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COLONIZATION SOCIETY.-The Fourth of July is at hand; and lest the noise that has been made and the diverse questions that have been raised of late about the Colonization Society and its doings, should cause any to forget its claims upon them as patriots, philan. thropists, and Christians, for active co-operation at this time, it is our purpose to bring those claims before our readers a little more distinctly and fully than we should otherwise have thought desirable. We accordingly publish Mr. Hubbard's letter. And we shall endeavor before the day for the annual contribution arrives, to show, with as little reference as may be to existing controversies, in what light the enterprise ought to be viewed by the good people of Vermont.
For this week we will only submit, for consideration, certain acknowledgements in favor of the Society, lately inade by one of its prominent opposers. Mr. Charles Stuart, who has been its most diligent and determined opposer in England, and who has just arrived in this country, to join hands with Anti-Colonizationists here, not long since wrote a letter to the Editor of the London Herald of Peace, from which the following is copied:
"But is there nothing good, then, in the American Colonization Society: Yes, there is, - 1st. For Africa it is good. It interrupts the African slave trade within its own limits; and the least interruption to that nefarious traffic is an unspeakable good. 2d. For the few coloured people who prefer leaving their native country and emigrating to Africa, it is unquestionably a great blessing. 3d. To the slaves, whose slavery it has been, or may be, the means of commuting to transportation, itis a blessing, just in as far as transportation is a lesser evil than slavery; and this is by no means a trifling good. 4th. But its highest praise, and a praise which the writer cordially yields to it, is the fact, that it forms a new centre; whence, as from our Sierra Leone, and the Cape of Good Hope, Civilization and Christianity are radiating through the adjoining darkness. In this respect, no praise can equal the worth of these settlements.”
*Can any impeachment of the motives and feelings of the friends of Colonization, have the weight of a feather against these admissions, with any sane and honest mind? Let any one who has heretofore contributed to this cause, ask himself whether he has not done it for the accomplishment of such objects as Mr. Stuart admits to be good, and whether in all honesty and fairness, he must not suppose his fellow-labourers to have been, all along, actuated by motives as pure and worthy as his own.
[Prom the Washington (Penn.) Examiner, 1 of Belles Lettres in Washington Cola May 24, 1834.]
lege, un behalf of the American CoCOLONIZATION AND ABOLITION. On Thursday the 15th day of May,
| lonization Society; but inasmuch as inst. in pursuance of a request for in
the evening was far spent, it was vitation from Mr. M. Sutliff of Phil
concluded to defer the discussion to adelphia, Agent for the Anti-Slavery
a future period. Whereupon, on
motion of John L. Gow, Esq. Profr. Society, with a view to the establishment of an Anti-Slavery Society in
of English Literature in Washington this place, a very large and respec..
College, the meeting was organized table meeting of the citizens was
by calling the Rev. Ď. Elliott to the convened at the Court House, and an
Chair, and appointing Wm. Baird, address was delivered by Mr. S. ex
Esq. Secretary; and by agreement of planatory of the designs and in fur
the parties an adjournment was made iberance of the views of the Anti
to meet at the Court House on Tues. Slavery Society.-At the close of this
day evening the 20th of May, inst. address, Mr. Sutliff, who had in the
at 5 o'clock, P. M. course of his remarks expressed his
At the time and place appointed,
the meeting again assembled, and beopposition to the American Colonization Society and contrasted it with
ing called to order by the Chairman, the Anti-Slavery Society, took occa.
the following question and order of sion to invite discussions as to the re
debate was agreed upon by the parlative merits of the two Societies.
“Which is the preferable plan, that of the This invitation was accepted by Wil- | Anti-Slavery, or the American Colonization liam K. M'Donald, Esq. Professor Society, for the abolition of slavery; and
other evils attendant upon the present con- The friends of Anti-Slavery made dition of the coloured population of the U. I an effort previous to the passage of
"Each speaker to be limited to thirty mi- these resolutions to exclude from vonutes and to speak alternately."
ting any persons who had been forA verv animated discussion then merly members of a Colonization or took place which was sustained with Anti-Slavery Society. A resolution ability by both sides for the space of was offered to this effect and rejectfrom seventeen to twenty hours ated by the meeting. intervals through three successive. The following gentlemen were days.—The views of the Anti-Sla- then appointed a committee to make very Society were sustained princi- arrangements for reviving the Colopally by Mr. Loughead of Pittsburg, nization Society in this county, as an Agent of the Society, by Mr. Sut- provided for in the second resolution, liff of Philadelphia, also an Agent of viz:-—Isaac Leet, Esq. Alexr. Reed, the Society; by Dr. Francis J. Le Esq. Profr. Lee, Dr. M'Conaugby Moyne, of the borough of Washing- and Profr. Gow. ton, and by Mr. Hamilton. The It was then on motion Colonization Society was advocated Resolved, That a statement of the proby W. K. M'Donald. A. M. John ceedings of the meeting should be published
| in the newspapers of this county. L. Gow, Esq. Richard Henry Lee,
The meeting then adjourned. A. M. and the Rev. W. P. Alrich,
D. ELLIOTT, Chairman. A. M. all Professors of Washington WM. BAIRD, Secretary. College. In the course of the discussion some incidental remarks were [From the Christian Intelligencer.] offered by Dr. M'Conaughy, Presi- New York Young Men's COLONIZAdent of Washington College, by Isaac
: TION SOCIETY. Leet, Esq. and some other gentle
| This Society held an interesting men, in favor of the Colonization meeting on Friday evening, the 23d, system.
in Rev. Dr. Brodhead's Church in So great was the interest, excited Broome street. by the discussion, that, notwithstand
| The meeting was opened with ing its extreme length, the attention prayer by the Rev. Dr. Brodhead, of the audience did not seem to flag, after which an interesting letter was but on the contrary to become more read by the President, G. P. Disosintense; and at the close the house way, Esq., from Elliott Cresson; was more crowded than it had been Esq., of Philadelphia, announcing at any former period. .
the formation of a similar Society in At the termination of the debate,
Philadelphia, and that they had althe following resolutions were mor- ready sent out directions for the pured by Isaac Leet, Esq. for the pur- chase of territory at Bassa Cove, and pose of ascertaining the sense of the were preparing to receive 110 pious meeting on this important and en
Baptist and Methodist slaves, late grossing subject:
the property of Dr. Hawes, of Va. Resolved, That this meeting do approve Another letter was read from a lady of the plan and operations of the American in Alabama, expressing great feeling Colonization Society for colonizing the free and interest in the cause. people of colour of the United States. Resolved, That a committee of five gen
The following resolution was then tlemen be appointed to make immediate ar- offered by Thomas G. Fletcher, Esq. rangements for reviving the Society in this and unanimously adopted:county, auxiliary to the American Colonio Resolved, That the recent examinations zation Society.
and discussions in this city, of the relative After some discussion as to the merits of the immediate emancipation and manner of taking the vote and other colonization schemes, have but the more incidental matters, the question was
strongly shown the paramount humanity loudly called for, and upon being put, of our coloured population, of the plans and
and wisdom in regard to the best interests both resolutions were carried by over principles of our Colonization Societies. whelming majorities.
Mr. F. accompanied the resolution
by an address, in which he entered met in the city of New Haven, Conn. at length into the objections urgeil by on the 7th and adjourned on the 14th the Abolitionists against the scheme of May, the following Report was of colonization, and in which he adopted:successfully demonstrated the wis.
American Colonization Society.
Resolved, by the New York Annual Condom as well as benevolence of the en
ference of the Methodist E. Church, in conterprise; showing from what it has
ference assembled, 1. That this conference already done and is capable of doing, view with increasing interest and favor, the the strong claims it has upon the truly noble and philanthropic enterprise of
colonizing the free people of color of these sympathies of a Christian communi-l
United States, with their own consent, on ty.
the coast of Africa. The following resolution was then 2. That the pecuniary and other embaroffered by B. B. Thatcher. Esa., of rassments which have attended the opera
tions of the Board of Managers of the AmeriBoston, and unanimously adopted:
can Colonization Society, so far from lessenResolved, That the American Coloniza
ling the confidence of the conference in the tion Society is eminently patriptic, and
practicability and final success of the entercommends itself to the regards of the young
prise, should serve but to increase their inmen of our country as admirably adapted to
terest, and efforts in its behalf. strengthen and perpetuate the Union of the
3. That the measures recently adopted by States, as well as promote the best interests the Board meet the cordial approbation of of our whole coloured population. .
the conference, and in their opinion, if the Mr. T. made an interesting ad- Board is sustained by the public, will soon dress, showing the strong obligation place the Colony at Liberia in a condition of the North to assist their brethren more prosperous than at any former period.
4. That the conference view with deep of the South, in the great work in
regret the opposition that has been got up which the Society is engaged. He and prosecuted with so much heat against was listened to with great interest. the colonization plan, by men who profess to Thetwo following resolutions were
have the same great object in view as the l'o
lonization Society; viz. the good of the man of then offered by the Rev. Dr. Brod
color, This conference consider that oppohead, accompanied by a few remarks, position and the other movements of the aboliand unanimously adopted:
tionists, as directly calculated to injure the Resolved. That the American Coloniza- best interests of colored men, whether bond tion Society was, in the opinion of this or free, whether on this side or the other meeting, founded in benevolence towards side of the Atlantic-and at the same time, the people of colour, and that its proceed they cannot but apprehend most unfavorable ings and success afford the best grounds for results from such operations to the progress hope that the expectations of its friends will of Christian principles. be realized in the final elevation and eman-1 5. That, hallowed as Liberia is with the cipation of the African race.
sleeping dust of the first foreign missionaries Resolveil. That committees be appointed of the M. E. Church, and identified, as it is. by this Society to obtain subscribers to its with the holy design of the Church to spread Constitution, as well as to solicit donations |Gospel light and truth, not only upon the and contributions required, in aid of supplies
coast, but also into the interior of Africa, to be sent in the Jupiter to Liberia. our Christian sympathies gather around the The meeting was then addressed infant Colony, with an intensity of feeling
not to be overcome by opposition, or cooled with great eloquence and force by
y by time. Rev. Mr. GURLEY, of Washington 6. That each preacher be at liberty to City, and after the benediction by take up collections on or about the 4th of Rev. Dr. Brodhead, adjourned.
July, for the benefit of the American Colo
nization Society. It is contemplated to hold similar meetings in other churches for the COLONIZATION AT METHUEX. purpose of more fully diffusing light We have received from our wortliy corupon this interesting subject, and
| respondent, in Methuen, an account of the
formation of a Colonization Society in that from which great good may be ex-fourishing village. Our friends there have pected to result.
. f. engaged in this work with a spirit and zeal
worthy of themselves. The meeting at the New York CONFERENCE. Society was of an interesting character. At the late session of the New
Among those who addressed the meeting,
were Messrs. Tracy, Baker, Hackett and York Annual Conference of the Molar
Annual Conference of the McLane, from Andover.-Lowell (Mass,) Methodist Episcopal Church, which Evangelist,
NEW YORK CONTRIBUTIONS. place of settlement at Cape Palmas on the From the National Intelligencer, May 31.] Coast of Africa. It appears that they have
The Colonization Society of New York succeeded in acquiring the title of about 400 have resolved to raise the sum of two thous square miles-extending along the coast and dollars, and place the same at the dis- about twenty miles, and about the same disposal of the Parent Society, towards fur- tance in the interior. It embraces the Cape nishing the supplies now urgently required and Harbor-the latter of which is said to in the Colony of Liberia, and which are to be the best on the coast from Sierra Leone be shipped, if the means of purchasing them to Fernando Po. This settlement is said to can be obtained, by the Jupiter, which is to be high and healthy, without any stagnant sail again for Africa in about a week. . pools or morasses about it. The soil is rich
The New York Board of Brokers on Fri- and the waters stocked with abundance of day last voted a donation of one hundred fine oysters and fish. It was paid for with dollars to the Colonization Society, to be ex- merchandise, to the exclusion of ardent spirits pended in the colonial supplies to be ship-1-and a stipulation made by the Society to ped by the Jupiter.
establish, within one year, three free schools
for the benefit of the native children, in CAPE PALMAS. -An Address of the Board three of the principal towns. The disposiof Managers of the Maryland Colonization tion of the natives is friendly and their deSociety, has been recently published, con- sire for improvement strong. taining the particulars of the purchase for a
Gerrit Smith's first Plan of Subscription.
. Collections from Churches. . Harrison, Indiana, in Rev. Mr. Schofield's Church, .. Schenectady, New York, from Presbyterian Church, by Rev. J. T. Backus, 80
. . 20
African Repository. Miss Lucy Payne, Goochland, Va. - - - - , Micaiah Fairfield, Troy, Miami Co. Ohio, . Collections in Albany, New York, in part of a proposed subscription of $3,000 for the pura pose of sending ONE HUNDRED TEMPERANCE EMIGRANTS of unexceptionable character to Liberia, to be established in a village or town to be called “Albany;" transmitted by
John T. NORTON, Esq.
Thorp, James Boren, Israel Smith, Christian Miller, each $30; 390
Dix, William Lallarcy, Thomas W. Olcott, David Wood,
165 Rev. E. N. Kirk," Rev. Alonzo Potter, Ladies' of South Dutch
Church, John 0. Cole, each $10, -
$2; Sidney Guest $1; Samuel Watson $1; Cash 75 cts.; Cash 25 cts.; Cash $1.50; Preston Sheldon $1; a little girl 25 cts. Wm. McElroy $1; Interest $1.54; Cash $5;
23 29 1093 29
THE REV. MR. PHELPS' LECTURES. The Rev. Amos H. Phelps of Boston, in his Lectures on slavery, defines it "to be an assumed right of property in man; or it is the principle admite ted in theory and acted on in practice, that in some cases, each individual being his own judge in the case, it is lawful to hold property in man." He says—by holding man as property, I mean holding bin without any will or consent of his own, more than if he were a mere animal, or an inanimate thing, such as an axe a hoe. I mean, moreover, holding him thus, when, like an item of property he is guilty of no crime, by which, in the regular operation of equitable laws, bis liberty has been forfeited.”
Mr. Phelps' object is to prove that slavery is in all circumstances and all cases, a sin. And doubtless he believes his very definition of it shows that it is so. Our opinion is, that all that, in existing slavery, which implies on the part of the slaveholder a violation of the perfect law of Christ, is sin: but that many things entering into Mr. Phelps' definition (if not all) do not necessarily imply sin in some cases; and therefore that his argument based upon it cannot sustain the doctrine of instant, unconditional, and complete emancipation.
The sia in slavery thus defined lies not necessarily in the fact that "each individual” judges of his own duty either to himself or another. So far as duty lies in motive, every man is under law to God and to none beside.He is ever (under God) judge in his own case of duty, whether it respect himself or others. And in regard to his conduct towards his fellow man, (except where such conduct is prescribed by human laws, or by some power controlled,) he is also judge, responsible only to his conscience and God.
Nor does the sin of slavery so defined lie necessarily in the fact that men · are held without their will or consent; for children, minors and those who
cannot be trusted with freedom, are restrained without their consent. Nor does the sin lie necessarily in holding them as property (in one sense); or in that they are so held while guilty of no crime, for children and apprentices are of pecuniary advantage to those who provide for them; and they are so, while guilty of no crime, but in this alone, is there necessarily sin, that they are held as mere property, and not regarded as men, to be treated as capable, and when qualified as entitled, to all the privileges of humanity. The sin lies here alone, tbat in not fulfilling towards them the law of Christ and treating them as we would be treated in an exchange of circumstances.