The Awakening of Turkey
Perennial Press, 10 de mar. de 2018 - 314 páginas
FROM the land of the Turks-Turkestan in Central Asia-there descended beginning in A.D. 800 a series of hordes and armies which overran and gradually took possession of that portion of South-Eastern Europe and Western Asia once known as Turkey. After five hundred years Mohammed II seized upon Constantinople, and that city became the capital of the Turkish Empire;-for the next two hundred years the dominion spread until it became an immense and important world-power. Then began a period of decline; and vice and prodigality in harem and seraglio brought about disruption and war. Russia saw her opportunity to extend her borders towards the sea-and went on gaining Turkish territory from early in the 18th until the middle of the 19th century when the Crimean war crippled her power in that corner of Europe. But Turkey could not hold the heterogeneous populations of her European provinces. Insurrection after insurrection broke out and one by one she lost many of the more important of them. She became bankrupt and a concert of the European Powers proposed and partially carried out a scheme for her reform. But she proved stubborn and went to war with Russia in 1877-1878; this ended disastrously for her and more territory was lost.
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The Awakening of Turkey: A History of the Turkish Revolution
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Abd-ul-Aziz Abdul Hamid adherents administration Ahmed Riza Albanian appointed Armenian Balkan barracks battalions became Bulgarian Bulgarian bands Camarilla capital cause Christian command Committee of Union Committee’s Constantinople Constitution corrupt country’s dangerous Deputies Despotism district elections electors enemies Enver Bey Europe European exile faithful fanatical fatherland fedais foreign friends garrison Government Grand Vizier Greek bands Hamidian régime inhabitants Iradé justice Kiamil Pasha leaders Liberal Union liberty lives Macedonia manifesto massacres Midhat Pasha military ministers Monastir Moslem mosques mountains movement Mussulman mutineers nation Nazim Niazi Bey Ochrida old régime oppression organisation Osman Pasha other’s Ottoman Empire Palace Paris Parliament patriotic Turks peasants political population Powers propaganda reactionaries realised recognised reform Resna revolution revolutionary rule Salonica secret society sent Sheikh-ul-Islam Shemshi soldiers spies Sultan sympathy things Third Army Corps thousand troops Turkey Turkey’s Turkish Union and Progress village vote Yildiz young officers Young Turk party