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Pasteur Gaussen on the Intermediate that our accountable existence is State.

passing during a period which is to A BOOK of very pleasant reading has the dead absolutely nothing: and lately appeared, entitled Letters of that the first thought which will Thomes Erskine of Linlathen, edited stir the beings to whom these trapby Dr. William Hanna. Writing pings once belonged, and still from Switzerland, in 1826, to his belong perhaps, is to be a thought cousin Rachel Erskine, Mr. Erskine excited by the sight of Christ says: “ My friend Gaussen, at coming in power.” Geneva, holds that the spirit is in For my own part, I never disa state of total insensibility from covered this opinion in any of the instant of death until the instant Louis Gaussen's writings; and it of the general resurrection. The seems to be contradicted by him interval between death and jadg- when, describing the placidity which ment is in this way absolutely an- marked his mother's death, in 1855, nihilated for them. Their last he uses the following language :thought in this world will be in- « Nous n'avons pas même pu dire stantaneously followed by the sound le moment précis oú son ame bienof the last trampet. Their eye has, heureux s'envolait vers son Dieu.” just before death, rested on the But the looseness of expression face of a friend on earth. The eye with which most of us are chargeis closed, and instantaneously opened able, in the adoption of the current

, to behold the Saviour descend from religious phraseology in the matter heaven with clouds and great glory. of death, may perhaps explain the If this be the case (which however apparent inconsistency. I cannot make up my mind to, en- Respecting another point on tirely), when we look on the specta- which his Scottish friend Erskine cle of death, it is striking to reflect was very positive, namely, the final restoration of all men, there is no our common Christianity of this evidence in the volume before us that growing euperstition, and then gives Gaussen thought with him. Nor, an interesting account of the rise, indeed, do Mr. Erskine's two bio

progress, and principles of the graphers, Dr. Hanna and Principal Reformed Episcopal Church, of Shairp. The latter adds: “ In one which he is a bishop. We do not thing, however, Mr. Erskine was prophesy, but we think it highly altogether unlike most of those who probable, that many devout Chris

, hold the tenets of Universalism. tians in the Church of England No man I ever knew had a deeper who like the episcopal form of feeling of the exceeding evil of sin, Church government, but dislike and of the divine necessity that sin Ritualism, will unite themselves with must always be misery. His uni- this Church. We must say, in all versalistic views did not in any way candour, that the “Declaration of relax his profound sense of God's Principles" gives us entire satis- . abhorrence of sin.” This, we ad- faction, so far as it goes. This mit, will be readily subscribed by interesting tract may be had of the any one at all acquainted with the author, Malvern, Worcestershire. holy life of Thomas Erskine. It is a renewed illustration of the fact

The Prayer Meeting and its Imthat the spiritual athlete is not

provement. By the Rev. Lewis always the spiritual logician. Or,

0. THOMPSON. From the fourth American

edition. if this should seem to derogate from

London : the laurels which he won in his long

Hamilton, Adams, & Co. controversy with Scottish Calvin- MR. Thompson has paid close atism, we may still be permitted to

tention to this subject, and gives say that sanctity such as his will the result in twenty-six chapters. ever be more attractive than the Many of his suggestions are pracprofoundest biblical scholarship. tical, but we infer that our American

J. WAYLEN. brethren—in some places at least

conduct their prayer-meetings on a The Reformed Episcopal Church. different plan from that which preAn Antidote to the Revival of

vails in England. We confess that Superstition. By ALFRED S.

we are not in favour of minute rules RICHARDSON, D.D.

on the matter of prayer.

The EVERY genuine Protestant, both action of the Spirit upon the heart within and without the Church of is the best regulator in this holy England, deplores the spread of matter of pouring out our hearts Ritualism, which is nothing else before God. The book, however, is than Romanism.

good reading, and some may get Dr. Richardson describes with hints from it both for thought and clearness and force the danger to action.

NOTICES.

" A. B.” asks the meaning of 2 Tim. i. 15, “ This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me." The Asia of geographers is the largest of the great divisions of the earth's surface, its length 7,500 miles, its breadth more than 5,000 miles ; but the Asia of the New Testament was Asia Minor, with Ephesus as its capital. It is to this place that Paul refers, and his statement means that certain professing Christians from that region who had been in Rome had forsaken him and gone home. He names two of them, Phygellus and Hermogenes; and his appeal to Timothy is to be brave in contrast to the conduct of these pusillanimous persons.

“James G.”—Men lived so long in those days that the great facts of the world's early history would be familiar to them. Noah signifies rest. He was the son of Lamech, and father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth ; born B.o. 2948, died 1998, aged 950 years. He was the tenth from Adam through Seth, and was born 46 years after the death of Adam, and 14 after that of Seth. He was contemporary with Enos for 16 years, with Terah for 128 years, and with Abram for about 50 years. The Babylonians called him Xisusthrus, son of Oliartes; the Chinese, Yao or Fo-Hi; others Prometheus, Deucalion, Atlas, Theuth, Inachus, Osiris, Dagon, and so forth. Dagon (fish), the national god of the Philistines, had the face and hands of a man and the tail of a fish-an obvious symbol of Noah and the flood.

“A READER” may be sure that “the sure word of prophecy” will be fulfilled. Be not deceived by spiritualising preachers. Just take one historical instance out of a thousand. In Jer. li. 14, we read this : “ The Lord of hosts hath sworn by Himself, saying, Surely I will fill thee with men as with eaterpillars; and they shall lift up a shout against thee." These words were addressed to proud, imperial, “impregnable" Babylon, and the sceptics of that day made merry over the threat. You know how the city was taken. The first time Cyrus marched in procession out of his palace he made a display of his cavalry in the sight of the Babylonians. “There stood first before the gates 4,000 of the guards drawn up, four in front, 2,000 on each side of the gates; when the chariot of Cyrus advanced, 4,000 of the guards led the way before it, and 2,000 attended on each side of it. The staff officers about his person, to the number of about 300, followed. Then were led the horses maintained for Cyrus himself, with their bridles of gold; these were about 200. After these marched 2,000 spearmen; after these the first formed body of horse, 10,000 in number ; after these another body of 10,000 Persian horse, led by Hystaspes ; after these another body of 10,000, led by Datamas ; after these another, led by Gadatas. After these marched the Medean horse; then the Armenian, then the Hyrcanian; then the Caducian, then the Sacian. And after the horse went the chariots, ranged four abreast, led by the Persian Artabates.” Xen. Cyrop. 1. vii. c. 3.

“L. D."-We feel it a holy privilege to bear witness to the coming and kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to teach the true doctrine concerning man's nature, Christ's redemption, the resurrection of His saints at His coming, and their simultaneous glorification then. All this and many other golden truths, in perfect and beautiful harmony therewith, we find in the Book which holy men, under Divine inspiration, have given to us. If you will search for yourself, without touching a commentary, and trying to forget your present opinions. you will find what we have found; and, of course, feel it a duty and a pleasure to errol yourself among the witnesses. We often find that persons who know little or nothing about our doctrines are the quickest to oppose them. We would commend to such persons—if they can appreciate its wisdom and courtesy—the admirable remark a clergyman in Liverpool made to us at the recent Conference in that great city. He said, “Sir, I do not quite understand your doctrines, and therefore, am not qualified to offer an opinion concerning them.” Of a man who thinks and speaks in that way, there is more than hope; there is certainty that he will soon stand in the light. But, understand distinctly—and this remark is for all our readers—we do not wish any one to agree with us simply because we teach so and so; we want all men to ask, “What saith the Scripture?"

GEORGE A. Brown, Auckland, from whom we are glad to hear, writes, among other things :-“ You will like to hear about the prospect of the work in New Zealand. I never yet saw a greater harvest field. The people are anxious to hear the glorious truth of Conditional Immortality. It would do your heart good to see the crowds that come to hear. . . Your labours have been blessed, dear brother. Wherever we go we find the Rainbow has spanned the theological heavens, and men have been blessed by its rays. May God long spare you to work, and enable you to keep up the sublime hues of the Rainbow, that it may be seen as a signal of hope amidst the stormy elements of the theological world. I am glad to hear that efforts are being made to build a new chapel in the great city of London for one whose voice must be heard, and whose pen must be used, so long as God gives life in the grand Reformation work now going on. Give my Christian love to the Church worshipping at Maberly. I shall never forget the exceeding kindness of your dear flock.'

" I. Á. K.”—Your difficulties are imaginary. We hardly think you have been an attentive reader of the RAINBOW. 1. The spiritual body is at the resurrection, not at the death. The “ is" and the “have," on which you rest, are simply notes of certainty, very common in Scripture. Such a thing is—present to faith-because God has determined that it is so to be. 2. Christ died literally, or we are not redeemed. The breathing back His spirit, or breath, to the Father was an expression of His faith that He would not be left in the grave. 3. The passage is entirely misunderstood, but it cannot teach what you say. 4. The Paradise promised to the penitent robber has no existence yet, nor will it until the Kingdom of Christ is established on the earth, after His return. 5. The answer to the Sadducees teaches just the reverse of what you think. The patriarchs are dead, but God means to raise them, therefore they live to Him. On no other principle were the Sadducees answered. 7. Even if you are right respecting Moses and Elias, it proves nothing regarding other men.

8. Read the paper entitled “Regeneration and Resurrection," in this number. 9. The angel did not say anything to suggest that “evidently he had lived on the earth as a prophet, but was then alive in spirit form.” What he did say was,

"I am a fellow servant of thine and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book." 10. "Spiritual bodies at the moment of death” is a great delusion. Death in that case is not death, and resurrection is not needed. We pray you get out of this network of error, and accept the true sayings of God.

THE RAINBOW:

I Magazine of Christian Literature, with Special Reference to the

Rebealed Future of tậe Church and the World.

FEBRUARY, 1881.

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THE GOSPEL OF RESURRECTION.* Whereupon, 0 King Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision : but shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judæa, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance. For these causes the Jews caught me in the temple, and went about to kill me. Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come: that Christ should suffer, and that He should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should show light unto the people, and to the Gentiles.”—Acts xxvi. 19-23. UR obligation to the heroic men who fought the battle of faith

for us, is very great. The Apostle of the Gentiles has laid the world under an immense debt of gratitude. Of course we owe all, in the first instance, to the grace of God which was the spring and motive of the fearless testimony which this man bore to his ascended Master; but wo are not to forget the witness on that account; nay, rather should we pay a tribute of admiring thankfulness to the memory of the faithful servant, whilst we reverently worship his Lord. Men who spoke of Christ in the face of His enemies, and within sight of bonds, imprisonment and death, are not to be forgotten by Christians. In speaking for Him they spoke for us, for all time, and for eternity. The overwhelming sense of their responsibility to heaven and earth crushed out every thought of self. Insult, poverty, persecutions, dungeons, death-what were these to men whom the Son of God had taken into His service? The transcendent honour shed light into the darkest prison and made the headsman's axe flash with the glories of an assured resurrection.

1. The best proof of our admiration of apostolic zeal is to defend and teach the doctrines of the Apostles. And this we should do with at least some appreciable degree of the courage and self

* A Sermon, by the Editor.

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