« AnteriorContinuar »
And will Mr. Phelps say that there are not, may not be, bundreds and thousands of slaveholders at the South who regard their slaves as men, not as brutes or chattels, but as men against whose interests no pecuniary advantage is to be weighed in the balance?
The writer of this, has no disposition to defend or excuse any thing in the Institution of which we speak, that is contrary to the rule of Christ; in his opinion, the system is totally wrong as a permanent Institution; but admitting only of a cautious and gradual remedy. The time necessary benevolently to remove it, may be innocently taken; but the wisdom and picty of the South cannot too soon commence measures for its removal.
THE POWER OF PREJUDICE. No man in this country has had more to say against the power of prejetdice, than our editorial brother, Wm. Lloyd Garrison; and yet we never knew a more palpable exemplification of its power, than he has furnished in the statement below:
“Vermont Chronicle. “Rev. Joseph Tracy has retired from the editorial management of this egotistical and pernicious publication. For the sake of the cause of humanity, of truth and of righteousdess, we heartily rejoice at his abdication. We have been unable to perceive in his lu. cubrations any marks of genius, originality or candor. We have scorned to answer his paltry quibbling and vain-glorious sophistry. He is succeeded by his brother, who recently edited the Recorder of this city. We need not write his character.”
Now, whatever may be said of Mr. Tracy's opinions, it is universally granted that no editor in the United States has shown more ability in maintaining them than he has done. His eminent "genius and originality' we never before heard questioned. Now we are among those who believe that “prejudice is not invincible," either toward coloured men or white. And we recommend to the editor of the Liberator to make an experiment in this very case; and if he succeeds, he will have furnished a demonstration, which no mortal can gainsay.--Western Recorder.
SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT. In the March number of the African Repository for the present year, was published a . Report of a Committee of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, prepared in compliance with a Resolution which had been adopted at the Annual Meeting of the Society held in the January preceding, calling for detailed information concerning the Society's debt; and in the May number, a Resolution of the Board, stating that certain accounts and vouchers had recently arrived from the Colony, and instructing the same Committee to prepare an additional Report. This has accordingly been done. The importance of the elaborate document thus prepared, and the known desire of the friends of the cause to see it without any avoidable delay, have induced us, in order to make room for it in the present number, to exclude other matter already in type. The supplemental Report and the proceedings connected with it, are as follows: Extract from the Journal of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, .
July 24, 1834. : WALTER Lowrie, Esq. from the Committee to whom was referred the resolution adopted at the Annual Meeting, and also the resolution of the Board, of the Sth of May last, made the following report:
"That the Report of the Committee of the 20th of February last, was limited to a statement of the aggregate amount of the Society's debt,-a comprehensive view of the expenses of the Colony,—the general causes by which the debt · was produced, -and an exposition of the principles by which the Board would be governed in their future operations. The Committee regret that in preparing this Report, the absence of the Secretary of the Society,--first at New York, and at present, in Virginia, that without interruption he may finish the biography of Ashmun, has deprived them of the aid of his talents and experience.
The following is a detailed statement of the debt of the Society as it existed at the last Annual Meeting:
D. c. John Hanson's draft in favor of Grant and Stone, for the charter of the brig Hercules que last June,
9,217 50 A. and S. Ralston's do in their own favor, for supplies in June,
495 37 Alex, Read's do
for do Girse and Kirkhouse's do do
1396 62 Anslem and Hatch's do in favor of C. and J. Barstow, for charter of the brig Roanoake-due in August,
- - - - - 2870 Three drafts of Dr. Mechlin, for supplies due in May,
1200 Three do do for do June,
591 96 Four do . do for do
August and September, : 1921 77 Thomas Bell's draft in favor of N. Potts for 100 barls. pork in the America, due in September,
1209 Dr. Mechlin's draft in favor of Wm. Peters, for freight and supplies by the Jupiter, due in October, ..
1311 Eight do for supplies in October and November, -
1850 27 One do for do in
192 One do in favor of K. and F. Allen and Co. for supplies, due in Jan. 1830, 2479 41 Three drafts of N. Potts, in his own favor, for do, due in Jan. and February, 1600 Thomas Bell's draft in favor of Smith Anderson, for part charter of the Argus, due in March, · ·
· · ·
1160 Do do May, - .
2000 Four do for supplies sent in the Argus, due in March, . . . 1729 87 Two do of N. Potts, in his own favor, for supplies due in March, . 999 50 T. Bell's draft in favor of W. Peters for c
o Six of Dr. Mechlin's drafts in payment of salaries at the Colony,
ot the colonia
. 2377 29 Dr. Hall's drast for his salary, January,
1320 72 John Hanson's claims for supplies furnished to the Colony by Waring and
Co. Cheeseman and others, and for sundry orders taken up at the Colony, 5364 68 Balance due to Dr. Mechlin, agreeably to his statement, :
997 53 Navy Department for the Agency House, . Estate of James Ramsay, Baltimore, for supplies,
· · · 58 60 James C. Dunn for printing,
. Sundry unsettled accounts, . . . . . . 696 14
In their former Report, the Committee submitted various facts and circumstances, showing the causes and manner of the rise and increase of the Society's debt. These, it is not intended to recapitulate in this Report.But in addition to the list given above, the Committee have thought it would be satisfactory to have the expenditures placed under distinct heads, showing the amount for the last four years expended under each. In this manner the resolution of the Annual Meeting will be complied with in the only manner in which it is practicable.
To prepare this tabular statement, the Committee have, with great care, and at the expense of much time and labor, examined the papers on the files of the office, as well as those received in June last, from the Colony, by the Jupiter, relating to the expenditures for the last four years. Every account, voucher, order or receipt, has been separately examined and placed under the appropriate head, as far as these various papers afforded the means of specific designation.
Expenditures in the U.S. T 1830. I 1831. I 1832. T 1833. Ī Amount. Salaries of Secrs. Ck. & Tr. $1,4007 $1,400 | $2,170 791 $2,800 611 $7,771 40 Agencies in the U. States, I 1,493 37 1,508 71 2,467 82 1,312 49 6,782 36 Collecting Emigrants, 13:38 91 106 62 786 41 53
1,284 94 Supplies for the Colony, 16,289 98 5,178 71 14,428 32 15,049 62 40,946 63 Transn. & supply on voyage,
759 3,950 | 14.797 95 2,133 33 21,640 28 Colonial Agent & Physicians, 1,016 62 2,525 22 2,435 13 6,652 8 12,6295
984 35 3,503 58 3,306 30 4,003 83 11,798 06 Office rent, staty & contgt, 491 28 498 63 747 76 1,203 34 2,941 6 Support of medical students, 520 50 327 1 1,089 3 1,974 70 3,911 24 Cost &outfitof schr. M. Mer.
4,811 26 Expenditures in Liberia. Officers of the Colony, 3,018 65 5,215 33 6,394 91 2,324 61 16,953 40 Buildings and repair, including purchase of A. House, 156 75
526 12 1,281 76 3,313 5 Lumber, 47 41 60 29 2,486 90
3,116 64 Labor, 80 44 234 62 2,648 83
3,467 97 House and store rent,
353 554 12 912 12 Arins and warlike stores, 226 75 620 *55 1,726 68 338 25 2,912 23 Expense of Schooners,
805 18 802 48 1,682 18 1,389 30 4 679 14 Boat, canoe hire & expense, 3 50 162 49 121 50 284 51 572 Nursing sick, washing and boarding,
424 53 598 90 1,214 29 507 12 2,744 84 Funeral expenses,
41 19 168
429 43 297 48 936 10 Purchase and founding G. Bassa,
2,120 26 623 52 2,743 78 Court expenses,
362 81 House exps. (no vouchers), I 655 46 1,742 87 780 781
3,179 11 Agency exps. (no vouchers), \ 2,085 11 4,788 62 5,182 49
12,056 22 Do for Caldwell, do,
2,765 81 Exped'n against the Deys,
347 69 Orders, and receipts for what !
purpose not specified, 446 35 5,256 14 3,444 56 3,380 90 12,527 95 Freight paid in Colony,
675 l 1,798 57 2.473 57 Provisions, pur. in Colony, 874 90 1,576 9 4,039 4,139 65 10,629 64 Trade goods, do, 615 39 335 41 3,886 21 1,238 15 6,075 16 Total,
23,118 81 46.739 52 83,060 15 54,367 6 207,285 54 The loose and unsatisfactory mapper in which the accounts and vouchers have been returned from the Colony, may be seen in the instructions to the Agent in the June number of the Repository, where the papers received by the Jupiter are referred to. By the particular examination, giv. en by the Committee to every paper, they have been enabled to arrange the various expenditures more to their satisfaction, than was at first deem.ed possible. The large class, however, in the tabular statement, under the head of "orders and receipts, for what purpose not specified," cannot be explained without further information from the Colony; and the Committee have little hope of receiving much additional information respecting them. It is proper to remark, however, that the papers for this class are defective only in specifying the purpose for which they were given. They contain the date, the sum, the name of the person to whom given, and his receipt, and in most cases the approval of the Agent in his own handwriting.
The three items, under the heads of "house expenses," "agency expenses," and "agency expenses for Caldwell,'' are without vouchers. For 1830 and 1831, the charge is made up by a single lipe. For 1832, the particulars are stated in a long and detailed account, specifying every item, the time when, and the person to whom paid, and for what purpose. The most of the account is made up of provisions, stores, medicine, &c. issued to the emigrants, and charged on the books of the store; and for supplies for the agency house, as well as articles of furniture, charged in the same manner. For 1832, the Committee are satisfied with this detailed statement. For 1833, no statement or papers have been returned.
The expenses of the schooner are quite indefinite and unsatisfactory.No regular account appears to have been kept, showiog the profit or loss of the different voyages.
The item for arins and warlike stores, is also unexplained. The pur. chases appear to have been made, but what proportion was for the use of the Colony, or what for the trade with the natives, is not stated. The Committee trust this will be the last time, when such articles will enter into their trade with the native tribes. But this is not the only or the most exceptionable article of that trade. It is with the deepest pain that the Committee have to notice another, more destructive, and in Africa second only to the slave trade itself, in its withering and blasting effects on every thing dear to man; but which, it is believed, is now, for the first time, brought to the knowledge of the Board. During the last four years, 1,857 gallons of brandy, whisky and rum, placed by the Committee under the item of trade goods, have been purchased in the Colony; the most of which, as the Committee have been informed by the late Agent, has been used in the native trade. The Committee have no language in which to express their deep regret, that such an element of trade should have been carried on with the benighted natives by the Agents of the Society. Should any ask why the Committee have noticed this painful circumstance? The answer is given, by the explicit statement of the Board heretofore made, that they have no concealments, and even without that pledge the truth required its exposure. But whilst the fact is thus made public, the Committee submit, whether the very exposition does not afford the surest and the strongest pledge, on the part of the Board, that a traffic, so destructive of every hope for the regeneration of Africa, and of the best interest, if not the very existence of the Colony, shall cease.
An item of expenditure, unprofitable to a great extent, is found in the support of the colored 11 edical students. This measure at first was one of much promise. But Washington Davis, Page C. Dunlop and James H. Fleet,' for whose education Jarge sums were expended, have refused to fulfil their engagements. They have chosen to remain here, in violation of obligations the most sacred, unwilling and unable to restore the sums expended for their education from the funds of a benevolent institution. But the conduct of the other students, has been so far the reverse of all this.Charles H. Webb has gone out in the Jupiter to Liberia, where he will finish his medical education under the care of Dr. Skinner, with the pros. pect of great benefit to the Colony. William Taylor, a young man of much promise, and possessing the esteem and confidence of the Board, is still pursuing his medical studies under their care.
It remains for the Committee to make some remarks explanatory of the tabular statement.
The amount of expenditures appears to be $207,285 54. This, however, is only apparent, because two items are twice brought into the charge. For instance, the supplies for the Colony are charged first in the aggregate $10,946 63; but part of these are charged again in payment for labor, house rent, lumber, &c. So of the provisions and trade goods purchased in the Colony, $5,377 80. These two sums make $46,324 43; and when deducted from $207,285 51, leave the sum of $ 160,961 11.
The amount collected for four years by the Society.is, $ 132,190 20 To which add the Society's debt, - - • - 45,645 70 Sum to be accounted for, • - - - - - $177,835 y2 From which deduct the specified expenditures,
160,961 11 A balance is left of . - - - - - . . $16,874 81
This balance is accounted for, by the fact, that for the support of 1,593 emigrants sent in this period to the Colony, for provisions, stores, mediciue, &c. there are only found charges in what is called "agency expe!ses," amounting to $14,822, 03, a sum quite too small for their support.The above balance added to this sum will give for that item $31,696 54, which is less than twenty dollars for the personal expenses of each emigrant, after bis arrival at the Colony.
The receipts and disbursements, for the present year, will, of course, be submitted to the Society at their Annual Meeting. The Committee will not anticipate that report by any detailed statement at present. Five months ago the Board inforned their friends, that the affairs of the Society had come to a crisis. It is with the deepest gratitude to Divine Provi. dence, and with the sincerest pleasure, that they can now state, that the crisis has passed, and the cause remains uninjured. When in February last, this Committee made their first report, many appearances were discouraging; but now these discouragements are gone. The exposition therein given of the pri:ciples by which the Board would be governed, has received the cordial and unanimous approbation of the friends of the cause in every section of the Union. At no time, it may safely be asserted, has the Colonization cause, when conducted on the principles thereini stated, been more firmly rooted in the hearts and judgments of our most enlightened citizens.
When the Committee say there are no discouragements, they do not mean to say that they are free from embarrassment. During the pecuniary distress under which the community generally was suffering, it was not to be expected that the Society could discharge the heavy responsibilities in. curred under the too extended operations of former years. But the Colony is now, for a year, beyond the reach of want. The Board hare dissolved their connection with Dr. Todsei). But Dr, Skinner, a skilsul Physiciau from Connecticut, Dr. McDowall, a young colored Physician from Scotland, bigbiy recommended to the Board, and hereafter Mr. Webb, will supply the medical wants of the Colony. Aided principally by the noble generosity of their friends in New York, the Board bave been enabled to send such supplies as will leave them at liberty for some months to come to devote their means to the discharge of their debts. The large legacies due to the Society, will, when received, much reduce their debt; and every thing in the power of the Board will be done, to make satisfactory arrange. ments with their creditors, so that their funds may be lest at liberty to carry forward the various measures proposed for the benefit of the Colony.
In the mean time it is most encoaraging to know, that while the Parent Board are engaged in relieving themselves from embarrassment, the cause is still advancing. The ladies of New York have sent out additional teachers and ample funds for their support, while the ladies of Philadelphia continue their efficient aid to the same most vital object. The Albany Colonia zation Society have furnished the Board with means for tlie commencement of a settlement of temperance emigrants, to be called Albany, and instructions, and part of the means furnished, have gone to the Agent for the immediate beginning of preparatory measures. From the State Colonization Society of Pennsylvania, heretofore one of their most efficient Auxiliaries, the Board bave assurances of efforts to procure funds to build up and sus.. lain the interests of the Colony.
But the beneficent operations in favor of the cause, do not stop here. Although the Parent Board have been unable to be the instruments of giring liburts to the slaves whose freedom depends on their removal, their place has been supplied by the zealous and enterprising efforts of the Young Hea's Colonization Society of Pennsylvania. They have engaged