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Sbort Account of tbe CENTAUR depicted in the Tille.

Extracted from two celebrated Authors.
R. Young says, (in his dedication to a Lady

of his Six Letters to a Friend) of the Centaurs, the most celebrated was Chiron. He was á great botanist ; and our bitter herb centaury takes its name from him. He thought all herbs bitter, because, being very amorous, he could not find any amongst them, that could ahate the fever in his blood.” Ainsworth says, (under Chiron, in his Nomina Propria annexed to his dictionary) “ He was wounded by Hercules with an arrow dipped in the blood of Hydra; and the Gods, in compaflion to him, translated him into one of the twelve signs in the Zodiac, called Sagittarius.Where, according to our almanacks, he now rules over the hips and thighs.

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HE people of England, it is generally observed, are, of


The fact is certain, and the reason of it is evident. The English government is universally allowed to be one of the freest that ever yet existed ; and it will be found to be a maxim that will for ever hold true, that the more free is the government, the more fond are the people of Politics. This disposition is only another name for their love of Liberty, and their zeal for its preservation; and therefore it ought surely, while kept within proper bounds, to be not only indulged, but in the highest degree encouraged. But, as the corruption of the best things is known to produce the worst, it ought, no doubt, at the same time to be carefully regulated; for though the liberties of a nation have often fallen a sacrifice to the ambition of the prince, they have likewise been, sometimes, ruined by the licentiousness of the subjects.-To direct the people, therefore, in the study of Politics, and to explain to them the conduct, the views, and principles of those who undertake the government of the state, seems a task not unworthy of a lover of his country; and such is the chief design of the POLITI. CAL REGISTER. But, in order the better to diversify the plan, subjects of another nature will also be admitted : Essays on Agriculture, Manufactures, Commerce; and, in a word, on all The useful arts, as they are commonly distinguished from The fine, will occasionally find a place in this performance.-And though the authors have reason to think from the materials with which they have been already furnished, and the channels of intelligence which they have happily secured, that there will be no want of a constant and a regular supply; yet they beg leave to folicit the affiftance of the learned and ingenious of every part of the kingdom : assuring them, at the same time, that the letters they shall communicate will be gratefully received and duly inerted.


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Addressed to the Guardians of the Constitution.


'HATEVER may, at any time, be the opinions

'or inclinations of particular persons, as to mini

sters or ministerial conduct, the constitution challenges the chief regard of all, because it is the security of the whole. It happily distinguishes these nations from every other country in the world; and amply compenfates the fuperior advantages of nature which many have to boast of. Those who have a due sense of the value of liberty, would think it by much too dear a price for some advantages, if the lowest principle of the constitution were shaken, or the meanest right of freedom rendered disputable. But to weaken fundamentals, even for the cure of real inconveniences, would be the sacrifice of folly and madness. It were to betray the whole of our invaluable privileges, a profane alienation of our birthright, and a facrilegious attempt to rob our posterity of their native inheritance. They who could be accessary to Vol. I.



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