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It is certain that these words, as they stand in Cicero, will not admit of the sense which Tillotson gives them': but Tillotson, in all probability, cited by memory, and without consulting the context; and put that meaning upon the words, which seemed the most reasonable and efegant : and, perhaps his good sense led him here to the true interpretation. Boherius, a learned French critic, un derstood this paffage just as Tillotson has taken it; and to accommodate the sentence to this purpose, be proposed a flight emendation, which is approved by Davies.

- Clariss. Boherius legit, IPSI Dır immortales ad ufum hominum fabricati pene videantur. Audax fanè videtur loquendi ratio ; sed sensus facit, ut ci conjecturæ faveam.”

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In favour of this conjecture and interpretation may be observed, that, according to the Pagan Theology, the Dii immortales are the sun, the moon, the stars, the planets, and the earth, who furnish us with the comforts and conveniencies of life ; and, fo highly beneficial are they to mortal men, thar, although they be Gods, yet they seem almost to have been made for the ife of man.

If you ask, “ by whom were the Gods made?" the Pagan answer is, “ by Nature, or: by the Supreme God; who drew them out of chaos, and who is called by Ovid, Mundi Fabricator.

Hanc Deus, et melior litem Natura diremit :


And then,
Astra tenent cæleste folum, formæque Deorum.

Ovid, Met. I. 73.
Illa Deos omnes, Zongum enumerare, creavit,
Says Ovid, Fast. IV. 95. speaking of Venus.

Cicero advanced somewhat that was bold, and therefore qualified-it with a penè videantur.

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" I know not what some men may find in them, “ selves; but I must freely acknowledge, that I “could never yet attain to that bold and hardy de

gree of faith, as to believe any thing for this reason-because it was imposible. So that I am

very far from being of his mind, that wanted, not

only more difficulties, but even impoffibilities, in the “ Christian religion, to exercise his faith upon.

The person whom Tillotson had in view, was the author of Religio Medici. But by impossibilities, Sir Thomas Brown, as well as Tertullian, meant seeming, not real impossibilities; and what he says should be looked upon as a verbum ardens, ą rhetorical flourish, and a trial of skill with Tertullian; in which however he had little chance to come off fuperior. Both of them were lively and ingenious; but the African had a warıņer complexion than the Briton.

“ Methinks there be not impossibilities enough "in religion, for an active faith. I can answer all " the objections of Satan and my rebellious reason,

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“ with that odd resolution I learned of Tertullian, Certum est, quia impossibile eft.--I am thankful that I “ lived not in the days of miracles, &c." Rel. Med.,

Tillotson, judging that the Papists would make an ill use of this, and scuh passages as this, in Protestant writers, was willing to pass a gentle animadversion



Sir Kenelm Digby, a Roman Catholic, who criticises several things in the Religio Medici, yet gives his loud approbation to these pious fallies.

I am extremely pleased with him, when he faith, there are not impoffibilities enough in religion, for an active faith, &c.” Extremely pleased, without question; and full of hopes, that this young author might at last unreafon himself into implicit belief; and go over to a church, which would feed his hungry faith with a sufficient quantity of impoflibilities.

Tendimus in Latium!

Amongst many things, which may be mentioned in favour' of Tillotson, this should not be forgotten; that of those who have passed their judg. ments upon him, there never was a son of absurdity who did not dislike, or a sensible reader who did not approve his writings. If a person were to offer himself a candidate for honest reputation, what could he wish and hope more, than to fhare Tillotson's fate; and to find the same cen.


furers, and the same defenders? Yet it hath been said of this great and good man, that his fpirits were in some degree broken, and his health impaired, by the insults and calumnies of petulant adversaries. If it be true, it is a melancholy instance of human infirmity, and a proof that a little Stoicism and Socratism is a desirable possession. To forgive enemies, though difficult to many, was easy to him, aflisted as he was by good-nature, and by religion: but to despise their attacks, was a task rather too hard for his gentle temper and sensibility; so that, in this respect, and under these disadvantages, he was not a match for men, who could neither blush nor feel.

A man's good name, says he, is a tender thing; and a wound there sinks deep into the spirit even of a wise and good man: and the more innocent any man is in this kind, the more sensible he is of this hard usage; because he never treats others so, nor is he conscious to himself that he hath deserved it.” Vol. II. Serm. XLII.

Every thing, they say, hath two handles. When Socrates was under sentence of death, Xanthippé took on bitterly; and refusing comfort, cried, “O, my husband! what grieves me most is, that these wicked judges should treat an innocent man thus, and condemn thee unjustly, and for nothing at all.” “ Wife!” said he,“ why should that grieve thee? Hadst thou rather then, that they had condemned me justly.."



The reverence which the Jews had for their facred books, preserved those most ancient of all records, and along with them the knowledge of the Hebrew language. But the Christians, who had the same veneration for the Old TESTAMENT, have contributed, more than the Jews themselves, to secure and to explain those books, as they had indeed more advantages and greater helps. The Christians in ancient times collected and preserved the Greek versions of those Scriptures, particularly that of the Septuagint, and translated the originals into Latin. They preferved copies of the works of Josephus, which were little esteemed by the Jews--but which help to confirm and explain the sacred books, and cast a light upon the Jewish history: and • Christian critics and commentators, such as Capel

lus, Bochart, Grotius, Le Clerc, Vitringa, and inany others, have beyond measure surpassed the 5


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