quite an interesting Bible Class, which I take much delight in. I never can regret the time that I spent in the Sabbath School in America. The knowledge I there received, I think I can now impart to others. We much want such a person as yourself, and then our Sabbath Schools would flourish. The other Schools continue, but I do not think they are making much progress, excepting the one taught by Mrs. Cæsar, at Caldwell. There are one or two more settlements about to take plac: on the coast. Mr. T. my present husband has now gone to Cape Pal. mas to see the place. The Missionaries that lately arrived here are all sick, but not dangerous. We have lost one-the wife of Mr. Wright. Time will not allow me to say more. I hope I shall soon hear from you and the family, as I often think of the little girls. I beg an interest in your prayers; that I may continue faithful unto the end, and what I do do all to the glory of God, is the desire of Your most obedient servant,
ELIZABETH THOMPSON. P. S. I send you a paper containing the manner in which the exhibition of iny school was conducted, just before the holidays.
[The paper referred to in the postscript is before us. It is a printed sheet containing the order of the exercises and four appropriate hymns, which whether origival or selected are certainly not interior to the effusion of the muse on a like occasion, and in a city that boasts of an elevated taste, and great literary refinement.]
ANTI-COLONIZATIONISM IN OLD TIMES.
At a uneeting of the Connecticut Colonization Society, held at New Haven, 22nd of May, Rev. Mr. Bacon, of New Haven, said, “The Colonization Society was the star of hope to Africa, and the star of hope to the children of Africa in this country.” Dr. Hew. it remarked, “The colony at Liberia, as bad as it is, with all its difficulties and mismanagement, is the best to be found upon earth. He said he had read of a Colonization Socie. ty that undertook three thousand years ago, to colonize in the land of their fathers, three millions of slaves. The President of that Society was one Moses. And there arose up an Anti-Colonization Society, the President of which was one Pharaoh. They would not let the people. go. They-represented the dangers of the undertaking, and the cruelty of removing them from the land in which they had been born, and they themselves preferred to stay where they could sit by the flesh pots of Egypt, saying to Moses, “Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians, for it had been better for us that we serve the Egyp. tians, thus that we should dio in the wilderness."
DISTURBANCES IN NEW YORK. I predominant must subvert i:, is worth The public Journals of New York | nothing in practice, and indeed is contajo copious acrounts of a series alınost too shadowy for metaphysics. of riots which, for several days, com Let us hope that while the rebuke mencing with the Fourth of July, given by the law to the recept tudisturbed the peace of that city, mults in New York, will effectually and which were accompanied with prevent their repetition, the recolconsiderable destruction of property. lection of them will lead to an abanThe causes of these outrages on civil donment of the course of proceedrights, were chiefly certain offensive ling by which they were mainly doctrines and proceedings of the ad-provoked. We say mainly, because vocates of Immediate Abolition, and it seems that one of the riots occur. the imputation to them of other opin- red at a Theatre, and that it was jons which have since been disavow- caused by some imputed slanders of ed.
a foreign player on the American It must be a source of lasting re- character. gret to every American Patriot, that we are happy to believe that the such scenes shouid have occurred in advice, in the following resolutions the largest city of the Republic. It given by the Managers of the New is the boast of our countrymen, that York City Colonization Society to they live under a Government of the friends of the cause of Colorizalaws; and unless we are willing that, tion, was faithfully followed:the boast should be regarded as a Colonization Society of the City of N. York. vain mockery, no other tribunal than. At a meeting of the Board of Managers, that of the laws should ever sit in
ver sit in held on the 10th of July, 1834, the following
"Preamble and Resolutions were unanimous, judgment on the acts of individuals. li Tar less should it undertake to com- Whereas, certain tumultuous meetings Li'c the different stages of trial, judg- have lately been held in this city without ment and execution, in a single pro
any previous knowledge on the part of this
" Board, at which certain resolutions, approvcess of summary and diffusive ven
| ing the objects of the New York Colonizageance, in derogation of both consti- lion Society, were passed. Now, therefore, tutional and natural right. In every to prevent any inference or consequences free State, the laws must be supreme.
unfavorable to the measures of this Society,
Resolved, That this Board does highly disBut though the irregular and vio
approve of all such tumultuous assemblages, lent mode in which public opinion and earnestly recommends to every friend of in New York has manifested its dis- the cause of Colonization, to abstain from all approbation of the conduct of the encourage stion of the conduct of the encouragement of the same, as well as from
all participation in' proceedings subversive Abolitionists deserves strong censure, of the rights of individuals, or in violation their own exculpation is not implied of the public peace. in the censure. On the contrary, it Ordered, That the above Preamble and
th Resolution be signed by the President and cannot be denied, that relying on the
Secretary, and published in the several daiguaranty of "freedom of speech and ly newspapers in this city. of the press” secured to them by the
WM. A. DŮER, President. American Constitution, they have IRA B. UNDERHILL, Secretary. used the privilege, as a weapon of
LAFAYETTE. hostility against that instrument by Extract from the minutes of the proceedings endeavouring to inflame the public of the Board of Managers of the American
Colonization Society, July 3rd, 1834. mind against a portion of its provis
The Board of Managers of the Ameriions, and by consequence against the
can Colonization Society, having heard peace and permanency of our happy with the deepest regret of the decease of the Union. The distinction between venerable Lafayette, one of the Vice-Presi.
ist dents-.«f this Society, deen it their duty,
"I publicly, to express their adiniration of his tenee to the Constitution, and the en-1
character as an illustrious benefactor of the forcement of opinions which if made buman race, the firm the constaut-the
able and the disinterested friend of ourselves before admiring crowds, but have country, and the fearless advocate, at all carried the war into the camp of their oppotimes, of liberty.
nents until the necessity for a winding sheet Resolved, that this Board will cherish in has well nigh passed to the other side, and affectionate gratitude and perpetual recol Colonization is almost in danger of being lection, the person and the virtues of the counpelled to perforin the last kind office for great and good Lafayette.
its lately exulting foe. Public sentiment is Resolved, That among the strong and en-aroused. Colonization has gained a degree during claims of this eminent individual to of attention which it could never before exthe veneration of mankind, not the least is cite. Its objects are understood and apprederived from his ardent and active desire to ciated, and will be supported by increasing meliorate the condition and elevate the char- | multitudes of our citizens." acter of the African race.
Resolved, That the name of Lafayette be MARYLAND COLONIZATION SOCIETY. given to one of the earliest settlements that we learn from the Lutheran Observer, shall be founded in Liberia, in honour of that a public meeting to promote the interest him who evinced a heartfelt interest in the of this Society, was held a few days since at growth and prosperity of this Colony, as Baltimore. The Rev. Dr. Bond presided, well as in all measures adapted to enlighten and several interesting addresses were delivand regenerate Africa. ,
ered, after which a collection was taken up. Resolved, That copies of these resolutions What gave peculiar interest to the meeting, be transmitted to G. W. Lafayette, with as | was the presence of two African princes, surances that this · Board cordially synıpa. who had arrived in this country about two thize with the relatives of the deceased in / weeks previous. They are lads of 12 and that overwhelming affliction with which it 15 years of age, one the son of Weah Bolio, has pleased Almighty God to visit them in king of Grahway, the other the son of Parthe removal of one no less attractive for his fleur, king of Cavally. They were brought private worth, than extraordinary for his to this country at the request of their parents, public virtues.
by the Agent of the Maryland Colonization Society, with a view to be educated in this
country, and return to their native land, to 'The Colonizationist and Journal instruct their benighted brethren in the of Freedom," a monthly periodical principles of the Gospel of Christ.
The territory owned by the Maryland Copublished at Boston in pamphlet form, lon
lonization Society, on the western coast of and an able advocate for the Ameri: | Africa-comprising 400 square iniles-was can Colonization Society, has been purchased from the fathers of these young discontinued, to give place to a pub- princes; and one of the terms stipulated in lication devoted to the cause, in a
the treaty, was that the Society should bring
these youth to this country, and give them a form better adapted to subserve the thorough education, and also, as soon as praccause. A weekly paper is proposed. ticable, establish a free school in each of
It is proposed to issue at Boston, / the three large towns of their respective doduring the summer, a series of argu- her hands unto God ?" and does not every
minions. Is not “Ethiopia stretching out mentative Tracts, expository of the benevolent heart thrill with delight, at such true principles of the Colonization inanifestations of a desire for instruction on Society, and designed partly as a
the part of these poor degraded deeply inju
red heathen? What shall not this Coloni. reply to the numerous unfounded ac
zation Society of Maryland accomplish for cusations brought against the Ameri. that interesting land? can Colonization Society and the scbeme of Colonization generally.-
Church AT MONROVIA, AFRICA.-A
friend of Missions, understanding that about Able pens are engaged.
$200 have been contributed in the United The Journal of Commerce, in re- States, towards the erection of an Episcopal ference to the attack on Colonization Church at Monrovia, and that $100 more and to the remark made at the meet
are needed to secure the building of the ed. ing of the Anti-Slavery Society, that object provided 39 other persons will each
ifice; proposes to give $10 in behalf of this the audience had assembled 'to toll subscribe the same sum. - Missionary Recd. the death knell and attend the fune. ral obsequies of the Colonization So
At a late meeting of the Executive Com
ion womittee of the Essex Co. (N. J.) Colonizaciety,' says
|tion Society it was resolved that they have "In the early part of this war, the Coloni- undiminished confidence in the American zation Society contented itself with acting Colonization Society, and that those who on the defensive; but its friends have at last celebrate the 4th of July be respectfully inbeen driven to take the field, and have, du- vited to take up a collection to aid in colo. ring the last few days, not only made their nizing the free people of color, and in evanprinciples understood, and vindicated them- gelising the great continent of Africa,