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Let fortune go to bell for it.--Dot I'.

Bass. -Somaythe outward shows be least themI speak too long; but 'tis to peize’ the time; The world is still deceiv'd with ornament. (selves; To eke it, and to draw it out in length,

In law what plea so tainted and corrupt, To stay you from election.

But, being season'd with a gracious voice, Bass. Let me chuse;

5 Obscures the show of evil? In religion, For as I am, I live upon the rack.

What damned error, but some sober brow Por. Upon the rack, Bassanio? then confess Will bless it, and approve it with a text, What treason there is mingled with your love. Hiding the grossness with fair ornament?

Buss. None, but that ugly treason of mistrust, There is no vice so simple, but assumes Which makes me fear the enjoying of my love: 10 Some mark of virtue on its outward parts. There may as well be amity and life

How many cowards, whose hearts are all as false 'Tween snow and fire, as treason and my

love. As stairs of sand, wear yet upon their chins Por. Ay, but I fear, you speak upon the rack, The beards of Hercules, and frowning Mars; Where men enforced do speak any thing. Who, inward search’d, have livers white as milk!

Bass. Promise me life and I'll confess the truth. 15 And these assume but valour's excrement,
Por. Well then, confess and live.

To render thein redoubted. Look on beauty, Bass. Confess, and love,

Ind you shall see 'tis purchas'd by the weight; Had been the very sum of my confession: Which therein works a miracle in nature, O happy torment, when my torturer

Making them lightest that wear most of it: Doth teach me answers for deliverance! 20 So are those crisped* snaky golden locks, But let me to my fortune and the caskets. Which make such wanton gambols with the wind,

Por. Away then: I am lock'd in one of thein; Upon supposed fairness, often known If you do love me, you will hnd me out.- To be the dowry of a second bead, Nerissa, and the rest, stand all aloof.

The skull that bred them in the sepulchre. Let musick sound, while he doth make his choice:25 Thus ornament is but the guiled "shore Then, if he lose, he makes a swan-like end, To a most dangerous sea; the beauteous scarf Fading in musick: that the comparison

Veiling an Indian beauty; in a word, Maystand more proper, my eyeshall be the stream, The seeming truth which cunning times put on And wat'ry death-bed for him: He may win: To entrap the wisest. Therefore, thou gaudy gold, And what is musick then? then musick is 130 Hard food for Midas, I will none of thee: Even as the flourish when true subjects bow Nor none of thee, thou pale and common drudge To a new.crowned monarch: such it is,

'Tweeninan and man: but thou, thou meager lead, As are those dulcet sounds in break of day, Which rather threat 'nest, than dost promise aught, That creep into the dreaming bridegroom's ear, Thy plainness moves me more than eloquence, And suinmon him to marriage. Now he goes, 35 And here chuse I ; Joy be the consequence ! With no less presence', but with much more love, Por. Hlow all the other passions fleet to air, Than young Alcides, when he did redeem As doubtful thoughts, and rash-embrac'd despair, The virgin-tribute paid by howling Troy

And shudd'ring fear, and green-ey'd jealousy! To the sea-monster: I stand for sacrifice,

O love, be moderate, allay thy ecstasy, The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives,

40 In measure rain thy joy, scant this excess; With bleared visages, come forth to view I feel too much thy blessing, make it less, The issue of the exploit . Go, Hercules !

For fear I surfeit! [Opening the leaden casket. Live thou, Live:-With muchinuch more dismay Bars. What find I here? I view the fight, than thou that mak’st the fray: Fair Portia's counterfeito? What demy-god

[Msusick within. 45 Hath come so near creation ? Move these eyes? A Song, whilst Bassanio comments on the cuskets Or whether, riding on the balls of mine, to himself.

Seem they in motion. Here are sever'd lips,
Tell me where is fancy bred,

Parted with sugar breath; so sweet a barr
Or in the heart or in the heud ?

Shouldsundersuchsweet friends: Here in herhairs
How begot, how nourished?

50 The painter plays the spider; and hath woven Reply. It is engender'd in the eyes,

A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men,
With gazing fed; and fancy dies

Faster than gnats in cobwebs : But her eyes,
In the cradle where it lies:

How could he see to do them? Having made one, Let us all ring fancy's knell.

Methinks, it should have power to steal both his, r'll begin it,Ding, dong, bell. 55 And leave itself unfurnish'd: Yet look, how far All. Ding, dong, bell.

The substance of my praise doth wrong this shadow • The author of the REVISAL of Shakspeare's text assigns the following meaning to this difficult passage :-“If the worst I fear should happen, and it should prove in the event, that I, who am

jastly yours by the free donation I have made you of myself, should yet not be yours in consequence “ of an unlucky choice, let fortune go to hell for robbing you of your just due, not I for violating

: To peize comes from peser, I'r. which signifies to retard. Meaning, with no less dignity of mien. i.e. curled. bi. e. the treacherous shore. • Counterfeit here means a likeness, a resemblance.

IA

my oath.”

In underprizing it, so far this shadow scroll, Gra. My lord Bassanio, and my gentle lady,
Doth linip behind the substance.--Here's the I wish you all the joy that you can wish;
The continent and

summary of

my

fortune. For, I am sure, you can wish none from me: You that chuse not by the view,

And, when your honours mean to solemnize
Chance as fair, and chuse as true! 5 The bargain of your faith, I do beseech you,
Since this fortune falls to you,

Even at that tinie I may be marry'd too.
Be content, and seek no new.

Bass. Withall my heart, so thou canst get a wife.
If you be well pleas'd with this,

Gra.I thank your lordship; you have got meone. And hold your fortune for your bliss, My eyes, my lord, can look as swift as yours: Turn yon where your lady is,

10 You saw the mistress, I beheld the maid; And claim her with a loving kiss. You lov'd, I lov'd; for intermission? A gentle scroll!–Fair lady, by your leave; No more pertains to me, my lord, than you.

[Kissing her. Your fortune stood upon the casket there; I come by note, to give, and to receive.

And so did mine too, as the matter falls: Like one of two contending in a prize, 15 For wooing here, until I sweat again; That thinks he hath done well in people's eyes, And swearing, till my very roof was dry Hearing applause, and universal shout,

With oaths of love ; at last,-if promise last, Giddy in spirit, still gazing, in a doubt

I got a promise of this fair one here, Whether those peals of praise be his or no;

To have her love, provided that your fortune So, thrice fair lady, stand I, even so;

20 Atchiev'd her mistress. As doubtful whether what I see be true,

Por. Is this true, Nerissa?

[al, Until confirm’d, sign’d, ratify'd by you.

Ner. Madam, it is, so you stand pleas'd withPor. You see me, lord Bassanio, where I stand, Bass. And do you, Gratiano, mean good faith? Such as I ain: though, for myself alone,

Gra. Yes, 'faith, my lord. (marriage. I would not be ambitious in my wish,

125

Bass. Our feast shall be much honour'd in your To wish myself much better; yet, for you, Gra. We'll play with them, the first boy for a I would be trebled twenty times myself;

thousand ducats. A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times Ner. What, and stake down? More rich; that to stand high in your account, Gra. No; we shall ne'er win at that sport, and I might in virtues, beauties, livings, friends,

30 stake down. Exceed account: but the full sum of me

But who comes here? Lorenzo, and bis infidel? Is sum of something; which, to term in gross, What, and my old Venetian friend, Salerio? Is an unlesson'd girl, unschool’d, unpractis'd:

Enter Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerio. Happy in this, she is not yet so old

Bass. Lorenzo, and Salerio, welcome hither ; But she may learn; and happier than this, 35 If that the youth of my new interest here She is not bred so dull but she can learn; Havepower to bid you welcome:-By your leave, Happiest of all, is, that her gentle spirit

I bid iny very friends, and countrymen, Commits itself to yours to be directed,

Sweet Portia, welcome. As from her lord, her governor, her king.

Por. So do I, my lord; Myself, and what is mine, to you, and yours 40 They are entirely welcome.

[lord, Is now converted: but now I was the lord Lor. I thank your honour :-For my part, my Of this fair mansion, master of my servants, My purpose was not to have seen you here; Queen o'er myself; and even now, but now, But meeting with Salerio by the way, This house, these servants, and this same myself

, He did intreat me, past all saying nay, Are yours, my lord; I give them with this ring; 45To come with him along, Which when you part from, lose, or give away,

Sale. I did, my lord, Let it presage the ruin of your love,

And I have reason for it. Signior Anthonio And be my vantage to exclaim on you.

Commends liim to you. [Gives Bassunio a letter. Buss. Madam, you have bereft me of all words, Bass. Ere I ope

his letter, Only my blood speaks to you in my veins : 50|1 pray you tell me how my good friend doth. And there is such confusion in my powers,

Sale. Not sick, my lord, unless it be in mind! As, after some oration fairly spoke

Nor well, unless in inind: his letter there By a beloved prince, there doth appear

Will shew you his estate.

[come, Among the buzzing pleased multitude;

Gra. Nerissa, cheer yon' stranger ; bid her welWhere every something, being blent' together, 55 Yourhand, Salerio; What's the news from Venice? 'Turns to a wild of nothing, save of joy,

How doth that royal merchant, good Anthonio? Exprest, and not exprest: But when this ring I know he will be glad of our success; Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence; We are the Jasons, we have won the fleece, [lost! O, then be bold to say, Bassanio's dead.

Sale. Would you had won the fleece that he hath Ner. My lord and lady, it is now our time, 100 Por. There are some shrewd contents in yon same That have stood by, and seen our wishes prosper, That steals the colour of Bassanio's cheek: [paper, To cry, good joy; Good joy, my lord and lady! Some dear friend dead; else nothing in the world That is, blended. ? Intermission here means pause, delay, P2

Could Could turn so much the constitution

With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold Ofany constant man. What, worse and worse ?- To pay the petty debt twenty times over: With leave, Bassanio; I ain half yourself, When it is paid, bring your true friend along: And I must freely have the half of any thing My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time, That this same paper brings you.

will live as maids and widows. Come, away ; Bass. O sweet Portia,

For

you shall hence upon your wedding-day: Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words, Bid your friends welcome, shew a merry cheer; That ever blotted paper! Gentle lady,

Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear. When I did first impart my love to you,

But let me hear the letter of your friend. I freely told you, all the wealih I had

101 Bass. [Reads.] “ Sweet Bassanio, my ships have Ran in my veins, I was a gentleman ;

"all miscarry'd, my creditors grow cruel, my And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady, "' estate is very low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit; Rating myself at nothing, you sh Il see

“ and since, in paying it, it is impossible I should How much I was a braggart: When I told you “' live, all debts are cleared between you and me, My state was nothing, I should then have told you 15". if I might but see you at my death: notwithThat I was worse than nothing; for, indeed, standing, use your pleasure: if your love do I have engag'd myself to a dear friend,

“not persuade you to come, let not my letter." Engag'd my friend to his meer enemy,

Por. O love, dispatch all business, and be gone. To teed my means. llere is a letter, lady; Buss. Since I have your good leave to go away, The paper as the body of my friend,

20 I will make haste: but, 'till I come again, And every word in it a gaping wound,

No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay, Issuing life-blood.—But it is true, Salerio?

No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. [Exeunt. Have all his ventures fail'd? What, not one hit?

SCENE III. From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England,

A Street in Venice. From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?

25 Enter Shylock, Salanio. Anthonio, and the And not one vessel 'scape the dreadsul touch

Gaolur. Of merchant-marring rocks?

Shy. Gaoler, look to him ;

-Tell not me of Sale. Not one, my lord.

mercy; Besides, it should appear, that if he had

This is the fool that lent out money gratis ;
The present money to discharge the Jew, 30 Gaoler, look to him.
He would not take it: Never did I know

Anth. Hear me yet, good Shylock. [bond; A creature, that did bear the shape of man, Shy. I'll have my bond ; speak not against my So keen and greedy to confound a man:

I have sworn an oath, that I will have

my

bond: He plies the duke at morning, and at night; Thou call’dst me dog, before thou had'st a cause; And doth impeach the freedom of the state, 35 But, since I am a dog, beware my tangs: If they deny him justice: twenty merchants, The duke shall grant me justice.--do wonder, 'The duke himself, and the magnificoes

Thou vaughty gaoler, that thou art so fond', Of greatest port, have all persuaded with him; To come abroad with him at his request. But none can drive him from the envious plea Anth. I pray thee, hear me speak. [speak: Of forfeiture, of justice, and his bond. [swear, 40 Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee

Jes. When I was with him, I have heard him I'll have my bord; and therefore speak no more, To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen, I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool', That he would rather have Anthonio's tlesh,' To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield Than twenty times the value of the sum

To christian intercessors. Follow not ; That he did owe him: and I know, my lord, 4511'll have no speaking ; I will have my bond. If law, authority, and power deny not,

[Erit Shylock. It will go hard with poor Anthonio. [ble : Sul. It is the most impenetrable cur,

Por. Is it your dear friend that is thus in trou- That ever kept with men.

Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, Anth. Let him alone; The best conditiou'd and unweary'd spirit 50 I'll follow hiin no more with bootless prayers. In doing courtesies ; and one in whoni

He seeks my life; his reason well I know; The ancient Roman honour more appears,

I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures Than any that draws breath in Italy.

Many that have at times made moan to me, Por. What sum owes he the Jew?

Therefore he hates me.
Bass. For me, three thousand ducats. 55 Sala. I am sure, the duke
Por. What, no more?

Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.

[law; Pay him six cousand, and deface the bond:

Anth: The duke cannot deny the course of Double six thousand, and then treble that, For the commodity that strangers have Before a friend of this description

With us in Venice, if it be deny'd, Shall lose a hair thorough Bassanio's fault. 60 Will much impeach the justice of the state; First, go with me to chuch, and call me wise; Since that the trade and profit of the city And then away to Venice to your friend;

Consisteth of all nations. Therefore go:
For never shall you lie by Portia's side

These griefs and lusses Irave so 'bated inė,
'j. e. so foolish.
Meaning, melancholy fool.

That

That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh In speed to Paclua; see thou render this
To-morrow to my bloody creditor.–

Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; [thies Well, gaoler, on :- Pray God, Bassanio come And, look, what notes and garments he doth give To see ine pay his debt, and then I care not! Bring thein, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed,

[Excunt. 51'nto the traject, io the common ferry (words, SCENE

Which trades to Venice:-waste ro time in IV.

But get thee gone ; I shall be there before thee. Belmont.

Bulth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. Enter Portia, Nerissa, Lorenco, Jessica, and

[Erit. Balihuzar.

10 Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in biand, Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your presence, That you yet know pot of: we'll see our husbands You have a noble and a true conceit

Before they think of ns. Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly

Ner. Shali they see us? In bearing thus the absence of your lord.

Por. They shall, Nerissa ; but in such a habit, But, if you knew to whom you shew this honour, (15 That they shall think we are accomplished Ilow true a gentleman you send relief,

With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, Ilow ciear a lover of my lord your husband,

Mben we are both apparell'd like young men, I know, you would be prouder of the work, I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, Than customary bounty can enforce you. And wear my dagger with the braver grace ;

Por. I never did repent for doing good, 20 and sprak between the change of man and boy, Nor shall not now: for in companions

With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps That do converse and waste the time together, Into a inanly stride; and speak of frays, Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, Like a tine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies, There must needs be a like proportion

How honourable ladies sought my love,
Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; 23 Which I denying, they fell sick and dy'd;
Which makes me think, that this Anthonio, I could not do' with all;—then I'll repent,
Being the bosom lover of my lo d,

And wishi, for all that, that I had not kill'd them: Must needs be like my lord: If it be so,

And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, How little is the cost I have bestow'd,

Thut men shall swear I have discontinued school in purchasing the semblance of my soul 30.bove a twelvemonth:--I have within

my

mind From out the state of hellish crueliv?

A thousand raw tricks of these bragging jacks,
This comes too near the praising of myself; Which I will practise.
Therefore, no more of it: hear other things. Nor. Why, shall we turn to men?
Lorenzo, I commit into your hands

Por. Fie! what a question's that,
The husbandry and manage of my house, 3.; If thou wert near a lewd interpreter ?
Until my lord's return: for mine own part, Dut come, I'll tell thee all my whole device
I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow, When I am in my coach, which stays for us
To live in prayer and contemplation,

At the park gate; and therefore haste away,
Only attended by Nerissa here,

for we must measure twenty miles to-day." [Ex. l'ntil her husband and my lord's return:

SCENE V.
There is a monastery two miles oil,
And there we will abide. I do desire you,

Entor Launcelot and jessica.
Not to deny this imposition;

Loun. Yes, truly :--for, look you, the sins of The which my love, and some necessity,

the father are to be laid upon the children; thereNow lays upon you.

45 fore, I promise you, I fear you. I was always Lor. Madam, with all my heart :

plain with you, and so now I speak my agitation I shall obey you in all fair commands.

of the maiier: Therefore be of good cheer; for, Por. My people do aiready know my mind, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is but one And will achiowledge you and Jessica

bope in it that can do you any good; and that is In place of lord Bassanio and myself.

50 but a kind of bastard hope neither. So save you well, till ve shall meet again. [you ! Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee?

Lor. l'air thoughts and happy hours attuu on Lun. Marry, you may partly hope that your
Jes. I wish your ladyship ali heart's content. father gnt you not, that you are not the Jew's
Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well daughter.
pleas'd

53 Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, in-. To wisli it back on you: fare you well, Jessica. deed; so the sins of my mother shall be visited

(Exeunt jessica and Lorenzo. Now, Balthazar,

Laun. Truly then I fear you are damı'd both. As I have ever found thee honest, true,

by father and mother: thus wben I shun Scylla, So let me find thee stiil: Take this same letter, your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother; And use thou all the endeavour of a man, lwell, you are gone · For the sense of the word do in this place, see note 4, p. 77,

Jes.

140

upon me.

both ways.

Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he haththou shew the whole wealth of thy wit in an inmade me a Christian.

stant? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover Christians enough before; e'en as many as could the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in well live one by another: This making of Chris- 5 to dinner. tians will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be serv'd in ; to be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your rasher on the coals for inoney.

coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours Enter Lorenzo. and conceit shall govern.

[Erit Laun. Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you 10 Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suitsay; here he comes. .

The fool hath planted in his memory,

[ed! Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Laun- An army of good words: And I do know celot, if you thus get my wife into corners. A many fools, that stand in better place,

Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo ; Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there 15 Defy the matter. How cheerist thou, Jessica ? is no mercy for me in heaven, because I am a And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, Jew's daughter; and he says,you are no good mem- How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? ber of the commonwealth; for in converting Jews Jes. Past all expressing: it is very meet, to Christians, you raise the price of pork. The lord Bassanio live an upright life;

Lor. I shall answer that better to the cominon- 20 For, having such a blessing in his lady, wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's He finds the joys of heaven here on earth: belly: the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. And, if on earth he do not mean it, it

Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more Is reason he should never come to heaven. than reason: but if she be less than an honest wo- Why,if two gods should play some heavenlyınatchi, man, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. 25 And on the wager lay two earthly women,

Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! And Portia one, there must be something else I think the best grace of wit will shortly turn into Pawn’d with the other; for the poor rude world silence; and discourse grow commendable in none Hath not her fellow. only but parrots.-Go in, sirrah; bid them pre- Lor. Even such a husband pare for dinner.

[machs. 30 last thou of me, as she is for a wife. Laun. That is done, sir; they have all sto- Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.

Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! Lor. I will anon; first let us go to dinner, then bid them prepare dinner.

Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a Laun. That is done too, sir; only, cover is the

stomach. word.

351 Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk; Lor. Will you cover then, sir?

Then, howsoe'er thou speak’st, 'mong other things Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know iny duty. I shall digest it. Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion; wilt| Jes. Well, I'll set you forth, [Exeunt,

[blocks in formation]

SCEN E 1.

To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
The Senate-house in Venice.

The very tyranny and rage of his.

Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court. Enter the Duke, the Senators; Anthonio, Bassa

Sal. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord. nio, Gratiano, and others.

50

Enter Shylock: Duke. WHAT, is Anthonio here?

Duke. Make room, and let him stand before Anth. Ready, so please your grace. [swer

our face.Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to an- Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch

That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice Uncapable of pity, void and einpty

55 To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, From any dram of mercy.

Thou'lt shew thy mercy,and remorse more strange Anth. I have heard,

Than is thy strange apparent cruelty: Your grace bath ta'en great pains to qualify And, where thou now exact'st the penalty, His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh) And that no lawful means can carry ine 60 Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture, Out of his envy's reach', I do oppose,

But, touch'd with human gentleness and love, My patience to his fury; and am arm'd Forgive a moiety of the principal; ! Ency in this place means hatred or malice ? Where for whercas.

3

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