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But, Sir, of all those who have this day declared themselves against a standing army, I am surprised at those who are called, by the patriots, placemen. I know they call us fo by way of contempt; but, whatever they think, I shall never be ashamed of serving my country, in any post the Crown pleases to put me in; nor can I look upon it as a discredit to have an honour conferred up'bn me by what even the patriots themselves, must allow to be the only fountain of honour in the nation. I am convinced all placemen are of my opinion, and am surprised to hear any placeman arguing in favour of a reduction of the army; for we, who have commissions in the army, must be allowed to be placemen as well as others; and if the spirit of reducing should prevail with respect to military placemen, our civil placemeiycvould do well to look to themselves, for many of our civil posts may be thought as dangerous and as useless as most of our military: nay, I do not know but this spirit may at last attack our established church, by reducing all the useless ecclesiastical posts in the kingdom; la which case, I do not know, but that it might, with some reason, be said, the church is in danger. It is commonly said, that two of any trade can never agree; and yet we find, that it is natural for all those of a trade to unite together, and to form a sort of society for their mutual support. I think we placemen ought to do the same; though we sometimes fall out about which of us shall have the better place; yet, when the places themselves are attacked, we ought to unite together for supporting the craft.

S ir J. Sanderson, Jan. 28, 1738.


Since in the last session we indulged a great many with th6 privilege of being absent, though we knew they had no excuse, I think those that are now absent have reason to expect, at least, from them the same indulgence. I shall not find fault, Sir, with the privilege gentlemen took to themselves upon that occasion* Whatever was their pretence, they soon found their absence condemned by the whole nation; and, I believe, they have since heartily repented of what they did; which makes me, and I hope it has made their several constituents, readily forgive them. But I cannot forbear taking notice, that the honourable gentleman who spoke last (George Lyttelton,- Esq.) puts me in mind of a merry passage in a French play, where a gentleman asks a servant, how her master does? In a fair way of doing well, Sir, said {he, for his pbyjicians have jujl taken their leave of him.

Horatio Walpole, Esq. Dec. 18, 1739*

It is true that I have been accessary in bringing a milkman, as the honourable gentleman (Mr. Burke) has stated, before this House; but he was far from being one of the rabble; he was so respectable a character, that a magistrate absolutely refused to take four hundred pounds bail for h)s appearance. The chimney sweeper might also, for ought I know, be a man of as much consequence as some of our modern patriots; nor should I wonder, if a modern patriot should be found disguised like a chimney sweeper. I will beg leave, Sir, to pit my chimney sweeper against Parson Home; a man (for ^.gentleman I cannot call him) by no means so respectable as my milkman. I caused the milkman to be brought before you with the very same intent for which you bring a printer to the bar, to discover the author. Modern patriots hired the rabble to traduce their betters; modern are as much like ancient patriots, as much like Caio, or Brutus, as the milkman was like a Peer. Had I, on that occasion, been properly supported, the House would not now be troubled; but I was traduced, and my life was threatened^ ened, but I only laughed at it! Indeed, I only shared an equal fate with other respectable personages. I had the honour, Sir, (addressing himself to the Speaker) to be hanged, in effigy, 011 Tower Hill, on the same gibbet with you.—Indeed, in the dying speeches, the patriots paid me the highest compliment, for they gave out, that I died a penitent; but that you, Sir, remained hardened to the laji.

Col. Onflow, Feb. 16, 1773.

From what accursed examples our prevailing system of politics is drawn I am at a loss to discover. I can conceive there is nothing of a similar complectiort amidst all the voluptuous annals of mankind, unless it be met with in the Memoirs of Dionyjius, tyrant of Syracuse; Sir, that monster being determined upon the ruin of a free people of Reggio, imposed on them certain exactions, with which he was persuaded they had not the ability to comply.—Hence he found a pretext to invest their territories with a formidable army. After a gallant and desperate defence, they were reduced to an unconditional surrender. Dionysius then laid their city in ashes, condemned many of the inhabitants to cruel tortures, and fold the rest for slaves, by beat of drum, to the highest bidder, in a public market place.—How happy, Sir, would it make that mirror of good qualities, our First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, were he appointed drummer at the city of New York on a like occasion!

Hon. Temple Luttrell, Oil. 31, 1776.

The words " influence the members," and " increase the influence of the Crown," were the current and fashionable expressions used in a former debate, as well as the present, which substantially imports tha fame with the words which have now given such high offence.—For my part, I can see little difference, if any, between influence and corrupt influence, and corrupt influence and downwright plain corruption. I must

Vol. II. M confess, confess, that the found, however, of the letter is coarse and impolite, when compared with the former. On this ground, therefore, the whole matter may be explained, to the entire satisfaction of all parties; those who like, and those who dislike, the word corruption; for though it should be given up by one fide, the fense will be still retained, and it will completely satisfy such as disapprove of it, that it is to be discarded for ever out of the parliamentary vocabulary. The honourable gentleman (Mr. Alderman Sawbridge) with whom some appear to be so much offended, is a citizen, and has not attained to that height of polite phraseology, for which such as happily reside at the other end of the town are so justly distinguished; for which reason, what a courtier, or an inhabitant of the west end of the town call influence, the worthy Alderman, according to his gross mode of expression, very improperly calls corruption.

Air. Burke, April 18, 1777.

The noble Lord in the blue ribband (Lord North) has discovered the prettiest method imaginable to recover America. It is, I must confess, a new way; but what of that? it is a forcible, and, for that reason, a successful way? How does his Lordship mean to treat? Why we have been beaten pretty tolerably. One General and his army are lost, the other is surrounded, and in danger; when the other shall be lost, thert will be the time to treat. We have been unsuccessful almost in every thing; but it seems, by the noble Lord's new logic, we have not yet been unsuccessful enough. If treaty is spoken of, his Lordship wisties for it, and the end proposed by it.; if war is spokeu of, his Lordship promises success. In short, whether .it be conquest, unconditional submission, treaty, conciliation, taxation, sovereignty, or treating with rebels with arms in .their hands, he is for every one of them, and for none of them, but that which immediately answers the temporary purposes of? debate; that of voting in a majority, of keeping his place,

'by by keeping his friends together, of urging the violent, softening the antagonists, and meeting exactly the ideas of the maderate*

Mr. Fox, Dec. to, 1577.

I rife, Sir, to object to the motion of the honourable baronet (Sir George Saville) for laying before the House a list of pensioners. Many deserving persons enjoy His Majesty's bounty, who would not wisti their names made public; some reduced gentry stand in the same predicament; and there are many Lady Bridgets, Lady Maries and Jennies, who wouldbe much hurt at having their names entered in the proceedings of this House as Pensioners of the State. Pride in general is apt to extend its influeuce more or less every where; but female pride is sanctioned, and partly approved of by custom; but if Lady Mary and Lady Jenny, who pass as persons of consequence in their respective neighbourhoods, were discovered to be mere pensioners and dependants oft a Court, they would sooa lose the respect which their rank entitles them to. I know' there are several of these Lady Maries and Lady Jennies from North Britain; and surely it would be cruel to rob them of their rights. There are some of these ladies in Ireland, at least some"who have pensions on the Irijh establishment, who, when they have a good thing, do not like to lose it.

Lord Nugent, Feb. 15, 1780.

The honourable gentleman (Mr. Coventry) has declared, that men go to jail to enjoy the luxuries of a prison, and that four pence a day is a luxury to a debtor,-which he ought not to have; and hence he opposes the bill brought in by the noble Lord (Lord Beauchamp) for allowing debtors four pence a day, and clearing persons in execution after so long a term of imprisonment, by giving up their estates. The tables are now fairly turned on the noble Lord, and his bill is so far from being founded, as every body has supposed, on benevolence and buma

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