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to local concerns, to environmental con- (4) Energy Requirements. The requirecerns, and to the need to develop prudent- ments of our nation's economy for energy ly our nation's domestic energy resources. and the overall costs and benefits of various Although I have today taken these strong sources of energy must be considered in steps to protect our environment, I contin- deciding whether to develop oil and gas ue to believe that there are significant off
offshore. The level of petroleum imports, shore areas where we can and must go for- which has been steadily increasing, is a critward with resource development.
ical factor in this assessment. While I believe that a leaner OCS pro- (5) National Security Requirements. Exgram will ultimately be more effective, ternal events, such as supply disruptions, Americans must recognize that the OCS might require a reevaluation of the OCS program is a vital source of fuel for our program. All decisions regarding OCS degrowing economy. My desire is to achieve a velopment are subject to a national security balance between the need to provide exemption. If the President determines that energy for the American people and the national security requires development in need to protect unique and sensitive coastal the areas of these three lease sales or in and marine environments.
other areas, he has the ability to direct the Interior Department to open the areas for
development Note: On the same day the Office of the Press Secretary also released a fact sheet en- General OCS Decisions titled “Presidential Decisions concerning The President also decided that: Oil and Gas Development on the Outer
(1) Air quality controls for oil and gas deContinental Shelf.” Excerpts from that factvelopment offshore California should be sheet follow:
substantially the same as those applied on
shore. Guiding Principles
(2) Immediate steps should be taken to The President's decisions were based on improve the ability of industry and the Fedthe following principles:
eral Government to respond to oilspills off(1) Adequate Information and Analysis. shore, regardless of their source. Adequate scientific and technical informa- (3) Federal agencies should develop a tion regarding the resource potential of plan to reduce the possibility of oilspills offeach area considered for leasing and the shore from whatever source, including and environmental, social, and economic effects especially from tanker traffic. This plan of oil and gas activity must be available and should include moving tanker routes fursubjected to rigorous scrutiny before deci- ther away from sensitive areas near the sions are made. No new leasing should take Florida Keys and the Everglades. place without such information and analysis. (2) Environmental Sensitivity. Certain
Restructuring the OCS Program areas off our coasts represent unique natu- The President directed Interior Secretary ral resources. In those areas, even the small Lujan to take three actions to improve the risks posed by oil and gas development may
verall OCS program: be too great. In other areas, where science (1) Improve the information needed to and experience and new recovery technol- make decisions on OCS development by ogies show development may be safe, de conducting the studies identified by the Navelopment will be considered.
tional Academy of Sciences and studies to (3) Resource Potential. Priority for devel- explore new technologies for alleviating the opment should be given to those areas with risks of oilspills from OCS platforms and the greatest resource potential. Given the new oil and gas drilling technologies, such inexact nature of resource estimation, par
as subsea completion technology. ticularly offshore, priority should be given (2) Target proposed sale areas in future to those areas where earlier development OCS 5-year plans to give highest priority to has proven the existence of economically areas with high resource potential and low recoverable reserves.
environmental risk. This will result in offer
ing much smaller and more carefully select- tion and U.S. support for the important ed blocks of tracts.
worldwide humanitarian work of UNHCR. (3) Prepare a legislative initiative that will President Bush and High Commissioner provide coastal communities directly affect Stoltenberg discussed the issue of Vietnamed by OCS development with a greater ese boat people and the overall issue of poshare of the financial benefits of new devel- tential population movements in
the opment and with a larger voice in decision
coming years. The President restated the making.
U.S. position in support of first asylum in Lease Sale 96 in the North Atlantic
Southeast Asia and against involuntary repa
triation to Vietnam under current condiThe President also directed Interior Sec
tions there. It was agreed that the United retary Lujan to consult with the Governors
States would continue to be in touch with of the States whose residents would be af.
the High Commissioner on the issue of prefected by future development of oil and gas in the North Atlantic.
serving first asylum in Southeast Asia.
Remarks at the Congressional Barbecue Message to the Congress Reporting Budget Deferrals
June 26, 1990 June 26, 1990
The President. Glen, thank you. Thank To the Congress of the United States:
you all very much. You really turned it on
tonight. In accordance with the Impoundment Control Act of 1974, I herewith report two
Let me just say to everybody how revised deferrals of budget authority now
pleased—I think I speak for all of you—we totalling $2,547,688,227.
are to have Glen here—40 albums, 4 gold The deferrals affect programs in Interna
singles, and 4 special awards, one of the tional Security Assistance and the Depart
great musical talents in our country and a ment of State. The details of the deferrals
friend to everybody out here. And we are are contained in the attached report. very, very pleased, Glen. Thank you for
that marvelous, lively performance. George Bush
Mr. Campbell. You are quite welcome, The White House,
sir. Thank you, everybody. June 26, 1990.
The President. And all this wonderful
band of yours. We're delighted to have you Note: The attachment detailing the pro
all here. And let me say to the Members of posed deferrals will be printed in the "Feder- the Congress that Barbara and I are delightal Register.”
ed that you came down here—a good, relaxed evening and a beautiful night at the White House. We've got a lot of work ahead, but I think at least as far as we're
concerned from this end of Pennsylvania Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater
Avenue it's been a joy. We're delighted you on the President's Meeting With Thorvald Stoltenberg, United Nations
were here. Now, make yourselves at home, High Commissioner for Refugees
and thank you once again, Glen Campbell.
Thank you so much. June 26, 1990
Mr. Campbell. Thank you, Mr. President. President Bush met June 26 at the White
Thank you a lot. House with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Thorvald Stolten- Note: The President spoke at 8 p.m. on the berg. The President expressed his apprecia- South Lawn at the White House.
Nomination of George F. Murphy, Jr., querque to ensure the protection of seriousTo Be Inspector General of the United ly threatened ancient Pueblo Indian and States Information Agency
Spanish rock art. Cost sharing will be an June 27, 1990
important component of the success of this
joint effort, and I look forward to a successThe President today announced his inten- ful partnership. tion to nominate George F. Murphy, Jr., to S. 286 also will expand the existing 365be Inspector General of the U.S. Informa- acre Pecos National Monument into the tion Agency. He would succeed Anthony J. 5,865-acre Pecos National Historical Park. Gabriel.
This will allow for expanded protection and Since 1988 Mr. Murphy has served as recreation programs in an area rich in culDeputy Director for the U.S. Arms Control tural resources. and Disarmament Agency in Washington, I wholeheartedly support the measures DC. Prior to this, he served as a consultant contained in S. 286 because they will to the nuclear industry, 1986-1987; director
ensure the protection of rich natural and of the Senate National Security Office,
cultural resources within the State of New 1977-1986; executive director of the Joint Mexico that are now seriously threatened. Committee on Atomic Energy, 1975-1977; deputy director of the Joint Committee on
George Bush Atomic Energy, 1968-1975; and a profes- The White House, sional staff member on the Joint Committee
June 27, 1990. on Atomic Energy, 1958–1968. In addition, Mr. Murphy worked for the Central Intelli
Note: S. 286, approved June 27, was asgence Agency, 1950–1958. Mr. Murphy graduated from Harvard
signed Public Law No. 101-313. College (A.B., 1949). He was born May 1, 1924, in Boston, MA. Mr. Murphy served in the U.S. Army Air Corps, 1942–1946. He is married, has two children, and resides in Remarks Announcing the Enterprise for Bethesda, MD.
the Americas Initiative June 27, 1990
Thank you all very much for coming to Statement on Signing a Bill Protecting
the White House, and it is my pleasure to Natural and Cultural Resources in welcome so many distinguished guests with New Mexico
such strong interests in the vital Latin June 27, 1990
American and Caribbean region. Let me
recognize the many members of the diploI take great pleasure in signing into law matic corps that are here and extend to you S. 286, an Act to establish the Petroglyph warm welcome—from Latin America, National Monument and the Pecos National particularly, and the Caribbean, Europe, Historical Park in New Mexico, and to re- Japan. Members of our Cabinet-Nick solve various New Mexico land issues.
Brady and Secretary Baker, Carla Hills, SecWest of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the retary Mosbacher-delighted you're here. major landscape feature is the West Mesa, Chairman of the Council of Economic Admarked by a 17-mile long basalt escarpment visers, Mike Boskin, is here. Bill Webster, and five volcanic cones. Within the area are welcome. And of course, we're delighted to an estimated 15,000 to 17,000 petroglyphs, see Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the Fedwhich are designs carved or pecked into eral Reserve Board, here and then an old the rock. Establishment of the Petroglyph friend, Barber Conable, of the World Bank, National Monument will provide an excel- and Richard Erb, from the IMF. And Ricky lent opportunity to form a strong partner- Iglesias, an old friend of the Bushes, and we ship among the Federal Government, the welcome him, of the IDB, and so many State of New Mexico, and the City of Albu- leading lights in the business and financial
communities. To all of you, then, a welcome.
In the past 12 months, every one of us, from the man in the White House to the man on the street, has been fascinated by the tremendous changes, the positive changes, taking place around the world. Freedom has made great gains not just in Eastern Europe but right here in the Americas; and we've seen a resurgence of democratic rule, a rising tide of democracy, never before witnessed in the history of this beloved hemisphere. And with one exception, Cuba, the transition to democracy is moving towards completion, and we can all sense the excitement that the day is not far off when Cuba joins the ranks of world democracies and makes the Americas fully free.
With one exception, that's the case. But the political transformation sweeping the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean has its parallel in the economic sphere. Throughout the region, nations are turning away from the statist economic policies that stifle growth and are now looking to the power of the free market to help this hemisphere realize its untapped potential for progress. A new leadership has emerged, backed by the strength of the people's mandate, leadership that understands that the future of Latin America lies with free government and free markets. In the words of Colombia's courageous leader, Virgilio Barco— President Barco: “The long-running match between Karl Marx and Adam Smith is finally coming to an end” with the “recognition that open economies with access to markets can lead to social progress.”
For the United States, these are welcome developments, developments that we're eager to support. But we recognize that each nation in the region must make its own choices. There is no blueprint, no onesize-fits-all approach, to reform. The primary responsibility for achieving economic growth lies with each individual country. Our challenge in this country is to respond in ways that support the positive changes now taking place in the hemisphere. We must forge a genuine partnership for freemarket reform.
Back in February, I met in Cartagena (Colombia] with heads of the three Andean nations, and I came away from that meet
ing convinced that the U.S. must review its approach not only to that region but to Latin America and the Caribbean as whole. And I asked Treasury Secretary Brady to lead a review of U.S. economic policy towards this vital region, to make a fresh assessment, if you will, of the problems and opportunities we'll encounter in the decade ahead. And that review is now complete, and the results are in, and the need for new economic initiatives is clear and compelling
All signs point to the fact that we must shift the focus of our economic interaction towards a new economic partnership because prosperity in our hemisphere depends on trade, not aid. And I've asked you here today to share with you some of the ideas, some of the ways we can build a broad-based partnership for the nineties—to announce the new Enterprise for the Americas Initiative that creates incentives to reinforce Latin America's growing recognition that free-market reform is the key to sustained growth and political stability.
The three pillars of our new initiative are trade, investment, and debt. To expand trade, I propose that we begin the process of creating a hemispherewide free trade zone; to increase investment, that we adopt measures to create a new flow of capital into the region; and to further ease the burden of debt, a new approach to debt in the region with important benefits for our environment.
Let's begin with trade. In the 1980's, trade within our hemisphere trailed the overall pace of growth in world trade. One principal reason for that: overrestrictive trade barriers that wall off the economies of our region from each other and from the United States at great cost to us all. These barriers are the legacy of the misguided notion that a nation's economy needs protection in order to thrive. The great economic lesson of this century is that protectionism still stifles progress and free markets breed prosperity. To this end, we've formulated a three-point trade plan to encourage the emerging trend toward freemarket reform that are now gathering forces in the Americas.
First, as we enter the final months of the current Uruguay round of the world trade
talks, I pledge close cooperation with the growth and a higher standard of living in nations of this hemisphere. The successful Latin America and, right here at home, completion of the Uruguay round remains new markets for American products and the most effective way of promoting long- more jobs for American workers. term trade growth in Latin America and Promoting free trade is just one of three the increased integration of Latin nations key elements in our new Enterprise for the into the overall global trading system. Our Americas Initiative. And our second pillar is aim in the Uruguay round is free and fair increased investment. trade, and through these talks we are seek
The competition for capital today is ing to strengthen existing trade rules and to
fierce, and the key to increased investment expand them to areas that do not now have
is to be competitive, to turn around the agreed rules of fairplay. And to show our
conditions that have discouraged both forcommitment to our neighbors in Latin
eign and domestic investment-reduce the America and the Caribbean, we will seek
regulatory burden, clear away the thicket of deeper tariff reductions in this round on
bureaucratic barriers that choke off Latin products of special interest to them.
America's aspiring entrepreneurs. Second, we must build on the trend we see toward free markets and make our ulti
In one large Latin city, for instance, it mate aim a free trade system that links all
takes almost 300 days to cut through the of the Americas: North, Central, and South.
redtape to open a small garment shop. In And we look forward to the day when not
another country, the average overseas caller only are the Americas the first fully free, and the wait for a new telephone line can
has to make five phone calls to get through, democratic hemisphere but when all are equal partners in a free trade zone stretch
be as long as 5 years. And that's got to ing from the port of Anchorage to the
change. Tierra del Fuego.
Investment reform is essential to make it I'm announcing today that the U.S. stands
easier to start new business ventures and ready to enter into free trade agreements
make it possible for international investors with other markets in Latin America and
to participate and profit in Latin American the Caribbean, particularly with groups of markets. In order to create incentives for countries that have associated for purposes
investment reform, the United States is preof trade liberalization. And the first step in pared to take the following steps: this process is the now-announced free First, the United States will work with trade agreement with Mexico. We must all
the Inter-American Development Bank to recognize that we won't bring down bar- create a new lending program for nations riers to free trade overnight; changes so far
that take significant steps to remove imreaching may take years of preparation and pediments to international investment. The tough negotiations. But the payoff in terms
World Bank could also contribute to this of prosperity is worth every effort, and now
effort. is the time to make a comprehensive free And second, we propose the creation of a trade zone for the Americas our long-term
new investment fund for the Americas. This goal.
fund, administered by the IDB, could proAnd third, I understand that some coun
vide up to $300 million a year in grants in tries aren't yet ready to take that dramatic response to market-oriented investment restep to a full free trade agreement. And forms in progress in privatization. The U.S. that's why we're prepared to negotiate with intends to contribute $ 100 million to the any interested nation in the region bilateral fund, and we will seek matching contribuframework agreements to open markets
tions from Europe and Japan. and develop closer trade ties. Such agree
But in order to create an attractive climents already exist with Mexico and Boliv- mate for new investment, we must build on ia. Framework agreements will enable us to our successful efforts to ease the debt move forward on a step-by-step basis to burden. That's the third pillar of this new eliminate counterproductive barriers to Enterprise for the Americas Initiative. trade and towards our ultimate goal of free Many nations have already undertaken trade. And that's a prescription for greater painful economic reforms for the sake of