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forty years ago. In Christianity there was never so little dogmatism as at the present time. We draw inferences from our knowledge about ourselves and the world and the spiritual history of mankind, regarding the spiritual realities which lie at the basis of our life. But great systems of theological thought, containing as they always do, many half-truths, and conferring long life upon many things which would fall of their own weight if left to stand by themselves, are not in great favor at the present time. Christianity is fundamentally a life,—not a doctrine. Men must think, in order to live. And their thoughts will take to themselves some kind of formulation. Doctrines, more or less elaborate, and more or fewer in number, we shall always have, in religion as in science and philosophy. But increasingly they will be matters of individual preference and interpretation; and behind them all, will lie the life and the ideals that entered the world with Jesus Christ, and that create for themselves with every generation, new garments out of the changing thoughts of men.

This thought of our own generation, God give us to understand till the voice of the age becomes the voice of Him who in all ages speaks in the dialect of every people to the heart of every man.

INDEX

Apocrypha: historical value of,, Darwin, Charles, egoism vs. al-
65

truism, 29-31
spiritual value of, 65-69

religious and spiritual implica-
Apologetic, place of in New tions, Biblical account of
Testament, 93-95

creation, 31, 32
evangelistic point of view, 94 Darwin, Charles, position in XIX
teaching of Jesus, effect of Century, 10-12

thought of disciples and Darwin, Charles, Theory of Evo-
biographers on, 94, 95

lution, 5-9
Atonement, doctrine of, 151-153 struggle for existence, 6
origin of, 151-152

natural selection, 6
development of, 152, 153

survival of the fittest, 6, 7
modern interpretation of, 152

scientific support, &
importance of, 153

opposition of the church, 8, 9
Bible, the, 139-141

Epistemology, 115, 116, 120-123
different from other books, 139, Evolution: contributions to re-
140

ligious thought, 33-40
doctrines of inspiration of, 140, Darwin's Theory of, 5-9, 27-32
141

early history of, 1-5
value of different sections of, modern opponents of, 12-13
140, 141

reasons for acceptance of, 14-21
growing Christian ideal, 140, Evolution, contributions to re-
141

ligious thought, 33-40
Christ, the supreme revelation of doctrine of the Fall of man, 33
God, 141-147

Drummond, "The Ascent of
precedence established in his Man," 34
tory and human experience, universe an ongoing, forward-

looking concern, 34, 35
divinity of, 143, 144, 146, 147 spiritual life ultimate meaning
humanity of, 144, 147

of, 36-37
Christian theology, doctrines of: new and better idea of God,
Atonement, 151-153

37-40
Immortality, 155

Evolution, early history of, 1-5
Salvation, 154, 155

movements of earth, 2
Trinity, 147-161

human history, upward prog-
Virgin Birth, 144-147
Darwin, Charles, changes in Lamarck, theory of species, 3,
theory of, 27-32

22, 23
transmission of acquired traits, Spencer, “Principles of Bi-
27

ology,” 3
natural selection, function of, geologists, 4
28

astronomers, 4
157

141, 142

ress, 2

74, 75

Evolution, contradictions in in-

creased knowledge, 4, 5
Evolution, reasons for acceptance

of, 14-21
geology, 14-15
biology, 15-17
anatomy, 17-20

embryology, 20, 21
God: character of, 129-134
fundamental idea of theology,

129
revelation of, 134-147
God: developing idea of in Old

Testament, 60-65
Gospels, synoptic, comparison of,

80-89
Luke vs. Mark, 80-82
Matthew vs. Mark, 82, 83
Mark, value of as source, 83, 84
Luke vs. Matthew, 85, 86, 88,

89
“Logia,” or Sayings of Jesus,

as source, 87-89
Heredity, 23-26
Darwin, transmission of ac-

quired traits, 23
Weismann, varieties of cells,

23, 24
De Vries, theory of mutations,

24
Mendelian 25, 26
orthogenesis, 26
Idealism, Berkeley's philosophy,

106-110
ideas and knowledge, 106
truth, 107-110
Berkeley and the moderns, 109,

110
Immortality, doctrine of, 155
Instrumentalism, Dewey's phi-

losophy, 114-116
purpose of philosophy, 115
theory of knowledge, 115
epistemology, antipathy to, 116
Miracles, 135-138
modern lack of interest in,

135
change in value of, 136-138
Moral standards, development of

in Old Testament, 58-60
Neo-realism, 116-123

Neo-realism contrasted with

idealism, 116, 117
definitions of, 117
principles of, 118-120
epistemology, 120-123
New Testament: apologetic,

place of in, 93-95
authorship of, 74-89
canon, determination of, 93
chronology, 71-74, 89-93
Gospels, literary comparison

of, 80-89
historical value of, 96-99
New Testament, authorship of,

74-89
composite character of books,
several books on same roll, 75,

76
marginal notes, 76, 77
liturgical passages in Epistles,

77, 78
"we" passages in Acts, 79, 80
literary comparison of Gospels,

80-89
New Testament, historical value

of, 96-99
Epistles, 96, 97
Acts, 97, 98

Gospels, 98, 99
New Testament writings, dates

of, 71-74, 89-93
data in books themselves, 72-

74
Gospels, dates of, 89-92
chronological arrangement of,

92, 93
Old Testament: authorship of,

46-56
chronology, 41-46
historical value of, 56-58
moral standards of, 58-60
religious ideas of, 60-65
Old Testament, authorship of,

46-56
compilation, principles of, 46,

47
stories of creation and flood,

47-50
differences in language, 49-52
discrepancies in detail, 49-55

Religious ideas, development of

in Old Testament, 60-65
God: human and fallible, 60,

61
tribal, 61, 62
identified with local baalim,

Old Testament, historical books,

composition of, 55, 56
Old Testament, historical value

of, 56-58, 69, 70
folklore, value of, 56, 57
contemporary documents for

historical books, 57
doubtfulness of pre-exodus

period, 58
Tel-el-Amarna tablets, 58
development of human mind

and spirit, 56, 69, 70
Old Testament writings, dates of,

41-46
indications in text, 41-43
historical background, 43
language, 44
comparison of ideas and in-

stitutions, 44, 45
chronological arrangement, 45,

46
Philosophy: causes of difficulty

of, 101-106
estimate of modern thought of,

123-128
systems of, 106-123
Philosophy and religion, 127, 128
Pragmatism, James' philosophy,

110-113
truth, 110, 112, 113
Pluralism an offshoot of, 110,

111
Religions of Asia and Europe,

effect on early Christian
thought, 95, 96

ethical monotheism of later

prophets, 62, 63
ritual to righteousness, 63, 64

“Second Isaiah,” 64, 65
Revelation of God, 134-147

in nature, 134
miracles, 135-138
in human experience, 138, 139
in the Bible, 139-141

Christ, 141-147
Salvation, doctrine of, 154, 155

early meaning of, 154
need of today, 154
modern interpretation of, 154,

155
Trinity, doctrine of, 147-151

history of, 147, 148
confusion of, 149
modern interpretation of, 149

importance of, 150, 151
Truth, theories of, 107-110, 112,

113
Virgin Birth, doctrine of, 144-147

lack of evidence for, 144, 145
reason for probable formula-

tion of, 146
importance of in modern

thought, 146, 147

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