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tal subversion of all the principles of the law, and constitution of this country.

2. "Because the election of executive officers in Parliament is,plainly unconstitutional, productive of intrigue and faction, and calculated for extending a corrupt influence in the Crown. It frees Ministers from responsibility, whilst it leaves them all the effect of patronage."

Thus protested the noble Duke; and I doubt not but he will be as steady in his principles till death, as the much-lamented Marquis, who joined with him in the protest.

I remember that the right honourable Secretary asserted, when this bill was read the first time, that charges of peculation were withheld, because money was sent over to the Directors, which stopped their mouths, and prevented their complaints. I doubt not but the right honourable gentleman himself felt what he said, when he asserted this, and that the fame right honourable gentleman knows full well that money has, indeed, a wonderful power of stopping mouths, and of changing' men's language, and even their connections; yea, that it outdoes what the poet said of music, that it has

— charms to sooth the savage breast,

To soften rocks, or bend the knotted oak.

But how far it has been done in the cafe before uy, remains yet to be proved.

Before I sit down I must observe, that it ought to have much weight, that the first commercial city in the world has expressed a disapprobation cf this bill, by determining in Common Council to'petition the House against it. And I must add, that I am happy to see so full an attendance upon a question of such vast consequence, and that notwithstanding the right honourable Secretary, most unhandsomely in my opinion, refused to put off the second reading of the bill till tiie day of the call; though, by way of apology for that refusal, an ho

notrab'e nourable friend of his, and a great ornament to his profession, asked, in a maiden speech, how it was possible foi the gentlemen who were to be summoned to attend the call, to make themselves masters of this important business whilst they were coming up post upon the road? I wish always to learn wisdom from the arguments of my honourable friend, as every body muff who attertds to him. I will beg to ask in return, what profound knowledge of this bill are those gentlemen likely to enter the House with, who have been roused out of their beds at one, two, or three o'clock in the morning, by the arrival of ministerial messengers, with mandates to mount them up to town with the celerity of air balloons, in order that they may be in time enough for the division this evening? What is to inform and determine the judgement of those gentlemen on this arduous occasion? Why they are to look at the Treasury Bench, to cast their eyes round the House to see who says aye and who fays no, who goes out and who stays in; and upon these merits are to depend the annihilation of an ancient charter, the characters of many respectable individuals, and the seizure of goods and property. In short, the fate of Cesar and of Rome.

$ir Richard Hill, Nov. 27, 1783.

An honourable gentleman (Mr. Alderman Watson) has said, that his constituents, the citizens of London, have no objection to any tax for preventing smuggling, as they are not smugglers. I have a great satisfaction at hearing this from such good authority, as the city of London has formerly (though it seems it has now reformed) laid under such an invidious imputation. It has even for a century past been so much the prevalent opinion, as to induce a comic writer, who thought it expedient to introduce an Alderman on the stuge, to dub him with the appellation of Alderman Smuggler!

Mr. Courtenay, Aug. 10, 1784.


The honourable gentleman who sppke last (Mr. Courtenay) will please to remember, that if one comic writer has introduced Alderman Sugg/er to the stage, another comic writer has exhibited a Copper Captain!

Mr. Alderman Watson, Aug. IO, 1784.

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This Day is published,

In two large volumes, quarto, elegantly bound in calf, gilt and lettered,

Price Two Pounds Two Shillings,

A COMPLETE GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY; or, UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER, of Antient and Modern Geography; containing a full, particular, and accurate description of the known World in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America; comprising a complete system of geography, illustrated with correct maps and beautiful views us the principal cities, &c. and chronological tables of the Sovereigns of Europe. The geographical parts by JOHN SEALLY, A. M. member of the Roman Academy; author of the Histoire Chronologize, sacree ct profane; Elements of Geography and Astronomy, Sec. Sec. intersperfed with extracts from the private manuscripts of one of the officers who accompanied Captain Cook in his voyage to the Southern Hemisphere. The astronomical parts from the papers of the late Mr. Israel Lvons, of Cambridge, astronomer in Lord Mulgravk's voyage to the Northern'Hemisphere.

Printed for JOHN STOCK.DALE, opposite Burlington Houfe, Piccadilly; and SCATCHERD and WH1TAKER, Ave Maria Lane.


This Day is published,

In one large volume, quarto, with an elegant engraving of the author/

Price One Found Seven Shillings, in boards,

THE HISTORY of the UNION between ENGLAND and SCOTLAND; with a collection of original papers relating thereto. By the celebrated DANIEL DE FOE. With an Introduction, in which the confequences and probability of a like Union between this ^-Country and Ireland are considered, by JOHN-LEWIS DELOLMEj author of the work on the Constitution of England. To which is prefixed, a LIFE of the AUTHOR, and a copious INDEX.

The Union between England and Scotland being an extremely interesting event, has led the publisher to imagine, that a new edition of this work of De Foe, which is grown very scarce, would be acceptable to the public, especially at the prefent time, when the situation of affairs in Ireland induces many persons to wish that a similar Union "between Great Britain and that kingdom may take place, as it may caufe such an Union, if not to be effected, at least to be propofed, and to become for a time the subiect of debate in both countries.

"I was," fays De Foe himfelf, in his Appeal to Honour and Justice, p. 50, " from my first entering into the knowledge of public matters, and have ever been to this day, a sincere lover of the constitution of my country; zealous for liberty and the Protestant interest, but a constant follower of moderate principles, a vigorous opposir of hot measures in all parties: I never once changed my opinion, my principles, or my party; and let what will be said of changing sides, this I maintain, that I never once deviated from the Revolution principles, nor from the doctrine of Liberty and Property, on which it was founded."

N. B. A few copies are printed on royal paper, price il. us. 6d.

Printed for JOHN STOCKDALE, opposite Burlington House, Piccadilly.

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