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by an address, in which he entered at length into the objections urged by the Abolitionists against the scheme of colonization, and in which he successfully demonstrated the wisdom as well as benevolence of the enterprise; showing from what it has already done and is capable of doing, the strong claims it has upon the sympathies of a Christian communi
The following resolution was then offered by B. B. Thatcher, Esq., of Boston, and unanimously adopted:— Resolved, That the American Colonization Society is eminently patriotic, and commends itself to the regards of the young men of our country as admirably adapted to strengthen and perpetuate the Union of the States, as well as promote the best interests of our whole coloured population.
Mr. T. made an interesting address, showing the strong obligation of the North to assist their brethren of the South, in the great work in which the Society is engaged. He was listened to with great interest.
The two following resolutions were then offered by the Rev. Dr. Brodhead, accompanied by a few remarks, and unanimously adopted:—
Resolved, That the American Colonization Society was, in the opinion of this meeting, founded in benevolence towards the people of colour, and that its proceedings and success afford the best grounds for hope that the expectations of its friends will be realized in the final elevation and emancipation of the African race.
Resolved, That committees be appointed by this Society to obtain subscribers to its Constitution, as well as to solicit donations and contributions required,in aid of supplies to be sent in the Jupiter to Liberia.
The meeting was then addressed with great eloquence and force by Rev. Mr. Gueley, of Washington City, and after the benediction by Rev. Dr. Brodhead, adjourned.
It is contemplated to hold similar meetings in other churches for the purpose of more fully diffusing light upon this interesting subject, and from which great good may be expected to result. F.
New York Conference. At the late session of the New York Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, which
met in the city of New Haven, Conn, on the 7th and adjourned on the 14th of May, the following Report was adopted:—
American Colonization Society. Resolved, by the New York Annual Conference of the Methodist E. Church, in con^ ference assembled, 1. That this conference view with increasing interest and favor, the truly noble and philanthropic enterprise of colonizing the free people of color of these United States, with their own consent, on the coast of Africa.
2. That the pecuniary and other embarrassments which have attended the operations of the Board of Managersof the American Colonization Society, so far from lessening the confidence of the conference in the practicability and final success of the enterprise, should serve but to increase th?.ir interest, and efforts in its behalf.
3. That the measures recently adopted by the Board meet the cordial approbation of the conference, and in their opinion, if the Board is sustained by the public, will soon place the Colony at Liberia in a condition more prosperous than at any former period.
4. That the conference view with deep regret the opposition that has been got up and prosecuted with so much heat against the colonization plan, by men who profess to have the same greatobject in view as the Colonization Society; viz. the good of the man of color. This conference consider that oppoposition and the other movements of the abolitionists, as directly calculated to injure the best interests of colored men, whether bond or free, whether on this side or the other side of the Atlantic—and at the same time, they cannot but apprehend most unfavorable results from such operations to tli3 progress of Christian principles.
5. That, hallowed as Liberia is with the sleeping dust of the first foreign missionaries of the M. E. Church, and identified, as it is, with the holy design of the Church to spread Gospel light and truth, not only upon the coast, but also into the interior of Africa, our Christian sympathies gather around the infant Colony, with an intensity of feeling not to be overcome by opposition, or cooled by time.
6. That eaeh preacher be at liberty to take up collections on or about the 4th of July, for the benefit of the American Colonization Society.
Colonization At Metuuen. We have received from our worthy correspondent, in Methuen, an account of the formation of a Colonization Society i:i that flourishing village. Our friends there have engaged in this work with a spirit and zeal worthy of themselves. The meeting at the Society was of an interesting character.— Among those who addressed the meeting, were Messrs. Tracy,, Baker, Hackett and McLane, from Andover.—Lowell (Mass,) Evangelist.
New York Contributions.
The Colonization Society of New York have resolved to raise the sum of twathousand dollars, and place the same at the disposal of the Parent Society, towards furnishing the supplies now urgently required in the Colony of Liberia, and which are to be shipped, if the means of purchasing them can be obtained, by the Jupiter, which is to sail again for Africa ia about aweek.
The New York Board of Brokers on Friday last voted a donation of one hundred dollars to the Colonization Society, to be expended in the colonial supplies to be shipped by the Jupiter.
Cape Paz.mas.—An, Address of the Board of Managers of the Maryland Colonization Society, has been recently published, containing the particulars of the purchase for a
place of settlement at Cape Palmas on the Coast of Africa. It appears that they have succeeded in acquiring the title of about 400 square miles—extending along the coast about twenty miles, and about the same distance in the interior. It embraces the Cape and Harbor—the latter of which is said to. be the best on the coast from Sierra Leone to Fernando Po. This settlement is said to be high and healthy, without any stagnant pools or morasses about it. The soil is rich and the waters stocked with abundance ef fine oysters and fish. It was paid for with merchandise, to the exclusion of ardent spirits —and a stipulation made by the Society toestablish, within one year, three free schools for the benefit of the native children, in three of the principal towns. The disposition of the natives is friendly and their desire for improvement strong.
To the Am. Col. Society in the month of May, 1834.
Gerrit Smith's first Plan of Subscription. Judge Porter, New Orleans, - - - - -, $100
Collections from Churches. Harrison, Indiana, in Rev. Mr. Schofield's Church, ... 4
Schenectady, New York, from Presbyterian Church, by Rev. J. T. Backus, 80
Fredericksburg Auxiliary Society, by Rev. Mr. Chester, - - - ST Virginia Auxiliary Society, by B. Brand, Treasurer, - - , 400
Troy (Miami Co. Ohio) Auxiliary Society, by Micaiah Fairfield, - - 26
Rev. Daniel Baker, Savannah, Georgia, 6 First Presbyt'n. Sunday School in Alleghanytown, Pa. by Rev. John Newlan, 62 Mrs. Washmgton, Mount Vernon, - 20
Miss Lucy Payne, Goochland, Va. 2
Ladies in First Presbyt'n. Church $90; J. & J. Townsend $60; 150
Rev. E. N. Kirk, Rev. Alonzo Potter, Ladies of South Dutch
Church, John O. Cole, each $10, ... 40
A friend, by Rev. E. N. Kirk, Richard Yates, Bradford R.
Wm.McElroy $1; Interest $1.54; Cash $5; - - - 23 29 1093 29 THE
Vol. X.] AUGUST, 1834. [No. 6.
THE REV. MR. PHELPS' LECTURES.
The Rev. Amos H. Phelps of Boston, in his Lectures on slavery, defines it "to be an assumed right of property in man; or it is the principle admitted in theory and acted on in practice, that in some cases, each individual being his own judge in the case, it is lawful to hold property in man," He says—"hy holding man as property, I mean holding him without any will or consent of his own, more than if he were a mere animal, or an inanimate thing, such as an axe a hoe. I mean, moreover, holding him thus, when, like an item of property he is guilty of no crime, by which, in the regular operation of equitable laws, his liberty has been forfeited."
Mr. Phelps' object is to prove that slavery is in all circumstances and all cases, a sin. And doubtless he believes his very definition of it shows that it is so. Our opinion is, that all that, in existing slavery, which implies on the part of the slaveholder a violation of the perfect law of Christ, is sin: but that many things entering, into Mr. Phelps' definition (if not all) do not necessarily imply sin in some cases; and therefore that his argument based upon it cannot sustain the doctrine of instant, unconditional, and complete emancipation.
The sin in slavery thus defined lies not necessarilv in the fact that "each individual" judges of his own duty either to himself or another. So far as duty lies in motive, every man is under law to God and to none beside.— He is ever (under God) judge in his own case of duty, whether it respect himself or others. And in regard to his conduct towards his fellow man, (except where such conduct is prescribed by human laws, or by some power controlled,) he is also judge, responsible only to his conscience and God. Nor does the sin of slavery so defined lie necessarily in the fact that men are held without their will or consent; for children, minors and those who cannot be trusted with freedom, are restrained without their consent. Nor does the sin lie necessarily in holding them as property (in one sense); or in that they are so held while guilty of no crime, for children and apprentices are of pecuniary advantage to those who provide for them; and they are so, while guilty of no crime, but in this alone, is there necessarily sin, that they are held as mere property, and not regarded as men, to be treated M capable, and when qualified as entitled, to all the privileges of humanity. The sin lies here alone, that in not fulfilling towards them the law of Christ wd treating them as we would be treated in ao exchange of circumstances. And will Mr. Phelps say that there are not, may not be, hundreds and thousands of slaveholders at the South who regard their slaves as men, not as brutes or chattels, but as men against whose interests no pecuniary advantage is to be weighed in the balance?
The writer of this, has no disposition to defend or excuse any thing in the Institution of which we speak, that is contrary to the rule of Ch rist; in his opinion, the system is totally wrong as a permanent Institution; but admitting only of a cautious and gradual remedy. The time necessary benevolently to remove it, may be innocently taken; but the wisdom and piety of the South cannot too soon commence measures for its removal.
THE POWER OF PREJUDICE.
No man in this country has had more to say against the power of prejudice, than our editorial brother, Wm. Lloyd Garrison; and yet we never knew a more palpable exemplification of its power, than he has furnished in the statement below:—
"Rev. Joseph Tracy has retired from the editorial management of this egotistical and pernicious publication. For the sake of the cause of humanity, of truth and of righteousness, we heartily rejoice at his abdication. We have been unable to perceive in his lucubrations any marks of genius, originality or candor. We have scorned to answer his paltry quibbling and vain-glorious sophistry. He is succeeded by his brother, who recently edited the Recorder of this city. We need not write His character."
Now, whatever may be said of Mr. Tracy's opinions, it is universally granted that no editorinthe United States has shown more ability in maintainingthem than he has done. His eminent "geniu3and originality" we never before heard questioned. Now we are among those who believe that "prejudice is not invincible," either toward coloured men or white. And we recommend to the editor of the Liberator to make an experiment in this very case; and if he succeeds, he will have furnished a demonstration, which no mortal can gainsay.— Western Recorder.
In the March number of the African Repository for the present year, was published a' Report of a Committee of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, prepared in compliance with a Resolution which had been adopted at the Annual Meeting of the Society held in the January preceding, calling for detailed information concerning the Society's debt; and in the May number, a Resolution of the Board, stating that certain accounts and vouchers had recently arrived from the Colony, and inslructing the same Committee to prepare an additional Report. This has accordingly been done. The importance of the elaborate document thus prepared, and the known desire of the friends of the cause to see it without any avoidable delay, have induced us, in order to make room for it in the present number, to exclude other matter already in type. The supplemental Report and the proceedings connected with it, are as follows:—\
Extract from the Journal of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society,
July 24, 1834.
Walter Lowrie, Esq. from the Committee to whom was referred the resolution adopted at the Annual Meeting, and also the resolution of the Board, of the 8th of May last, made the following report:—
"That the Report of the Committee of tbe 20th of February last, was limited to a statement of the aggregate amount of Ihe Society's debt,—a comprehensive view of the expenses of the Colony,—the general causes by which the debt was produced,—and an exposition of the principles by which the Board would be governed in their future operations. Tbe Committee regret that in preparing this Report, the absence of the Secretary of the Society,—first at New York, and at present, in Virginia, that without interruption he may finish the biography of Ashmun, has deprived them of the aid of his talents and experience.
The following is a detailed statement of the debt of the Society as it existed at the last Annual Meeting:—
John Hanson's draft in favor of Grant and Stone, for the charter of the brig
Hercules—due last June, ...... 9,217 50
A. and S. Ralston's do in their own favor, for supplies in June, - 495 37
Alex. Read's do do for do do, - - 589 45
Girse and Kirkhouse's do do for do do, - 1396 62 Anslem and Hatch's do in favor of C. and J. Barstow, for charter of the brig
Koanoake—due in August, ...... 2870
Three drafts of Dr. Mechlin, for supplies due in May, - - 1200
Three do do for do June, - 591 96
Four do do for do August and September, - 1921 77 Thomas Bell's draft in favor of N. Potts for 100 bans. pork in the America,
due in September, ....... 1209
Dr. Mechlin's draft in favor of Win. Peters, for freight and supplies by the
Jupiter, due in October, 1311
Eight do for supplies in October and November, .... 1850 27
Do do May, 2000
Four do for supplies sent in the Argus, due in March, ... 1729 87
Two do of N. Potts, in his own favor, for supplies due in March, - 999 50
T. Bell's draft in favor of W. Peters for do May, - 316 4
Six of Dr. Mechlin's drafts in payment of salaries at the Colony, '- 2377 29
Dr. Hall's draft for his salary, January, - 1320 72 John Hanson's claims for supplies furnished to the Colony by Waring and
Co. Cheeseman and others, and for sundry orders taken up at the Colony, 5364 68
Balance due to Dr. Mechlin, agreeably to his statement, - 997 53
Navy Department for the Agency House, .... 626
Estate of James Ramsay, Baltimore, for supplies, - - - 58 60
James C. Dunn for printing, 1075
Sundry unsettled accounts, ...... 696 14
In their former Report, the Committee submitted various facts and circumstances, showing the causes and manner of the rise and increase of the Society's debt. These, it is not intended to recapitulate in this Report.— But in addition to the list given above, the Committee have thought it would be satisfactory to have the expenditures placed under distinct heads, showing the amount for the last four years expended under each. In this manner the resolution of the Annual Meeting will be complied with in the only manner in which it is practicable.
To prepare this tubular statement, the Committee have, with great care, and at the expense of much time and labor, examined the papers on the files of the office, as well as those received in June last, from the Colony, by the Jupiter, relating to the expenditures for the Inst four years. Every account, voucher, order or receipt, has been separately examined and placed wider the appropriate head, as far as these various papers afforded the means of specific designation.