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SCENE I.

their abuses in common houses, I know no law: Angelo's house.

bring them away. Enter Angelo, Esculus, a Justice; Provost', and Ang. How now, sir? What's your name? and Attendants.

what's the matter? Ang. WE must not make a scare-crow of the 5 Elb. If it please your honour, I am the poor law;

duke's constable, and my name is Elbow; Idolean Setting it up to fear? the birds of prey,

upon justice, sir, and do bring in here before your And let it keep one shape, till custom make it good honour two notorious benefactors. Their perch, and not their terror.

Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are Escal. Ay, but yet

10 they are they not malefactors? Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,

Élb. If it please your honour, I know not well Than fall,and bruise to death: Alas! this gentleman, what they are: but precise villains they are, that Whom I would save, had a most noble father. I am sure of; and void of all profanation in the Let but your honour know, (whom I believe world, that good christians ought to have. To be most strait in virtue)

15 Escal. This comesoffwell’; here's a wise officer. That, in the working of your own affections, Ang. Goto: What quality are they of? Elbow Hadtime coher'd with place, or place with wishing, is your name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow? Or that the resolute acting of your blood

Clown. He cannot, sir; he's out at elbow *. Could have attain’d the effect of yourown purpose, Ang. What are you, sir? Whether you had not sometime in your life 20 Elb. He, sir? a tapster, sir; a parcel-bawd'; Err'd in this point which now you censure him', one that serves a bad woman; whose house, sir, And pulld the law upon you.

was, as they say, pluck'd down in the suburbs ; Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, and now she professes a hot-house ', which, I Another thing to fall. I not deny,

think, is a very ill house too. The jury, passing on the prisoner's life, 25] Escal. How know you that? May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two Elb. My wife, sir, whom I detest before heaven Guiltier than him they try: What's open made to and your honour, That justice seizes. What know the laws, (justice, Escal. How! thy wife That thieves do pass on thieves? 'Tis very preg: Elb. Ay, sir; whom, I thank heaven, is an Thejewel that we find, westoopandtakeit, (nant *, 30 honest woman ; Because we see it: but what we do not see,

Escal. Dost thou detest her, therefore? We tread upon, and never think of it.

Elb. I say, sir, I will detest myself also, as well You may not so extenuate his offence,

as she, that this house, if it be not a bawd's house, 5 For I have had such faults; but rather tell me, it is pity of her life, for it is a naughty house. When I that censure him do so offend, 135 Escal. How dost thou know that, constable? Let mine own judgment pattern out my death, Elb. Marty sir, by my wife; who, if she had And nothing come in partial. Sir, he inust die. been a woman cardinally given, might have been Escal. Be it as your wisdom will.

accused in fornication, adultery, and all uncleanAng. Where is the provost?

ness there. Prov. Here, if it like your honour.

40 Escal. By the woman's means? Ang. See that Claudio

Elb. Ay, sir, by mistress Over-done's means: Be executed by nine to-morrow morning : but as she spit in his face, so she defy'd him. Bring him his confessor, let him be prepar'd; Clown. Sír, ifit please your honour, this is not so. For that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.

Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou

[Exit Provost. 45 honourable man, prove it. Escal.Well, heaven forgive him! and forgive us all! Escal. Do you hear how he misplaces? Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall:

[To Angela. Some run from brakes of vice', and answer none; Clown. Sir, she came in great with child; and And some condemned for a fault alone.

longing (saving your honour's reverence) for Enter Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, &c. 150 stew'd prunes'); sir, we had but two in the house, Elb. Come, bring them away: if these be good which at that very distant time stood as it were, people in a common-weal, that do nothing but usel in a fruit-dish, a dish of some three-pence; your

· The prorost is usually the executioner of an army. 2 To affright, to terrify. 3 That is, for which you now condemn him. Pregnant here means plain. That is, because.

6 That is, from the thorny paths of vice. Comes off' well, when seriously applied to speech, imports a story or tale to be well told or delivered. Escalus, however, here uses the phrase ironically. * The Clown quibbles on the word elbow; meaning, he is out at the word elbow, and out at the elbow of his coat.

The meaning is, he is lialf tapster, half bawd. 10 That is, she keeps a bagnio. " A dish of stewed prunes in the window, was the ancient mark or characteristic, as well as the constant appendage, of a brothel.

honour

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honours have seen such dishes; they are not jhonour; 'tis for a good purpose: Doth your hoChina dishes, but very good dishes.'

nour mark his face? Escal. Go to, go to; no matter for the dish, sir. Escal. Ay, sir, very well.

Clown. No, indeed, sir, not of a pin; you are Clown. Nay, I beseech you mark it well. therein in the right: but to the point: As I say, 5 Escal. Well, I do so. this inistress Elbow, being, as I say, with child, Clown. Doth your honour see any I arm in his and being great belly'd, and longing, as I said,

face? for prunes; and having but two in the dish, as i Escal. Why, no. said, master Froth here, this very man, having Clown. I'll be suppos’d upon a bock, his face is eaten the rest, as I said, and, as I say, paying for 10 the worst thing about bim: Good then; it bis them very honestly ;—for, as you know, master face be the worst thing about him, how could Froth, I could not give you three pence again. master Froth do the constable's wile any harm? I Froth. No, indeed.

would know that of your honour. Clown. Very well: you being then, if you be Escal. Ile's in the right: constable, what say remember'd, cracking the stones of the foresaid 15 you to it? prunes.

Elb. First, an it like you, the house is a respectFroth. Ay, so I did, indeed.

ed house; next, this is a respected fellow ; and Clown. Why, very well: I telling you then, if| his mistress is a respected woman. you be remember'd, that such a one, and such a Clown. By this band, sir, his wife is a more reone, were past cure of the thing you wot of, un-20spected person than any of us all. less they kept very good diet, as I told you. Elb. Varlet, thou liest; thou liest, wicked varFroth. All this is true.

let: the time is yet to come, that she was ever Clown. Why, very well then.

respected with man, woman, or child. Escal. Come, you are a tedious fool; to the Clown. Sir, she was respected with him before purpose.—What was done to Elbow's wife, that 25 he marry'd with her. he hath cause to complain of? come me to what Escal. Which is the wiser here? Justice or Iniwas done to her.

[yet.' Iquity'? Is this true? Clown. Sir, your honour cannot come to that Elb. () thou caitill! ( thou varlet! O thou Escal. No, sir, nor I mean it not.

wicked Hannibal ? ! I respected with her, before I Clown. Sir, but you shall come to it, hy your 30 was marry'd to her? If ever I was respected with honour's leave: And, I beseech you, look into her, or she with me, let not your worship think master Froth here, sir: a man of fourscore pound

me the
poor duke's officer:

-Prove this, thou a year, whose father dy'd at Hallowmas:– Was't wicked Hannibal, or I'll have mine action of batnot at Hallowmas, master Froth?

tery on thee. Froth. All-hollond ere.

35) Éscal. If he took you a box o' the ear, you Clown. Why, very well; I hope here be truths: might have your action of slander too. He, sir, sitting, as I say, in a lower chair, sir;- Elb. Marry, I thank your good worship for it: 'twas in the Bunch of Grapes, where, indeed, you What is't your worship's pleasure I shall do with have a delight to sit, Have you not?

this wicked caitiif? Froth. I have so; because it is an open room, 401. Escal. Truly, officer, because he hath some ofand good for winter.

fences in him, that thou would'st discover if thou Clown. Why, very well then ;-I hope here be could'st, let him continue in his courses, till thou truths.

know'st what they are. Ang. This will last out a night in Russia,

Elb. Marry, I'thank your worship for it: When nights are longest there: I'll take my leave, 45 Thou seest, thou wicked varlet now, what's come And leave you to the hearing of the cause ; upon thee; thou art to continue now, thou varlet, Hoping, you'll find good cause to whip them all. thou art to continue. Escal. I think no less : Good-morrow to your Escal. Where were you born, friend-(To Froth. lordship

[Exit Angelo. Froth. Here, in Vienna, sir. Now, sir, come on: What was done to Elbow's 30 Escal. Are you of fourscore pounds a year? wife, once more?

Froil. Yes, and't please you, sir. Clown. Once, sir? there was nothing done to Escul. So.-What trade are you of, sir? her once.

[To the Clown Elb. I beseech you, sir, ask him what this man Clowon. A tapster; a poor widow's tapster. did to my wife.

53 Escal. Your mistress's name? Clown. I beseech your honour, ask me.

Clown. Mistress Over-done. Escal. Well, sir; What did this gentleman to Escal. Hath she had any more than one husband: her?

Clown. Nine, sir; Over-done by the last. Clown. I beseech you, sir, look in this gentle- Escal. Nine!--Come hither to ine, master man's face:-Good master Froth, look upon his/00 Froth. Master Froth, I would not have you ac

* This probably allydes to two personages well known to the audience by their frequent introduction iu the old Moralities. A mistake for Cannibul.

G

quainted

quainted with tapsters; they will draw' you, Escal. I thought, by your readiness in the of master Froth, and you will hang them: Get you lice, you had continued in it some time: You gone, and let me hear no more of you.

say, seven years together? Froth. I thank your worship: For mine own Elb. And a half, sir. .part, I never come into any room in a taphouse, 5 Escal. Alas! it hath been great pains to you! but I am drawn in.

they do you wrong to put you so oft upon't: Are Escal. Well, no more of it, master Froth:- there not men in your ward sufticient to serve it? Farewell.-Come you hither to me, master tap- Elh. Faith, sir, few of any wit in such matters : ster; what's your name, master tapster?

as they are chosen, they are glad to chuse me for Clown. Pompey.

10 them; I do it for some piece of money, and go Escal. What else?

through with all. Clown. Bum, sir.

Escal. Look you, bring me in the names of some Escal. Truth, and your bum is the greatest thing six or seven, the most sufficient of your parish. about you: so that, in the beastliest sense, you are Elb. To your worship’s house, sir? Poinpey the great. Pompey, you are partly a 15 Escal. To my house: Fare you well. bawd, Pompey, howsoever you colour it in being What's a clock, think you? tapster; Are you not? Come, tell me true; Just. Eleven, sir. shall be the better for you.

Escal. I pray you, home to dinner with me. Clown. Truly, sir, I am a pour fellow that Just. I humbly thank you. would live.

20. Escal. It grieves me for the death of Claudio : Escal. How would you live, Pompey? by be- But there's no remedy. ing a hawd? What do you think of the trade, Just. Lord Angelo is severe. Pompey! is it a lawful trade?

Escal. It is but needful: Clown. If the law will allow it, sir.

Mercy is not itself, that oft looks so; Escal. But the law will not allow it, Pompey :|25 Pardon is still the nurse of second woe: nor it shall not be allowed in Vienna.

But yet,-poor Claudio !- There's no remedy. Clown. Does your worship mean to geld and Come, sir.

[Exeunt. spay all the youth in the city

SCENE II.
Éscal. No, Pompey.
Clozen. Truly sir, in my poor opinion, they 30

Angelo's house. will to't then: If your worship will tahe order toi

Enter Protost and a Servant. the drabs and the knaves, you need not to fear

Sero. Ile's hearing ofacause; he will come straight; the bawrls.

l'll tell him of you. Escal. There are pretty orders beginning, I Pror. Pray you, do. [Exit Serrant.] I'll know €an tell you: it is but heading and hanging. 33 His pleasure; may be, he will relent: Alas, Clown. If you head and hang all that oifend that

He hath but as offended in a dream! way but forten years together, you'll be glad togive All sects, all ages smack of this vice; and he out a commission for more heads. If this law hold To die for it!in Vienna ten years, I'll rent the fairest house in

Enter Angelo. it, after three-pence a bay?: If you live to sec 40 Ang. Now, what's the matter, provost? this come to pass, say, Pompey told you so.

Prov. Isit your willClaudio shall dieto-morrow? Escal. Thank you, good Pompey; and in re- Ang. Did I not tell thee, yea? hadst thou not quital of your prophecy, hark you,--I advise you, Why dost thou ask again?

[order? lerine not tind you betore me again upon any com

Prov. Lest I might be too rash: plaint whatsoever, no, not for dwelling where you 45 Under your good correction, I have seen, do; it I do, Pompey, I shall beat you to your tent, When, after execution, judgment hath and prove a shrewd Cæsar to you; in plain deal- Repented o’er his doom. ing, Pompey, I shall have you whipt: so, for this Ang. Go to; let that be mine: time, Pompey, fare you well.

Do you your office, or give up your place, Cloten. I thank your worship for yourgood coun-50 ind you shall well be spar’d. sel; but I shall follow it, as the flesh and fortune Pror. I crave your honour's pardon.shall better determine.

What shall be done, sir, with the groaning Juliet? Whip me! No, no; let carman whip bis jade; She's very near her hour. The valiant heart's not whipt out of hiserade.[Evit. Ang. Dispose of her

Escal. Come hitherto me, master Elbow; come!35 To some more titting place; and that with speed. hither, master constable. How long have you been

Re-enter Sertant. in this place of constable?

Serr. Here is the sister of the man condemn'd, Elb. Seven year and a half, sir.

Desires access to you. 'Drare includes here a variety of senses. As it refers to the tapster, it means, to drain, to empty; as it refers to hang, it implies to be conreyed to execution on a hurdle. In l'roth's answer, it imports the same as to bring along by some motive or porer. Dr. Johnson says, a bay of building is, in many parts of England, a common term, for the space between the main beans of the roof; so that a barn crossed twice with beams is a barn of three buys. In Statlordshire, it is applied to the two open spaces of a barn on each side the threshing-floor.

Ang

2

Ang. Hath he a sister?

Would not have been so stern. Prov. Ay, my good lord; a very virtuous maid, Ang. Pray you, be gone. And to be shortly of a sister-hood,

Isab. I would to heaven I had your potency, If not already.

And you were Isabel! should it then be thus? Ang. Well, let her be admitted. [E.rit Servant. 5 No; I would tell what 'twere to be a judge, See you, the fornicatress be remov'd;

And what a prisoner. Let her have needful, but not lavish means;

Lucio [ Aside.] Ay, touch bim: there's the vein, There shall be order for it.

Ang. Your brother is a forteit of the law,
Enter Lucio and Isabella.

And you but waste your words.
Prov. Save your honour!

10 Isab. Alas! alas! Ang. Stay yet a while.—[To Isab.) You are Why, all the souls that were?, were forfeit once: welcome: What's your will?

And He that might the 'vantage best have took, Isab. I am a woeful suitor to your honour, Found out the remedy: How would you be, Please but your honour hear me.

If He, which is the top of judgment, should Ang. Well; what's your suit?

15 But judge you, as you are? O, think on that, Isab. There is a vice that most I do abhor, And mercy then will breathe within your lips, And most desire should meet the blow of justice: Like man vew made?. For which I would not plead, but that I must; Ang. Be you content, fair maid; For which I must not plead, but that I am It is the law, not I, condemns your brother: At war, 'twixt will, and will not,

20 Were he my kinsman, brother, or my son, [row. Ang. Well; the matter?

It should be thus with him:-he must die to-morIsab. I have a brother is condemn'd to die: Isub. To-morrow? On, that's sudden! Spare I do beseech you, let it be bis fault,

him, spare him; And not my brother.

He's not prepar'd for death! Even for our kitchens Prov. Heaven give thee moving graces! 25 We kill the towi, of season; shall we serve heaven Ang. Condemn the fault, and not the actor of it! With less respect than we do minister [you: Why, every fault's condemn’d, ere it be done: To our gross selves? Good, good my lord, beihink Mine were the very cypher of a function,

Who is it that hath died for this oirence?
To find the faults, whose tine stands in record, There's many have committed it.
And let go by the actor.

30 Lucio. Ay, well said.

[slept: Isab. O just, but severe law !

Ang. The law hath not been dead, tho' it hath I had a brother then.—Heaven keep your honour ! Those many had not dar'd to do that evil, Lucio. [To Isab.] Give not o'er so: to him If the first man, that did the edict infringe, again, intreat him;

Had answer'd for his deed: now,' is awake; Kneel down before bim, hang upon his gown; 35 Takes note of what is done; and, like a prophet, You are too cold: if you should need a pin, Looks in a glass * that shews what future evils,

You could not with more tame a tongue desire it: (Either now, or by remissness new-conceiv'd, To him, I say.

And so in progress to be hatch'd and born) Isab. Must he needs die?

Are now to have no successive degrees, Ang. Maiden, no remedy.

[him, 40 But, ere they live, to end. Isab. Yes; I do think that you might pardon

Isab. Yet shew some pity. And neither heaven, nor man, grieve at the mercy. Ang. I shew it niost of all, when I shew justice; Ang. I will not do't.

For then I pity those I do not know, Isab. But can you, if you would?

Which a dismiss'd offence would after gall; Ang. Look, what I will not, that I cannot do. 45 And do him right, that, answering one toul wrong, Isab. But might you do't, and do the world no Lives not to act another. Be satisfy’d; wrong,

Your brother dies to-morrow; be content. If so your heart were touch'd with that remorse Isab. So you must be the first, that gives this senAs mine is to him?

And he, that suffers: Oh, it is excel nit (tence; Ang. He is sentenc'd; 'tis too late. 50 To have a giant's strength; but it is tyrannuus, Lucio. You are too cold.

[To Isabel.

To use it like a giant. Isab. Too late? why, no; 1, that do speak a word,

Lucio. That's well said. May call it back again: Well believe this,

Isab. Could great men thunder No ceremony that to great ones’longs,

As Jove himself does, Jove would ne'er be quiet, Not the king's crown, nor the deputed sword, 55 For every pelting', petty oiticer [tbundes.The marshal's truncheon, nor the judge's robe, Would use his heaven for thunder; nothing but Become them with one half so good a grace,

Merciful heaven! As mercy does.

Thou rather with thy sharp and sulphurous bolt If he had been as you, and you as he,

Split'st the unwedgeable and gnarled oak, You would have slipt, like him; but he, like you, 60 l'han the soft myrtle: 0, bui man! proud man,

1 That is, pity. ? Perhaps we ought to read are. * Meaniog, perfect as the first man was, wben he came from the hands of his Creator. * This alludes to the fopperies of the beril, a ball of crystal much used at that time by cheats and fortune-tellers to predict by. Paltry. • That is, knotted. G2

(Drest

5

(Drest in a little brief authority;

(That lying by the violet in the sun, Most ignorant of what he's most assurd,

Do as the carrion does, not as the tiower, His glassy essence,) like an angry ape,

Corrupt with virtuous season. . Can it be, Plays such fantastick tricks before high heaven, That modesty may more betray our sense (nough, As make the angels weep; who, with our spleens, 5 Than woman's lightness? having waste ground eWould all themselves laugh mortal'.

Shall we desire to raze the sanctuary, Lucio. Oh, to him, to him, wench; he will relent: And pitch our evils there? Oh, fie, fie, fie! He's coming; I perceive't.

What dost thou, or what art thou, Angelo? Prov. Pray heaven she win him!

Dost throu desire her foully, for those things Isab. We cannot weighour brother with ourself: 10 That make her good? Oh, let her brother live: Great men may jest with saints; 'tis wit in them; Thieves for their robbery have authority, [her, But, in the less, foul profanation.

When judges steal themselves. What? 'do llove Lucio. Thou’rt in the right, girl; more o' that. That I desire to hear her speak again, Isub. That in the captain's but a cholerickword, And feast upon her eyes? what is 't I dream on 2 Which in the soldier is fat blasphemy.

150h, cunning enemy, that, to catch a saint, Luvio. Art advis'd o'that? more on't. With saints dost bait thy hcok! Wlost dangerous. Ang. Why do you put these sayings upon me? Is that temptation, that doth goad us on Isub. Because authority,though it err likeothers, Tosin in loving virtue: never could the strumpet, Hath yet a kind of medicine in itself,

With all her double vigour, art and nature, That skins the vice o' the top: Go to your bosom ;/200nce stir my temper; but this virtuous maid Knock there; and ask yourheart, what it doth know Subdues me quite:-Ever, till now, That's like my brother's fault: if it confess When men were fond, I smild, and wonder'a A natural guiltiness, such as is bis,

how.

[Exit. Let it not sound a thought upon your tongue Against my brother's life.

SCENE III.

25 Ang. [Aside.] She speaks, and 'tis

A Prison. Such sense, that my sense breeds with it. [To Isab. Enter Duke, habited like a Friar, and Procost. Fare you well.

Duke. Hail to you, provost! so I think you are. Isab. Gentle my lord, turn back. [row. Prov. I am the provost: What's your will, Ang. I will bethink me:-Coine again to-mor-30

good friar?

[order, Isab. ark, how I'll bribe you: Good my lord,

Duke. Bound by my charit

and my bless'd Ang. How! bribe me?

(turn backi I come to visit the afllicted spirits Isab. Ay, with such gifts, that heaven shall share Here in the prison : do me the common right Lucio. You had marr'd all else [with you. To let me see them; and to make me know

Isub. Notwith fond’ shekels of the tested gold, 35 The nature of their crimes, that I minister Or stones, whose rates are either rich or poor,

To them accordingly.

[needful. As fancy values them: but with true prayers, Pror. I would do more than that, if more were That shall be up at heaven, and enter there,

Enter Juliet. Ere sun-rise; prayers from preserved souls“, Look, here comes one ; a gentlewoman of mine, From fasting maids, whose niinds are dedicate 40 Who falling in the flaws of her own youth, To nothing temporal.

Hath blister'd her report’: She is with child; Ang. Well; come to me to-inorrow.

And he that got it, sentenc'd: a young man Lucio. Goto; 'tis well; [ Aside to Isabel. ]away. More fit to do another such offence, Isab. Heaven keep your honour safe!

Than die for this. Ang. Amen:

145 Dule. When must he die? For I am that way going to temptation, [ Aside. Pror. As I do think, to-morrow Where pravers cross.

I have provided for you; stay a while, [TO Juliet. Isab. At what hour to-morrow

and you shall be conducted. Shall I attend your lordship?

Dike. Repent you, fair one, of the sin you carry? Ang. At any time 'fore noon.

1501 Juliet. Ido; and bear thesbaine most patiently. Isub. Save your honour! [Er. Lucio and Isab. Duke. I'll teach you how you shall arraign your Ang. From thee: even from thy virtue!-

con cience,
What's this? what's this? Is this her fault or mine? And try your penitence, if it be sound,
The tempter, or the tempted, who sins most? Ha, Ur boliowly put on.
Not she; nor doth she tempt; but it is 1, 155 Juliit. I'll gladly learn.

! Dr. Warburton supposes, that Shakspeare meant by spleen, that peculiar turn of the human mind, which always inclines it to a spitetul, inseasonable mirth; that had the angels that, they would laugh themselves out of their immortality, by indulging a passion which does not deserve that prerogative, The ancients thought, that immorferate laughter was caused by the biguess of the spleen. Tond here means, valued or priced by folly. That is, cupelled, brought to the test, refined. 4 That is, preserved from the corruption of the world. > Dr. Johnson thinks, that, instead of where we should read, which your prayers cross. The meaning of the passage will then be, The temptation under which I labour is that whieti thou hast unknowingly thearted with thy prayer. • Perhaps it were better to read times. That is, was distigured oer me or reputation.

10

Duke.

may

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