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and fluent tongues. We are not, however, tosh, Wordsworth, Brougham, Hazlitt, arguing their superiority to the two just Macaulay, De Quincey, Croly, H. Rogers, mentioned, or to others of a similar stamp, &c., down to Prior, &c. Johnson gave whose writings were above their talk—far again and again his sturdy verdict in his the reverse—but are simply asserting that favor, which was more valuable then than we may regret more the comparative it is now. “If I were,” he said when once meagerness of biography in the case of the ill, and unable to talk,“ to meet that fellow one class than of the other.

Burke to-night, it would kill me.” Fox Burke, in private, was unquestionably admitted that he had learned more from the most blameless of the eminent men of Burke's conversation than from all his his day. He was, in all his married life reading and experience put together. at least, entirely free from the licentious- Laurence, one of his executors, has left ness of Fox, the dissipation of Sheridan, recorded his glowing sense of his friend's and the hard-drinking habits of Pitt. But genius and virtues. Of Mackintosh's adhe was also the most amiable and actively- miration we have spoken above ; although, benevolent of them. Wise as a serpent, in an article which appeared in the “Edinhe was harmless as a dove; and when the burgh Review," somewhere in 1830, he deep sources of his virtuous indignation seems to modify his approbation ; induced were not touched, gentle as a lamb. Who to this, partly, perhaps, by the influences has forgot his fatherly interest in poor of Holland House, and partly by those Crabbe—that flower blushing and drooping chills of age which, falling on the higher unseen, till Burke lifted it up in his hand, genius and nature of Burke, served only and gave his protégé bread and immortality ? to revive and stimulate him, but which or his kindness to rough, thankless Barry, damped whatever glow Mackintosh once whom he taught and counseled as wisely had. Wordsworth’s lofty estimate is given as if he had been a prophet of art, not in Lord John Russell's recent biography politics, and as if he had studied nothing of Moore, and serves not only to prove else but painting, (proving thus, besides what his opinion was, but to establish a his tender heart, that a habit and power of strong distinction between the mere diletdeep and genuine thinking can easily be tante litterateur like Canning, and the mere transferred from one branch to all, and that statesman like Pitt, and a man who, like the great genius is great all round--a truth Burke, combined the deepest knowledge of substantiated, besides, by the well-known politics, and the most unaffected love for aid he gave Sir Joshua Reynolds in his literature and literary men. Brougham's lectures ;) or last, not least, his Good- estimate, in his “ Statesmen,” &c., is not Samaritan treatment of the wretched street- exactly unfair, but fails, first through his stroller he met, took home, introduced, lordship's profound unlikeness, in heart, after hearing her story, to Mrs. Burke, habits, kind of culture, taste, and genius, who watched over, reformed, and employed to the subject of his critique-(Burke, to her in her service ? " These are deeds name two or three distinctions, was always which must not pass away.” Like green a careful, while Brougham is often an exlaurels on the bald head of a Cæsar, they tempore, thinker. Burke is a Cicero, and add a beauty and softness to the grandeur something far more ; Brougham aspires to of Burke's mind, and leave you at a loss be a Demosthenes, and is something far (fine balance! rare alternative! compli- less. Burke reasons philosophically-a ment, like a biforked sunbeam, cutting two mode of ratiocination which, as we have ways !) whether more to love or to admire seen, can be employed with advantage on him. Fit it was that he should have almost all subjects ; Brougham reasons passed that noble panegyric on Howard, geometrically, and is one of those who, the “ Circumnavigator of Charity," which according to Aristotle, are sure to err when now stands, and shall eternally stand, like they turn their mathematical method to a mountain before its black and envious moral or mental themes. Burke's process shadow, over against Carlyle's late un- of thought resembles the swift synthetic happy attack on the unrivaled philan- algebra ; Brougham's the slow, plodding, thropist.

geometric analysis. Burke had prophetic We promised a word on Burke's critics. insight, earnestness, and poetic fire ; They have been numerous and various. Brougham has marvelous acuteness, the From Johnson, Fox, Laurence, Mackin- | earnestness of passion, and the fire of

temperament. Burke had genuine imagi- yourself in contact with a “great virgin nation ; Brougham has none ;) and, second, mind,” melting down through the heat and through his prodigious exaggeration of weight of its own exhaustless wealth, Burke's rivals, who, because they were although, in absence of fault, stateliness near and around, appear to him cognate of manner, and occasional polished felicities and equal, if not superior; even as St. of expression, Hall is superior even to Peter's is said to be lessened in effect Burke. by some tall but tasteless buildings in That Burke was Junius, we do not bethe neighborhood ; and as the giant Ben lieve ; but that Burke HAD TO DO with the Macdhui was long concealed by the lofty composition of some of these celebrated but subordinate hills which crush in around letters, we are as certain as if we had seen him. Hazlitt, Macaulay, and De Quincey his careful front, and dim, but searching have all seen Burke in a truer light, and eyes looking through his spectacles over praised him in the spirit of a more generous the MS. He was notoriously (see Prior's and richer recognition. Hazlitt has made, Life) in the secret of their authorship. he tells us, some dozen attempts to describe Johnson thought him the only man then Burke's style, without pleasing himself- alive capable of writing them. Hall's so subtile and evasive he found its elements, objection, that " Burke's great power was and so strange the compound in it of mat- amplification, while that of Junius was ter of fact, speculation, and poetic eloquence. condensation,” sprung, we think, from a His views of him, too, veered about several totally mistaken idea of the very nature of times—at least they seem very different in Burke's mind. There is far more conhis papers in the “ Edinburgh Review,” | densed thinking and writing in many parts and in his acknowledged essays ; although of Burke than in Junius—the proof of we believe that at heart he always admired which is, that no prose writer in the lanhim to enthusiasm, and is often his un- guage, except, perhaps, Dean Swift, has conscious imitator. Macaulay has also a had so many single sentences so often thorough appreciation of Burke, the more quoted. That the motion of the mind of that he is said to fancy-it is nothing more Junius differs materially from Burke's, is than a fancy—that there is a striking granted; but we could account for this resemblance between his hero and himself! (even although we contended, which we do De Quincey following in this, Coleridge not, that he was the sole author) from the has felt, and eloquently expressed, his im- awkwardness of the position in which the measurable contempt for those who praise Anonymous would necessarily place him. Burke's fancy at the expense of his intel- He would become like a man writing with lect. Dr. Croly has published a Political his left hand. The mask would confine as Life of Burke, full of eloquence and fervid well as disguise him. He durst not venpanegyric, as well as of strong discrimina- ture on that free and soaring movement tion ; Burke is manifestly his master, nor which was natural to him. Who ever has he found an unworthy disciple. Henry heard of a man in a mask swaying a broadRogers has edited and prefaced an edition sword? He always uses a stiletto or a of Burke's works, but the prefixed essay, dagger. Many of the best things in although able, is hardly worthy of the “ Junius” are in one of Burke's manners; author of “ Reason and Faith,' and its for, as we have seen, many manners and eloquence is of a laborious, mechanical styles were his. He said to Boswell, in sort. And Hall has, in his “ Apology for reference to Crofts' “ Life of Young," the Liberty of the Press," which was in “ It is not a good imitation of Johnson : part a reply to the “Reflections,” painted he has the nodosities of the oak, without him by a few beautiful touches, less true, its strength-the contortions of the sibyl, however, than they are beautiful ; and his without her inspiration." Junius says of pamphlet, although carefully modeled on Sir W. Draper, “ He has all the melancholy the writings of his opponent, is not to be madness of poetry, without the inspiration.' named beside them in depth, compass of How like to many sentences in Burke thought, richness of imagery, or variety are such expressions as these (speaking of and natural vigor of style ; his splendor, Wilkes :)—The gentle breath of peace compared to Burke's, is stiff'; his thinking would leave him on the surface, unruftled and his imagery imitative no more than and unremoved; it is only the tempest in the case of Macaulay do you ever feel which lifts him from his place." We could

quote fifty pithy sentences from Junius and which Burke stirred the stagnant waters from Burke, which, placed in parallel of our literature, and by which, while procolumns, would convince an unprejudiced fessedly an enemy of revolutions, he himcritic that they came from the same mind. self established one of the greatest, most It is the union in both of point, polish, and beneficial, and most lasting—that, namely, concentration—a union reminding you of of a new, more impassioned, and less conthe deep yet shining sentences of Tacitus ventional mode of addressing the intellects —that establishes the identity. Junius has and hearts of men. two salts in his style—the sal acridum, Latterly, another change has threatened and the sal atticum. Sir Philip Francis to come over us. Some men of genius was equal to the supply of the first; Burke have imported from abroad a mangled and alone to that of the second. It adds to mystic Germanism, which has been for a the evidence for this theory, that Burke while the rage. This has not, however, was fond of anonymous writing, and that mingled kindly with the current of our in it he occasionally “ changed his voice,” | literature. The philosophic language or jarand personated other minds: think of his gon—and it is partly both—of the Teutons "Vindication of natural society in the has not been well assimilated, or thoroughly manner of Lord Bolingbroke.” He often, digested among us. From its frequent too, assisted other writers sub rosa, such and affected use, it is fast becoming a as Barry and Reynolds, in their prelections nuisance. While thinkers have gladly on painting. We believe, in short, this to availed themselves of all that is really be the truth on the subject : he was in the valuable in its terminology, pretenders have confidence of the Junius Club—for a club still more eagerly sought shelter for their it confessedly was: he overlooked many conceit or morbid weakness under its of the letters, (Prior asserts that he once shield. The stuff, the verbiage, the mystic or twice spoke of what was to be the sub- bewilderment, the affectation, the disguised stance of a letter the day before it ap- commonplace, which every periodical peared,) and he supplied many of his in- almost now teems with, under the form of imitable touches, just as Lord Jeffrey was this foreign phraseology, are enormous, wont to add spice even to some of Haz- and would require a Swift, in a new “Tale litt's articles in the “ Edinburgh Review." of a Tub” or “Battle of the Books,” to So that he could thus very safely deny, expose them. We fancy, however, we see as he repeatedly did, that he was the a reaction coming. Great is the Angloauthor of Junius, and yet have a strong Saxon, the language of Shakspeare and finger in that strangely-concocted eel-pie. Byron, and it shall yet prevail over the

We come, lastly, to speak of the influ- feeble refinements of the small toadies of ence which Burke has exerted upon his and the Teutonic giants. Germany was long our times. This has been greater than our humble echo and translator. And we, most even of his admirers believe. He please God! shall never become its shadow. was one of the few parent minds which the Our literature never, shall we say ? can world has produced. Well does Burns thus become its own grandchild. Our call him “ Daddie Burke.” And both thought, too, and faith, which have suffered politics and literature owe filial obligations from the same cause, are in due time to to his unbounded genius. In politics he recover: nay, the process of restoration is has been the father of moderate Conserv- begun. And among other remedies for atism, which is, least, a tempering of the evil, while yet it in a great measure Toryism, if not its sublimation. That con- continues, we strongly recommend a recurservatism in politics and in Church matters rence to the works of our great classics in exists now in Britain, is, we believe, mainly the past; and, among their bright list, let owing to the genius of two men, Burke not him be forgotten who, apart from his and Coleridge. In literature, too, he set genius, his worth, and his political achievean example that has been widely followed. ments, has in his works presented so many All vigorous English styles since—that of titles to be considered not only as the Godwin, that of Foster, that of Hall, that facile princeps among the writers of his of Horsley, that of Coleridge, that of Jef own time, although this itself were high frey, that of Hazlitt, that of De Quincey, distinction, but as one of the first authors that of the “ Times " newspaper-are un- who, in any age or country, ever speculated speakably indebted to the power with or wrote.

I

DINING OUT FOR THE PAPERS.

men of the press in the reporters' gallery ;

and first, I was astonished to find they WAS sitting in my attic, very high in- came within the tax at all, and next, that

deed, up a collegiate Jacob's ladder, in the accomplished little orator who was St. John's, Cambridge. My pipe and fire talking of them should have carried with had gone out together. The festivities of him the applause of the house when giving Grouter's party on the other side of the a highly eulogistic sketch of their attainquadrangle, as they celebrated the wran- ments and abilities. My slight knowledge glership of that worthy, but intense, “ old of the mysterious operations of that great stupid," sounded through my dreary domi- agent was derived from occasionally seeing cile.

a red-faced, dirty, bald-headed man, in a I, too, had run my academic race at state of extremest seediness, attending the all events; and there I was, Artium Bac- meetings of a political club of which I was calaureus. My“great-go" passed, and the a member, as the representative of the world, that very extensive and variegated County Luminary," which certainly cast prospect, was before me. I was not a most unsteady and alcoholic light on most fit for the Church, for the law, or for the of the topics presented to it by the gentledispensary. It is an awfully abrupt thing man in question. The idea suddenly flashwhen, at two-and-twenty, a young gentle- ed across me that I would join the press ; man, without any money, is told, “Now, it seemed easy work, was more lucrative my dear fellow, go forth and make your than I had imagined, and I was astonished fortune," or when he has to ask himself, to find it respectable. I remembered that • What am I to do now?” I felt it so, I a great friend of mine, little Beerington, can assure you. There was Grouter; now, of Magdalen, knew the editor of the great as sure as fate, he 'll be a bishop, or, if Metropolitan journal, “ The Morning Devery ill-treated, a dean. He is heavy and flagrator,” very well, and my plan was honorable-ponderous, upright, and philo- made out at once. sophical to a degree-a hard-working sizar, A few days completed all my arrangewhom Mr. Sine, our crack tutor, coached ments. My compact little room, overup for the glory of his side," and to up- looking the Bridge of Sighs, was handed hold " John's” against her snubby neigh- over to a lanky Hospitaler, and I was on bor, Trinity. But he is made to get on; my way to London, much cheered by Beerand the Earl of Grampound, a great whig ington's assurances that I would find Mr. peer, has already engaged him at a fabu- Dammer, the editor, a “ most regular good lous stipend to make the grand tour with brick as ever was !” Lord Sarum; and as he is a tremendous Why are newspaper offices always foci Grecian, he is safe on his way to the New of dirty little boys? Why are they intePalace at Westminster. There's Sand- riorily seedy exceedingly? (there is, to be stone, the hardest-going fellow that ever sure, one exception probably, the “Hr. spirted up the river; but he came up from men's Journal ;" but then all the attaches Winchester, has coached carefully, and is are compelled to wash themselves once a sure of his fellowship after to-day. There's day, and the gentlemen when placed on —but what is the use of all this? What the establishment have orders for bergaam I to do? My eye fell mechanically on mot, scented soap, and macassar, to an the newspaper which had been left in my unlimited extent.) Why are they, as a room by Grouter, when I refused to join general rule, retired into the most myshis party, with the remark, that “ There terious quarters of the town, in proportion were some instructive remarks, highly to their influence and circulation, so that adapted for a contemplative state of mind, one would imagine the great object of the in the Right Honorable Lord Cinderley's proprietors was to baffle news-agents and speech, at the Destitute Goldsmiths' and cut off the stream of advertisements as far Jewelers' Annual Dinner," and so, to divert as the greatest ingenuity in selecting ab. my thoughts from myself and my fortunes, struse recesses in unintelligible portions I turned, with a grim smile of satisfaction, of the metropolis could do it? These and to read the debate on a matter in which I many other things did I revolve within had not the smallest interest,“ the Income myself while seated in a very rickety chair Tax.” As I read on, I came across the in a dingy room, awaiting the advent of florid reference of Mr. Shiel to the gentle- Dammer, who had left directions that I

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should call on him at twelve o'clock at my college for English composition, (subnight, for the sake of convenience and a ject, “ The Advantages of Steam-power”) quick dispatch of business. I was listen —and that I was, in fact, generally unfit ing to a great deal of bell-pulling and for anything. Beerington," quoth he, tinkling-a succession of feet on the stairs, " is a great friend of mine, Mr. Rushton. as of men running up and wn on per- When in the jungles of Ava, shootingpetual errands—a hazy murmur out of the However, I must tell you that some other upper regions of the house, which flared time. I'm anxious to oblige him and to brightly out through the windows with do you a service as a friend of his. If gaslight, white shirt-sleeves, and pale you were going into the Church, I'd get faces—and a heavy sort of hammering you a living at once from my best friend noise from time to time, which put me in the Archbishop of Canterbury--we travelmind of a set-to with the gloves between ed through Arabia Petræa together, and I the Rev. Billy Pounder, of King's, and his fed him through a reed for weeks in the friend “ The Deaf'un "—when Dammer jungle-but you're not. I'd ask Lord John, rushed in. His personal appearance is a but that I have not spoken to him lately. subject too awful to be treated of. Who However, I dare say I'll find something shall dare to roll back the clouds which for you to do, and meantime you can, by enshrined the Olympian Jupiter ? Who a little application, render yourself better shall live and see-clothed with that par-fitted for a good engagement. When I ticular description of garment, of which commanded the irregular horse of my we have all read, that an ancient sinner friend Shah Murdo Jung, I—But just fabricated his “strong expressions”--the wait a moment, if you please ; I'll see if ineffable, intangible, impersonal “We?" I can't try you at a dinner or two." Those who like may essay to limn the ter Dammer returned in a moment with two rors of his beak (probably somewhat roseate large envelopes-placed them in my hand, and fuliginous, as to the tip, with snuff) and said, “ Would you be good enough to and behold the lightnings of his eye dim- attend to these to-morrow -they're only med, haply though they be by the ostreafy- dinners, I must now bid you good-nighting properties of Hodge's Balm of Gilead I've got your address-a short paragraph -I tremble and am silent.

will do-good-night!” and left me in such Dammer soon found out I was as nearly a state of mind I could scarcely find my useless for his purposes, or, indeed, for way into the street. Under the first lamp most things, as a good University educa- I stopped and tore open the envelopes. tion could have rendered me, and was evi- No. 1 was a request from the Committee dently much perplexed. He could not of the “Society for the Amelioration of throw me over —that was out of the ques- Mankind” that the editor of the “Morning tion ; Tom Beerington had written him Deflagrator” would favor them with his such a letter, had recalled so many boasts company to dinner at the Metropolis Tavand promises, and had put on the screw ern, at six o'clock the following day. with such vigor, that Dammer was afraid No. 2 was a magnificent-looking ukase of cutting off the supplies of fat round from the managers of the “ Profligate Fehaunches, of birds, hares, grouse, of good males' Restoration Association” to the mounts, and runs, and dinners, which “ The same individual, demanding his attendance Swill," my friend's family mansion, had at a dinner, in aid of the funds of the Asalways afforded him in due season, if he sociation, the same day at seven o'clock. did not do “ something handsome and per- Two dinners in one day! I did perceive manent for my best friend, Wentworth there a divided duty ; but knowing I had Rushton.” I was young, lanky, with a a good digestion and a stout constitution, fine run of spare ribs, and altogether in I went to bed with a clear conscience, good condition for work—a great desider- and dreamed all night of charging the Ameatum for newspaper men—but Dammer lioration Society at the head of Murdo had found out I did not write short-hand, Jung's Irregular Horse. though I was indifferently well at Greek Who has not heard of the Metropolis verse ; that I could not undertake the com- Tavern? It is the temple of hungry benevposition of " leaders" on any one of the olence, the shrine where Lazarus kneels extensive subjects he placed before me in confidence to the beneficent Dives, and notwithstanding I had gained the prize of where the appeals of suffering humanity

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