Cod: The Ecological History of the North Atlantic Fisheries
Breakwater Books, 2007 - 591 páginas
The devastation of many of the greatest North Atlantic cod stocks, particularly those of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Grand Banks, has become an icon for the unsustainable relation between human exploitation and Nature. Here, George Rose tells the full story of that devastation, in scientific detail, for the first time - from the formation of the North Atlantic marine ecosystems to the massive stock declines in the last half of the 20th century. Politics and the fisheries are inextricably entwined. In Cod, Rose recounts the many political influences on the fisheries over several centuries and describes how neglect from the late 1800s onward led to insufficient scientific knowledge and little protection for the stocks when massive Euro-Russian fleets targeted the Grand Banks after World War II, destroying the most prolific fishery the world has known. Cod is no armchair account, but a controversial one that includes original information on the North Atlantic fisheries.
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Genesis of the Grand Banks
The Assembly of Ecosystems
Modern Species of the North Atlantic
Widely Distributed Families with Species in the Noth Atlantic
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abundance Arctic areas Atlantic cod Avalon Peninsula became Beothuks Bonavista Canada Canadian Cape capelin catch coast of Newfoundland coastal cod fishery cod stocks colonies continental shelf decline developed early ecosystems eggs England English fish stocks fishermen fleet flounder French Grand Banks Greenland Gulf of St haddock halibut Harbour harp seals ice ages Iceland ICNAF increased industry inshore fishery Island John's Labrador Current Labrador fishery Labrador waters land late Lawrence lobsters mackerel marine ecosystems markets merchants metres migration million years ago NAFO Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland fishery Newfoundland waters North Atlantic North Pacific northeast coast northern cod northwest Atlantic Nova Scotia numbers occur ocean outports overfishing pelagic Placentia Bay population Portuguese productivity Prowse redfish reported salmon salt fish sand lance seabirds seal season settlement settlers ships shore shrimp snow crab south coast southern Grand Banks Soviet spawning species temperatures Templeman tonnes trap trawlers trawling vessels voyage whales winter