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treatment under the Generalized System of No. 5805 that the per capita gross national Preferences (GSP) when imported from des- product of Bahrain for calendar year 1985 ignated beneficiary developing countries. exceeded the applicable limit under section
2. Pursuant to section 504(c) of the 1974 504(f) of the 1974 Act was erroneous, and Act (19 U.S.C. 2464(c)), beneficiary develop the restrictions of section 504(X1) of the ing countries, except those designated as 1974 Act are therefore inapplicable to Bahleast-developed beneficiary developing rain. I have further determined, pursuant to countries pursuant to section 504(cX6) of sections 502(a) and (c) of the 1974 Act (19 the 1974 Act, are subject to limitations on U.S.C. 2462(a) and (c)), and having due the preferential treatment afforded under regard for the eligibility criteria set forth the GSP. Pursuant to section 504(cX5) of the therein, that it is appropriate to designate 1974 Act, a country that is no longer treat- Bahrain as a beneficiary developing country ed as a beneficiary developing country with
for purposes of the GSP. Pursuant to section respect to an eligible article may be redes
502aX1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. ignated as a beneficiary developing country 2462aX1), I have notified the House of with respect to such article if imports of Representatives and the Senate of this dessuch article from such country did not
ignation. exceed the limitations in section 504(cX1)
6. Pursuant to section 201(b) of the (after application of paragraph (cX2)) during
United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreethe preceding calendar year. 3. Pursuant to section 504(cX5) of the
ment Implementation Act of 1988 (the Im
plementation Act) (Public Law 100_449, 1974 Act, I have determined that Brazil should be redesignated as a beneficiary de
102 Stat. 1851, 1855), the President in Procveloping country with respect to specified
lamation No. 6142 of May 25, 1990 (55 FR previously designated eligible articles.
21835), implemented an accelerated schedBrazil has been previously excluded from
ule of duty elimination under the United benefits of the GSP with respect to such
States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement. I eligible articles pursuant to section 504(cX1) modify the HTS to correct a typographical
have determined that it is necessary to of the 1974 Act. 4. Section 503(cX1) of the 1974 Act (19
error in Proclamation No. 6142. U.S.C. 2463(cX1) provides that the Presi
7. Section 1204(bX1XC) of the Omnibus dent may not designate certain specified Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (the categories of import-sensitive articles as eli
1988 Act) (19 U.S.C. 3004(bXlXC)) authorgible articles under the GSP. Section
izes the President to proclaim such modifi503(cXlXA) of the 1974 Act provides that
cations to the HTS as are necessary or aptextile and apparel articles that are subject propriate to implement such technical recto textile agreements are import-sensitive.
tifications to the HTS as the President conPursuant to sections 504(a) and 604 of the
Pursuant to section 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2464(a) and 2483), I am 1204(bX1XC) of the 1988 Act, I have deteracting to modify the HTS to remove from mined that certain technical rectifications eligibility under the GSP those articles that
to the HTS are necessary. have become subject to textile agreements 8. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. and to make certain conforming changes in
2483) authorizes the President to embody the HTS.
in the HTS the substance of the provisions 5. Pursuant to section 504(f) of the 1974 of that Act, and of other acts affecting Act (19 U.S.C. 2464(f)), in Proclamation No. import treatment, and actions thereunder. 5805 of April 29, 1988 (53 FR 15785), the Now, Therefore, I, George Bush, PresiPresident terminated the preferential tariff dent of the United States of America, acting treatment under the GSP for articles eligi- under the authority vested in me by the ble for such treatment that are imported Constitution and the laws of the United from Bahrain. In light of revised statistics States, including but not limited to Title V provided by the World Bank on the per and section 604 of the 1974 Act, section 201 capita gross national product of Bahrain for (b) of the Implementation Act, and section calendar year 1985, I have determined that 1204(bX1XC) of the 1988 Act, do proclaim the previous determination in Proclamation that:
(1) In order to remove from eligibility provisions modified in Annex I to this procunder the GSP an article that has become lamation, effective with respect to goods subject to textile agreements, and to make originating in the territory of Canada which certain conforming changes in the HTS, the are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse HTS is modified as provided in Annex I to for consumption, on or after the dates specithis proclamation.
fied in Annex IV to this proclamation, the (2Xa) In order to terminate preferential rate of duty in the HTS that is followed by tariff treatment under the GSP for an arti- the symbol "CA" in parentheses set forth in cle imported from all designated benefici- the Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for ary developing countries that has become each of the HTS subheadings enumerated subject to textile agreements, the Rates of in such Annex shall be deleted and the rate Duty 1-Special subcolumn for the HTS sub
of duty provided in such Annex inserted in heading enumerated in Annex II(a) is modi- lieu thereof. fied by deleting the symbol “A,” in the pa- (6) In order to make technical rectificarentheses.
tions in particular provisions, the HTS is (b) In order to provide preferential tariff modified as set forth in Annex V to this treatment under the GSP to Brazil, which proclamation. has been excluded from the benefits of the
(7) Any provisions of previous proclamaGSP for certain eligible articles imported
tions and Executive orders inconsistent with from Brazil, and following my determina
the provisions of this proclamation are tion that a country not previously receiving hereby superseded to the extent of such such benefits should again be treated as a
inconsistency. beneficiary developing country with respect to such articles, the Rates of Duty 1-Special (4), (5), and (6) of this proclamation, the
(8) Except as provided for in paragraphs subcolumn for each of the HTS provisions
amendments made by this proclamation enumerated in Annex II(b) to this proclama
shall be effective with respect to articles tion is modified: (i) by deleting from such subcolumn for such HTS provisions the
both: (i) imported on or after January 1,
1976, and (ii) entered, or withdrawn from symbol “A*" in parentheses, and (ii) by inserting in such subcolumn the symbol "A"
warehouse for consumption, on or after July
1, 1990. in lieu thereof.
In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set (3) In order to provide that Bahrain is
my hand this twenty-ninth day of June, in treated as a designated beneficiary developing country and to provide that Brazil,
the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and which has not been treated as a beneficiary ninety, and of the Independence of the
United States of America the two hundred developing country with respect to specified eligible articles, should be redesignated
George Bush as a beneficiary developing country with respect to such articles for purposes of the
[Filed with the Office of the Federal RegisGSP, general note 3(cXii) to the HTS is
ter, 12:26 p.m., June 29, 1990) modified as provided in Annex III to this Note: The annexes to the proclamation were proclamation.
printed in the "Federal Register" of July 3. (4) Effective with respect to goods originating in the territory of Canada which are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after May 1, 1990, for Letter to the Speaker of the House and HTS subheading 1102.90.60, in the Rates of the President of the Senate on the Duty 1-Special subcolumn, strike the Designation of Bahrain as a Beneficiary symbol “(CA)" and the duty rate preceding Developing Country it, and in lieu thereof insert in the parentheses following the “Free” rate of duty the June 29, 1990 symbol “CA,” in alphabetical order. (5) In order to provide for the continu
Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:) ation of previously proclaimed staged re- I am writing to inform you of my intent ductions on Canadian goods in the HTS to add Bahrain to the list of beneficiary de
veloping countries under the Generalized atives, and Dan Quayle, President of the System of Preferences (GSP). The GSP pro
Senate. gram is authorized by the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (“the 1974 Act”).
Bahrain was a GSP beneficiary from the inception of the program in 1976 to July 1, Executive Order 12718–President's 1988. Proclamation No. 5805 of April 29, Advisory Commission on the Public 1988, terminated Bahrain as a designated Service beneficiary developing country under the GSP pursuant to section 504(1) of the 1974 June 29, 1990 Act. Section 504(f) provides that if the
By the authority vested in me as PresiPresident determines that the per capita
dent by the Constitution and laws of the gross national product (calculated on the
United States of America, including the basis of the best available information, in- Federal Advisory Committee Act, cluding that of the World Bank) for any
amended (5 U.S.C. App.), and in order to beneficiary country for a calendar year sub
provide a continuing source of advice on sequent to 1984 exceeds the applicable the public service from outstanding leaders limit for the determination year in question, in various walks of private life, it is hereby such country shall not be treated as a bene- ordered as follows: ficiary developing country under this Act
Section 1. Establishment. The President's after the close of a 2-year period. Based on
Advisory Commission on the Public Service the best available information, it was deter
(“Commission”) is hereby established. The mined that Bahrain's per capita gross na- Commission shall be comprised of 13 memtional product for the calendar year 1985
bers to be appointed by the President from had exceeded the applicable limit provided
among leading citizens in private life. The in section 504(f).
members shall be appointed for 2-year The World Bank has now revised its per
terms, except that initial appointments shall capita GNP statistics for Bahrain, indicating include six members appointed to serve l. that Bahrain did not exceed the GSP statu
year terms. Any vacancy in the Commission tory limit for 1985 or succeeding years. On shall be filled by an appointment for the the basis of these revised statistics, I have remainder of the term for which the origidetermined that the previous determination nal appointment was made, and a member in Proclamation No. 5805 that the per whose term has expired may serve until his capita gross national product of Bahrain for or her successor has been appointed. The calendar year 1985 exceeded the applicable President shall designate one of the memlimit under section 504(f) of the 1974 Act bers of the Commission to serve as Chairwas erroneous, and the restrictions of sec- person. tion 504(X1) of the 1974 Act are therefore
Sec. 2. Functions. (a) The Commission inapplicable to Bahrain. I have further de
shall meet from time to time at the request termined, pursuant to sections 502(a) and of the Chairperson and shall consider ways (c) of the 1974 Act and having due regard to enhance the public service in American for the eligibility criteria set forth therein, life, including: that it is appropriate to designate Bahrain as a beneficiary developing country for pur
(1) improving the efficiency and poses of the GSP.
attractiveness of the Federal civil service; This notice is submitted in accordance
(2) increasing the interest among Ameriwith section 502aX1) of the Trade Act of can students in pursuing careers in the 1974, as amended.
public service; and Sincerely,
George Bush (3) strengthening the image of the public
service in American life. Note: Identical letters were sent to Thomas (b) The Commission shall submit a report S. Foley, Speaker of the House of Represent- on its activities to the Director of the Office of Personnel Management and the Presi- Conference in Copenhagen adopted a docudent each year.
ment laying precisely that foundation for Sec. 3. Administrative Provisions. (a) The freedom. I commend the U.S. delegation, members of the Commission shall serve under the direction of Ambassador Max M. without compensation, but may receive Kampelman, for its major role in that histravel expenses, including per diem in lieu toric achievement. of subsistence, in accordance with sections With the Copenhagen Declaration, the 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States CSCE has sought and reached an historic Code.
new consensus. The nations of Europe (b) All executive agencies are directed, to along with the United States, Canada, and the extent permitted by law, to provide the Soviet Union-have now committed such information, advice, and assistance to themselves to the path of democracy based the Commission as the Commission may re- on justice, peace, security, and cooperation. quest.
The promise of the 1975 Helsinki accords (c) The Director of the Office of Person- now has become a program of democratic nel Management shall, to the extent permit- action. This is the most significant step forted by law and subject to the availability of ward that the CSCE has taken since the funds, provide the Commission with admin- inception of the Helsinki process. istrative services, staff support, and neces- This program of action has been shaped sary expenses.
and embraced by our NATO allies, the neuSec. 4. General. Notwithstanding any tral and nonaligned European States, the other Executive order, the functions of the Soviet Union, and the emerging democraPresident under the Federal Advisory Com- cies of central and eastern Europe. It brings mittee Act, as amended, except that of re- together nations, large and small, and opens porting to the Congress, which are applica- the house of democracy—the commonble to the Commission, shall be performed wealth of free nations I have spoken by the Office of Personnel Management in about-to all of Europe's peoples. Together, accordance with the guidelines and proce- the CSCE signatory nations now stand dures established by the Administrator of before their own peoples and before the General Services.
world community on the solid ground of
shared democratic values. Together, we George Bush
now must put our program of democratic The White House,
action to work fulfilling the promise of a June 29, 1990.
Europe whole and free.
[Filed with the Office of the Federal Regis-
Message to the House of
Approval the Family and Medical
Leave Act of 1990
June 29, 1990
To the House of Representatives:
I am returning herewith without my apLast May, in a commencement address at proval H.R. 770, the "Family and Medical the University of South Carolina, I identi- Leave Act of 1990." This bill would manfied free elections, political pluralism, and date that public and private employers with the rule of law as the cornerstones of free- 50 or more employees, and the Federal dom and urged that they be enshrined Government, provide their employees with among the principles of the 35-nation Con- leave under specified circumstances. ference on Security and Cooperation in In vetoing this legislation with its rigid, Europe (CSCE). I am pleased to report that federally imposed requirements, I want to this morning, the 35 nations of the CSCE emphasize my belief that time off for a child's birth or adoption or for family illness We must also recognize that mandated is an important benefit for employers to benefits may limit the ability of some emoffer employees. I strongly object, however, ployers to provide other benefits of importo the Federal Government mandating tance to their employees. Over the past few leave policies for America's employers and years, we have seen a dramatic increase in work force. H.R. 770 would do just that. the number of employers who are offering
America faces its stiffest economic com- child care assistance, pregnancy leave, papetition in history. If our Nation's employ- rental leave, flexible scheduling, and cafeteers are to succeed in an increasingly com- ria benefits. The number of innovative benplex and competitive global marketplace, efit plans will continue to grow as employ. they must have the flexibility to meet both
ers endeavor to attract and keep skilled this challenge and the needs of their em
workers. Mandated benefits raise the risk of ployees. We must ensure that Federal poli- stifling the development of such innovative cies do not stifle the creation of new jobs,
benefit plans. nor result in the elimination of existing jobs. The Administration is committed to policies
My Administration is strongly committed that create jobs throughout the economy
to policies that recognize that the relation
ship between work and family must be serving the most fundamental need of
complementary, and not one that involves working families. The strong American labor market of the
conflict. If these policies are to meet the past decade is a sign of how effectively our
diverse needs of our Nation, they must be
carefully, flexibly, and sensitively crafted at current labor policies work. Between 1980 and 1989, the United States created more
the work place by employers and employthan 18 million new jobs. In contrast,
ees, and not through Government mandates within European countries, where mandat
imposed by legislation such as H.R. 770. ed benefits are more extensive and labor
George Bush markets less flexible, job growth has been weak. Between 1980 and 1989, all of
The White House, Europe generated only 5 million new jobs. June 29, 1990. As a Nation, we must continue the policies that have been so effective in fostering the creation of jobs throughout our economy. H.R. 770 is fundamentally at odds with this crucial objective.
Statement on Signing a Bill Calling H.R. 770 ignores the realities of today's Upon the United Nations to Repeal work place and the diverse needs of work
General Assembly Resolution 3379 ers. Some employees may believe that June 29, 1990 shorter paid leave is more important than the lengthy, unpaid leave mandated by this
I have today signed S.J. Res. 246, a joint legislation. Caring for a sick friend, aunt, or
resolution of Congress "calling upon the brother might be just as critical to one em
United Nations to repeal General Assembly ployee as caring for a child is to another. In Resolution 3379,” which declared Zionism other cases, some employees may prefer in
to be “a form of racism and racial discrimicreased health insurance or pension cover
nation.” S.J. Res. 246 requests the President age rather than unpaid family and medical to report periodically to the Congress on leave.
progress made to repeal the resolution. Choosing among these options traditional- The United States vigorously opposed the ly has been within the purview of employ. 1975 adoption of the pernicious proposition, er-employee negotiation or the collective in United Nations General Assembly bargaining process. By substituting a "one (UNGA) Resolution 3379, that Zionism is a size fits all” Government mandate for inno- form of racism. We continue to work activevative individual agreements, this bill ig- ly for its renunciation. It is long overdue nores the differing family needs and prefer- that all of the member states of the United ences of employees and unduly limits the Nations join us in renouncing UNGA Resorole of labor-management negotiations. lution 3379.