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REV. SAMUEL RUTHERFORD,
LATE PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY AT ST. ANDREWS.
AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY,
THOMAS ERSKINE, ESQ.
PRINTED FOR CHALMERS AND COLLINS;
AND G. B. WHITTAKER, LONDON.
To understand the doctrines of the Bible aright, it is of the greatest importance to form just ideas of what is meant by the word “salvation,” as many of the practical errors into which men have fallen on the subject of Christianity, have arisen from a misconception of this term: some supposing it to refer merely to the pardon of sin, and others to an undefined happiness in a future state.
To assist our inquiries into this most interesting subject, it is of importance to examine the different passages of Scripture in which this term is used, and to compare it with other terms which are frequently employed as synonymous with it.
In Scripture, the term salvation, with its grammatical branches, is applied to the bodies as well as to the souls of men. When applied to the body, it varies in its meaning according to the state or condition of those who are the subjects of it. These conditions are chiefly two, namely, first, a state of danger arising from causes external to the body, such as shipwreck, war, or famine; and, secondly, a state of danger arising from disease within the body.