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UNIVERSAL, HISTORICAL, and LITERARY
DICTIONARY.

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EATH (THOMAS), an alderman of Exeter, and Anecdotes

of Bowyer, father of John Heath, Esq; one of the judges of the

by Nichols, Common-pleas, was author of “ An Eliay towards p. 257.

English Version of the Book of Job, from the ori“ ginal Hebrew, with some account of his Life, 1755," 8vo.--His brother BENJAMIN, a lawyer of eminence, and town-clerk of Exeter, was likewise an author ; and wrote, 1. “ An Estay towards a demonstrative Proof of " the Divine Existence, Unity, and Attributes ; to which is

premised, a short Defence of the Arguinent commonly called " à priori, 1740 [A].” 2. “The Case of the County of “ Devon with respect to the Consequences of the new Excise " Duty on Cyder and Perry. Published by the direction of “ the Committee appointed at a General Meeting of that “ County to superintend the Application for the Repeal of “ that Duty, 1763,” 4t0 [B]. 3: “ Not five Leétiones “ ad Tragicorum Græcorum veterum, Ælchyli, &c. 1752," 460; a work which places the author's learning and critical skill in a very conspicuous light. A principal object of the publication was to restore the metre of the Grecian Tragic Poets. It is much to be regretted that the distaste for ancient learning, which for ome years past hath prevailed in this country, should have left it for foreigners to appreciate this work according to its intrinfic value. The fame solidity of judgement apparent in the preceding, distinguished the au

[1] This pamphlet was dedicated to circumstances peculiar to Devonshire, Dr. Oliver of Bath, and is to be rank- the repeal of the act is greatly to be ed amongit the ableft defences of Dr. afcribed. The piece indeed was confiClarke's, or rather Mr. Howe's, hypo- dered as io well-timed a service to the thesis ; for it appears to be taken from public, that Mr. Heath received some Howe's “ Living Temple.".

honourable notice on account of it at [B] To this representation of the a general meeting of the county. Vol. VII. B

thor's

.

Anecdotes

ments.

Hawkins's

thor's last production ; 4. “ A Revisal of Shakspeare's Text, " wherein the alterations introduced into it by the more “ modern editors and critics are particularly confidered,

1765," 8vo. It appears from the list of Oxford graduates, that Mr. Benjamin Heath was created D.C. L. by diploma, March 31, 1762

HEIDEGGER (JOHN JAMES), was the son of a clerof Hogarth, by Nichols,

gyman, and a native of Zurich in Switzerland, where he p.134; im- married, but left his country in consequence of an intrigue. proved by Having had an opportunity of visiting the principal cities of fubsequent Europe, he acquired a taste for elegant and refined pleasures, cations.

which, united to a strong inclination for voluptuousness, hy degrees qualified him for the management of public amuse

In 1708, when he was near 50 years old, he came to England on a negotiation from the Swiss at Zurich ; but, failing in his embafiy, he entered as a private soldier in the guards for protection. By his fprightly, engaging conversa tion, and infinuating address, he toon worked himself into

the good graces of our young people of fashion; from whom Sir John

he obtained the appellation of the Swiss Count [A]." He History of had the address to procure a subscription, with which in 1709 Music, Vol. he was enabled to furnish out the opera of " Thomyris [B]," V. p. 142. which was written in English, and performed at the queen's

theatre in the Haymarket. The mufic, however, was Italian; that is to fay, airs feiected from fundry of the foreign operas by Bononcini, Scarlatti, Steffani, Gasperini, and Albinoni. Most of the fongs in “ Themyris” were excellent, thofe by Bononcini especially : Valentini, Margarita, and Mrs. Tofts fung in it; and Heidegger by this perfor:nance alone was a gainer of 500 guineas [c]. The judicious remarks he made on several defects in the conduct of our operas in general, and the hints he threw out for improving the entertaininents of the royal theatre, foon efablished his character as a good critic. Appeals were made to his judgement; and forme very magnificent and clegant decorations, introduced upon the flage in consequence of his advice, gave fuch fatisfaction to George II. who was fond of operas, that, upon being informed to whose genius he was indebted for these improvements, his majelty was pleased from that time

[A] He is twice poticed under this " Chaucer,” to “ the Swiss Count." title in the “Tatler," Nos.] 2. and 13 ; [B] There was another opera of the and in Mr. Duncombe's " Collection of same name, by Peter Moiteux, in 1719.

[c] “ Thoinyris” and “ Camila” " deceased,” is a humorous dedica- were both revived in 1726; but neither tion of Mr. Hughes's “ Vision of of them then succeeded.

“ Letters of several eminent Persons

to countenance hin, and he soon obtained the chief management of the Opera-lioufe in the Haymarket. · He then fet about improving another species of diversion, not less agreeable to the king, which was the masquerades, and over these he always prefided at the king's theatre. He was likewife appointed matter of the revels. The nobility now carefled him fo much, and had such an opinion of his taste, that all splendid and clegant entertaintments given by them upon particular occafions, and all private affemblies by subscription, were submitted to his direction (D).

From the emoluments of these several employments, he gained a regular considerable income, amounting, it is said, in fome years, to 5000l, which he spent with much liberality; particularly in the maintenance of perhaps a somewhat too luxurious table ; fo that it may be said, he raised an income, hut never a fortune. His foibles, however, if they deserve fo haríh a name, were completely covered” by his “charity, ” which was boundless El.

That he was a good judge of music, appears from his opera: but this is all that is known of his mental abilities [F]; unless we add, what we have good authority for saying in honour to his memory, that he walked from Charing-cross to Temple-bar, and back again ; and when he came home, wrote down every sign on cach side the Strand.

As to his perfon, though he was tall and well made, it was not very pleafing, from an unusual hardness of features [G!. But he was the first to joke upon his own ugliness; and he once laid a wager with the earl of Chefterfield, that, within a certain given time, his lordship would not be

a

[D] The writer of this note has his carrying on that diversion with so beca favoured with the fight of an little oppatition as he met with. amethy sna-box set in goid, pre- [F] Pope (Dunciad, 1. 289.) calls sented to Heidegger in 1731, by the the bird which atrendej on the goddess duke of Lorrain, afterwarus emperor of

me a monster of a fowl, Germany, which Heidegger very highly Something betwixt a Heidegger and valued, and bequeathed to his.executar

« owi." Lewis Way, Esq; of Richmond, and and explains Heidegger to mean which is now (Juiy 1784) in the potsei- “ strange bird from Switzerland, and fion of his fon Benjamin Way, Esq; not (as some have supposed) the

[E] After a successful masquerade, nanie of an eminent person, who was he has been known to give away several a man of paits, and, as was said of hundred pounds at a time.

" You « Petronius, Arbiter Elegantiarum.” “ know poor objects of difress better [G] There is a metzotinto of Hei. " than I do," he would frequently degger by J. Faber, 1742, (cther cosay to the father of the entleman pies dated 1749) from a painting by who furnishes this anecdote. “ Be Vanloo, a striking likeness, now (1784) " so kind as to give away this mo- in the poffeffion or Peter Crawiord, L'fa.

This weli-knows lin His face is also introduced in more than þeralicy, perhaps, contributed mush to one of Hogarth’s prints.

able

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ney for me.'

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able to produce so hideous a face in all London. After strict fearch, a woman was found, whose features were at first fight thought stronger than Heidegger's; but, upon clapping her head-dress upon himself, he was universally allowed to have won the wager. Jolly, a well-known taylor, carrying his bill to a noble duke; his grace, for evasion, said, “ Damn your ugly “ face, I never will pay you till you bring me an uglier fellow “than yourself !” Jolly

bowed and retired, wrote a letter, and sent it by a fervant to Heidegger ; faying, “ his grace with“ ed to see him the next morning on particular business.” Heidegger attended, and Jolly was there to meet him ; and in consequence, as soon as Heidegger's visit was over, Jolly received the cash.

The late facetious duke of Montagu (the memorable author of the bottle conjuror at the theatre in the Haymarket) gave an entertainment at the Devil-tavern, Temple-bar, to several of the nobility and gentry, selecting the most convivial, and a few hard-drinkers, who were all in the plot. Heidegger was invited, and in a few hours after dinner was made so dead drunk that he was carried out of the room, and laid insensible upon a bed. A profound sleep ensued; when the late Mrs. Salmon's daughter was introduced, who took a mould from his face in plaster of Paris. From this a mask was made, and a few days before the next masquerade (at which the king promised to be present, with the countess of Yarmouth) the duke made application to Heidegger's valet de chambre, to know what suit of cloaths he was likely to wear; and then procuring a similar dress, and a person of the same stature, he gave him his instructions. On the evening of the masquerade, as soon as his majesty was seated (who was always known by the conductor of the entertainment and the officers of the court, though concealed by his dress from the company) Heidegger, as usual, ordered the music to play “ God fave the King;” but his back was no sooner turned, than the false Heidegger ordered them to strike up“ Charly over the Water.” The whole company were instantly thunderstruck, and all the courtiers, not in the plot, were thrown into a stupid confternation. Heideg. ger flew to the mufic-gallery, fwore, ftamped, and raved, accused the musicians of drunkennefs, or of being set on by fome secret enemy to ruin him. The king and the counters laughed so immoderately, that they hazarded a discovery. While Heidegger stayed in the gallery, “God save the King" was the tune; but when, after setting matters to rights, he retired to one of the dancing-rooms, to observe if decorum was kept by the company, the counterfeit stepping forward,

and

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