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Macb, Thou art the best o' the cut-throats; Yet

he's good, Enter three Murderers.

That did the like for Fleance: if thou didst it, 1 Mur. But who bid thee join with us?

Thou art the non-pareil. 3 Alur. Macbeth.

Mur. Most royal sir, 2 Mur. He needs not our mistrust; since he Fieance is 'scap’d.

[perfect; delivers

Mucb. Then comes my fit again: I had else been Our offices, and what we have to do,

Whole as the marble, founded as the rock; To the direction just.

As broad, and general, as the casing air: I Mur. Thien stand with us.

10 But now, I am cabin’d, cribb’d, contin’d, bound in The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: Tosaucy doubts and tears. But Banquo's safe? Now spurs the lated traveller apace,

Alur. Ay, my good lord: sate in a ditch he bides, To gain the timely inn; and near approaches With twenty trenched” gashes on his head; The subject of our watch.

The least a death to nature. 3 Mur. Ilark! I hear horses. 15 Macó. Thanks for that:

[fied, [Banquo within.] Give us a light there, ho ! There the grown serpent lies; the worm Luts 2 Mur. Then it is he; the rest

Hath nature that in time will senom breed, [row That are within the note of expectation,

Noteeth for the present.-Get thee gone; to-morAlready are i' the court.

We'll teir, ourselves again. [Exit Murderer. I Alur. His horses


Lully. My roval lord,
3 Mur. Almost a mile: but he does usually, You do not give the cheer: the feast is sold,
So all men do, from hence to the palace gate, That is not otien vouch', while 'tis a making,
Make it their walk.

'Tis given with welcome’: To feed, were best Enter Banguo, and Fleance with a torch.

at home; 2 Mur. A light, a light!

123 From thence the sauce to meat is ceremony; 3 Mur. 'Tis he.

Meeting were bare without it. I Mur. Stand to't.

[Enterthe Ghost of Banquo, and sits in MacBan. It will be rain tonight.

beth's pluce.] 1.Jur. Letit comeclown. (Theyassault Banquo. Tach. Sweet remembrancer!Bun. Oh, treachery!Fly,goodFleance,fly,fly,tly; 30 Now, good digestion wait on appetite, Thou may'st revenge.-0 slave!

And health on both! Dics. Fleance escapes. Len. May it please your highness sit? [roof'd, 3 Mur. Who did strike out the light?

Much. Here had we now our country's honour 1 Alur. Was't not the way??

Wcre the grac'd person of our Banquo present; 3 Alur. There's but one down; the son is fled. 35 Who may I rather challenge for unkindness, 2 Mur. We have lost best half of our attair. Than pity for mischance! Mur. Well, let's away,

how much is Rosse. His absence, sir,

[ness done.

[Ereunt. Lays blame upon his promise. Please it your highSCENE IV.

To grace us with your royal company? A Banquet prepared. Enter Alacbeth, Lady, 40 Mucb. The table's full. - Rosse, Lenor, Lords, and attendants.

Len. Here is a place reserv'd, sir. Macb. You know your own degrees, sit down: Niach. Where

[your highness? And last, the hearty welcome.

[at first,

Len. Ilere, my good lord. What is't that moves Lords. Thanks to your majesty.

Macb. Which of you have done this?'.
Afacb. Ourself will mingle with society, 45 Lords. What, my good lord?
And play the humble host.

Macb. Thou canst not say, I did it: never shake
Our hostess keeps her state; but, in best time, Thy goary locks at me.
We will require her welcome.

Rosse. "Gentlemen, rise; his highness is not well. Lad'. Pronounce it for me,sir, to all our friends; Laid. Sit, worthy friends:--my lord is often thus, For my heart speaks, they are welcome. 50 Andhath been from his youth: pray you, keep seat; Enter first Murderer to the door.

The tit is momentary; upon a thought Macb. See, they encounter thee with their He will again be well: it much you note him, hearts' thanks:

You shall offend him, and extend his passion *;
Both sides are even: Here I'll sit i’ the midst: Feed, and regard hiin not.-—Are you a man?
Be large in mirth ; anon, we'll drink a measure 55 Macb. Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that
The table round.— There's blood upon thy face. Which might appal the devil,
Mlur. 'Tis Banquo's then.

Lady. proper stuff!
Mlacb. 'Tis better thee without, than he within. This is the very painting of your fear:
Is he dispatch'd ?

This is the air-drawn dagger, which, you said, Mur. My lord, his throat is cut; that I did for him.60 Led you to Duncan. Oh, these tlaws', and starts,

· That is, the best means to evade discovery. 2 From trancher, to cut. 3 The meaning is, “ that which is not giren cheerfully, cannot be called a gift,"

* i, e. prolong his suttering, #luzes are sudden gusts,

(Impostors Impostors to true fear,) would well become

Macb. Can such things be, A woman's story, at a winter's fire,

And overcome us’ like a summer's cloud, [strange Authoriz'd by her grandam. Shame itself! Without our special wonder? You make me Why do you make such faces? When all's done, Even to the disposition that I owe, You look but on a stool.

[say you? 5 When now I think you can behold such sights, Macb. Pr’ythee,see there! behold! look! lo' how And keep the natural ruby of your cheek, Why, what care I? If thou canst nod, speak too.- When inine is blanch'd with fear. If charnel-houses, and our graves, must send Rosse. What sights, my lord? [and worse; Those that we bury, back; our monuments

Lady. I pray you, speak not; he

grows worse Shall be the maws of kites.

10 Question enrages him: at once, good night :Lad!. What! quite unmann'd in folly? Stand not upon the order of your going, Mucb. If I stand here, I saw him.

But go at once. Lady. Fie, for shame!

[time, Len. Good night, and better health, Macb. Blood hath been shed ere now, i'the older Attend his majesty! Ere human statute purg'd the gentle weal'; 15 Lady. A kind good-night to all! [Ereunt Lords. Ars, and since too, murders have been perforin'd Mucb. It will have blood, they say; blood will Too terrible for the cor: the times have been,

have blood:

(speak; That, when the brainswereout, the man would die, Stones have been known to move, and trees to And there an end: but now they rise again, Augurs, and understood relations', have [forth With twenty mortal murders on their crowns, 20 By magot-pies, and choughs, and rooks, brought And push us from our stools: This is more strange The secret'st man of blood.- What is the night? Than such a murder is.

Ludy. Almost at odds with morning, which is Lady. My worthy lord,


[person, Your noble friends do lack you.

Macb. How say'st thou, that Macduff denies his Mucb. I do forget.

25 At our great bidding? Do not muse’ at me, my most worthy friends; Lady. Did you send to him, sir? I have a strange infirmity, which is nothing [all: Macb. I heard it by the way: but I will send: To those that know me. Come, love and health to There's not a one of them, but in his house Then I'll sit down: Give me somewine, fill full:- I keep a servant fee'd. I will to-morrow I drink to the general joy of the whole table, 30 (And betimes I will) unto the weird sisters: Re-enter Ghost.

More shall they speak; for now I am bent to know, And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss ; By the worst means, the worst: for mine own goud, Would he were here! To all, and him, we thirst, All causes shall give way; I am in blood And all to all ?

Stept in so far, that, should I wade no more, Lords. Our duties, and the pledge. [hide thee! 35 Returning were as tedious as go o’er:

Alacb. Avaunt! and quit my sight! Let the earth Strange things I have in bead, that will to hand; Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold; Which must be acted, ere they may be scann'd'. Thou hast no speculation in those eyes

Ludy: You lack the season of all natures, sleep. Which thou dost glare with!

Macb. Come, we'll 10 sleep: My strange and Lady. Think of this, good peers,


self-abuse But as a thing of custom: 'tis no other;

Is the initiate fear, that wants hard use:Only it spoils the pleasure of the time.

We are yet but young in deed. [Exeunt. Macb. What nian dare, I dare:

Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,
The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tyger,

45 Thunder.

Enter the three Witches, meeting 'Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves

Hecate. Shall never tremble: or, be alive again,

1 Witch. Why, how now, Hecat? you look Avd dare me to the desert with thy sword;

angerly. If trembling I inhabit“, then protest me

Hec. Have I not reason, beldames as you are, The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow ! 50 Saucy, and overbold? How did you dare L'nreal mockery, hence!— Why,so ;-being gone, To trade and trafic with Macbeth, am a man again.- Pray you, sit still.

In riddles, and affairs of death; Lady. You have displac'd the mirth, broke the And I, the mistress of your charms, With most admir'd disorder. [good meeting, The close contriver of all harms,

The gentle weal is the peaceable community. 2 j. e. wonder. Si. e. all good wishes to all ; such as he had named above, love, health, and joy. * Pope reads, and we think properly, inhibit; that is, if I refuse, or evade thee. Meaning, poiss over us like a summer's cloud. Mr. Steevens elucidates this

passage thus: “ You prove to me that I ain a stranger even to my own disposition, “ wien I perceive that the very object which steals the colour from my cheek, permits it to remain

in yours. In other words, -You prove to me how false an opinion I have hitherto maintained " of my own courage, when yours on the trial is found to exceed it.” * By relation is here meant the connection of effects with causes. • i. e. magpies. Mugot-pie is the original name of the bird, from magot, Fr. and hence also the modern abbreviation of mag, applied to pies. : To scan is to Ciamine nicely. 10 i. e, refreshment.


Was never callid to bear ny part,

How did it grieve Macbeth! did he not straight, Or shew the glory of our art?

In pious rage, the two delinquents tear, And, which is worse, all you have done

That were the slaves of drink, and thralls of sleep? Hath been but for a wayward son,

Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too; Spightful and wrathful; who, as others do, 5 For 'twould have anger'd any heart alive, Loves for his own ends, not for you.

To hear the men deny it. So that, I say, But make amends now: Get you gone,

He has borne all things well: and I do think, And at the pit of Acheron

That, had he Duncan's sons under his key, [find Meet me i' the morning; thither he

(As, an't please heaven, he shall not) they should Will come to know his destiny.

10 What 'twere to kill a father; so should Fleance. Your vessels, and your spells, provide,

But, peace!—for from broad words, and 'cause he Your charms, and every thing beside :

His presence at the tyrant's feast, I hear, [failid I am for the air; this night I'll spend

Macdutt lives in disgrace: Sir, can you tell Unto a dismal and a fatal end.

Where he bestows himself: Great business inust be wrought ere noon: 15 Lord. The son of Duncan, Upon the corner of the moon

From whoin this tyrant holds the due of birth, There hangs a vaporous drop profound'; Lives in the English court; and is receiv'd I'll catch it ere it come to ground:

Of the most pious Edward with such grace, And that, distilld by magic sleights”,

That the malevolence of fortune nothing [gone Shall raise such artificial sprights,

20 Takes from his high respect: Thither Macduff is As, by the strength of their illusion,


pray the holy king, upon his aid Shall draw him on to his confusion :

To wake Northumberland, and warlike Siward: He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear That, by the help of these, (with Him above His hopes 'bove wisdom, grace, and fear: To ratify the work) we may again And you all know, security

25 Give to our tables ineat, sleep to our nights; Is mortals' chiefest enemy: [Music and a song. Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives; Hark, I am calld; my little spirit, see,

Do faithful homage, and receive free honours, Sits in a foggy cloud, and stays for me,

All which we pine for now: And this report [Singing within. Come away, come away, &c. Hath so exasperate the king, that he i Witch. Come, let's make haste, she'll soon be 30 Prepares for some attempt of war. back again.

[Exeunt. Len. Sent he to Macduff? SCENE VI.

Lord. He did: and with an absolute, “Sir, not I," Enter Lenor, and anothur Lord.

The cloudy messenger turns me his back, Len. My former speeches have but hit your And hums; as who should say, “You'llrue the time Which can interpret further: only, Isay (thoughts, 35" That clogs me with this answer." Things have been strangely borne: The gracious Len. And that well might Duncan

Advise him to a caution, to hold what distance Was pitied of Macbeth:-marry, he was dead:- His wisdom can provide. Some holy angel And the right-valiant Banquo walk'd too late; Fly to the court of England, and unfold Whom, you may say,if it please you, Fleance kill’d, 40 His message ere he come; that a swift blessing, For Fleance tled. Men inust not walk too late. May soon return to this our suffering country, Who cannot want the thought, how monsterous Under a hand accurs'd! It was for Malcolm, and for Donalbain,

Lord. I'll send my prayers with him. To kill their gracious father? damined fact !


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Toad, that under the cold stone,
Thunder. Enter three Witches.

Days and nights hast thirty-one, 1 Witch. THRICE the brinded cat hath mew'd. Swelter'd venom sleeping got,

2 Witch. Thrice; and once the Boil thou first i'the charmed pot!
hedge-pig whin'd.

55 All. Double, double toil and trouble;
3 Witch. Harper' cries :--'tis time, 'tis time. Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubble.
1 Witch. Round about the cauldron go;

I Witch. Fillet of a fenny snake, In the poison d entrails throw.

In the cauldron boil and bake: Meaning, a drop that has deep or hidden qualities. a i. e. magic arts. 3 i. e. deliver or ex. empt our feasts from bloody knives, &c. * Odd numbers are used in all enchantments and magical operations, even numbers being always reckoned inauspicious. Meaning perhaps some inp, or familiar spirit.


Eye of newt, and toe of frog,

1 Witch. Say, if thou'dst rather hear it from our Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,

Or from our masters'?

(mouths, Adder's fork, and blind-worin's' sting,

Afacb. Call them, let me see them. Lizard's leg, and how let's wing,

1 Witch. Pour in sow's blood, that hath eaten For a charın of powerful trouble,

5 Her nine farrow; grease, that's sweaten Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.

From the murderer's gibbet throw All Double, double toil and trouble;

Into the flame. Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubble.

All. Come, high, or low; 3 ll'itch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf; Thyself, and office, deftly'show. [Thunder. Witches'

10 mummy; maw, and gulf“,

1st Apparition, an armed head. Of the ravin'd' salt-sea shark;

Macb. Tell me, thou unknown power, Root of hemlock, digg'd i' the dark;

1 Witch. He knows thy thought; Liver of blaspheming Jew;

Hear his speech, but say thou nought. [Macduff; Gall of goat, and slips of yew,

App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth? beware Sliver'd * in the moon's eclipse;

15 Beware thethane of Fite.-Dismiss me:-Enough. Nose of Turk, and Tartar's lips;

[Descends. Finger of birth-strangled babe,

Macb. What-e'er thou art, for thy good cauDitch-deliver'd by a drab,

tion, thanks; Alake the gruel thick and slab:

Thou hast barp'd "o my fears aright:-But one Add thereto a tyger's chaudron',

word niore-

[another, For the ingredients of our cauldron.

1 Witch. He will not be commanded: Here's All. Double, double toil and trouble ;

More potent than the first.

[Thunder. Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubble.

2d Apparition, a blood, child. 2 Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood,

App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth !-Then the charın is firm and good.

25 Nucb. Had I three ears, I'd hear thee. [scoo Enter Hecate, and other three Witches.

App. Be bloody, bold, and resolute: laugh to The

power of mali; for none of woman born Hec. Oh, well done! I commend your pains; Shall harin Macbeth.

[Descends, And every one shall share i' the gains.

Macb. Then live, Macduff: What need I fear And now about the cauklron sing,

30 But yet I'll make assurance double sure, [of thee? Like elves and fairies in a ring,

And take a bond of fate: thou shalt not live;
Inchanting all that you put in.

That I may tell pale-hearted fear, it lies,
Alusick and a song.
And sleep in spite of thunder. - What is this,

Black spirits and white;
Blue spirits and grey;

35 3d Apparition, a child crowned, with a tree in Mingl, mingle, mingle,

his hand. You that mingle muy.

That rises like the issue of a king;

And wears upon his baby brow the round 2 Witch. By the pricking of my thumbs, And top of sovereigntyi Sunething wičked this way comes:

40 All. Listen, but speak not to't. Open, locks, whoever knocks.

App. Be lion-mettled, prond; and take no care Enter Macbeth.

Who chafes, who frets, of where conspirers are: Macb. How now, you secret, black, and mid- Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be, until What is't you do?

[night hags? Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill il'. A deed without a name.

45 Shall come against him.

[Descends. Macb. I conjure you, by that which you profess, Macb. That will never be: (Ilowe'er you come to know it) answer me: Who can impress the forest; bid the tree [good! Though you untie the winds, and let them tight Untix his earth-bound root? sweet bodements! Against the churches; though the yesty waves Rebellious head, rise never, till the wood Confound and swallow navigation up; [down; 50 Of Birnam rise, and our high-plac'd Macbeth Though bladed corn be lodg’d, and trees blown shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath

Though castles topple' on their warders' heads; To time and mortal custom.-Yet my heart
Though palaces, and pyramids, do sope

Throbs to know one thing; Tell me, (if your art
Their heads to their foundations; though the trea- Can tell so much) shall Banquo's issue ever
Of nature's germins 8 tumble all together, (sure 55 Reign in this kingdom?
Even 'till destruction sichen, answer me

All. Seek to know no more. To what I ask you.

Macb. I will be satisfy'd: deny me this, 1 Witch. Speak.

And an eternal curse fall on you! let me know:2 Witch. Demand.

Why sinks that cauldron? and what noise is this? 3 l'itch. We'll answer.

[Hautboys, ? That is, the slow-worm. ? i.e. the steallow, the thuoat. · Ratin'd means glutted with prev. * Sliver'd is a common word in the north, and implies to cut a piece or slice. si. e, entrails, * i. e. foaming, or frothy waves. i. e, tumble. 8 Germins are seeds which have begun to sprout. 'i.e. adroitly, dextrously. 10 To harp, is to touch on a passion as a harper touches a string. " This alludes to the make or figure of the crown,


1 Witch. Shew! 2 Witch. Shew! 3 Witch. Shew! His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls,

All. Shew his eyes, and grieve his heart; That trace him in his line. Noboasting like a fool; Coine like shadows, so depart,

This deed I'll do, before this purpose cool : [A sher of eight kings, und Bunquo; the last But no more sights !--Where are these gentlemen?

with a glass in his hand. [clown ! 5 Come, bring me where they are. [Excunt. Macb. Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo;

S CE N E II. Thycrown does sear mine eye-bails :--Andthy air, Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first:- Enter Macduff's wife, her son, and Rosse. A third is like the former : Filthy hags! [eyes ! L. Macd. What hath he done, to make him fly Why do you show me this?-A fourth ?-Start, 10

the land ? What! will the line stretch out to the crack of Rosse. You must have patience, madam. doom??

L. Macd. He had none : Another yet?--A seventh ?-I'll see no more :- His flight was madness: When our actions do not, And yet ihe eighth appears, who bears a glass, Our fears do make us traitors. Which shews me many more; and some I see, 15 Rosse. You know not, That twofold balls and treble sceptres carry': Whether it was his wisdom, or his fear. Ilorrible sight !-Now, I see 'uis true ;

L. Macd. Wisdom! to leave his wife, to leave For the blood-bolter'd' Banquo smiles upon me,

his babes, And points at them for his.-- What? is this so? His mansion, and his titles, in a place i Witch. Ay, sir, ali this is so :-

---But why

20 From whence himself does fly? He loves us not; Stands Macbeth thus amazedly ?--

He wants the natural touch': For the poor wren, Come, sisters, cheer we up bis sprights,

The most diminutive of birds, will fight, And shew the best of our delights;

Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. I'll charm the air to give a sound,

All is the lear, and nothing is the love ; While we perform our antique round: 25 As little is the wisdom, where the flight That thi: great king may kindly say,

So runs against all reason. Our duties did bis welcome pay: [Musick Rosse. My dearest coz,

[The witches dance and vanish. I pray you, school yourself: But for your husband, Macb. Where are they? Gone!--Let this He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows pernicious hour

30 The fits o' the season". I dare not speak much Stand aye accursed in the calendar!-,

further : Come in, without there!

But cruel are the times, when we are traitors,
Enter Lenor.

And do not know ourselves' ; when we hold ruLen. What's your grace's will ?

mour2 Alucb. Saw you the weird sisters?

35 From wliat we fear, yet know not what we fear; Len. No, my lord.

But float upon a wild and violent sea, Macb. Came they not by you?

Each way, and move.— I take my leave of you: Len. No, indeed, iny lord.

shall not be long but I'll be here again: Macb. Infected be the air whereon they ride; Things at the worst will cease, or else climb upward And dam'd all those that trust them!—I did hear 40 To what they were before. --My pretty cousin, The galloping of horse: Who was't came by ? Blessing upon you !

Lin. "Tis two or three, my lord, that bring L. Macd. Father'd he is, and yet he's fatherless. Macduff is fled to England.

[you word, Rosse. I am so much a fool, should I stay longer, Macb. Fled to England ?

It would be my disgrace, and your discomfort : Len. Ay, my good lord.

45 1 take my leave at once.

[Exit Rosse. Macb. Time, thouanticipat'st my dread exploits: L. Ilacd. Sirrah, your father's dead; The flighty purpose never is o'er-took,

And what will

do now? How will

you live? Unless the deed go with it: From this moment, Son. As birds do, mother. The very firstlings' of my heart shall be

L. Alacd. What, with worms and fies? The firstlings of my hand. And even now [done:50 Son. With what I get, I mean; and so do they. To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and L. Macd. Poor bird! thou'dst never fear the net The castle of Macduff I will surprise;

nor lime, Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o' the sword The pit-fall, nor the gin.

... e. does blind me: alluding to the ancient practice of destroying the sight, by holding a piece of hot or burning iron before the eye, which dried up its humidity. * i. e. the dissolution of nature. 3 Warburton says, this was intended as a compliment to King James the first, who united the two islands and the three kingdoms under one head; whose house too was said to be descended from Banquo. *Blood-bolter'd means one whose blood hath issued out at many wounds, as flour of corn passes through the holes of a sieve. Shakspeare used it to insinuate the barbarity of Banquo's murderers, who covered him with wounds. Si. e. for ever. 6 i. e. thou prerentest. 'i. e. the thing first thought or done. & i. e. following himn. 'Meaning, natural sensibility, or affection. 10 the convul. sions or riolent disorders of the times. "1;. e. we think ourselves innocent, the government thinks us traitors; therefore we are ignorant of ourselves. !? To hold rumour signities to believe rumour.


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