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THE PENAL CODE.

CHAPTER 676, LAWS OF 1881.
AS AMENDED BY LAWS OF 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888,

1889, 1890, 1891, 1892 and 1893.
AN ACT to establish a Penal Code.

Passed July 26, 1881; three tifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS.
SECTION 1. Title of Code.

2. Its effect.
3. Definition of “crime."
4. Division of crimes.
5. Definition of felony.
6. Detinition of m sdemeanor.
7. Objects of the Penal Code.
8. Procedure, how regulated.
9. Conviction must precede punishment.
10. Jury to find degree of crime.
11. General rules of construction of this act.
12. Of sections declaring crimes punishable.
13. Punishments, how determined. Corporations punishable by fine.
14. Punishment of felonies when not fixed by statute.

15. Punishment of misdemeanors.
SECTION 1. Title of Code.-This act shall be known as the
Penal Code of the State of New York.
See notes under section 7, post.

$ 2. Its effect.-No act or omission begun after the beginning of the day on which this Code takes effect as a law, shall be deemed criminal or punishable, except as prescribed or authorized by this Code, or by some statute of this state not repealed by it. Any act or omission begun prior to that day may be inquired of, prosecuted and punished in the same manner as if this Code had not been passed.

A section of this Code, even if it purported to enact a rule applicable to past as well as future transactions, is void as to the former only, in case they are separable. People v. O'Neil, 109 N. Y., 262; 14 St. Rep., 829; Jaehne v. People, 6 N. Y. Cr.. 240

See Darrow v. Family Fund Society, 116 N. Y., 542; 27 St. Rep., 476; People r. Jaebne, 3 St. Rep., 111; 103 N. Y., 193; 4 N. Y. Cr., 193; People v. Beckwith, 7 id., 148; 12 si. Rep., 795: People v. Bernardo, 1 N. Y. Cr., 248; People r. Hollenbeck, id., 431, note; 65 How., 401; People v. Hatter, 22 N. Y. Su p., 690.

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