« ZurückWeiter »
fcribes the new method in contradidination to the old. Whege the difference of level was considerable, frequent locks were formerly interposed : at present the caval is begun as near the ri. ver head as is consilient with a steady supply of water, and continued on a level to near its mouth. One descent is then sufficient, and the vessels are raised aod funk by a machine, acting on ihe combined principles of a wheel and an inclined plane. Refizflions occafioned by the Frequency of Fires in the Metropolis ;
svitb Thoughts on Measures for adding 10 Public Security, and Remarks on the Law of Arjan. By Pbilanthropos, 8vo. 15, Robinsons,
The author of this pamphler points out some defe&ts in the laws now exilling againil wiltuily and maliciously fe'ting five to houses ; and he proposes fome means for the prevention of fires in the metropolis. In particular he suggests the expediency of a fire-watch and a fire-jury; both which he recommends, and we think with good reason, as promising great security against devastations from fire. The subject is certainly af the utmost importance to the public, and meiits the most serious attention. An Address to the Public from the Philanthropic Society, inflitute
in 1788, for tbe Prevention of Crimes and the Reform of the Criminal Poor. 8vo. 6d. White and Son.
The plan of this laudable Society is already, we believe, ge. nerally known to the public. The great object of it is, to prevent the commission of crimes, by taking under its protection tuch chi dreo as would otherwise be left to follow the example of profligaie parents, and become the pefts of the community. An inftitution of this kind unites the purposes of charity with those of police, and renders it in fact the intereit of every individual to promote so falutary a design. We are glad to find that the Philanthropic Society is not only enabled to continue, but extend its benevolent patronage to the objects of its attention; and there is realon to expect, from fuch well-directed exertions, the most happy fuccefs:- The present pamphlet contains a lift of fixty-eight children who have been lately rescued from the gulf of moral destruction, and are now training in the principles of religion and the habits of virtuous industry. Every friend to humanity and to public happiness, mult unite in applauding the institution, and promoting the views of this Society, The Key of Natural Philosophy; or, an Introduclion into se Knowled, e of Nature. Being a plain Philosophical Treatise. By the Rev. Thomas Clement. Evg. 256 6d. Printed for the Author.
This key is in erery respect new; but we cannot add that is very lucceisfully unlocks the mysteries of Nature. The cause of the ebb and flow of the tides, the deluge, carthquakes, volcanos, and grarity, are the princijal subjects of the treatise. As
We will not to inisead our readers, or to misieprefent our author, we fall transcribe his fentin.ents on the first subject.
• However, be that as it may, I am clearly convinced that the sea would not flow and cbb, was it not for the freiwilers which continually fall into it, which conllantly serve for its food or aliment, and which therefore support it in fe mening or operating by periodical fits perpetually, whereby the fieth, after it has fallen into the fea, is transinuted into falt water; in like manner as proper wort poured among termenting liquor, such as fermenting ale, or fermenting liquor of another kind, will ferment or operate too by fits, and thereby become the fame fort of liquor as that wlictewith it is mixed; or, like as the nutritive part of the food or animals is thus converted into their respective natures, into their blood and bodily lubliances; which transformaiion of the fren into falt-water evidently accounts, at the same time, for the sea. water con:inuing alwal's of the same talle and quality, notwithstanding all the rivers of fresh water that continually run into the sea, which otherwilc would be unaccountable. In most, the flowing and cbbing of the sea is nothing else but its alternate working and resting, supported by the fresh waters which perpetually fall into it, and which are its proper pabulum. To which ferimenting or operating of the sea, its subsistence, as that of a live element, is manifeily owing; yea, this is the way whereby all nature elle sublists, as I Mall further fliew in the sequel of ihis treatise.?
If, gentle reader, you preser--poetry ? - no, rhyme ? it is not rhyme either. If, however, you prefer what Mr. Clement calls heroic verse,' he has obliged you also in this way.
Once on a morn I mus'd on mundane things,
And of all sublunary nature else.'
to 176;. Compared with the eighteen Years, from 1771, to
Though there seem to be some erroncous opinions and conclusions in this little pamphlet, the principal paris of it are ac.
curate and important. The loss to the kingdom in the corn: trade from 1771 to 1788 is shown to amount to more than twenty millions. We think that part is owing to the increase of population; part is certainly the effect of increafing luxury, and much of it owing to different customs, and above all, to the numerous horses now kept for the purposes of rapid conveyances, for splendor, and for show. The evil would appear of still greater magnituds, if the various enclosures and the different navigable cana's are confidered, which add to the quantity of corn and leffen the requisite number of horses. The remedy is not easily discovered, nor if found could it be with propriety applied. The increase of inclosures and of navigable canals will do scarcely more than prevent an increase of the evil: the exempcing hair. powder made from potatoes from the tax would have but a transitory effect; and an additional tax on horses not employed in agriculture or manufa&tures, if admitted by parlia. ment, would but Nightly alleviate the misfortune. In short, we inust, it is to be feared, bear theilts we have, and counteract the evil by diligence and industry in the conduct of our present manufa&tures, by spirit and activity in the pursuit of new ones. Letters upon Parliamentary Impeachments. By a Barrister at
Law. 8vo. Is. Stockdale. The mode of conducting parliamentary impeachments in this country, is hitherto very far from being settled with any degree of precilion. While this continues to be the cafe, many plauf. ible arguments may be adduced on both sides of tbe question; but they must all yield to the superior force of parliamentary determination; and to that last resort of contending parties we leave the fubje&t of this production.
CORRESPONDENCE.. AS fome doubts have been expressed relating to the publication of the Transactions of che French Humane Society, we purpose to examine their last volume in our next Number. We thank the Gentleman who communicated, it to us, and trust that · Humanitas' will reserve his opinion till he fees the account of ir.
on poetry; and differtation on the
beft" method of punishing crimess
voyage round the world, 700
584 D Badcock's, Mr. letter to De
Balfour's, Dr. treatise on putrid in-
enquiries into the truth of cer ance,
582 Berington's history of Henry II. and
to the Public from the phile the apologist of that prelate than
the historian of Henry, 492
660 Bertholon on the effects of electricity
Bewick's history of quadrupeds, 414
441 Billardiere's journey to mount Liba-
Blair's; Dr. fermons, vol. iii. second
195 board the armed firip Bounty, 536
the church of England, 447. Sce Brewster's sermons for prisons, 450
Brooke, miss, in her reliques of Irish
$1.-Similarity of the story of Lancashire, 215.- Extraordinary
of the Nile, 43.--Trade of Africa,
657 cutting inftruments, analyfis of, 441
Ill. and IV. 618.--Invention of re on the late revolution in France, 436
tained in the memoirs of Philip
Carmen feculare pro Gallica gente fy-
temperature of caverna, 19; De Esc's idees fur le meteorolsgie, 321
681 .2004?beni oratio adverfus Leptinen, as
traordinary breed of black cattle ordinary,
416 - , Newfoundland, account of an
584 national wealth, twelve millions
vi Cunibertand, Weltmordand, and Dornford's trandation of Pütter's