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fcribes the new method in contradidination to the old. Whege the difference of level was considerable, frequent locks were formerly interposed : at present the caval is begun as near the ri. ver head as is consilient with a steady supply of water, and continued on a level to near its mouth. One descent is then sufficient, and the vessels are raised aod funk by a machine, acting on ihe combined principles of a wheel and an inclined plane. Refizflions occafioned by the Frequency of Fires in the Metropolis ;

svitb Thoughts on Measures for adding 10 Public Security, and Remarks on the Law of Arjan. By Pbilanthropos, 8vo. 15, Robinsons,

The author of this pamphler points out some defe&ts in the laws now exilling againil wiltuily and maliciously fe'ting five to houses ; and he proposes fome means for the prevention of fires in the metropolis. In particular he suggests the expediency of a fire-watch and a fire-jury; both which he recommends, and we think with good reason, as promising great security against devastations from fire. The subject is certainly af the utmost importance to the public, and meiits the most serious attention. An Address to the Public from the Philanthropic Society, inflitute

in 1788, for tbe Prevention of Crimes and the Reform of the Criminal Poor. 8vo. 6d. White and Son.

The plan of this laudable Society is already, we believe, ge. nerally known to the public. The great object of it is, to prevent the commission of crimes, by taking under its protection tuch chi dreo as would otherwise be left to follow the example of profligaie parents, and become the pefts of the community. An inftitution of this kind unites the purposes of charity with those of police, and renders it in fact the intereit of every individual to promote so falutary a design. We are glad to find that the Philanthropic Society is not only enabled to continue, but extend its benevolent patronage to the objects of its attention; and there is realon to expect, from fuch well-directed exertions, the most happy fuccefs:- The present pamphlet contains a lift of fixty-eight children who have been lately rescued from the gulf of moral destruction, and are now training in the principles of religion and the habits of virtuous industry. Every friend to humanity and to public happiness, mult unite in applauding the institution, and promoting the views of this Society, The Key of Natural Philosophy; or, an Introduclion into se Knowled, e of Nature. Being a plain Philosophical Treatise. By the Rev. Thomas Clement. Evg. 256 6d. Printed for the Author.

This key is in erery respect new; but we cannot add that is very lucceisfully unlocks the mysteries of Nature. The cause of the ebb and flow of the tides, the deluge, carthquakes, volcanos, and grarity, are the princijal subjects of the treatise. As

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We will not to inisead our readers, or to misieprefent our author, we fall transcribe his fentin.ents on the first subject.

• However, be that as it may, I am clearly convinced that the sea would not flow and cbb, was it not for the freiwilers which continually fall into it, which conllantly serve for its food or aliment, and which therefore support it in fe mening or operating by periodical fits perpetually, whereby the fieth, after it has fallen into the fea, is transinuted into falt water; in like manner as proper wort poured among termenting liquor, such as fermenting ale, or fermenting liquor of another kind, will ferment or operate too by fits, and thereby become the fame fort of liquor as that wlictewith it is mixed; or, like as the nutritive part of the food or animals is thus converted into their respective natures, into their blood and bodily lubliances; which transformaiion of the fren into falt-water evidently accounts, at the same time, for the sea. water con:inuing alwal's of the same talle and quality, notwithstanding all the rivers of fresh water that continually run into the sea, which otherwilc would be unaccountable. In most, the flowing and cbbing of the sea is nothing else but its alternate working and resting, supported by the fresh waters which perpetually fall into it, and which are its proper pabulum. To which ferimenting or operating of the sea, its subsistence, as that of a live element, is manifeily owing; yea, this is the way whereby all nature elle sublists, as I Mall further fliew in the sequel of ihis treatise.?

If, gentle reader, you preser--poetry ? - no, rhyme ? it is not rhyme either. If, however, you prefer what Mr. Clement calls heroic verse,' he has obliged you also in this way.

Once on a morn I mus'd on mundane things,
'Specially on Neptune's wide domains ;
I then did think what ihe true cause might be
Of the flowing and ebbing of the sea :-
'Tis the working and resting of the main,
Caus'd by the fresh water mix'd with the same;
Which, like as wort, the produce of the mall,
Into ale, is thus transform'd into falt.
Hereupon evidently does depend
The existence of its whole finny kind.
As well as the life of the sea itself,

And of all sublunary nature else.'
The cause of gravity is, in his opinion, magnetical attraction.
The Corn-Trade of Great Britain, for eighteen Years, from 1748,

to 176;. Compared with the eighteen Years, from 1771, to
1788. Sherving the National Lofs in the latter Period to have
been above Twenty Millions of Money. By Robert Rayment,
Efq. 8vo. Is. 6d. Whicldon.

Though there seem to be some erroncous opinions and conclusions in this little pamphlet, the principal paris of it are ac.

curate

curate and important. The loss to the kingdom in the corn: trade from 1771 to 1788 is shown to amount to more than twenty millions. We think that part is owing to the increase of population; part is certainly the effect of increafing luxury, and much of it owing to different customs, and above all, to the numerous horses now kept for the purposes of rapid conveyances, for splendor, and for show. The evil would appear of still greater magnituds, if the various enclosures and the different navigable cana's are confidered, which add to the quantity of corn and leffen the requisite number of horses. The remedy is not easily discovered, nor if found could it be with propriety applied. The increase of inclosures and of navigable canals will do scarcely more than prevent an increase of the evil: the exempcing hair. powder made from potatoes from the tax would have but a transitory effect; and an additional tax on horses not employed in agriculture or manufa&tures, if admitted by parlia. ment, would but Nightly alleviate the misfortune. In short, we inust, it is to be feared, bear theilts we have, and counteract the evil by diligence and industry in the conduct of our present manufa&tures, by spirit and activity in the pursuit of new ones. Letters upon Parliamentary Impeachments. By a Barrister at

Law. 8vo. Is. Stockdale. The mode of conducting parliamentary impeachments in this country, is hitherto very far from being settled with any degree of precilion. While this continues to be the cafe, many plauf. ible arguments may be adduced on both sides of tbe question; but they must all yield to the superior force of parliamentary determination; and to that last resort of contending parties we leave the fubje&t of this production.

CORRESPONDENCE.. AS fome doubts have been expressed relating to the publication of the Transactions of che French Humane Society, we purpose to examine their last volume in our next Number. We thank the Gentleman who communicated, it to us, and trust that · Humanitas' will reserve his opinion till he fees the account of ir.

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273

579

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on poetry; and differtation on the

beft" method of punishing crimess
ABECEDARIAN fociety (Dublini),

213
A abstrad of the rules of the, 100 Asiatic mifcellany (the new), No. 1.
Abridgment of Portlock's and Dixon's and II.

voyage round the world, 700
Account of the seizure of the armed ..

R.
fhip Bounty,

582
of the shipwreck of M. de BACON's miscellaneous pieces, 213
Briffon,

584 D Badcock's, Mr. letter to De
Adair's Essays on fashionable diseases, White, 61. See Wbitr.

Balfour's, Dr. treatise on putrid in-
- arguments against the aboli testinal remitting fevers, 530----An
tion of the slave-trade, ibid. ill-digested and abftrufe perform-

enquiries into the truth of cer ance,
tain charges against the Sutto. Barnard's divinity of Jesus Christ de
• nian regimen under inoculation, monstrated,

- 450
$80 Barringcon's, George, trial, 465
Adam's essays on agriculture, 353 - memoirs of, 461, 462
Address to the students of Oxford and Becket, archbishop of Canterbury,
Cambridge, relating to Jesus Christ, character of. See Beringtor.
566 Rell's new Pantheon,

' 6z
of William Bull, gent. to Wild Bengal calendar, for A.D. 1791, 70t.
liam Poole, esger

582 Berington's history of Henry II. and
of the national assembly of Richard I. and John, 227.-His
France, to the people, 583 character of Becket, 228.--Rather

to the Public from the phile the apologist of that prelate than
anthropic society,

702

the historian of Henry, 492
Adriano, a poem,

660 Bertholon on the effects of electricity
Adventures of Theagenes and Chari- ou vegetation,

195
Olea,

Bewick's history of quadrupeds, 414
Advice to a future laureat, - 36 Bicknell's grammatical wreath, 459
Africa, travels into. See Vaillant. Bidlake's sermon on the interment of
Analysis of newly discovered mine the duke of Cumberland, 697
rals and metals,

441 Billardiere's journey to mount Liba-
of a memoir on irritability, nns,

84

Blair's; Dr. fermons, vol. iii. second
Anecdotes of the life, &c. of a mea edit.

483
dical character metaphorically de Blake's, fir Francis, political tracts;
funct,
579

223
Animal magnetism, account of the Blue Monday, explanation of that
nature and effects of,
221 term,

- 287
Answer to Guddart's inemoir on Bigh's narrative of the mutiny on
ground-ice,

195 board the armed firip Bounty, 536
Antiquities of Scotland, 74. See Grose. Bomston's adventures,
Apology for the liturgy and clergy of Bowles's grave of Howard, 276

the church of England, 447. Sce Brewster's sermons for prisons, 450
Wat field.

Brooke, miss, in her reliques of Irish
Applegarth's plea for the poor, 341 poetry, carries her zeal for the lice.
Acncrong's juvenils poems; remarks tary honour of her counrry too far,
Vol. LXX

CCC

22

423

444

316

702

563

$1.-Similarity of the story of Lancashire, 215.- Extraordinary
Oifin to that of Fingal, 26 . Spe consultation between a husband aod
cimen of the marvellous from Moira his wife,

ibid."
Borb, 29.-War odes, 30.- Love Clarke's, Tho. B. ftatistical vicw of
clegies,
32 Germany,

670
Bruce's travels to discover the source Clement's key of natural philosophy,

of the Nile, 43.--Trade of Africa,
Arabia, and India, originally care Colle&anca de rebus Hibernicis, 539
ried on by caravans to Allyria, 46. Comments on the convention with
His opinion of the flave-trade,47. Spain,

697
Chrißianity introduced into E. Conduct of the parliament of 1784
thiypia, A.D. 333; and the small considered, .

345
por, A. D. 356, 51.- Exerts his Confiderations on the expediency of
medical abilities successfully at Gon- revifing the liturgy and articles of
dar, which etablimes his credit and the church of England, 448
character, 255.-Customs among Contralt, the, written for the use of
the Abyslinians, 257.- Proceeds on Sunday schools,
his journey, 259,- Discovers the ob- Cooper's, Dre fermon for the benefis
jeet of his undertaking, 264.--Exa of the Charity and Sanday-schools
mination of his abilities as a travel. at Great Yarmouth,

209
ler, an amtiquary, and a philofo Copper ufed in ancient medals, and
pher,

657 cutting inftruments, analyfis of, 441
Turgess's sermon on the divinity of Cork Lad of Kentmere, account of
Christ,
567 the,

243
Burke's refie&tions on the revolution Correspondence, 104, 224, 344, 464,
in France, 517-Remarks ou, 683.

584, 704
- Reply to, 694. See Vin.lication. Cotte's memoir un meteorology: 197
Barney's, Dr. history of Mulic, rol. Courtenay's philofophical reflections

Ill. and IV. 618.--Invention of re on the late revolution in France, 436
citative, 619.-Origin of the 012- Criticisms on the Rolliad, part I, and
torio, &c. 621-Introduetion of dra II.
matic mafic, 623.-Ot the Italian Cunuinghara's Inquiry into the Co-
opera, 6:3.

pernican fyftem,

TOI
Curious facts and anecdotes not con-

tained in the memoirs of Philip

Thickness, efq.
CALONNE fur l'etat de la France, 672

Carmen feculare pro Gallica gente fy-
rannidi aristocratica trepla, 454
Callander's criticisins on the diversois n Alrymple's Spanith preteplions
of Purley,

394

difcuffed,
Calfini's experiments to ascertain the D'Ifraeli's delence of poetry, 21%

temperature of caverna, 19; De Esc's idees fur le meteorolsgie, 321
Catalogue of the pidures in the Shak Death of Cain,

102
speare gallery,

681 .2004?beni oratio adverfus Leptinen, as
of publications relating o jeholiis osteribus & coniacatarie gere
protestant dissenting minifterio and Petuo. eleccdit Æli Ariffidi: decla
che repeal of the corporation a:id - matio ejufika caufa. Cura Fri Az.
test acis,
1 583 'ois

430
Cailee', tablecine genual de la Swede, só1 Dillon's memoirs of the revolution in
Chaliners' life of Daniel de Foe, 177 France,
Chillinghan castle, account of an ex. Drg, Greenland, account of an extra-

traordinary breed of black cattle ordinary,
there,

416 - , Newfoundland, account of an
Chuyt Sing, a pochi,
95

419
Christians, the, pocket companion, Donaldson's propofal for iicreasing our

584 national wealth, twelve millions
Clarke's, James, surviy of the likes 3-year,

vi Cunibertand, Weltmordand, and Dornford's trandation of Pütter's

180

$82

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