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act of Congress admiralty admitted American Appeal apply appointed authority Bank bill British Brown carried cause character circuit court citizens City civil claim Clark colonies commerce committed common law considered Constitution contract decided decision district doctrine duties effect election enemy England English equally established exclusive executive exercise existence extend federal force foreign give given grant held House judges judgment judicial jurisdiction justice land law of nations legislative legislature Lord March maritime Matter means Michigan nature necessary neutral object offences opinion original Page party peace persons port practice President principles prize proceedings protection provision punishment question reason Representatives respect rule Senate ship Smith statute suit Supreme Court territory tion trade treaty Union United vessel vote Wall Wheaton York
Seite 316 - All claims founded upon the Constitution of the United States or any law of Congress, except for pensions, or upon any regulation of an Executive Department, or upon any contract, express or implied, with the Government of the United States...
Seite 127 - A neutral Government is bound — First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace...
Seite 477 - The sovereignty of a State extends to everything which exists by its own authority or is introduced by its permission ; b*ut does it extend to those means which are employed by Congress to carry into execution powers conferred on that body by the people of the United States ? We think it demonstrable that it does not.
Seite 519 - To avoid improper influences which may result from intermixing in one and the same act such things as have no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title.
Seite 509 - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Seite 489 - It is not intended to say that these words comprehend that commerce which is completely internal, which is carried on between man and man in a state, or between different parts of the same state, and which does not extend to or affect other states. Such a power would be inconvenient, and is certainly unnecessary. Comprehensive as the word among is, it may very properly be restricted to that commerce which concerns more states than one.
Seite 332 - Of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, saving to suitors in all cases the right of a common-law remedy where the common law is competent to give it, and to claimants the rights and remedies under the workmen's compensation law of any State.60 Fourth.
Seite 377 - Courts, shall conform, as near as may be, to the practice, pleadings, and forms and modes of proceeding, existing at the time in like causes in the courts of record of the State, within which such Circuit or District Courts are held, any rule of the court to the contrary notwithstanding.
Seite 509 - Certainly all those who have framed written constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and paramount law of the nation, and consequently the theory of every such government must be, that an act of the Legislature, repugnant to the Constitution, is void.
Seite 374 - that the laws of the several States, except where the Constitution, treaties, or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States, in cases where they apply.