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the Princess Royal, leave Osborne at daybreak, on the Queen's visit to Louis Napoleon, arrive at Boulogne, 96 miles distant, in four and a quarter hours, and reach Paris the same evening. Her visit is extended through the following week, and she leaves Boulogne for Osborne at 11 P. M., Aug. 27.

Aug. 18 – The Catholic church in Sydney, Shelby Co., Ohio, is blown up with powder.

Aug. 21. - At a meeting of the Trustees of Brown University, President Wayland, after a service of nearly 29 years, resigns the Presidency, and Rev. Barnas Sears, D.D., is elected thereto.

Aug. 22. - Rachel and her troupe arrive at New York, in the steamer Pacific.

Aug. 23. — Judge Elmore of Kansas writes to the Federal Attorney-General, that he shall resist through the courts the action of the President in removing

him.

Aug. 27. - The statue of Sir Robert Peel is inaugurated at Birmingham.

Aug. 29.- The cars of the express train from Philadelphia to New York, while at a high rate of speed, are thrown from the track, near Burlington, N. J. Twenty-three persons are killed and sixty wounded, some of them fatally.

Aug 30. — The Kansas Legislature adjourns without day.

Aug. - The yellow-lever rages fearfully in the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.

Page 98. - The name of the 5th Auditor is Murry McConnel.

Page 105. - John McClintock, Naval Officer at Portsmouth, N. H., is dead.

Page 111. – Col. Hitchcock, of the 2d Infantry, has resigned, and Lieut.Col. Francis Lee becomes Colonel. George Andrews is Lieutenant-Colonel of the 6th Regiment, and Isaac Lynde Major of the 7th Regiment.

Pages 118, 119. — The frigate Sabine, and the steamers Wabash, Minnesota, and Roanoke, have been launched.

Page 120.-- Lieut.-Col. Samuel Miller of the Marine Corps is dead. Page 121. – M. H. McAllister is Judge of the California Circuit Court.

Pages 122, 123. - Joseph B. Browne is Clerk of the District Court at Key West, Florida. W. H. Richardson, Marshal in California, is dead.

Pages 131, 133. — Chevalier Hülsemann is now Minister Resident from Austria, and Henry Bosch is Chargé from Belgium. M. de la Forest is French Consul at Philadelphia, and Jules Etienne at Boston.

Fages 197 - 203.- Lyman Trumbull is Senator from Illinois, and George Eustis, jr., Representative from the First District of Louisiana.

Page 205. - R. C. Wickliffe is Governor of Louisiana; term ends 1860.

Page 246.-- John H. Matthews, of Worcester, is District Attorney of the Middle District, vice P. E. Aldrich.

Pages 265, 266. — John Slosson is Judge of the Superior Court, vice Ma. son, and his term ends 1861. The salary of the judges of the Superior Court, and of the Court of Common Pleas, and that of the District Attorney, Surrogate, Recorder, and City Judge, is $ 5,000. George T. Maxwell is ,Clerk of the Superior Court, and Benjamin H. Jarvis of the Court of Com. mon Pleas, salary $ 2,500 each, Albert A. Thompson is Judge of the Marine Court, vice Phillips. Sidney H. Stuart, City Judge, has resigned.

Pages 205, 334. — The newspapers say that the Board of Canvassers in Wisconsin have declared William A. Barstow to be elected Governor of Wisconsin, vice Coles Bashford.

THE

AMERICAN ALMANAC

AND

REPOSITORY

USEFUL KNOWLEDGE,

FOR THE YEAR

1857.

BOSTON:
CROSBY, NICHOLS, AND COMPANY.

LONDON:
TRÜBNER AND COMPANY, 12 PATERNOSTER Row.
SAMPSON LOW, SON, & CO., 47 LUDGATE Hill.

PARIS:
HECTOR BOSS ANGE.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by

GEORGE P. SANGER, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

CAMBRIDGE:

METCALF AND COMPANY, PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY.

PREF A CE.

The twenty-eighth volume of the American Almanac, being the eighth volume of the third series, is now offered to the public. Unwearied pains has been taken to collect full, authentic, and varied information concerning the complex affairs of the general and State governments; and a mass of official documents and private correspondence has been digested relating to the government, finances, legislation, public institutions, internal improvements, and resources of the United States, and of the several States. It is hoped that the present volume will be found equal to its predecessors in fulness and accuracy, and that it will sustain the high character of the American Almanac as a trustworthy manual for reference and a full repository of useful knowledge.

The Astronomical Department has been prepared by Mr. George P. Bond, Assistant Observer at the Cambridge Observatory. The article upon “ Terrestrial Magnetism ” gives an account of the history and present condition of this interesting department of science.

In the Second part of the volume will be found full lists of the Executive and Judiciary of the General Government, including the chief officers and clerks of the several Departments, and of the Court of Claims; of Col. lectors of Customs, of Postmasters in the principal places, of Army and Navy Pension Agents, and of the Indian Superintendents and Agents of the Inspectors of Steamboats and their Districts; of the Army, and the various Military Departments and Posts under the new organization; of the Navy, the public vessels, and the Marine Corps; of our Ministers and Consuls in Foreign Countries, and of Foreign Ministers and Consuls in the United States. In the Navy List will be found the Navy Officers dropped or retired under the recent law. These lists have been corrected from official sources to the latest dates possible for publication. Later changes are noted in the “ Additions and Corrections," at the end of the volume. The titles Commerce and Navigation, and Revenue and Expenditure, published each year in the Almanac, are full and complete abstracts of the public documents of the same name, and the tables connected therewith, and, with the Post-Office, Mint, and Public Lands, show the receipts and expenditures of the Government under their several heads, the public debt, the imports, exports, tonnage, coinage, sales of land, and the operations of the Post-Office Department, for each year since the adoption of the Federal Constitution. The Quantity and Value of the Cotton, Rice, Tobacco, and Breadstuffs, exported each year, since 1820; the annual average export price of Flour at New York since 1800, and its average price at the principal cities since the same date; the amount of Specie in the country at different years; and of the Bank-notes in circulation and the imports and exports of Coin and Bullion from 1821 to 1855, — are given in the Tables. The rates

of postage are under the new law,- and these, with the inland and foreign mail service, are believed to be complete and correct. The Titles and Abstracts of the Public Laws and Joint Resolutions have been carefully prepared, and are sufficiently full, except for professional use. Among those this year of special interest are the acts relative to additional Bounty Lands and Proof of Service; the Grants of Land to several States to aid in the construction of Railroads therein; the Court of Claims; the Compen. sation of Members of Congress ; Fees, Costs, and Judicial Expenses ; the Diplomatic and Consular Systems of the United States, with the list of Legations and Consulates and salaries; and the protection of citizens discovering Deposits of Guano. The tables of the votes for President and Vice-President since 1789, and of the popular vote for President since 1824, and of the various apportionments of Representatives and ratios of repre. sentation, are of interest to all. Tables of Railroads in this country and in Canada, and of the surveyed routes to the Pacific ; of Colleges and Professional Schools in the United States; of the Population of the several States at the decennial periods ; and of the times of the State elections and the meetings of the State Legislatures, are given. The information concerning the Individual States is as full as in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work, revised from the best authority to late dates, gives the several States of Europe, with their form of government, the name, title, and date of accession of the reigning sovereigns, the area and population of the several countries. It also gives the Royal Family, the Ministry, and the Judiciary of England, and the Ministry of France. A Foreign Obituary for 1855 and 1856 is given. The Obituary Notices and Chronicle of Events have been prepared with care. The space is so limited, that many names and events which otherwise would be given are necessarily omitted.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the Heads of Departments at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain errors; persons who may detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor, that he cannot suitably acknowledge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible; and this end can be obtained only by the co-operation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the Editor of the American Almanac," Boston.

Boston, Mass., December, 1856.

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