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electing the President, says, “It was desirable that the more insidious in its approaches. It disguises itself under sense of the People should operate in the choice of the the name of moderation, and aversion to debate and strife, person to whom so important a trust was to be confided when it too often proceeds from a criminal indifference This end will be answered by committing the right of to those rights which our ancestors bled and died to semaking it, not to any pre-established body, but to men cure. They are men of business--they can't lose the (electors) chosen by the People, for the special purpose,and chance of turning a penny to promote any public meaat the particular conjuncture." "A small number of per- sure. It would seem, sir, as if some of them had taken, sons (electors) chosen by their fellow citizens from the gene- in earnest, the sarcastic advice of the Roman satiristral mass, will be most likely to possess the information and

“Virtus post nummos.” discernment requisite to so complicated an investigation."

The language of Mr. Madison, in the Convention of Let any man look abroad-through the Union, I mean, Virginia, which assembled in 1788, for the purpose of con- and deny, if he can, that this is a faithful picture. Suresidering whether they would adopt this Constitution, is ly, sir, it requires no prophetic voice to warn us against equally, or more, clear and explicit. Instead of the Peo- so dangerous a delusion. Surely, sir, we will spare a little ple's voting immediately for President, which he thought time to listen to the “Farewell Address" of the Father of the population and extent of our territory might render his country. impracticable : “instead of this, (immediate suffrage) I admit, sir, that it is not sufficient to show the existthe People choose the electors—this can be done with ence of an evil, unless it can be remedied, either wholly ease and convenience, and the choice will be more select." or partially--but, I insist, sir, that the adoption of the If we examine the debates of this Convention, we shall District System, as proposed by the good old State I have find that it was so understood, also, by those who opposed the honor, in part to represent, so inadequately—and a the Constitution. This meaning was assumed as the ba- direct vote, in Districts, for President and Vice President, sis of argument on both sides, and, if we reflect a mo- will cure the most alarming of these evils. The Constiment on the very many able men who sat in that Conven- tution, by interposing the electoral colleges, undoubtedly tion, it would be most violent presumption to say, they | intended that they should exercise a sound discretion in were mistaken, with all their talents and all their lights. the choice of a President-they were “to analyse his

If we assume, then, that this was the intention of the qualifications, and judiciously combine motives of choice." Constitution, let us see what has been its operation. Have Fed. No. 68. But, sir, the People of this country, as has the People chosen the electors? I ask this question, Mr. been shown in this debate and elsewhere, have not been Chairman, in the name of my constituents, and I wish an content with simply the right of originating the Colleges, explicit answer. From the omission in the Constitution even when committed to them by their State Legisla to prescribe a specific mode, (which I think I shall be tures—they have always required a pledge, or some eviable to show, if my strength will permit, was done inten- dence, of the Elector or Electors, for whom they intend. tionally and wisely)—from this omission, I say, sir, a ed to give their ultimate vote, before they would give great latitude of construction and a great diversity of their vote to him or them. Here, then, sir, the intention practice has originated. In some states the Legis. of the Constitution has been manifestly defeated—this latures appoint-in some the general ticket system seems to be a case in which experience suggests amendprevails in some few the district system and in others ment. The People, sir, although they will hear argua compound of some two or all of these modes. My ho- ment and reason, yet will finally judge for themselves. norable friend from South Carolina, (Mr. McDUFFIE) has But even here I would lay my hands on this venerated in. depicted the mischiefs of this confused and unsettled sys- strument with great reluctance. The pure and enlightened tem, in such strong and glowing colors, that I cannot pre- views of its framers plead strongly in its behalf; and al. sume to add any thiog to their effect. It is true, sir, that, though we may not now discover the evils which may result by the present mode, combinations may be, and have from the change, yet time-time and casualty may disclose been, formed, which have prevented a fair expression of them. But, sir, as I believe that the design of its framers the popular will. The People are called upon to vote a has been defeated, I would hazard this amendment. ticket, (under the general ticket system,) containing 15, It would have, sir, I think, the effect of rousing the 24, or 36 names to vote for, to choose persons, of whom People from their torpid quietism ; it will make them they may never have heard before-of whose qualifica- feel that their voice is heard that their vote is felt; and tions they have never had an opportunity of judging— the voting directly and immediately for the man of their whose integrity has never been tested and if this ticket choice, will of itself be productive of a lively satisfaction. had dropped from the clouds, they must take it or lose They will then know that their vote is given as they wishtheir vote. Call you this choice, sir? I always thought, ed it should be, and is beyond the control of any political sir, that choice involved selection of one or more from legerdemain. They will not be agitated by the merits of others—" froin the general mass"—that it involved know the several electoral candidates, but their eye will repose ledge, comparison, voluntary preference, and was a right singly on the man of their ultimate choice. I understand of more or less value, according to the importance of its a case has occurred in Maryland, where there were two object. What temptation and opportunity is presented, electoral candidates for the same Presidential candidate, by this system, for intrigue and management! What apa- and one for another Presidential candidate, and although thy and indifference are manifested by the People, for the district gave a large majority for the Presidential can. such a feeble and dubious exercise of this great Constitu- didate who had two friends as electoral candidates, yet the tional privilege! Even under the excitement of the late third candidate obtained the greatest plurality, and thus election, how many neglected the exercise of this right! the vote of the district was given to that candidate for And, should it not be, sir, the policy of every wise Go-the Presidency, against whom there was a large majority, vernment to interest its citizens in its organization ? Un- This cannot happen when the People vote directly for der the present system, how many worthy citizens re- the President. An honorable gentleman from New York, main at home, under the paralyzing influence of a convic- (Mr. STORNS) has asked those who contend for this extion that they can do no good that the election is in the pression of the popular will in this mode-why not extend hands of the cunning few, and that it is a mere mockery for the principle ? and has alluded to a species of popula. them singly--without concert ; without the animation de- tion which, without being citizens, is counted in estimatrived from a prospect of success, to pretend to withstanding the ratio of representation from the Southern States. the disciplined cohorts opposed to them. This lethargy Sir, if he had shewn us that this amendment would have is almost worse than faction itseff. It is more secret- conferred any additional power on these States, the obser

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vation would have had some bearing; or if he had shewn Congress, which assembled for the first time at Carpen: that they would have derived any peculiar advantage, it ter's Hall, in Philadelphia, on the 5th September, 1774: would have been more plausibly introduced into debate ;| its object was to provide for the emergency occasioned but as it is—whatever it may be it is not an argument. by the differences with the mother country to unite the

The honorable gentleman from Virginia, who spoke resources of all the English Colonies ; and to adopt such first, (Mr. ARCHER) has discoursed with much State common measures for the redress of their grievances and pride on the freehold-viva voce suffrage of Virginia. establishment of their rights, as their situation required He has told us that the mode of voting by ballot is a and allowed. The Delegation of each Colony bad one sneaking way; that they “sneak up to the polls," and vote ; and although their powers were enforced by no that he would exile himself if the freebold qualification higher sanction than mere recommendation, yet never was abolished in Virginia. Now, Mr. Chairman, I have were imperial decrees more implicitly obeyed. They understood that a large portion of the citizens of Virgi-were, in fact, nothing more than a Congress of Ambassania, particularly in the West, are very anxious to have dors. It was, however, soon discovered, as the enthusitheir Constitution amended in order to be permitted to asm and zeal for liberty subsided, that all government exercise the elective franchise ; but, perhaps, after the must depend, for support and obedience, upon power, honorable gentleman's threat to leave them if they do, and must be able to address its mandates to other pas they may desist. I imagine, sir, that it would be an easy sions and interests than those of patriotism and love of matter for any other State to give her citizens the same the public weal. As early as June, '76, measures were independence as the citizens of Virginia have, by adopt- taken to form a Confederated Government, and in Noveming the same mode-by making a freehold necessary to ber, '77, Congress solemnly declared, that it could no lon vote, and by protecting that freehold from the payment ger be deferred, but was essential to their very existence of debts; they might then, sir, be so independent as not as a free People. Hence originated the Articles of Con only to tell a candidate viva voce, that they would not federation, which were not finally adopted by all the vote for him-but also, that they would not pay him a just States till March, 1781. By these, each State bad one debt-and that too " viva voce," sir. But, sir, with the vote-and that distinguishing feature of a confederated right of suffrage, the Constitution has laudably omitted government, that it operated upon States, instead of into interfere ; nor does this amendment seek to interfere. dividuals, was preserved. There were many other de. The Constitution has omitted it, sir, as I said, for the fects, unnecessary here to be enumerated-in a word, it wisest reasons.

was justly termed "a rope of sand," and a more ener The requisites to the right of suffrage are very differ-gotic government was loudly demanded by the wants and ent, in the different States, and even in adjoining States; wishes of the American People. in Virginia, as we have seen, none but freeholders can I will not impose upon the patience of the Committee, vote in North Carolina, sir, it is the birthright of every by attempting to detail the oceurrences which led to the freeman. If, therefore, the Constitution had attempted convention of Delegates at Philadelphia, in May, 1787 : to fix an uniform rule on this subject, the strange anomaly but, sir, I deem it very material to a just conception of tbe might have been presented of a man's voting for the nature of our Constitution, to view it in its rude othnes highest officer in the l'nion, who could not vote for the and imperfect state-to exainine it in its progressive lowest State officer. It might also have interfered mate- shapes through the Convention-at least those features af rially with the polity of a State. This amendment, there- it which are now under discussion. This Convention, , fore, sir, does not at all interfere with State rights : their bad several plans before them; one proposed by Edmund quantity of power remains the same : its ratio of adjust. Randolph of Virginia, and called the Virginia plan: by ment is not disturbed-and either with regard to the this it was proposed that the President should be elected Union, or each other, they preserve the same relative by the National Legislature. In the plan proposed by rights. It will also prevent the arraying of State against Charles Pinckney, of South Carolina, it was not stated in State--as the supporters of the President will be diffused what manner he should be elected. The New Jersey through the Union ; unreasonable jealousies will thus be plan, offered by Mr Paterson, proposed that be shoglu prevented, and sectional feelings and appellations, against be elected by the United States in Congress. Col Han which the Father of his Country entertained so much ap. ilton's plan proposed that he should be elected by Elecprehension, will be deprived of one of their most power-tors, chosen by the People in Districts. fully exciting causes, and it may well be doubted, whe. By the draft of a Constitution reported by a Committee ther any citizen of any State, with an American feeling, of five, consisting of Messrs. Rutledge, Randolph, Gorwould not greatly prefer that the candidate of his choice ham, Ellsworth, and Wilson, on the 6th August '87, he should be President, than that his State should give an was to be elected by ballot by the Legislature. On the undivided vote.

| 4th September ensuing, a grand Committee of eleven, I will now pass, sir, to the other branch of the propos. one from each State, to whom the subject had been reed amendment. Shall the power of electing the Presi- ferred, reported a plan by which the mode, as it originaldent and Vice President, in the last resort, be taken from ly stood in the Constitution, was recommended, except the House of Representatives ? Upon this amendment, I that, if no one of the candidates had a majority, the S. confess, sir, I have entertained great and serious doubts ; nate were to choose from the five highest on the list. and these, sir, have arisen from an investigation which I A motion was made in Convention to substitute the have endeavored to make of the genius and spirit of our House of Representatives for the Senate, with the quali Constitution, and the principles of compromise upon which fication of the Delegation from each State having an equal it was founded. I came to the conclusion that I would vote, (one.) For this proposition, sir, there were ten abstain from this alteration--as far as I am concerned-at States; and against it, but one and that one, Mr. Chair least until I have more lights and experience. By leaving man, was the State which has the honor to be represent it as it is, we leave it as it has existed and flourished for ed by you, (Delaware) the smallest in the Convention half a century, and as our ancestors bequeathed it to us. This brief survey will show that this adjustment was most I will, however, sir, endeavor to disclose the reasons thoroughly considered which have led me to this conclusion, which I must do in a brief and hurried manner, as my laboring breast has al.

“Tantæ molis erat, conclere gentem." ready repeatedly admonished me to cease.

The proposition that the Senate should elect, points The first General Government of American origin was clearly to the State power; and this qualification beag composed of that illustrious body, the Old Continental retained when it was transferred to the House of Repre



Accountability of Public Officers, bill to secure, taken, Army, bill to increase the compensation of Captains in
up, 76.

the, laid on the table, 753.
proposal to strike out 3d section, negatived, 77.
additional section,78; amendments thereto, 78,79. Baltimore, bill for the relief of sundry citizens of, ordered
re-committed, 79.

to a third reading, 51.
bill resumed, 367.

Bankruptcy, resolution on establishing an uniform system
farther amendments, negatived, 367, 368.

of, 4.
bill, as amendel, ordered to third reading, 368.

referred to the Committee on Imprisonment for
Adjournment of Congress, resolution and proposed

Debt, 10.
amendment relative to the, 369.

bill reported, 108, 109.
debate thereon, 369 tu 371.

taken up ; motion to postpone indefinitely, 643.
amended and adopted, 371. See Session.

debate ibercon, 643, 644 ; negatived, 644.
Agriculture, debate on appointing a corniittee on, 5 to 7; motion to postpone indefinitely, 671; debate there
adopted, 7.

on, 671,673 to 687.
Alabama, bill assenting to an act of, for improving the bill laid on the table, 687.

river Mobile, laid on the table, 51.
debate on call for information relative to vine and Canal, Dismal Swamp. See Dismal Swamp Canal.
olive lands in, 782, 784.

Florida. See Florida Canal.
resolution adopted, 784.

Louisville. See Louisville Canal.
Alexandria, bill to amend the charter of, taken up, 667. Washington. See Washington Canal.

motion to strike out 1st section, providing for the Capitol and Capitol Square, joint resolution for the pre-
sale of lands for taxes, negatived, 667.

servation of the, amended and re-committed, 691,
to strike out privilege to draw lotteries, negatived,

667. Chambers, Henry, notice of the death of, 79.
laid on the table, 667.

Claims on the Spanish Governinent, unfavorable report
Amendments to the Constitution, relative to the election

on sundry, 698.
of President and Vice President, proposed, 16. Coasting trade and fisheries, bill relative to, taken up, 26.
debate thereon, 16 to 19.

Columbian College, bill to exempt the Professors, Stu-
referred to a committee of nine, 19.

dents, &c. from militia duty, amended and order-
report of committee, and joint resolution twice cil to a third reading, 590.
read, 51 to 53.

Commerce and Manufactures, debate on creating two
debate thereon, 77, 78, 692 to 696,

Committees, 1 to 4; adopted, 4.
amendment offered, 692, 693.

Commerce, protection of. See Naval Force.
resolution to render the President United States in Committees appointed, 4, 7, 10, 19, 23, 665, 781.

eligible after a second term, passed to a second Congress, opening of the 1st session of the 19th, 1.
reading, 19.

Constitution, amendments to the. See Amendments.
debate thereon, 374 to 384.

Conversation between Messrs. Randolph and Holmesi
former propositions on this subject, 375, 376.

574 to 576.
ordered to a third reading, 384.

Creek Indians. See McIntosh, Wm.
joint resolution read a third time, 405,

treaty, Senate insists on its amendment to the ap.
clebate on its passage, 405 to 407.

propriation for the, 707.
passed and sent to the House of Representatives, debate on the report of the Committee of Confer-


ence relative to the, 766 to 781.
resolution to exclude Members of Congress frorn resolution for the Senate to insist on its amench
office, 19, 20.

ment, 769.
report and joint resolution thereon read a second amended and adopted, 781.
time, 114.

report of committee resumed and agreed to, 785.
laid on the table, 704.

Cumberland Roal, debate on appropriation for continuing
Appropriation bill, sundry amendments to the general,

the, 349 to 364.

132. bill for continuing, 689; read first time, 691.
debate on the bill, 132 to 135.

bill for the preservation and repair of the, twice:
bill, as amended, passed to a third reading, 135.

read and referred, 765.
for fortifications, proposed amendment to, 135.

resolution to cede the road to the States, laid on
amendment negatived; bill ordered to a third

the table, 765.
reading, 137.

Senate refuses to take up the bill, 782, 784.
'for Indian Department. Sce Indian Department. call for information on the expenses on the, 782.
military, debate on striking out sundry items from motion to take up the bill, withdrawn, 786.
the, 344, 345.

to make an appropriation for, 786
motion to strike out the appropriation for continu- Customs, debate on supplementary bill to establish the
ing the Cumberland road, 349.

compensation of officers of the, 687, 688.
debate thereon, 349 to 361; negatived, 364.

motion to lay on the table, 688.
further amnendments, negatived, 352, 364.

bill re-committed with amendments, 688.
motion to strike out the appropriation for roads
and canals, 364 ; negatived, 365.

Deaf and Dumb, debate on bill granting lands to the Ken:
bill ordered to a third reading, 365 ; passed, 366.

tucky Asylum for, 371, 372.
Arkansas, bill for a road in, laid on the table, 786.

amendment, 371 ; bill ordered to 3d reading, 372:
Vol. II-a

009, 0

Delassus, Don C. D. bill for the relief of, twice read and Habeas Corpus, extract from Journals of the Senate and
referred, 368, 369.

House of Representatives (of 1807) relative to
resumed and laid on the table, 697.

suspending the, 137 to 139.
Desertion, bill to prevent, 36, 37.

motion to send to the House of Representatives
debate on Gilling the blanks, 37, 38.

for a copy of the bill, 141 ; withdrawn, 142.
additional section proposed, 38.

House, lot, &c. in New Orleans, bill to authorize the sale
debate thereon, 38 to 40; negativec., 40.

of, amended and ordered to a 3d reading, 689.
debate on the principle of the bill, 40 to 50.

bill, as amended, ordered to a third reading, 50. Mlinois, debate on granting land to aid a canal in, 688,
Discriminating Duties, bill in addition to an act concern.

689, 697.
ing, 70.

amendments, 688, 697.
origin, progress, and effect of, 70 to 76. .

bill amended and rejected, 698.
ordered to a third reading, 76.

Import and tonnage duties, debate on bill further te
debate on abolishing those on British colonial ves-

amend the act relative to, 53 to 55.
sels and their cargoes, 576 to 589.

bill amended and ordered to a third reading, 407.
referred to the Committee on Finance, 589. Imprisonment for debt, resolution to inquire into the ex-
bill reported and passed to a second reading, 589,

pediency of abolishing, 4.

590. debate thereon, 7 to 10.
taken up, 708 ; amended and laid on the table, 709. amendment including a system of bankruptcy, 10.
Dismal Swamp Canal, debate on subscribing to the, 710 to resolution, as amended, adopted, 10.

720. committee ordered to consist of seren, 10.
origin and progress of the, 710 to 712.

Indiana, debate on bill granting land to aid a canal in,
bill passed and returned to the House of Repre-

590 to 597.
sentatives, 720.

on amendment offered, 704.
Duncan, Lieut. s., debate on resolution of the House of bill laid on the table, 705.
Representatives relative to, 671, 672.

Indian Department, appropriation bill for, taken up, 566.
ordered to a third reading, 672.

motion to recommit; to lay on the table ; nega-
Duties, discriminating. See Discriminating Duties.

tived, 367.
British colonial. See Discriminating Duties.

bill ordered to a third reading, 367.

bill to regulate the salaries of officers in the, or-
Education and Internal Improvement, resolution offered

dered to a third reading, 664, 665.
to distribute $3,000,000 annually for, 77.

Indian lands within the States, an asylum for debt.
Executive business, debate on motion to proceed to the

ors and criminals, 346 to 349.
consideration of, 135, 136.

resolution authorizing process against residents
Chair decides that the question is not debatable

on, 349.
in public session, 136.

concurred in, 366.
motion negatived, 136.

Indian title in Alabama, resolution on the subject of es.
debate renewed ; motion carried, 137.

tinguishing, 79; adopted, so.
Executive Patronage, report of Committee on, accompa- Internal Improvement, resolution relative to the powers
nied by six bills, 672.

of Congress on, 20.
bills ordered to a second reading, 672.

resolution offered to distribute $3,000,000 annually
bill to regulate the publication of the laws, &c. laid

for education and, 77.
on the table, 707.
Executive Powers. See Punana and President U. S. Judiciary, debate on amending the acts regulating pro-

cesses, 11, 12
Flaget, B.I. bill for the relief of, ordered to a third read resolution on amending the Judicial system, is.
ing, 782.

to extend the Circuit Courts, 14 to 16.
Florida, bill to amend acts for the Territorial Government bill to amend the, passed to a second reading, 30
of, amendment, 642.

to alter the time of holding the Supreme Court,
debate on proposed amendment to divorce laws in,

passed to a second reading, 30.

642, 645. bill from the House of Representatives, further te
amendment negatived, 645.

amend the Judicial system, taken up, 409.
call for information on the compensation to Mem-

second section and proposed substitute for, 409.
bers of the Legislative Council of, 346; concur debate thereon, 409 to 423 ; amendment adopt
red in, 365.

ed, 423.
Canal, memorial of the Commissioners of the, re two additional sections proposed, 423.
ferred, 29.

debate thereon, 424 to 463 ; negatived, 463.
bill for a survey and estimate of, referred, 31, 32. motion to recommit with instructions, 463.
bill taken up, 89.

debate thereon, 463 to 525, 526 to 570 ; negatir.
amendment offered, 90 ; debate thereon, 90 to

ed, 570.
108 ; negatived, 108.

motion to reduce the number of additional Judges
bill ordered to a third reading, 108.

to two, 570 ; negatived, 571.
Indians, bill for the relief of the, amended and bill reported, and amendment made in Committee
passed, 784.

of the Whole concurred in, 571.
Senate insists, but subsequently recedes from its two additional sections proposed; negatived 571.
amendment, 786.

bill passed, 571.
Wrecks. See Wrecks.

amendment disagreed to by the House of Repre-
Forbes' purchase, bill concerning, debated and laid on the

sentatives reconsidered, 668 to 671.
table, 590.

Senate arlheres, 671.

message from the House of Representatives re.
Gaillard, John, annunciation of the death of, 110.

questing a conference, 688.
proceedings thereon, 110 to 112.

report of committee thereon, 691.
Georgetown, bill taken up to authorize a bridge over the amendment of House of Representatives relatire
Potomac in, 706.

to processes, amended, 784.
amended and ordered to a third reading, 707.

bill laid on the table, 784.

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Kentucky asylum. See Deaf and Dumb.

7 Panama mission, resolution of the Committee of Foreign

Relations, 152.
Lands public. See Public Lands.

debate thereon, 152 to 341.
Land warrants, unclaimed Revolutionary, 19.

report of Secretary of State on, 333.
debate thereon, 21 to 23.

Reed, Mr. asks to be excused from roting, 341 to
Lead in Missouri, bill to authorize the disposal of, twice

read and referred, 408, 409.

two resolutions offered in secret session and with-
Louisville canal, debate on subscribing to the ; bill amend.

drawn, ordered to be inserted on the Journal,
ed, ordered to a third reading and passed, 619,

345, 346.
620. debate on protesting against the competency of -

the President of the United States to appoint
McIntosh William, debate on reporting a bill for the fol- ! Ministers, 384 to 404.
lowers of, 620 to 623.

resolution modified, 404, 405; postponed, 405.
resolution amended and passed, 623.

appropriation bill for, reported, 641.
McPherrin, Clarke, bill for the relief of, 4.

proposed amendment, 641, 642.
Maison Rouge, bill taken up, concerning the claims of,

debate thereon, 666.

negatived, 667.
motions to postpone indefinitely, and to recommit,

bill ordered to a third reading, 667.

81. passed, 671."
Manufactures. See Commerce and Manufactures. Pascagoula, bill for improving the harbor of, ordered to a
Medical College in Washington. Senate refuses to take

third reading, 708.
up the bill for establishing a, 706.

Penitentiary in the District of Columbia, bill for erecting
Merchant vessels, resolution on furnishing with medicines,

a, ordered to a third reading, 754.

passed, 760.
Message (annual) from the President of the United States. Pensioners, bill providing for, ordered to a third reading,
See Appendix.

relative to the trial of Col. Chambers, 697.

committee discharged from further consideration
Military appropriation bill. See Appropriation.

of the, 786.
Militia bill laid on the table, 707.

Porter, Commodore, call for proceedings of the Court of
Mobile. See Alabama,

Inquiry and Court Martial, relative to, 14.
Monroe James, bill for the relief of, amended and ordered | letter communicated to the Senate from, 23.
to a third reading, 764, 765.

referred to Naval Committee, 24.
Senate insists on its amendment ; a committee of proceedings of courts, and letter of T. Randall,
conference appointed, 781.

referred to same committee, 26, 27.

report of committee, 50, 51.
National University. President's message relative there.

debate thereon, 56 to 65,
to referred to a committee, 23.

extracts from letters of Messrs. Randal! and Moun.
Naval Academy, bill for establishing a, taken up, 696.

tain, 57, 58.
force, debate on bill for employing an additional,

from the orders of the Secretary of the Navy, 58,
372, 373.

passed to a third reading, 373.

report recommitted, 65.
Navy, supplementary bill for the gradual increase of the, Post Office Department, resolutions concerning the, 755,
ordered to a third reading, 709.

call for information on the subject of obtaining sea road between Jackson and Columbus, debate on
men for the, 782.

repairing, 82 to 89.
Negro slavery in South America, call for information on, ordered to a third reading, 89.


debate on resolution for a survey between Balti.
motion to postpone, 115.

more and Philadelphia, of a, 640, 641.
debate thereon, 115 to 132.

ordered to a third reading, 641.
resolution laid on the table, 132.

passed, 643.

President of the United States, resolution to render him
Officers of the Senate elected, 10.

ineligible after a second term, 19, 374, 405.
of the Senate and House of Representatives, bill to passed, 407,
regulate the compensation of, amended and or-

debate on protesting against his competency to ap.
dered to a third reading, 31.

point Ministers, 384 to 404.
Ohio lands, proceedings on bill for quieting purchasers of,

resolution modified, 404, 405.
787, 788.

debate resumed, 589, 597 to 619, 623 to 640.
riyer, debate on, call for information relative to the

laid on the table, 642.
removal of obstructions in the, 24, 25.

President pro tem. elected, 785.
school lands, debate on bill to authorize the sale | Processes. See Judiciary.
of, 34 to 36, 65 to 69.

Public Buildings, appropriation bill for, amended and
compact between Ohio and United States, 65 to 67.

passed, 785.
motions to amend, to recommit, 69.

motion to reconsider, negatived, resumed, 786.
bill ordered to a third reading, 69.

amendments offered, 786.
resolution agreed to, 25.

Chair decides that they are not in order, 786. -
Old Point Comfort, committee discharged from further motion to recommit, with instructions to amend by
consideration of the state of the public works at,

adding an appropriation for the Cumberland
788, 789.

Road, 786 ; adopted, 787.
Order, points of, decided, 136, 142, 405, 572, 573, 757,

to lay on the table, 786 ; negatived, 787.
758, 759, 760, 786,787.

bill reported with amendment, 787.

Chair decides in favor of again reading bill, 787.
Panama mission, confidential proceedings on, 142 to 152. further amendment ; negatived, 787.
envoys appointed, 151.

bill passed and sent to House of Representatives,
injunction of secrecy removed, 152, 346, 366.


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