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pay thee.

Things that do sound so fair?-1' the name of truth, Only to herald thee into his sight,
Are ye fantastical', or that indeed

Not
Which outwardly ye shew? My noble partner Rosse. And for an earnest of a greater honour,
You greet with present grace, and great prediction He bade me from him, call thee thane of Cawdor:
Of noble having', and of royal hope,

5 In which addition, hail, most worthy thane! That he seems wrapt withal; to me you speak not: For it is thine. If you can look into the seeds of time, (not: Bun. What, can the devil speak true? [dress me And say, which grain will grow, and which will Macb. The thane of Cawdor lives; Why do you Speak then to me, who neither beg, nor fear, In borrow'd robes ? Your favours, nor your hate.

10 Ang. Who was the thane, lives yet ; I Witch. Hail!

But under heavy judgment bears that life, 2 Witch. Hail !

Which he deserves to lose. Whether he was 3 Witch. Hail !

Combin’d with Norway; or did line the rebel 1 Witch. Lesser than Macbeth, and greater. With hidden help and vantage; or that with botlı 2 Il'itch. Not so happy, yet much happier. 15 He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not;

3 Witch. Thou shalt get kings, though thou be But treasons capital, confess’d, and prov'd, So, all hail, Macbeth and Banquo! (none:) Have overthrown him. 1 Witch. Banquo, and Macbeth, all hail !

Macb. Glamis, and thane of Cawdor:
Nlacb. Stay, you imperíect speakers tell me more: The greatest is behind. Thanks for your pains.-
By Sinel's death, I know, I am thane of Glamis ;/20 Do you not hope your children shall be kings,
But how of Cawdor? the thane of Cawdor lives, When those that gave the thane of Cawdor to me,
A prosperous gentleman ; and, to be king, Promis'd no less to them?
Stands not within the prospect of belief,

Ban. That, trusted home',
No more than to be Cawdor. Say, from wlience Might yet enkindle' you unto the crown,
You owe this strange intelligence? or why

125 Besides the thane of Cawdor, But 'tis strange : Upon this blasted heath you stop our way

And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, With such prophetic greeting ?---Speak, I charge The instruments of darkness tell us truths; you.

[Witches vanish. Win us with honest trifles, to betray us [you. Ban. The earth hath bubbles, as the water has, In deepest consequence.-Cousins, a word, I pray And these are of them :- Whither are they va-30 Macb. Two truths are told, nish'd :

[uneltec As happy prologues to the swelling act. Macb. Into the air; and what seemed corporal, Ofthe imperialtheme.--Ithank you, gentlemen.As breath into the wind.---'Would they had staid This supernatural soliciting

Bun. Were such things here, as we do speak Cannot be ill: cannot be good:-(fill, Or have we eaten of the insane root“, [about: 35 Why hath it given me earnest of success, That takes the reason prisoner?

Commencing in a truth? I am thane of Cawdor ; Mlacb. Your children shall be kings.

If good, why do I yield to this suggestion Ban. You shall be king.

[so?

Whose horrid image doth untix my air,
Alacb. And thane of Cau dor too; went it not And make my sealed heart knock at my ribs,
Bun. To the self-same tune, and words. Who's 40 Against the use of nature? Present fears
here?

Are less than horrible imaginings:
Enter Rosse und Angus.

My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,
Rosse. The king hath happily receiv'd, Macbeth, Shakes so my single state of man, function
The news of thy success; and when he reads Is smother'd in surmise': and nothing is,
Thy personal venture in the rebel's fight, 45 But what is not.
His wonders and his praises do contend,

Ban. Look, how our partner's rapt. Which should be thine, or bis: Silenc'd with that, Macb. If chance will have me king, why,chance In viewing o'er the rest o' the self-same day, Without my stir.

(may crown ine, He finds thee in the stout Norweyan ranks,

Bun. New honours, come upon him

mouli Nothing afraid of what thyself didst make, 150 Like our strange garments, cleave not io their Strange images of death. As thick as tale, But with the aid of use. Came post with post'; and every one did bear

Mucb. Come what come may, Thy praises in his kingdom's great defence, Time and the hour runs through the roughest day. And pour’d them down before him.

Bun. Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your Ang. We are sent,

55
leisure.

[was wrought? To give thee, from our royal master, thanks;

Mack. Give me your

dull brain 'i. e. creatures of funtasy or imagination, ? Ilaring, we have before observed, is estate, possession, fortune. 3 The father of Macbeth. * Shakspeare here alludes to the qualities anciently asscribed to hemlock. • That is, posts arrived as fast as they could be counted.' i. e. carried as tar as it will go.

? Enkindle, for to stimulate you to seek. Warburton thinks soliciting is here put for information ; while Johnson rather thinks it means incitement. Mleaning, “Of things now about me I have no perception, being intent wholly on that which has yet no existence." 10 j. e, was tvorhed, agitated.

With

favour:--ny

8

With things forgotten. Kind gentlemen, yourf The prince of Cumberland: which honour must Are register'd where every day I turn

[pain:

Not, unaccompanied, invest him only, The leat to read them.- Let us toward the king.- But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine Think upon u hat hath chanc'd; and, at more time, On all deservers.-From hence to Inverness, The interim having weigh'd it, let us speak

5 And bind us further to you.

(you : Our free hearts each to other.

Macb. The rest is labour, which is not us'd for Ban. Very gladly.

I'll be myself the harbinger, and make joyful Macb. 'Till then, enough.-Come, friends. The hearing of my wife with your approach;

[Ereunt. So, humbly take my leave.
SCENE IV.
10 King. My worthy Cawdor!

(step,

Macb. The prince of Cumberland' !—That is a Flourish. Enter King, Malcolm, Donalbain, On which I must fall down, or elseo'er-leap,[ Aside. Lenor, and Attendants.

For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your tires! King. Is execution done on Cawdor? Are not Let not light see my black and deep desires : Those in commission yet return'd?

15 The eye wink at the hand! yet let that be, Mal. My liege,

Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. [Erit. They are not yet come back. But I have spoke King. True, worthy Banquo ; be is full so vaWith one that saw him die: who did report, And in his commendations I am fed; [tiant; That very frankly he contess'd his treasons; It is a banquet to me. Let us after him, Implor'd your highness' pardon; and set forth 20 Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome: A deep repentance: nothing in his life

It is a peerless kinsman. [Flourish. Excunt. Became him, like the leaving it; he dy'd

SCENE V.
As one that had been studied in his death,
To throw away the dearest thing he ow'd,

Enter Macbeth's Wife alone, with a Letter. As 'twere a careless tritle.

25 Lady.- “ They met me in the day of sucKing. There's no art,

cess; and I have learned by the pertectest reTo find the mind's construction” in the face:

port', they have more in them than mortal He was a gentleman on whom I built

knowledge. When I burnt in desire to question An absolute trust.-0 worthiest cousin!

|“ them further, they made themselves-air, into Enter Macbeth, Bunquo, Rosse, and Angus. 130 " which they vanish'd. Whiles I stood rapt in the The sin of my ingratitude even now

" wonder of it, came missives from the king, who Was heavy on me: Thou art so far before, " all-hail'd me, Thune of Cardor; by which title, That swiftest wing of recompence is slow

l“ before, these weird sisters saluted me, and re Toovertake thee. 'Would thou hadst lessdeserv'd; " ferr'd me to the coming on of time, with, Hail That the proportion both of thanks and payment 35" king thut shalt be! This have I thought good to Alight have been mine! only I have left to say, “ deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness; More is thy due than more than all can pay. " that thou might'st not lose ihe dues of rejoicing,

Macb. The service and the loyalty I owe, " by being ignorant of what greatness is proniis'd In doing, pays itself. Your highness' part " thee. Lay it to thy heart, and farewell." Is to receive our duties: and our duties 40 Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be [ture; Are to vour throncand state, children, and servants; What thou art promis'd :-Yet do I fear thy naWhich do but what they should, by doing every It is too full o' the milk of human kindness, Safe toward your love and honour'. [thing Tocatch the nearest way: Thou would'st be great; King. Welcome hither :

Art not without ambition ; but without [highly, I have begun to plant thee, and will labour 145 The illness should attend it. What thou would'st To make thee full of growing.–Noble Banquo, That would’st thou holily; would'st not play false, Thou hast no less deserv'd, nor must be known And yet would'st wrongly win: thoud'st have, No less to have done so, let me entold thee,

great Glamis, And hold thee towny heart.

That which cries, Thus thou must dn, if thou hute Bun. There if I grow,

50 And that which rather thou dost fear to do, The harvest is your own.

Than wishest should be undone. Hie thee hither, King. My plenteous joys,

That I may pour iny spirits in thine ear; Wanton in fulness, seek to hide themselves And chastise with the valour of my tongue In drops of sorrow.--Sops, kinsmen, thanes, All that impedes thee from the golden round', And you whose places are the nearest, know, 55 Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem We will establish our estate upon

To have thee crowu'd withal.- -What is your Our eldest, Malcolm; whom we name hereafter,

tidings? · That is, instructed in the art of dying. ?i. e. the frame or disposition of the mind, whether it is determined to good or ill. * i. e. We do but perform our duty when we contract all our views to your service. * Mr. Steevens observes, that “the crown of Scotland was originally not hereditary. When a successor was declared in the life-time of a king (as was often the case), the title of Prince of Cumberland was immediately bestowed on him as the mark of his designation. Cumberland was at that time held by Scotland of the crown of England, as a fiet.” Si. e. By the best intelligence. i, e. the diadein. Metaphysical is here put for supernatural,

Enter

up

Enter Messenger.
Leave all the rest to me.

[Ereunt. Mes. The king comes here to-night.

SCENE VI.
Lady. Thou’rt mad to say it:
Is not thy master with him who, wer't so, Hautboys and Torches. Enter King, Malcolm,
Would have inform’d for preparation. [coming : 5 Donalbuin, Banquo, Lenor, Macduf, Rosse,

Mes. So please you, it is true: our thane is Angus, and Atti ndants.
One of my fellows bad the speed of him ;
Who almost dead for breath, had scarcely more

King. This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air

Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself Than would make his message.

Unto our gentle senses. Lady. Give him tending,

10

Bun. This guest of summer, He brings great news. The raven hiinself is hoarse,

The temple haunting martlet, does approve

[Erit Mes. That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan

By his lov'd mansionry, that the heaven's breath Under my battlements. Come, you spirits

Smells wovingly here: no jutty frieze, That tend on mortal' thoughts, unsex me here; 15

Buttress, nor coigne of vantage o, but this bird And fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full

Hath made his pendant bed, and procreant cradle:

Where they most breed and haunt, I have observ'de Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood,

The air is delicate.
Stop up the access and passage to remorse;
That no compunctious visitings of nature

Enter Lady Macbeth.
Shake my fell purpose, nor keep pace between

King. See, see! our honour'd hostess !120

The love that follows us, sometimes is our trouble, The etlect, and it'; Come to my woman's breasts,

Which still we thank as love. Herein I teach you, And take my milk for gall', you murd'ring mi

llow you shall bid God yield us' for your pains, nisters, Wherever in your sightless substances (night,

And thank us for your trouble.
You wait on nature's mischief ! Come, thick 25!, Lady. All our service
And pall' thee in the dunnest smoke of hell!

In every point twice done, and then done double, That my keen knife see not the wound it makes;

Were poor and single business, to contend

Against those honours deep and broad, wherewith Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, Tocry,Hold,hold?! GreatGlamis! worthyCawdor!

Your majesty loads our house: for those of old, Entor Alacbeth.

30 And the late dignities heap'd up to them,

We rest your hermits'. Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter!

King. Where's the thane of Cawdor? Thy letters have transported me beyond

We cours'd him at the heels, and had a purpose This ignorant present time, and I teel now The future in the instant.

To be his purveyor; but he rides well ; [hion

And his great love, sharp as his spur, bath holp Mach. My dearest love,

35 Duncan connes here to-night.

To his home before us: Fair and noble hostess, Lady. And when goes hence ?

We are your guest tv-night. Alacb. To-morrow, as he purposes.

Lady. Your servants ever

[rompt',

Dave theirs, themselves, and what is theirs, ia Lady. Oh, never

To make their audit at yonr highness' pleasure, Shall sun that morrow see !

Still to return your own.
Your face, my thane, is as a book, where men
May read strange matters :-To beguile the time,

king. Give me your hand: Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye,

Conduct me to miiie host : we love him highly,

And shall continue our graces towards him.
Your haud, your tongue: look like the innocent
flower,

45
By your leave, hostess.

[Ereunt. But be the serpent under it. He that's coming

S CE N E VII.
Must be provided for: and you
This night's great business into my dispatch ;

Hautbois anl Torches. Enter a Server's, and Which shall to all our nights and days to come

dirers Sertunts with dishes and service over Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom. 501

the stage. Then enter Macbih. Macb. We shall speak further.

Mlacb. If it were done, when 'tis done, then Lady. Only look

up
clear;

'twere well To alter favour ever is to fear:

It were done quickly: If the assassination

shall put

· That is, murtherous, or deadly designs. aj. e. nor delay the execution of my prirpose.

3 i. e. Tuke away my milk, and put gall into the place. * Nature's mischief is mischief clone to Nature. *i. e. wrap thyself in a pail, which was a robe of state, as well as a covering thrown over the dead. "The word knife was anciently used to express a sword. 'Mr. Tollet explains this passagethus: The thought is taken irom the old military laws, which intlicted capital punishment upon “ whosoever shall strike stroke at his adversary, either in the heat or otherwise, it a third do cry hold, to thintent to part thein; except that they did fight in a combat in a place inclosed; and then no man shall be so hardy as to bid huld, but the general." oi, e. unknowing: i. e. our calm composed senses.

Meaning, convenient corner. iii. e. God reward; or, perhaps, as Dr. Johnson snggests, protect us. mits, for beadsinen 13 i. e. subject to uccount. 1* The office of a sewer was io place the dishes in order at a teast. His chief mark of distinction has a towel round his arın.

Could

10

12 Here

Now

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Could trammet up the consequence, and catch

Macb. Prythee, peace :
With his surcease, success; that but this blow I dare do all that may become a man :
Might be the be-all and the end-all here,

Who dares do more, is none.
But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,

Lady. What beast was it then, We'd jump the life to come. But, in these cases, 5 That made you break the enterprise to me? We still have judgment here; that we but teach When you durst do it, then you were a man; Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return And, to be more than what you were, you would To plague the inventor: This even-handed justice Be so much more the man. Nor time, nor place, Commends the ingredients of our poison’d chalice Did then adhere, and yet you would make both: To our own lips'. He's here in double trust a 10 They have made themselves, and that their fitness First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, Does unmake you. I have given suck; and know Who should against his murderer shut the door, How tender 'tis, to love the babe that milks me: Not bear the knite myself. Besides, this Duncan I would, while it was smiling in my face, Hath borne his faculties so meek, háth been 15 Have pluck'd my nipple from its boneless gums, So clear in bis great otlice, that his virtues And dash'd the brains out, had I but so sworn Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongu'd, against As you have done to this. The deep damnation of his taking-off;

Dlacb. If we should fail, And pity, like a naked new-born babe,

Lady. W il! Striding the blast, or heaven's cherubin, hors'd 20 But screw your courage to the sticking place, l'pon the sightless couriers of the air”,

And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep, Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye,

(Whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey That tears shall drown the wind. - I have no spur Soundly invite him) his two chamberlains To prick the sides of my intent, but only

Will I with wine and wasselt so convince', Vaulting ambition, which o'er-leaps itself, 23 That memory, the warder of the brain, And falls on the other--How now! what news? Shall be a fume, and the receipt' of reason Enter Lady

A limbeck only : When in swinish sleep Lady. He has almost suppd; Why have you Their drenched natures lie, as in a death, left the chamber?

What cannot you and I perform upon Álacb. Ilath he ask'd for me?

30 The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon Lody. Know you not, he has ?

Ilis spungy officers; who shall bear the guilt
Mach. We will proceed no farther in this business: Of our great quello?
He hath bovour'd me of late; and I have bought Macb. Bring forth men-children only!
Golden opinions from all sorts of people, For thy undaunted mettle should compose
Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, 35 Nothing but males.
Not cast aside so soon.

Willit not be receiv'd,
Ludi. Was the hope drunk,

When we have mark'd with blood those sleepy two Wherein you drest yourself? hath it slept since? Of his own chamber, and us’d their very daggers, And wakes it now, to look so green and pale, That they have done't? At what it did so freely? From this time, 401 Lady. Who dares receive it other, Such I account thy love. Art thou afraid As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar To be the same in thine own act and valour, Cpon his death? Asthou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that Macb. I am settled, and bend up Which thou esteem'st the ornament of life, Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. And live a coward in thy own esteem;

45 Away, and mock the time with fairest show : Letting I dare not wait ipon I would,

False face must hide what the false heart doth know. Like the poor cat i’ the adagel?

[Exeunt. ? Thisobscure soliloquy, about the meaning of which none of the readers of Shakspeare agree, Dr. Johnson explains thus: “ If that which I am about to do, when it is once done and executed, were done and ended without any following effects, it would then be best to do it quickly ; if the murder could terminate in itself, and restrain the regular course of consequences, if its success could secure its Surceuse, if being once done successfully, without detection, it could fix a period to all vengeance and enquiry, so that this blow might be all that I have to do, and this anxiety all that I have to suiter; if this could be my condition, even here in this world, in this contracted period of temporal existence, 'ou this narrow bunk in the ocean of eternity, I could jump the life to come, I would venture upon the deel without care of any future state. Bui this is one of these cases in which judgment is pronounced and vengeance inflicted upon us here in our present life. We teach others to do as we have done, and are punished by our example. ?Couriers of air mean zeinds, air in motion. Sightless is invisible. 3 The proverb alued to is, The cat loves tish, but dures not wit her feet.ll'usselor Hassuilis a word still used in Staffordshire, and the acljoining counties, and signities at present what is called Lamb's wool, i. e. roasted apples in strong beer, with sugar and spice. Wassel, however, may be put here for rivi or iniemperance. 'i. e. overpower or subilue. Or, the centineli i. e, the receptacie. - Meaning, it shall be only a vessel to emit luines or vapours. ! Quellis murder.

ACT

6

[blocks in formation]

SCENE I.

Thou marshal'st me the way that I was going;

And such an instrument I was to use. Enter Banquo, and Fleance with a torch before him.

Mine eyes are made the fools o'the other senses,

Or else worth all the rest : I see thee still; [blood, Bun. How goes the night, boy?

Fle. The moon is down; I have not 5 And on thy blade, and dudgeon', gouts of heard the clock.

Which was not so before. There's no such thing: Ban. And she goes down at twelve.

It is the bloody business, which informs Fle. I take't, 'tis later, sir.

Thus to mine eyes.—Now o'er one half the world Ban. Hold, take my sword :-there's husband- Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse ry in heaven,

10 The curtain'd sleep; now witchcraft celebrates Their candies are all out.-- Take thee that too. Pale Hecate's offerings ; and wither'd murder, A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, Alarum’d by his sentinel, the wolf, And yet I would not sleep: Mercitul powers !

Whose howl's his watch,thus with his stealthy pace, Restrain in me the cursed thoughts, that nature With Tarquin's ravishing strides towardshis design Gives way to in repose !–Give me my sword;~15 Moves like a ghost.--Thou sure and firm-setearth,

Enter Mucbeth, and a servant with a torch. Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear Who's there?

Thy very stones prate of my where-about, Macb. A friend.

[bed: And take the present horror from the time, Ban. What, sir, not yet at rest? The king's a- Which now suits with it. While I threat, he lives, He hath been in unusual pleasure, and

20 Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives. Sent forth great largess to your oflicers :

[A bell rings. This diamond he greets your wife withal,

I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.
By the name of most kind hostess; and shut up' Hear it not, Duncan ; for it is a knell
In measureless content.

That summons thee to heaven or to hell. [Erit, Macb. Being unprepard,

231

S CE N E II.
Our will became the servant'to defect;
Which else should free have wrought.

Enter Lady Macbeth.
Ban. All's well.

Lady. That which hath made them drunk, hath I dreamt last night of the three weird sisters:

made me bold; To you they've shew'd some truth.

30 What hath quench'd them, hath given me fire: Macb. I think not of them:

Hark!-Peace! Yet, when we can intreat an hour to serve, [ness, It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal bell-man, [it: We would spend it in some words upon that busi- Which gives the stern'st good-night. He is about If you would grant the time.

The doors are open; and the surfeited grooms Bun. At your kind'st leisure.

['tis, 35 Do mock their charge with snores: I have drugg'd Macb. If you shall cleave to my consent?, when

their possets, It shall make honour for you.

That death and nature do contend about them, Ban. So I lose none

Whether they live, or die. In seeking to augment it, but still keep

Macb. [Within.) Who's there?—what, ho! My bosom franchis’d, and allegiance clear,

401 Lady. Alack! I am afraid they have awak'd, I shall be counsell’d.

And’uis not done:-the attempt, and not the deed, Macb. Good repose, the while !

Confounds us :--Hark!--I laid their daggers ready, Bun. Thanks, sir; The like to you! [Erit Ban.

He could not miss them.--Had he not resembled Macb. Go, bid thy mistress, when my

drink is My father as he slept, I had done't.--My husband? ready,

45

Enter Macbeth. She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed. (Er.Ser. Macb. I have done the deed:-didst thou not Is this a dagger which I see before me,

hear a noise ?

[cry. The handle toward my hand? Come, let me Lady. I heard the owl scream, and the crickets clutch thee:

Did not you speak? I have thee not; and yet I see thee still. 50 Macb. When? Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible

Lady. Now. To feeling, as to sight? or art thou but

Mach. As I descended ? A dagger of the mind : a false creation,

Lady. Ay. Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain ?

Macb. Hark!--Who liesi'the second chamber? I see thee yet, in form as palpable

55 Lady. Donalbain.

Thands. As this which now I draw.

Macb. This is a sorry sight. [Looking on his *To shut up, is to conclude. 2 Consent for will. Dudgeon properly means the haft or handle of a dagger, and is used for that particular sort of handle which has some ornament carved on the top of it. *i. e. spots; the phrase is borrowed from heraldry. • It was the general custom in those days to eat possets just before bed-time.

Bb

Lady.

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