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in France, and that every body eats macaroni in Italy. When he returns home , he buys a seat in parliament, and studies the constitution at Arthur's.

« Nor are your females trained to any more useful purpose : they are taught, by the very rewards which their nurses propose for good behaviour, by the first thing like a jest which they hear from every male visitor of the family , that a young woman is a creature to be married ; and when they are grown somewhat older , are instructed , that it is the purpose of marriage to have the enjoyment of pin-money, and the expectation of a jointure.

( Here a considerable part is wanting. )

« In short, man is an animal equally selfish and vain. Vanity , indeed, is but a modification of selfishness. From the latter there are some who pretend to be free : they are generally such as declaim against the lust of wealth and power , because they have never been able to attain any high degree in either : they boast of generosity and feeling. They tell us (perhaps they tell us in rhime that the sensations of an honest heart, of a mind universally benevo

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lent , make up the quiet bliss which they enjoy ; but they will not , by this , be exempted from the charge of selfishness. Whence the luxurious happiness they describe in their little family-circles ? Whence the pleasure which they feel , when they trim their evening fires, and listen to the howl of winter's wind ? Whence, but from the secret reflection of what houseless wretches feel from it? Or do you administer comfort in affliction the motive is at hand ; I have had it preached to me in nineteen out of twenty of your consolatory discourses -- the comparative littleness of our own misfortunes.

« With vanity your best virtues are grossly tainted : your benevolence , which ye deduce immediately from the natural impulse of the heart , squints to it for its reward. There are some , indeed, who tell us of the satisfaction which flows from a secret consciousness of good actions : this secret satisfaction is truly excellent -- when we have some friend to whom we


discover its excellence.

He now paused a moment to relight his pipe , when a clock , that stood at his back struck eleven; he started up at the sound

took his hat and his cane , and nodding good night with his head, walked out of the room. The gentleman of the house called a servant to bring the stranger's surtout. » What sort of a night is it, fellow ? » said he. « It rains , Sir, answered the servant, with an easterly wind.-Easterly for ever!»

He made no other reply; but shrugging up his shoulders till they almost touched his ears, wrapped himself tight in his great coat, and disappeared.

« This is a strange creature, » said his friend to Harley. «I cannot say, answered he, that his remarks are of the pleasant kind : it is curious to observe how the nature of truth may be changed by the garb it wears, softened to the admonition of friendship, or soured into the severity of reproof: yet this severity may be useful to some tempers, it somewhat resembles a file : disagreeable in its operation, but hard metals may be the brighter. »




No observation is more common , and at the same time more true, than That one-half of the world are ignorant how the other half lives. The misfortunes of the great are held up to engage our attention , are enlarged upon in tones of declamation; and the world is called upon to gaze at the noble sufferers : the great , under the pressure of calamity, are conscious of several others sympathizing with their distress; and have , at once, the comfort of admiration and pity.

There is nothing magnanimous in bearing misfortunes with fortitude, when the whole world is looking on: men in such circumstances will act bravely even from motives of vanity; but he who, in the vale of obscurity, can brave adversity; who without friends to encourage, acquaintances to pity, or even without hope to alleviate his misfortunes , can behave with tranquillity and indifference, is truly great : whether peasant or courtier,

he deserves admiration, and should be held up for our imitation and respect.

While the slightest inconveniencies of the great are magnified into calamities; while tragedy mouths out their sufferings in all the strains of eloquence, the miseries of the poor are entirely disregarded; and yet some of the lower ranks of people undergo more real hardship one day than those of a more exalted station suffer in their whole lives. It is inconceivable what difficulties the meanest of our common sailors and soldiers endure without murmuring or regret ; without passionately declaming against Providence, or calling their fellows to be gazers on their intrepidity. Every day is to them a day of misery, and yet they entertain their hard fate without repining.

With what indignation do I hear an Ovid , a Cicero, or a Rabutin , complain of their misfortunes and hardships, whose greatest calamity was that of being unable to visit a certain spot of earth , to which they had foolishly attached an idea of happiness! Their distresses were pleasures , compared to what many of the adventuring poor every day endure without murmuring, They ate , drank, and slept; they had slaves toattend them, and were sure of subsistence

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