Ishodad of Merw's Exegesis of the Psalms 119 and 139-147: A Study of His Interpretation in the Light of the Syriac Translation of Theodore of Mopsuestia's Commentary
Peeters, 2001 - 307 páginas
Ishodad of Merw (9th century), like other East Syrian exegetes, understands himself as an heir of Theodore of Mopsuestia's (died 428) approach to biblical interpretation. The study examines this claim in one of the rare cases where the Syriac translation of Theodore's commentary (on Ps 119 and 139-147) is extant. Ishodad emerges as a competent representative of his scholastic tradition working creatively with his scientific tools. Ishodad's commentary shows traces of Theodore's in less than a third of the verses explained. This reflects the development of medieval academic exegesis and the changed expectations towards biblical interpretation and its presentation. In its highly abbreviated style, Ishodad's commentary shows that it was written for a learned audience for whom one could reduce one's explanations to their essential parts. The study of Ishodad's commentary provides a glimpse into East-Syrian scholarship in Abbasid Mesopotamia as mediating between different exegetical traditions and biblical translations.
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abbreviated according acrostic addition Antiochene Biblical text calls changed chapter connected context copied David DEN EYNDE 1981 dependent discussion edition eight Epitomé exegesis exegetes exile explanation expounded extant EYNDE 1981 text FIELD gave give given God's Greek Greek text hand Hebrew historical idea IM's important included independent interpretation interpreter's introduction Isho Bar Ishodad Ishodad's commentary Latin lemma manuscript material means metaphor Mopsuestia's commentary observations original paragraph parallels paraphrase passages person Peshitta present preserved probably problems Psalm question quotations quoted reference regarding remark rendered ROMPAY 1982 text ROMPAY 1982 transl root says seems Septuagint shows statement stichos Syriac Syriac translation Syrohexapla TABLE term Theodore Bar Theodore of Mopsuestia's Theodore's commentary tion TM's commentary tradition translation understanding understood VAN DEN EYNDE VAN ROMPAY 1982 verse whole