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THE ANIMAL MIND

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THE ANIMAL MIND

A Text-book of Comparative

Psychology

BY

MARGARET FLOY WASHBURN, PH.D.

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY

IN VASSAR COLLEGE

New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1908

All rights reserved

COPYRIGHT, 1908,
BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.

Set up and electrotyped. Published February, 1908.

Norwood Press
J. 8. Cushing Co.- Berwick & Smith Co.

Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.

PREFACE

THE title of this book might more appropriately, if not more concisely, have been "The Animal Mind as Deduced from Experimental Evidence." For the facts set forth in the following pages are very largely the results of the experimental method in comparative psychology. Thus many aspects of the animal mind, to the investigation of which experiment either has not yet been applied or is perhaps not adapted, are left wholly unconsidered. This limitation of the scope of the book is a consequence of its aim to supply what I have felt to be a chief need of comparative psychology at the present time. Although the science is still in its formative stage, the mass of experimental material that has been accumulating from the researches of physiologists and psychologists is already great, and is also for the most part inaccessible to the ordinary student, being widely scattered and to a considerable extent published in journals which the average college library does not contain. While we have books on animal instincts and on the interpretation of animal behavior, we have no book which adequately presents the simple facts.

Probably no bibliography seems to one who carefully examines it entirely consistent in what it includes and what it excludes. Certainly the one upon which this book is based contains inconsistencies. The design has been to exclude works bearing only upon general physiology, upon the morphology of the nervous system and sense organs, or upon the nature of animal instinct as such, and to include those which bear upon the topics mentioned in the chapter headings.

V

(RECAP)

JUN - 1 1908 228169

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