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SMITH'S NEW GRAMMAR.
METHOD OF INSTRUCTION RECENTLY ADOPTED
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
Designed for Schools and Academleg.
BY ROSWELL C. SMITH,
AND PRACTICAL GRANUAR," AND "INTRODUCTORY AHITHMETIC."
TUBLISHED BY SPALDING & STORKS
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1832, by
Perkins & MARVIN, In the Clerk s Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.
The following work was composed, as is indicated by the title, on what is styled in Germany and Switzerland the “ Productive System of Instruction.” It is in these countries that the subject of Education has been deemed a matter of paramount importance. The art of teaching, particularly, has there been most ably and minutely investigated. give a brief account of the different systems which have prevailed there, may not be irrelevant on the present occasion, as they assist in forming an opinion of the comparative merits of the “Productive System,” on which this work is principally based.
“ In reference to intellectual education, the persons who were in strumental in producing the reformation in schools, in the last century in these countries, may be divided into four classes—the Humanists Philanthropists, Pestalozzian and the Productive Schools.
"At the restoration of learning, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the ciassics were brought out from the libraries of the cloisters in which they had been buried. As they presented the only examples of exalted sentiments and elevated style which the secular literature of the age afforded, they were regarded as the only means of acquiring enlarged views and a liberal education; the si!dy of them received the proud tit.e of Humanity; and the zealor:3 and meritorious men why employed this incans for the revival of learning, were subsequently termed Humanists.
". The rigid Humanists maintained that the Greek and Latin authors are the only source of sound learning, whether in philosophy or rhetoric, in poetry or history, in n.edicine or law, and even in the elements of religion ; all has come to us from Greece and Rome.' " The learning of the Greek and Latin languages is the only foundation of a thorough education;' the knowledge of the grammar ought to precede all other knowledge ; and philologists are the only thoroughly learned men.'
The Humanists maintained the entire sway of the learned worlu until about the middle of the last century, when the school of the Philanthropists arose. Disgusted with the extravagant manner in which the anciert languages were extolled, they were led to exainine into the foundations of their pretensions. While they yielded the palm to the ancients in all that relates to matters of aste and beauty, they maintained that this superiority arose from the fact, that tie ancients derived their views directly from the inspection of nature and the observation of man, instead of occupying themselves, as we do, with the mere pictures of them drawn by others ;-they pointed to the obvious truth, that the world is older and vastly more experienced than it was two thousand years ago ; that in regard to all that relates to hunan knowledge, the present generation are really the ancients. They helieved that much time was lost by the indiscriminate and exclusive use of the classics as the foundation of education, which ought to be spent in acquisition of practical knowledge; and that by this tedious and laborious task, without any perc .ptible advantage to the pupil, they were often disgusted with every species -of intellectual effort. They also pointed out the moral corruption