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and acquaintance. Eliot favored it. So Webster, Mr. Page, Mr. Bardeen, Mr. did Angell, and Wilson, and Hadley, and Mitchell, should you select at random from Schurman, and Davenport. In this cos- any American city a hundred school people, mopolitan college the girl who means to to hear you say we teachers have arrived work in a restaurant is side by side in music at respectability. or gymnastics, or in whatever common subject they have, with her sister who means to To Chairman and Speakers.teach domestic science in Wichita. On the athletic field the miner, the farmer, the A protest from educational speakers and printer, the woodworker, the Latin scholar, institute conductors against the stupidity and work together. Certainly. That's life. discourtesy of confronting them with empty That's education. If there could be more seats down front, has brought requests for skilful training in specialties secured by reprints of that protest which appeared in separating these students in one-barrelled the June number of this magazine. It is institutions (no one has ever proved it to be used by an invited speaker to send to would be more skilful,) the narrowness of the inviter. To promote the idea that atthe experience as compared with what these tendants at educational meetings are as instudents now are getting would not be re- terested in education as ticket buyers are spectable. To sit on the stage with Brand- in prize fights, the Review has reprinted enburg and look at his cosmopolitan family, the exhortation in the form of a missionary to realize that this attractive company is tract and will supply speakers with as many made up of teachers, and that this is Kansas, copies as desired, or will mail the preachquickens the heart beat. I shouldn't be ment to managers of meetings who are dessurprised, Mr. Irving, Mr. Clinton, Mr. ignated as needing to live a better life.
A REVIEW OF THE VIEWS OF LAYMEN
BY NEWSPAPER EDITORS
ERE follow the comments of those misleading propaganda, has been replaced by
busy people who sit in an office all hearty commendation.
It is not surprising to find that Chicago's lightly upon all matters under the sun and experience differs in no respect from that of some others. Contemptuous persons have
Detroit, Cleveland, or other cities that have it makes their children happier and standardizes Of recent place in American news and pictures the school hours.
adopted the platoon plan. Thus the Lloyd said of our kind that we keep our ears to the
school, visited by a representative of The Daily ground, lest earthquakes, coming unher- News, offers enthusiastic testimony as to the alded, shake us out of our places. Some, complete success of the workstudy-play system. from desire to know what the public wants, The teachers like the plan because under it the will listen to editorial talk; some, from mere children enjoy their work and show no sign of curiosity. This collection aims to satisfy the mental weariness and apathy so often proboth kinds of readers.
duced by the old system. The children like it
because it gives them variety and stimulates Effects of the School Platoon System
their interest. With the various periods of the
school day they pass from room to room, and Wherever the so-called platoon system has had have more than one teacher to instruct and direct a fair trial in a public school, teachers, parents them. Singing, story reading, art courses and and children alike have recognized its superiority moving pictures supplement the more didactic to the traditional type of school. In many in- courses. stances bitter opposition, due to prejudice or The parents like the platoon system because
have been the American women presented at the To be sure, among the several types of platoon British court. The chore of seeing that the ladies school some have developed weaknesses. But get into the presence and get by with their curtsy Chicago is avoiding the ascertained mistakes without offense to any part of the ritual is that and is installing, perhaps too slowly, the most of the wife of the American ambassador. It may approved and effective type of the workstudy- be a nuisance or a pleasure to her, according to play system.
her disposition. Local opponents of the new method should The trepidation and gratification of the sucstudy it with open minds and judge it by its cessful candidates are complimentary to the fruits.—Chicago Daily News.
caste system of society. The presentation gives
an opportunity for a moment of self-abasement The Chapel at Yale
and a lifetime thereafter of self-exaltation, and After two centuries and a quarter of com
that opportunity is so much thought of that
Americans more than any other people clamor pulsory chapel attendance for students at Yale,
for it. Radical western congressmen threaten the rule enforcing it has been abandoned under
the ambassador with political consequences pressure from the student body. The first im
unless he gets the favor of their wives, daughters, pulse of the moralist will be to ascribe this to the
sisters, cousins, and aunts. low state of religious feeling and the alleged
London dressmakers like it because it is profitdegeneration of the young. On second thought,
able to make presentation dresses. The English even the most ardent religionist will concede
people probably do not object to a bowing down that there is much to the point made by the
in humility to their social system. Nothing much students against the compulsory attendance.
can be done about it except one thing. The Inevitably such attendance means nothing. The
United States officially can be taken out of it, old adage that you can take a horse to water but
and with the ambassador and his wife conducting can't make him drink applies. Behind the at
the candidates' end of the affair this government tendance of those who went because of compul
is officially in it. sion there was certainly no thought of worship
If an American notable is to meet the king it or religious meditation. These received no
can be arranged through the British foreign office benefit from going. Their very presence, in the
and at the initiative and suggestion of that office. spirit in which they went, rather tended to be
If American women are to get in it can be arlittle worship. Those who attended voluntarily
ranged through English persons of importance and in the spirit of worship will continue to
a cash basis. Lady Francis Beekman no attend without the application of the whip. True
doubt would be glad to publish a rate card. to-day it has no doubt been true through these two centuries and more.
War Pictures in School To refuse a young man admittance to college because he does not wish to attend religious This REVIEW touched off more inflamexercises daily, is on a par with the rejection of a mable comment than a little when enquiring student who does not propose to take military about the war propaganda contained in training in school. The action of Yale is not a
histories, wall decorations and cannon in reflection on religion or on the value of daily the parks. The editor of the Akron Sunday attendance at chapel; it is a concession to sound
Times speaks: common sense.—New York World. American Snobbery Abroad.
War pictures are merely incident to the general
way in which war has been treated by art and I don't know how much the schoolmasters
literature since the dawn of time. of yesterday are responsible for the situation
The poetry and drama of all ages center reviled here by the editor of the Chicago and death.
around the battlefield, around fighting, carnage Tribune, but it certainly is your duty, as the
The camera man has merely taken up the task agent of democracy and simplicity, to
where Homer, Shakespeare, Hugo, and a thouprevent such foolishness in the coming sand others left off. generation. Isn't it?
There hasn't been a generation since Cain
killed Abel, without its grandfathers to take tots "Modern youth is most desperately afraid of on their knees and scare them into dreamland not being thought wise. He is most afraid of with tales of brawling and bloodshed.
not being sophisticated." The minstrel's harp, the painter's brush and This fear, Dean Clark pointed out, leads the bard's pen have been busy with nothing so many modern youths of both genders to speak distinctly as the subject of war.
expansively on escapades in which they have Only within recent years, have we come to never actually taken part, or which were really doubt that war might be the most exalted busi- much milder affairs than they tell about. ness of mankind.
College students of to-day, the audience was Meanwhile, nations continue to spend more told, are much more conventional than the boys money, more time and more thought in connec- and girls on the campus thirty years ago; more tion with war than anything else.
conventional, that is, in being unconventional. The greatest events of the world and the great- But this unconventionality, the speaker declared est achievements of humanity are associated with in the course of his talk on “The Passing of the war.
Chaperon,” isn't the terrible thing it is sometimes The best known names are those of war leaders made out to be. -Alexander, Caesar, Napoleon, Washington, “True,” said Dean Clark, “it makes young Grant, Lee, Foch and Hindenburg.
people to-day less respectful of age than young Pictures dealing with armies on the march, people of my time seemed to be.” He stressed airplanes dropping bombs and submarines sneak- the word "seemed.” ing about under water simply follow a time- “It makes them franker; it makes them less honored custom.
refined, in one sense of the word; it makes them Civilization is barely beginning to visualize less modest, in a limited meaning of that term. itself as dependent on the struggle of men against But they are no less safe than they were when I Nature.
They may even be safer. If the area of good order and just government “The chaperon is going. In many places I ever becomes worldwide, or even nearly so, then, believe she is gone. The chaperon will remain indeed, we can forget war as an obsolete institu- at the University of Illinois dances until she has tion.
made an absolute exit in all civilized countries. To hope for the arrival of such a condition, is But I believe the chaperon idea, even when it not only ideal, but constructive. To presume it passes from many situations, will have left has arrived, or to insist on the adoption of me- modern young people with a set of principle thods that are safe only if it had arrived, is quite to which you will find they will adhere." another story.
Balanced against some of the disadvantages
of this 1926 freedom for young men and women, Passing of the College Chaperon the Illinois professor called attention to youthful
resourcefulness. Genevieve Forbes Herrick in the Chicago "I venture to say,” addressing himself to a Tribune interviews the college dean:
flock of young women in the room, “that if any
of you were suddenly invited to a dance at midThomas Arkle Clark, dean, University of night this evening, you could excuse yourself Illinois who has met with something more than now, and by midnight have made a new gown. 500 men a day during his something less than 40 It wouldn't look homemade, either. It would years of experience in college work, remarks: look like a million dollars.”
Education for Mastery.—“Greeks got results. And that idea is modern enough, as modern as 'efficiency.' As to these results, Shelley had this to say: 'The human form and the human mind attained to a perfection in Greece which has impressed its image on those faultless productions whose very fragments are the despair of modern art, and had propagated impulses which cannot cease, through a thousand channels of manifest and imperceptible operation, to ennoble and delight mankind.' If this is a fact, it is as worthy of consideration as a measure of intelligence or a standard in arithmetic."
-B. R. BUCKINGHAM, Research for Teachers: page 5.
(Wherein is recorded the opinions of pedagogues who are reading the best new books of their profession. There is a tribute to a splendid school man, a criticism of teachers who essay to criticise, and there is discussion of the new books on status of teachers, curriculum-making, economics, machine monotony, output of a teachers-college press, interest in grammar, Patri's talks, Cherry's cheer, character training by reading, details of good handwriting, the tragedy of high-school mathematics, reading again, history helps, vacation damage, Helvetius as our ancestor, social service, distractions made educative, and arithmetic ailments analyzed.]
OW WE HAPPEN TO BE.-The practitioners, these monthly menus by means schools of Kansas City came into of the magazine aforesaid.
distinction under the management We looked like a batallion of traveling of Jim Greenwood, a genial soul who is salesmen when we gathered in the Roses' mentioned here because of his book club. seventh floor eyrie last night, for every When the Autumn coolness came into the bibliologos had a kit or case carrying books. Missouri air and sent mankind to indoor The production of professional works is so sociability and the fireside, Greenwood's extensive that the center table in the middle Clubs resumed their foregathering. Teach- of our circle of seats was entirely occupied ers, principals, ministers, lawyers—whoso by green, blue, and brown books, each with had the book-appetite, followed this gentle his gold lettered inscription proclaiming his leader every season through new and worth
We had some friendly debates while volumes as issued. Jim has long since preceding Papa Rose's allotment but with gone where instead of the Mudder of Waters the stevedore's help the distribution was there is a pure river, clear as crystal, proceed- made on the basis of thickness, so many ing out of the throne and where another book-inches to the person. book is opened which is the book of life. “Our book-talk," said the Factotum, by But many there are who believe they were way of introduction, “should be as much as diverted from the frothy reading of a pioneer possible like the conversation of two friends town to the satisfying food of good books upon what is worth reading. Neither one by this affable schoolmaster. God rest him. cares for a list of the mistakes of a book nor Among them is our projector, promoter, a repetition of its table of contents. But, and pater, John Rose, who came from the ‘is it worth my reading?' Something restive West to our University to teach teachers in the eye of our Anna Argumentative indihow to teach. It is now ten months since he cates that she wants to speak.” picked the five women and thirteen men out of his past and present students to gather The Supply of Teachers.-“I found the in his top-floor habitat once a month book you gave me well worth perusal,” reto talk books, shop, and to profess plied that sprightly young woman. “It is ourselves professors.
The EDUCATIONAL concerned with how the training of teachers REVIEW sends us the new books. The is affected by supply and demand. The pater and his lady Alice pass them out.
We Commonwealth Fund wanted the matter faithfully read them and write about them. studied. Burdette Buckingham managed We talk. We thereby earn, each his own book. We broadcast, with due modesty,
Supply and Demand in Teacher Training.-B. R.
BUCKINGHAM, Ohio State University Press, Columbus, but with active hope of helping our fellow Ohio. 182 pp. $1.50.
it and describes the findings. He says our Serviceable Help at the Right Time.--"I salaries do depend upon the supply and have a study, too,” remarked Carolina. demand. Maybe they do but they ought “With 702 cities coöperating with the not. I do not sell my service in the open National Education Association in revising market. I have nothing to sell. I am a the public-school courses, this book is as government official, a humble one it is true, welcome as an umbrella in April. These but as much of a one as Mr. Coolidge. My twelve apostles of progress begin with a fine
a salary should be based not upon supply and statement of the fundamental problems of demand but upon putting and keeping me in curriculum research:
curriculum research: Education has no
‘ the best physical and mental condition to function except that of leading persons to render the best service. My salary is my perform properly the activities which confood, bodily and spiritual. The supply of stitute an enlightened humanistic civilizateachers to fill any position is always numer- tion. Our first task is to find out with ous enough to enable a board of education to definiteness and certainty what these activisay “if you don't like the wages we can hire ties are.' Notice how these authors attack plenty of people for less. That has been the proposition. They start first with the excuse for preventing the correction of periodical literature and find the frequency teachers' wages for many generations, law with which articles on government, educaof supply and demand. It is so pernicious tion, transportation, etc., appear in magathat in moments of enlightenment good zines. What do you suppose receives the people have secured legislation controverting least attention in our Scribners', our World's the law of supply and demand and fixing a Work, our Literary Digest, and the others? minimum salary below which a teacher may Mathematics.” not legally be paid. If the law or rule or “That,” said John, our geometry teacher, schedule didn't prescribe this the law of “is because we noble servants of the public supply would put us back to the wretched have advanced the science so far that the country schools of Vermont in 1840 with magazines have no call to promote it as the board hiring the lowest and poorest compared with what they must do with the bidder."
sorry work you teachers of civics have done. “Does Dr. Buckingham argue that salaries How many articles were there, Carolina, on should be determined by the law of supply government, as compared with arithmetic?” and demand?" asked the Signpost.
“Nine thousand nine hundred and twenty "No," replied our arguer, "he doesn't say on government,” replied she, “as compared it should, he says it does. He shows that an with eighty-nine on mathematics. In these overstocking or an undersupply of teachers is discussions of government, 3,627 were dedamaging to education and that a function voted to military affairs, 743 to crime and of state superintendents and cognate boards laws. Another set of investigators calis to keep supply and demand as nearly equal culated the frequency of various subjects of as possible. I believe he is developing a human concern in newspapers: 2,385 colprocedure which in these days of Doctor umns on government; 708 on play, sports, Pritchett's preaching for economy will have and athletics; 298 on accidents; 384 on crime to be followed in the states' budgets for --not nearly so prevalent as you would extraining teachers. The study investigates
The study investigates pect; only 83 on art; 59 columns on music; how
many teachers a year does a state and 5 devoted to mathematical subjects. require, how many does it graduate? How Another investigator made similar tables many of them teach, what do they teach, from the encyclopedia. Another, taking where, in what grades? It ends with a de- the 10,000 most frequently used English finite group of recommendations in tending to save the state from vulnerability to attack
Curriculum Investigations.-FRANKLIN BOBBITT,
with the coöperation of u investigators. University on the ground of lack of foresight.”
of Chicago Press. 204 pp. $1.50.