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“No person, who has been so long a member pf this body, could have been selected, who has made the rules of its proceedings less an object of his study. This circumstance will make my errors more numerous than might be anticipated, and will throw me oftener on the kind indulgence of the Senate. “Whatever my errors may be, I have the consolation of knowing that they can be revised and corrected at the instance of any member; and I beg every one to believe, that so far from feeling hurt at the correctness of my decisions being questioned, it will be matter of gratification, that the sense of the Senate may be taken, in every instance, when it may be supposed I am mistaken. “Whatever industry and attention can do towards removing defects in qualifications, I promise shall be done; and I shall take the chair, determined that, in anxious desire to do that which is just towards every member, and that which will most promote the correct discharge of the important business we may have to perform, I will not be exceeded by any who have preceded me.” On motion, it was ordered that messages communicating the election of Mr. White as President pro tempore, be sent to the House of Representatives, and to the President of the United States. -Messrs. Gnu Noy and Fn+LINghuysex were appointed on the joint committee, to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him of the readiness of the two Houses to receive from him any communication; and After the usual resolutions respecting the supply of newspapers, &c. the Senate adjourned.
I avail myself of this early opportunity to return to the Senate, in which it originated, the bill entitled “An act providing for the final settlement of the claims of States for interest on advances to the United States, made during the last war,” with the reasons which induced me to withhold my approbation, in consequence of which it has failed to become a law. This bill was presented to me for my signature on the last day of your session, and when I was compelled to consider a variety of other bills of greater urgency to the public service. It obviously embraced a principle in the allowance of interest different from that which had been ctioned by the practice of the accounting officers, or * the previous legislation of Congress, in regard to adances by the States, and without any apparent grounds for the change. Previously to giving my sanction to so great an extension of the practice of allowing interest upon accounts
with the Government, and which, in its consequences,and from analogy, might not only call for large payments from the Treasury, but disturb the great mass of individual accounts long since finally settled, I deemed it my duty to make a more thorough investigation of the subject thânit was possible for me to do previously to the close of your last session. I adopted this course the more readily, from the consideration that as the bill contained no appropriation, the States which would have been entitled to claim its benefits could not have received them without the fuller legislation of Congress. The principle which this bill authorizes, varies not only from the practice uniformly adopted by many of the accounting officers in the case of individual accounts, and in those of the States finally settled and closed previously to your last session, but also from that pursued under the act of your last session for the adjustment and scttlement of the claims of the State of South Carolina. This last act prescribed no particular mode for the allowance of interest, which, therefore, in conformity with the directions of Congress in previous cases, and with thc uniform practice of the Auditor by whom the account was settled, was computed on the sums expended by the State of South Carolina for the use and benefit of the United States, and which had been repaid to the State, and the payments made by the United States were deducted from the principal sums, exclusive of the interest; thereby stopping future interest on so much of the principal as had been reimbursed by the payment. I deem it proper, moreover, to observe, that both under the act of the 5th of August, 1790, and that of the 12th of February, 1793, authorizing the settlement of the accounts between the United States and the individual States, arising out of the war of the Revolution, the interest on these accounts was computed in conformity with the practice already adverted to, and from which the bill now returned is a departure. With these reasons and considerations, I return the bill to the Scnate. ANDREW JACKSON. December 6, 1832. The Message was laid on the table, and ordered to be printed. Adjourned to Monday.
Mox DAY, Decemn ER 10.
The PRESIDENT announced to the Senate the appointment of the following standing committees for the scssion: ON Foreign RELATross.--Messrs. Forsyth, King, Bell, Mangum, and Tomlinson. ON FINANce—Messrs. Smith, Tyler, Silsbee, Johnston, and Forsyth. .ON CoMMErick—Messrs. King, Dudley, Silsbee, Johnston, and Bibb. ON MANufactures—Messrs. Dickerson, Clay, Knight, Miller, and Seymour. ON Agniculturk—Messrs. Seymour, Brown, Robinson, Waggaman, and Foot. ON Military ArfArms—Messrs. Benton, Troup, Kane, Clayton, and Tipton. On the Morria—Messrs. Robinson, Clayton, Waggaman, Clay, and Hendricks. ON NAval. Arrains—Messrs. Dallas, Smith, Robbins, Webster, and Bibb. QN Punluc LANns—Messrs. Kane, Tipton, Moore, Holmes, and Prentiss. ON PRIvate LAND CLAIMs—Messrs. Poindexter, Naudain, Prentiss, Ruggles, and Knight. Ox INDIAN Arrains—Messrs. Troup, Benton, Poindexter, Wilkins, and Frelinghuysen. QN CLAIMs—Messrs. Ruggles, Bell, Naudain, Brown, and Moore,