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of flour at $2 each, freight, of which we have no account. It is stated that $200 were sent out by the Baltimore Society as subscriptions to the Libe. ria Herald, which money is not accounted for. You are requested to obtain what information you can in relation to the foregoing matters, and communicate it to this office.
The indispensable purpose of paying off the debt of the Society, calls into engrossing action all the energies of the Board. Until it shall be accomplished, they will not feel themselves at liberty to prosecute, except on a very limited scale, the business of emigration. It is not probable that emigrants will be sent to the Colony during the present year, unless the stock, created for the extinguishment of the debt shall meet with a more rapid sale than it has hitherto received, and thus leave the Board free to execute their plan of Colonial operations.
Herewith is forwarded the answer (marked F,] to the Colonial memorial enclosed in your letter of March 7, 1834, which answer you will be pleased to hand to the Committee representing the memorialists.
You will receive by the Jupiter, twenty copies of the Seventeenth Annual Report of the Society, several copies of late numbers of the African Repository, and a supply of American newspapers of recent date, which have been received at this office. You will, of course, afford to the Colonists every opportunity which they may desire of perusing these publications. The Board hope that the Liberia Herald will, for the future, reach the United States more punctually than heretofore. The lively interest felt here in that print, has made the irregularity of its arrival a subject of proportional disappointment.
In closing this communication, I request you to regard as one of the general duties of your office, that of furnishing the Board with detailed accounts of the condition and prospects of the Colony. Your attention is particularly urged to the Resolutions, in relation to the past and present statistics of the Colony, which were adopted at the last Annual Meeting, and are contained in p. xxi and xxii of the Seventeenth Annual Report. You are also expected to collect and forward to us all procurable information as to the operations of the slave trade, and as to the manners, customs, institutions, ag. riculture, commerce, and history, religious, civil and natural, of Africa.
With the best wishes for the successful administration of your office, and for your health and happiness,
I am, very respectfully, .
P. R. FENDALL, Recorder.
List of Documents and Publications sent by the Jupiter.
The saine work during the same period, for subscribers.
Office or THE AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY,
WASHINGTON, May 28, 1834. Rev. JOHN B. PINNEY,
Colonial Agent, &c. Dear Sir:-As the Jupiter has not yet sailed, contrarily to the wishes and expectations of the Board, they use the opportunity offered by the delay, to call your attention, more particularly than in my letter of the 15th instant, to the subject of Temperance in the Colony.
While the Managers are happy to believe, from the evidence before them, that the extent of the use of ardent spirits in Liberia has been grossly exaggerated, they cannot resist the conviction that the traffic in that are ticle has been, and continues to be, carried on to a degree which menaces the best interests, if not the existence, of the Colony. So profound is this conviction, that for several years past, the absolute exclusion of ardent spirits from the Colony, except in small quantities, for medical purposes,, has been meditated by the Managers, and nothing has prevented a resort to this strong measure, but serious doubts of its competency to effect the desired object. For the nature of these doubts, I refer you to the African Repository, Vol. 9, p. 66. They have hitherto prevailed with the Board to postpone either prohibiting in terms, or laying duties so heavy as effectively to prohibit, the introduction of ardent spirits, with the exception just specified.
Among the enactments on this subject which, from time to time, the Board have made, are the following Resolutions:
“Resolved, That the friends of the Society throughout the country, be informed that this Board will discourage the introduction and use of distilled spirits in the Colony, and among the native tribes; and that the subject is now under consideration of the Board.”
Adopted 28th of June, 1830. “Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to prepare an address to the Colonists, to be sent out by the vessel, now about to be despatched; in which, among other things, to be recommended to their observance for their welfare, he shall encourage them to form Temperance Societies, and adopt such other measures as may tend to diminish both the use and the sale of ardent spirits in the Colony; and also, that in their coininerce with the natives, they discontinue dealing in such articles; also, that the Secretary communicate to the Colonial Agent, the wishes of the Board upon this subject.”
Adopted 8th of November, 1830. “Resolved, That the Board hear with extreme regret, of the continued introduction and use of ardent spirits in the Colony; that they are resolved to exercise all their influence to discourage and diminish the evil; and that no ardent spirits, except such as may be needful for medical purposes, shall be introduced by the Board or its Agents.”
Adopted April 30th, 1833, “Resolved, That it be recommended to the Board of Managers, to take into consideration, at their next meeting, the expediency of prohibiting altogether, the introduction of ardent spirits into the Colony, as an article of trade with the natives, or of commerce with the Colonists.”
Adopted May 7th, 1833. The address, directed by the Resolution of November 8, 1830, was prepared in conformity with that Resolution, and transmitted to the Colony for distribution.
Ata meeting of the Board on the 18th of December, 1833, the following Resolution was offered, and a decision on it deferred for farther delibera: tion:
Resolved, That from and after the 1st of July, 1834, no ardent or distilled spirits shall be introduced into the Colony of Liberia for purposes of drink or traffic.
At the Annual Meeting of the Society, held shortly after, its attention was called to this important subject; but the members were not prepared to act decidedly upon it. The following remarks were made on that occa. sion by an eloquent and distinguished friend of the Society:-
“My neighbours know that I am no friend to the rum traffic; and they, if no others, will. attach some value to my declaration, that I have formerly, and now again since coming to the city, inquired into the measures adopted by our Board to promote Temperance in Lj. beria, and can cheerfully say, that I approve of them, As to the attempt to suppress the
traffic in ardent spirit in Liberia by law; this might, perhaps, be an expedient measure: but, surely, our countrymen should not denounce us for omitting this measure, until, at least, some one of their own civil governments has set the example-the much needed example, I confess—of shutting up, by the strong arm of the law, the rum shops within its jurisdiction.”-( See Mr. GERRIT SMITH's Speech, Seventeenth Annual Report, p. vii.)
The deep solicitude of the Board to avert the evils with which ardent spirits threaten the infant establishment under their care, induces them to urge on you to examine immediately, by the lights afforded at the Colony, into the expediency of their excluding from it that pernicious article; and to communicate to them, your opinion when formed, and the reasons for it. To whatever conclusion your own mind, or that of the Board, may ultimately arrive on the question of prohibition, you are requested to put in force, without delay, all available moral influences for persuading the Colonists to abstain from the traffic and use of ardent spirits, except as medicine. The Board take this occasion, through you, most earnestly to invoke all Colonists who are engaged in that traffic, to abandon it at once and forever. Its continuance opposes formidable obstacles, which gain strength every hour, to every effort in the United States for the benefit of the Colony; and may end in the failure of the most interesting scheme for promoting human happiness to which the present century has given birth. Nothing would more gratify the Board than that the Colonists themselves, deeply concerned as they are in averting this disaster, should take the lead in banishing from their shores their deadliest enemy. Very little reflection must satisfy them that such a course is essential to the peace and progperity of themselves and their families; and that it will ensure to them the esteem and zealous support of the wise and the good in this country.
As to specific modes for exerting a moral influence in favor of Temperance in the Colony, the Board suggest nothing additional at this time, leaving the selection of them to your own judgment, informed by local observation, and aided, as we trust it will be, by local advice. They will apxiously await your Report, and on receiving it will promptly pursue the path which duty may indicate. I take pleasure in again subscribing myself, Your's very truly and respectfully,
P. R. FENDALL, Recorder.
Extract from the minutes of the proceedings of the American Colonization
Society, at a meeting held May 29, 1834.
Whereas a letter has been received from John T. NORTON, Esq. containing one thousand, ninety-three dollars, and twenty-nine cents, in part of a subscription of three thousand dollars proposed to be raised in Albany, New York, for the purpose of settling in Liberia one hundred temperance emigrants, in a village or settlement to be called Albany; Therefore
Resolved, That the Board will expend the sum received, and the sums which may be received hereafter on account of the aforesaid subscription, in strict accordance with the object thus designated.
Resolved, That the Colonial Agent be instructed to select a suitable and healthy settlement, to be called Albany, large enough to accommodate the said 100 temperance emi. grants; and that he proceed, in the course of the year, to prepare ten tenements; agreeably to the Resolution of the Board of the 20th of February, 1834, published in the African Repository, Vol. 10, p. 26, 27, to be in readiness to receive such of said emigrants as may be first sent out.
Resolved, That to defray the expense of selecting the said settlement, and preparing the said tenements, five hundred dollars of the sum received be now invested in plain and printed cottons, cutlery, hardware and other suitable trade goods (excluding firearms, gunpowder and spiritous liquors);--and that the said goods be forwarded by the Jupiter, with instructions to the Colonial Agent, to apply the same, or their proceeds, as well as the accruing profits, to carry into effect the preceding Resolution; keeping a separate account of all disbursements for the object therein specified.
REV. MR. PINNEY'S APPOINTMENT. Since the despatches to Mr. Pinney were prepared, the Managers of the Colonization Society have received from the Directors of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, a communication, which, though it excludes for the present, the expectation that the Colony will enjoy the benefit of his permanent services as Agent, authorizes the hope that they will be continued for some considerable time. The communication is as follows:
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, held in the City of Pittsburgh, May 6, 1834, the following minute was adopted, viz:
“A communication was received from the Board of the American Colonization Society, and referred to the Executive Committee.”
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Western Foreign Missionary Society, held in Pittsburgh, on the 15th day of May, 1834, the following minute was adopted, and ordered to be transmitted to the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, viz:
“The Corresponding Secretary and Clerk of the Committee presented the application of the Board of Managers at Washington, which was read; when, after mature deliberation, the Committee decided that the following expression of opinion be adopted in answer to the request of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, viz:
“The Executive Committee of the Western Foreign Missionary Society have received the application of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, with sentiments of respect and cordiality, and endeavoured to take a dispassionate and impartial view of the subject to which it refers. Having sustained the expense and anxiety connected with the previous visit of Mr. Pinney to the coast of Africa, and afforded him the opportunity of acquiring such knowledge and experience as might fit him to take a leading part in the establishment of the present mission, they feel, that in yielding their consent to such a temporary arrangement as deprives the mission, at its outset, of the advantages of his personal co-operation, they have given to the Managers of the Colony a testimony of their sincere desire to promote its interests; and if, in their judgment, the continuance of Mr. Pinney in their service for some few months to come, shall be an important benefit to the Colony, they are willing that such an understanding should exist.But when they consider the anxiety of Mr. Pinney, recently expressed, to be released from that station, that he may be able to devote his entire attention to the duties of his ministerial office—the feeble state of that mission—the anxiety of its members to retain Mr. Pinney, and the little prospect they have of being speedily able to reinforce it, or even to sustain it, if one of its members should be removed and when they consider the serious pecuniary loss to this Society which the withdrawal of Mr. Pinney would involve; and the probability that some layman might be found, whose habits of business and other qualifications would better fit him for the office of Colonial Agent, they cannot believe it to be their duty to accede to the proposal, anxious as they are to oblige the respected Board of Managers, and to do all in their power to advance the prosperity of the Colony itself. They would therefore connect, with the expression of their willingness that Mr. Pinney should retain his present relations for some time to come, the earnest desire that the Board would make other and permanent arrangements, as soon as practicable.” A true copy from the Minute. Attest,
E.P. SWIFT, Cor. Secretary.
TO THE AUXILIARY SOCIETIES OF THE AMERICAN COLONI.
WASHINGTON City, May 22, 1834 The Managers of the Parent Colonization Society deem it proper, at the present juncture of its affairs, to call upon their Auxiliary Societies for all the aid which they have it in their power to give them, to enable the Society to improve its present embarrassed condition. It is, no doubt, known to all the Auxiliaries, that the Parent Society has involved itself in debt, by having undertaken to remove from this country to Liberia, within the last two years, more emigrants than their means have proved equal to pay the expenses of. This, it may be said, was imprudent; but it ought to be
considered that the Managers were strongly urged to act as they did, under assurances that the benevolent friends of the Colony would not fail to supply the means to the Board of meeting the increased expenses thus incurred. This expectation, the Managers are sorry to state, has not been realized; the receipts for the past year having fallen short of former years, especially from the annual collections in the churches; and, though some liberal donations have been received from a small portion of the Auxiliary Societies, from by far the largest number of them no contributions at all were made.
The Board of Managers, therefore, take this opportunity of calling the attention of those Auxiliary Societies to the wants of the Parent Society, and to entreat them to afford it, in future, all the aid in their power. A small contribution from each member, annually, would enable the Society to effect the great object which it has in view; but if the Auxiliary Societies relax in their zeal, all exertions on the part of the Parent Society will be of no avail. Without a supply of funds (for which it has heretofore relied, and must continue to rely, on the benevolent friends of colonization throughout the United States) it can neither send additional emigrants to Liberia, nor support those already there until they are able to support themselves, nor maintain the institutions necessary for the proper government of the Colony.
To provide for the debt which the Parent Society has been under the pecessity of incurring, the Managers have proposed a loan of $50,000, to be paid off in twelve years, by means of a sinking fund of $6,000 a year, from the receipts of the Society. This loan has partly been taken up; but, owing to the present embarrassed state of the money concerns of the community, it may not at once be wholly subscribed for. As far as it is taken, it will, however, relieve the Society of so much of its debt; and, whenever a more prosperous state of things shall take place, it is hoped the remainder of the stock will be taken; in which case, the Society, receiving its usual support, will be able to manage the affairs of the Colony without difficulty.
The Parent Board would suggest to the officers of the several Auxiliary Societies immediately to call a meeting of their members, fill up any va. cancies which may have taken place in their officers, and resolve that each member will, in future, contribute something (however small the amount may be) for the support of the great object for which their Society was formed. If this reasonable suggestion be complied with, there can be no doubt the Parent Society will find it produce a very sensible effect upon its treasury.
Until the Society can make satisfactory arrangements for the discharge of its present debt, it has determined (though it bas very many applications before it for emigration) to make few, if any, additions to the inhabitants of the Colony. The Managers will, in the mean time, turn their attention to improving its condition, by every means in their power; but if, in the course of the present summer, the Auxiliary Societies, the benevolent Clergy throughout the Union, and the friends of colonization generally, shall evince a disposition to join heartily with the Parent Society, in contributing liberally for extending the population of the Colony, a vessel or two may be sent out with emigrants in the fall of the year. By order of the Board of Managers,
JAMES LAURIE, President, P. R. FENDALL, Recorder.